Numerical Simulation on the Resistance Performance of Ice-Going Container Ship Under Brash Ice Conditions
Ice resistance prediction is a critical issue in the preliminary design of ships navigating brash ice conditions, which is closely related to the safety of a ship to navigate encounter brash ice, and has significant effects on the kinds of propellers and motor power needed. In research on this topic, model tests and full-scale tests on ships have thus far been the primary approaches. In recent years, the application of the finite element method (FEM) has also attracted interest. Some researchers have conducted numerical simulations on ship–ice interactions using the fluid–structure interaction (FSI) method. This study used this method to predict and analyze the resistance of an ice-going ship, and compared the results with those of model ship tests conducted in a towing tank with synthetic ice to discuss the feasibility of the FEM. A numerical simulation and experimental methods were used to predict the brash ice resistance of an ice-going container ship model in a condition with three concentrations of brash ice (60%, 80%, and 90%). A comparison of the results yielded satisfactory agreement between the numerical simulation and the experiments in terms of both observed phenomena and resistance values, indicating that the proposed numerical simulation has significant potential for use in related studies in the future.
Key wordsbrash ice resistance fluid–structure interaction (FSI) finite element method (FEM) numerical simulation model ship test
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
This work was supported through the High Technology Project of Ship Engineering, “Ship Performance in Polar Regions Forecasting Study, ” by the Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. The authors express sincere gratitude to those who supported the study. This study also received support from Harbin Engineering University, where the laboratory containing the towing tank was used for the experiments. The laboratory staff assisted with the procedures to ensure the success of the study, and the authors would like to thank them.
- Guo, C.Y., Li, X.Y., Wang, S. and Zhao, D.G., 2016. A numerical simulation method for resistance prediction of ship in Pack ice, Journal of Harbin Engineering University, 37(2), 145–150, 156. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
- Jeong, S.Y., Lee, C.J. and Cho, S.R., 2010. Ice resistance prediction for standard icebreaker model ship, Proceedings of the 20th International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE, Beijing, China.Google Scholar
- Kim, H.S., Ha, M.H., Ahn, D. and Molyneux, D., 2006. Hull form design for icebreaking tankers, Proceedings of the 7th International Conference and Exhibition on Performance of Ships and Structures in Ice, NRC, CNRC, Banff, Alberta.Google Scholar
- Kim, M.C., Lim, T.W., Jo, J.C., Chun, H.H. and Wang, J.Y., 2009. Comparison study on the propulsion performance for icebreaker with synthetic ice and refrigerated ice, Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, 23(1), 129–134.Google Scholar
- Lee, S.G., Zhao, T., Kim, G.S, and Park, K.D., 2013. Ice resistance test simulation of arctic cargo vessel using FSI analysis technique, Proceedings of the 23rd International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers, Anchorage, Alaska.Google Scholar
- Lee, S.H., Kim, M.C., Chun, H.H., Cho, J.C., Shin, B.C. and Jung, U.H., 2009. Study on resistance performance of icebreaking cargo vessel in pack ice condition according to variation of synthetic ice thickness and hull form characteristics, Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, 46(5), 471–478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lindqvist, G., 1989. A straight forward method for calculation of ice resistance of ships, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions, Luleaa, Sweden, 722.Google Scholar
- Molyneux, W.D. and Kim, H.S., 2007. Model experiments to support the design of large icebreaking tankers, Proceedings of the Design and Construction of Vessels Operating in Low Temperature Environments, London, UK, NRC, CNRC.Google Scholar
- Riska, K., Wilhelmson, M., Englund, K. and Leiviskä, T., 1997. Performance of Merchant Vessels in Ice in the Baltic, Winter Navigation Research Board No.52. Finnish Maritime Administration, Helsinki.Google Scholar
- Spencer, D. and Jones, S.J., 2001. Model-scale/full-scale correlation in open water and ice for Canadian Coast Guard “R-Class” icebreakers, Journal of Ship Research, 45(4), 249–261.Google Scholar
- Tuovinen, P., 1979. The Size Distribution of Ice Blocks in A Broken Channel, Teknillinen Korkeakoulu.Google Scholar
- Wang, J.Y. and Derradji-Aouat, A., 2010. Ship Performance in Broken Ice Floes–Preliminary Numerical Simulations, Institute for Ocean Technology, National Research Council, St. John’s, NL, Canada.Google Scholar
- Wang, J.Y. and Derradji-Aouat, A., 2011. Numerical assessment for stationary structure (Kulluk) in moving broken ice, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions, POAC, Montréal, Canada.Google Scholar
- Zhu, Y.F., Liu, Z.Y., Xie, D. and Li W.H., 2015. Advancements of the core fundamental technologies and strategies of China regarding the research and development on polar ships, Bulletin of National Natural Science Foundation of China, 29(3), 178–186. (in Chinese)Google Scholar