China Ocean Engineering

, Volume 32, Issue 5, pp 546–556 | Cite as

Numerical Simulation on the Resistance Performance of Ice-Going Container Ship Under Brash Ice Conditions

  • Chun-yu Guo
  • Zuo-tian Zhang
  • Tai-ping Tian
  • Xia-yan Li
  • Da-gang Zhao


Ice resistance prediction is a critical issue in the preliminary design of ships navigating brash ice conditions, which is closely related to the safety of a ship to navigate encounter brash ice, and has significant effects on the kinds of propellers and motor power needed. In research on this topic, model tests and full-scale tests on ships have thus far been the primary approaches. In recent years, the application of the finite element method (FEM) has also attracted interest. Some researchers have conducted numerical simulations on ship–ice interactions using the fluid–structure interaction (FSI) method. This study used this method to predict and analyze the resistance of an ice-going ship, and compared the results with those of model ship tests conducted in a towing tank with synthetic ice to discuss the feasibility of the FEM. A numerical simulation and experimental methods were used to predict the brash ice resistance of an ice-going container ship model in a condition with three concentrations of brash ice (60%, 80%, and 90%). A comparison of the results yielded satisfactory agreement between the numerical simulation and the experiments in terms of both observed phenomena and resistance values, indicating that the proposed numerical simulation has significant potential for use in related studies in the future.

Key words

brash ice resistance fluid–structure interaction (FSI) finite element method (FEM) numerical simulation model ship test 


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This work was supported through the High Technology Project of Ship Engineering, “Ship Performance in Polar Regions Forecasting Study, ” by the Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. The authors express sincere gratitude to those who supported the study. This study also received support from Harbin Engineering University, where the laboratory containing the towing tank was used for the experiments. The laboratory staff assisted with the procedures to ensure the success of the study, and the authors would like to thank them.


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Copyright information

© Chinese Ocean Engineering Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chun-yu Guo
    • 1
  • Zuo-tian Zhang
    • 1
  • Tai-ping Tian
    • 1
  • Xia-yan Li
    • 2
  • Da-gang Zhao
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Shipbuilding EngineeringHarbin Engineering UniversityHarbinChina
  2. 2.SUMEC Marine Co., Ltd.NanjingChina

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