China Ocean Engineering

, Volume 32, Issue 5, pp 514–523 | Cite as

Flow Separation and Vortex Dynamics in Waves Propagating over A Submerged Quartercircular Breakwater

  • Xue-lian Jiang
  • Tian Yang
  • Qing-ping Zou
  • Han-bin Gu


The interactions of cnoidal waves with a submerged quartercircular breakwater are investigated by a Reynolds-Averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) flow solver with a Volume of Fluid (VOF) surface capturing scheme (RANS-VOF) model. The vertical variation of the instantaneous velocity indicates that flow separation occurs at the boundary layer near the breakwater. The temporal evolution of the velocity and vorticity fields demonstrates vortex generation and shedding around the submerged quartercircular breakwater due to the flow separation. An empirical relationship between the vortex intensity and a few hydrodynamic parameters is proposed based on parametric analysis. In addition, the instantaneous and time-averaged vorticity fields reveal a pair of vortices of opposite signs at the breakwater which are expected to have significant effect on sediment entrainment, suspension, and transportation, therefore, scour on the leeside of the breakwater.

Key words

submerged quartercircular breakwater cnoidal wave flow separation vortex dynamics scour 


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The authors are grateful to Professor Pengzhi Lin from Sichuan University who generously supplied the original RANS-VOF code which was extended for the present work. The fourth author acknowledges the support of the Open Research Foundation of Key Laboratory of the Pearl River Estuarine Dynamics and Associated Process Regulation, Ministry of Water Resources.


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Copyright information

© Chinese Ocean Engineering Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xue-lian Jiang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tian Yang
    • 1
  • Qing-ping Zou
    • 3
  • Han-bin Gu
    • 4
  1. 1.Tianjin Key Laboratory of Soft Soil Characteristics & Engineering EnvironmentTianjin Chengjian UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and SafetyTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  3. 3.The Lyell Centre for Earth and Marine Science and Technology, Institute for Infrastructure and EnvironmentHeriot-Watt UniversityEdinburghUK
  4. 4.School of Naval Architecture &Mechanical-Electrical EngineeringZhejiang Ocean UniversityZhoushanChina

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