Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 22–29 | Cite as

Changement climatique : proposition d’une cartographie des risques pour la santé et la médecine d’urgence en France

  • E. Casalino
  • C. Choquet
  • M. Wargon
  • S. Curac
  • F. -X. Duchateau
  • E. Revue
  • R. Hellmann
Mise au Point / Update
  • 88 Downloads

Résumé

Le changement climatique est à l’origine d’une augmentation, au cours des dernières décennies, des températures moyennes de la troposphère et des océans, avec des conséquences sur la fréquence et l’intensité de nombreux phénomènes météorologiques. Ces modifications ont un impact sur de nombreux secteurs de production agricole, élevage et sylvicole, et industrielle, ce qui entraîne des surcoûts considérables pour les nations et une diminution des revenus des ménages. Ces facteurs économiques sont responsables d’une diminution des conditions de vie et de l’accès à la santé, notamment pour les populations les plus précaires. Les risques pour la santé des populations sont considérables. Établir une cartographie des risques est une étape indispensable à la mise en place de procédures de gestion des crises sanitaires prévisibles dans le but de réduire leur fréquence et leur impact sur la population. Nous décrivons ici les risques déjà constatés et potentiels en France, sur la population générale et sur les populations les plus fragiles, notamment les risques liés aux phénomènes climatiques, les atteintes respiratoires et cardiovasculaires possibles, et les risques infectieux, notamment le risque de zoonoses.

Mots clés

Changement climatique ENSO Impact sur la santé Urgences Crise sanitaire Zoonoses Qualité Organisation des urgences 

Climate change: Proposal of a risk mapping for health and emergency medicine in France

Abstract

In the recent decades, climate change is responsible for the increase in the average temperature of the troposphere and oceans, having consequences on the frequency and intensity of many weather events. These changes have an impact on many economic sectors, agricultural, livestock, forestry, and industry, that lead to considerable extra costs for the nations and a decrease in household income and are the cause of reduced access to health especially for the most vulnerable populations. Health risks for exposed populations are considerable. Establishing a risk map is an essential step in the development of management procedures for predictable health crises to reduce their frequency and impact. Here, we describe the risks already identified and potential on the general population and on the most vulnerable populations in France, including risks related to climate phenomena, possible respiratory and cardiovascular damage, and infectious risks, including the risk of zoonosis.

Keywords

Climate change ENSO Health impact Emergency Health crisis Zoonosis Quality Emergency organization 

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Copyright information

© Société française de médecine d'urgence and Lavoisier 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Casalino
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • C. Choquet
    • 3
    • 4
  • M. Wargon
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • S. Curac
    • 3
    • 4
  • F. -X. Duchateau
    • 3
    • 4
  • E. Revue
    • 3
    • 6
  • R. Hellmann
    • 3
    • 4
    • 7
  1. 1.Hôpital BichatParisFrance
  2. 2.Université Paris-Diderot, Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, EA 7334 « Recherche clinique coordonnée ville–hôpital, méthodologies et société (REMES) »ParisFrance
  3. 3.Département des urgences (service d’accueil des urgences Bichat, service d’accueil des urgences Beaujon, Smur Beaujon)groupe hospitalier Paris Nord-Val-de-SeineParisFrance
  4. 4.Study group for efficiency and quality of emergency departments and non-scheduled activities departmentsParisFrance
  5. 5.Service d’accueil des urgenceshôpital Saint-CamilleBry-sur-MarneFrance
  6. 6.Service d’accueil des urgenceshôpital de ChartresChartresFrance
  7. 7.Agence régionale de santé Île-de-FranceParisFrance

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