Peste des petits ruminants vaccine and vaccination in India: sharing experience with disease endemic countries
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Peste des petits ruminants, a viral disease of small ruminants, the control of which is important for poverty alleviation and to ensure livelihood security in Asia, Middle East and Africa. In recognition of these issues, we developed and applied vaccine and diagnostics to demonstrate effective control of PPR during preceding 6 years in a sub-population of small ruminants in India. Two south Indian states, namely Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, strongly indicated possibility of PPR control with more than 90 % reduction in number of reported outbreaks of PPR, mostly through mass vaccination. Similarly, the situation at the national level also demonstrated a decline of more than 75 % in the number of reported outbreaks. Sharing these experiences may motivate other countries for similar initiatives leading to progressive control of PPR, which is in line with the initiatives of the organizations like FAO/OIE and the recent platforms on global PPR research alliance.
KeywordsControl Diagnostic Eradication Peste des petits ruminants PPR Seromonitoring Serosurveillance Vaccines
Authors are thankful to the Animal Husbandry Department of Andhra Pradesh for details of strategies used in state of Andhra Pradesh to control PPR.
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