, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 158–172 | Cite as

Exotic rotaviruses in animals and rotaviruses in exotic animals

  • Souvik GhoshEmail author
  • Nobumichi Kobayashi
Review Article


Group A rotaviruses (RVA) are a major cause of viral diarrhea in the young of mammals and birds. RVA strains with certain genotype constellations or VP7–VP4 (G–P) genotype combinations are commonly found in a particular host species, whilst unusual or exotic RVAs have also been reported. In most cases, these exotic rotaviruses are derived from RVA strains common to other host species, possibly through interspecies transmission coupled with reassortment events, whilst a few other strains exhibit novel genotypes/genetic constellations rarely found in other RVAs. The epidemiology and evolutionary patterns of exotic rotaviruses in humans have been thoroughly reviewed previously. On the other hand, there is no comprehensive review article devoted to exotic rotaviruses in domestic animals and birds so far. The present review focuses on the exotic/unusual rotaviruses detected in livestock (cattle and pigs), horses and companion animals (cats and dogs). Avian rotaviruses (group D, group F and group G strains), including RVAs, which are genetically divergent from mammalian RVAs, are also discussed. Although scattered and limited studies have reported rotaviruses in several exotic animals and birds, including wildlife, these data remain to be reviewed. Therefore, a section entitled “rotaviruses in exotic animals” was included in the present review.


Rotavirus Diarrhea Exotic strains Exotic animals 



The authors declare that they have no financial involvement/affiliations with any organization/institution having financial interests in the subject matter discussed in the manuscript.


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© Indian Virological Society 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HygieneSapporo Medical University School of MedicineSapporoJapan

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