Influence of Internal Stresses in Few-Mode Fiber on the Thermal Characteristics of Regenerated Gratings
- 39 Downloads
The pre-treatment of few-mode fibers (FMFs) has been successfully done with CO2 laser. The wavelength difference, Δλ between the two resonant wavelengths in the few-mode fiber Bragg grating (FMFBG) varies with temperature increment during the annealing process. The results show that the treated fibers with lower stresses have lower thermal sensitivity in Δλ than that of non-treated fiber. However, the treated fibers produce FMFBGs with better thermal durability and regeneration ratio. It is conceived that the presence of those stresses in the pristine fiber is responsible for the high thermal sensitivity in Δλ. The thermal relaxation of stresses and structural rearrangement during the thermal annealing process are responsible for the degradation of the strength and resilience of the regenerated grating.
KeywordsRegenerated fiber Bragg grating few-mode fiber thermal stress relaxation CO2 laser annealing thermal resilience
This work was performed within an Optical Fibers Sensors and Lasers Laboratory. The first author acknowledges all postgraduates students from the lab for general support. This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) (Grant No. FP033-2017A).
- B. Y. Kim, “Few-mode fiber devices,” Optical Fiber Sensors, 1988, 2: 1–463.Google Scholar
- N. A. M. Nazal, M. H. Lai, K. S. Lim, D. S. Gunawardena, W. Y. Chong, H. Z. Yang, et al., “Demarcation energy properties of regenerated fiber Bragg grating sensors in few-mode fibers,” Optics Applicata, 2018, 48(2): 263–271.Google Scholar
Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.