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Photonic Sensors

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 81–91 | Cite as

Experimental study of perfectly patterned silica-titania optical waveguide

  • Rimlee Deb Roy
  • Devika Sil
  • Sunirmal Jana
  • Prasanta Kumar Biswas
  • Shyamal Kumar Bhadra
Open Access
Regular

Abstract

Inorganic silica-titania thin films with thicknesses 150 nm–200 nm are deposited on high purity and polished silicon wafer and silica glass substrates by sol-gel dipping process and are patterned by capillary force lithography technique. Subsequently grating structure is embossed in green stage. The patterned gel films are subjected to stepwise heat treatment to 500 °C and above in pure oxygen atmosphere in order to achieve major conversion of mixed-gel to oxide optical films which are characterized by Ellipsometry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) to optimize the fabrication parameters and to get perfectly matched film. Removal of organics and formation of perfectly inorganic silica-titania network at optimized heat treatment in controlled environment are ensured by FTIR spectral study. The difference in refractive indices between the substrate and coated film as calculated theoretically matches exactly with the developed waveguides for operating wavelength (632.8 nm) and the measured optical properties show the planar waveguide behavior of the films.

Keywords

Optical properties sol-gel technique thin films oxides 

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© The Author(s) 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rimlee Deb Roy
    • 1
  • Devika Sil
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sunirmal Jana
    • 2
  • Prasanta Kumar Biswas
    • 2
  • Shyamal Kumar Bhadra
    • 1
  1. 1.Fiber Optics & Photonics DivisionCentral Glass & Ceramic Research InstituteJadavpur, KolkataIndia
  2. 2.Sol-Gel DivisionCentral Glass & Ceramic Research InstituteJadavpur, KolkataIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryTemple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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