A comparison of the pharmacokinetics of three different preparations of total flavones of Hippophae rhamnoides in beagle dogs after oral administration

  • Jingze Duan
  • Yang Dang
  • Houjun Meng
  • Huizhen Wang
  • Ping Ma
  • Guowen Li
  • Tao Wu
  • Yan XieEmail author
Original Paper


Pharmacokinetic properties of isorhamnetin, quercetin, and kaempferol in three different total flavones of Hippophae rhamnoides (TFH) preparations were compared after oral administration to beagle dogs by a UPLC–MS method. The pharmacokinetic results showed that C max of isorhamnetin and quercetin in TFH solid dispersion (TFH-SD) and TFH self-emulsifying (TFH-SE) preparations was significantly enhanced than that in TFH preparations (p < 0.05). The AUCs of isorhamnetin and quercetin in TFH-SD were 5.9- and 3.1-fold higher than that of TFH, while the AUCs of isorhamnetin and quercetin in TFH-SE were 3.4- and 2.4-fold higher than that of TFH. These findings suggested that the oral bioavailability of isorhamnetin and quercetin in beagle dogs can be significantly increased in TFH-SD and TFH-SE preparations compared to TFH preparations, which was helpful to explore the new forms for oral administration TFH and explain their in vivo processes.


Total flavones of Hippophae rhamnoides UPLC–MS Solid dispersion Self-emulsifying Pharmacokinetics Beagle dogs 



This study was sponsored by the National Science Foundation of China (81303304), the Innovation Program of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission (14YZ057), the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (20133107120006), and the Medical Program of Hongkou District (1301-01).

Supplementary material

13318_2015_254_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.9 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 1946 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jingze Duan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yang Dang
    • 1
  • Houjun Meng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Huizhen Wang
    • 1
  • Ping Ma
    • 3
  • Guowen Li
    • 2
    • 4
  • Tao Wu
    • 2
  • Yan Xie
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Research Center for Health and NutritionShanghai University of Traditional Chinese MedicineShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Chinese Materia MedicaShanghai University of Traditional Chinese MedicineShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Global Pharmaceutical Research and Development, Hospira Inc.McphersonUSA
  4. 4.Pharmacy DepartmentShanghai TCM-integrated HospitalShanghaiChina

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