Speciation of arsenic in urine following intravenous administration of arsthinol in mice

Original Paper

Abstract

Recent investigations have shown that arsthinol, a trivalent organoarsenic compound (dithiarsolane), has been active in vitro on leukemia cell lines and offers a better therapeutic index than arsenic trioxide, as estimated by the ratio LD50/IC50. To complete our understanding of its urinary excretion, a sensitive method using liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS) was used. Mice were injected intravenously with a single dose of arsthinol at 0.2 mmol/kg of body weight. The amount of total arsenic in tissues and body fluids was determined by a colorimetric method and urine metabolites were analyzed on a C18 Acclaim PepMap 100 Å column by LC-MS. Our results showed that only three arsenic species (acetarsol, acetarsol oxide and arsthinol) were detected in the first 24-h urine. Overall, this study confirms that the hydrolysis of dithiarsolanes to arsenoxides (i.e. acetarsol oxide) can be followed by an oxidation in arsonic acids (i.e. acetarsol). All these compounds are excreted in the urine.

Keywords

Arsenic Speciation LC-MS Arsthinol Urine samples 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pharmacie Clinique, EA 3452 « Cibles thérapeutiques, formulation et expertise pré-clinique du médicament »Université Henri Poincaré, Nancy UniversitéNancy CedexFrance

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