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Australasian Plant Pathology

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 83–89 | Cite as

Rust (Puccinia psidii) recorded in Indonesia poses a threat to forests and forestry in South-East Asia

  • Alistair R. McTaggartEmail author
  • Jolanda Roux
  • Ginna M. Granados
  • Abdul Gafur
  • Marthin Tarrigan
  • P Santhakumar
  • Michael J. Wingfield
Original Paper

Abstract

Over the past decade, Puccinia psidii, which causes rust on species of Myrtaceae, has spread rapidly to new areas and is now widespread. Quarantine has done little to prevent its movement through the Americas, the Pacific, Africa, and in this report, South-East Asia. Puccinia psidii is reported for the first time from Indonesia on two genera of Myrtaceae, namely Eucalyptus and Melaleuca. Its identity was confirmed using morphology, a molecular barcode comparison to an epitype specimen, and with a molecular phylogenetic approach. Comparison of seven microsatellite markers indicates that the rust genotype in Indonesia and Australia is identical. The potential impacts of P. psidii in South-East Asia to the natural environment and plantation forestry are discussed in light of this first report from the region.

Keywords

Melaleuca Myrtaceae Myrtle rust Pucciniales Quarantine Sphaerophragmiaceae Uredinales 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Dr. Geoff Pegg for providing specimens from Australia for comparative purposes, the members of the Tree Protection Co-operative Programme (TPCP), the THRIP initiative of the Department of Trade and Industry, and the Department of Science and Technology (DST) / National Research Foundation (NRF) of South Africa (Grant specific unique reference number UID 78566), Centre of Excellence in Tree Health Biotechnology (CTHB) for financial assistance that made this study possible. We also thank an anonymous reviewer whose suggestions helped improve the submitted manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Australasian Plant Pathology Society Inc. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alistair R. McTaggart
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jolanda Roux
    • 2
  • Ginna M. Granados
    • 2
  • Abdul Gafur
    • 3
  • Marthin Tarrigan
    • 3
  • P Santhakumar
    • 3
  • Michael J. Wingfield
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, Tree Protection Co-operative Programme (TPCP), Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Plant Sciences, Tree Protection Co-operative Programme (TPCP), Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI)University of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  3. 3.PT. Riau Andalan Paper and PulpPropinsi RiauIndonesia

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