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Australasian Plant Pathology

, Volume 44, Issue 6, pp 637–645 | Cite as

Uromycladium acaciae, the cause of a sudden, severe disease epidemic on Acacia mearnsii in South Africa

  • Alistair R. McTaggart
  • Chanintorn Doungsa-ard
  • Michael J. Wingfield
  • Jolanda Roux
Original Paper

Abstract

A severe rust disease has caused extensive damage to plantation grown Acacia mearnsii trees in the KwaZulu-Natal Province of South Africa since 2013. The symptoms are characterized by leaf spots, petiole and rachis deformation, defoliation, gummosis, stunting of affected trees and die-back of seedlings. The cause of this new disease was identified using a combined morphological and DNA sequence approach. Based on morphology, the rust fungus was identified as a species of Uromycladium. It formed powdery, brown telia on petioles, stems, leaves, seedpods and trunks of affected trees. The teliospores were two per pedicel and either lacked or had a collapsed sterile vesicle. Sequence data and morphology showed that the collections from South Africa were conspecific, however telia were not produced in all provinces. Uromycladium acaciae is the most suitable name for this rust fungus, based on morphology and phylogenetic analyses of the internal transcribed spacer and large subunit regions of ribosomal DNA. The rust was first identified as U. alpinum in 1988, from minor symptoms on the leaflets caused by its uredinial stage on A. mearnsii in South Africa. It has now become a threat to plantations of A. mearnsii, with an altered life cycle and increased disease severity.

Keywords

Botrycephaleae Emerging disease Microcyclic rust Plantation forestry Pucciniales Taxonomy Uredinales 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the members of the Tree Protection Co-operative Programme (TPCP), the THRIP initiative of the Department of Trade and Industry, and the Department of Science and Technology (DST) / National Research Foundation (NRF) Centre of Excellence in Tree Health Biotechnology (CTHB) for financial assistance that made this study possible. CD acknowledges the support of the Australian Government’s Cooperative Research Centres Program (Project No. PBCRC62081). The authors would also like to thank the anonymous reviewer whose suggestions helped improve the submitted manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Australasian Plant Pathology Society Inc. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alistair R. McTaggart
    • 1
  • Chanintorn Doungsa-ard
    • 2
    • 3
  • Michael J. Wingfield
    • 1
  • Jolanda Roux
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, Tree Protection Co-operative Programme (TPCP), Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI)University of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food InnovationThe University of Queensland, Ecosciences PrecinctBrisbaneAustralia
  3. 3.Plant Biosecurity Cooperative Research CentreBruceAustralia
  4. 4.Department of Plant Sciences, Tree Protection Co-operative Programme (TPCP), Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI)University of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

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