Indian Pediatrics

, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 45–48 | Cite as

Profile of Published Cochrane Systematic Reviews in Child Health From Low- and Middle-Income Countries

  • Anju SinhaEmail author
  • Colleen Ovelman
  • Alok Pradhan
  • Neeru Gupta
  • Kiran Thumburu
  • Pankaj Gupta
Resecrch Paper



Setting priorities in health research is a challenge at the global and national levels. Use of evidence-based approach is uncommon and needs to be promoted in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC). We describe profile of Cochrane systematic reviews focussing on participation from LMIC.


We searched six Cochrane review groups producing reviews relevant to child health in low- and middle-income countries for published Cochrane systematic reviews from 1 March, 2009 till 18 March, 2015 in the Cochrane Library.


A total of 669 Cochrane systematic reviews from six review groups were found. Low proportion of lead authors from low- and middle-income countries was found in 4 out of 6 review groups. About 50% of the reviews showed inconclusive evidence. 101/669 (15%) empty reviews were found needing more primary studies.


The proportion of Cochrane authors from low- and middle-income countries is low. Capacity-building in systematic reviews and good quality primary research in these countries is warranted.


Diarrhea Evidence-based medicine Health policy Meta-analysis 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Pediatrics 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anju Sinha
    • 1
    • 5
    Email author
  • Colleen Ovelman
    • 2
  • Alok Pradhan
    • 3
  • Neeru Gupta
    • 1
  • Kiran Thumburu
    • 4
  • Pankaj Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Council of Medical ResearchNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Cochrane Neonatal GroupNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Kasturba HospitalNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Centre for Advanced Research on Evidence Based Child HealthPGIMERChandigarhIndia
  5. 5.Division of Reproductive Biology, Maternal and Child HealthIndian Council of Medical ResearchNew DelhiIndia

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