Prediction of Transient or Permanent Congenital Hypothyroidism from Initial Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Levels
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To identify factors that discriminate between transient and permanent congenital hypothyroidism.
Retrospective evaluation of 58 children with congenital hypothyroidism and eutopic thyroid gland. Gender, gestational age, birth weight, TSH and serum thyroxine levels at diagnosis and L-thyroxine dose at 12 and 24 months of age were analyzed.
Median (IQR) initial TSH levels were 73.3 (276.5) μIU/mL in permanent hypothyroidism and 24.24 (52.7) μU/mL in transient hypothyroidism (P =0.0132). The optimum cut-off value of initial TSH to predict transient hypothyroidism was 90 μIU/mL. Mean (SD) L-thyroxine doses at 24 months of age were 2.64 (0.98) μg/kg/day in permanent hypothyroidism and 1.91 (0.65) μg/kg/day in transient hypothyroidism. Requirement of Lthyroxine dose at 24 months of ≤0.94 μg/kg/day had the highest sensitivity (100%) to predict transient hypothyroidism.
L-thyroxine doses at 24 months can predict transient hypothyroidism in patients with eutopic thyroid gland earlier than at 36 months.
KeywordsCretinism Transient hypothyroidism Thyroid hormones Thyroxine
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