Extracardiac birth defects in children with congenital heart defects
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To assess the proportion and pattern of extracardiac birth defects in children with congenital heart defects referred to a tertiary care institute.
Cross-sectional observational study from January 2010 to June 2011.
Out of 560 children with congenital heart defects, 98 (17.5%) had extracardiac birth defects. Fifty-six had multiple congenital defects; 36 were syndromic cases and 6 had laterality defects. A total of 386 extracardiac birth defects (103 major and 283 minor) were documented, with craniofacial and skeletal birth defects being the commonest.
Extracardiac birth defects are common in children with congenital heart defects.
KeywordsCongenital heart disease Craniofacial abnormalities Syndrome
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