Advertisement

Indian Pediatrics

, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 218–220 | Cite as

Childhood cancer incidence in India: A review of population-based cancer registries

  • L. Satyanarayana
  • Smitha AsthanaEmail author
  • S. Preeti Labani
Research Brief

Abstract

Objectives

To summarize and provide an overview of the childhood cancer incidence reported in 25 population-based cancer registries of India.

Methods

Secondary data on age-adjusted rates of cancer incidence for children (0–14 years) were collected from the report of the National Cancer Registry Programme in the year 2013. range of age-adjusted-rates per million children were tabulated for six regions of the country.

Results

Age-adjusted cancer incidence rates ranged from 18.6 per million to 159.6 per million for boys and 11.3 to 112.4 for girls. The highest incidence was observed for males (159.6) in Southern region of the country and the lowest in North-east in both boys (18.6) and girls (11.3). Leukemia and lymphoma were the commonest malignancies in boys whereas leukemia and brain tumors were commonest in girls.

Conclusion

Childhood cancer indicidence appears to be increasing in India.

Keywords

Cancer statistics Neoplasm Pediatric cancer 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Magrath I, Steliarova-Foucher E, Epelman S, Ribeiro RC, Harif M, Li CK, et al. Paediatric cancer in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet Oncol 2013; published online Feb 20. Available from:URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(13)70008-1. Accessed September 21, 2013.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ferlay J, Shin HR, Bray F, Forman D, Mathers C, Parkin DM. Globocan 2008 v2.0-Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No 10. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 2010. Available from: URL:http://globocan.iarc.fr. Accessed September 21, 2013.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Summary-Report on Causes of Death: 2001–03 in India. Available from:URL:http://censusindia.gov.in/Vital_Statistics/Summary_Report_Death_01_03.pdf. Accessed September 24, 2013.
  4. 4.
    Three year report of the population based cancer registries 2009–2011: Report of 25 PBCRs; National Cancer Registry Programme, Indian Council Medical Research, Bangalore 2013. Available from: URL: http://ncrpindia.org/Reports/PBCR_2009_2011.aspx. Accessed 24th September 2013.
  5. 5.
    Satyanarayana L, Asthana S. Childhood cancer risk trends in India (1982–2000). Indian Pediatr. 2007;44:939–941.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Datta K, Choudhuri M, Guha S, Biswas J. Childhood cancer burden in part of eastern India-Population Based Cancer Registry data for Kolkata (1997–2004). Asia Pac J Cancer Prev. 2010;11:1283–1288.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Arora RS, Eden TO, Kapoor G. Epidemiology of childhood cancer in India. Indian J Cancer. 2009;46:264–273.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Swaminathan R, Rama R, Shanta V. Childhood cancers in Chennai, India, 1990–2001: incidence and survival. Int J Cancer. 2008;122:2607–2611.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yeole BB, Kurkure AP, Koyande SS. Geographic variation in cancer incidence and its patterns in urban Maharashtra, 2001. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2006;7:385–390.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yeole BB, Advani SH, Sunny L. Epidemiological features of childhood cancers in greater Mumbai. Indian Pediatr. 2001;38:1270–1277.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nandakumar A, Anantha N, Appaji L, Swamy K, Mukherjee G, Venugopal T, et al. Descriptive epidemiology of childhood cancers in Bangalore, India. Cancer Causes Control. 1996;7:405–410.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pearce MS, Parker L. Childhood cancer registrations in the developing world: still more boys than girls. Int J Cancer. 2001;91:402–406.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dorak MT, Karpuzoglu E. Gender differences in cancer susceptibility: an inadequately addressed issue. Front Genet. 2012;28;3:268.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kellie SJ, Howard SC. Global child health priorities: what role for paediatric oncologists? Eur J Cancer. 2008;44:2388–2396.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Howard SC, Marinoni M, Castillo L, Bonilla M, Tognoni G, Luna-Fineman S, et al. Improving outcomes for children with cancer in low-income countries in Latin America: a report on the recent meetings of the Monza International School of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology (MISPHO)-Part I. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2007;48:364–369.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Pediatrics 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Satyanarayana
    • 1
  • Smitha Asthana
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • S. Preeti Labani
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Epidemiology and BiostatisticsInstitute of Cytology and Preventive OncologyNoidaIndia
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsLN HospitalNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Scientist C, ICPO (ICMR), Sec-39NoidaIndia

Personalised recommendations