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Updates in Surgery

, Volume 67, Issue 4, pp 433–437 | Cite as

Revision of failed primary adjustable gastric banding to mini-gastric bypass: results in 48 consecutive patients

  • Luigi Piazza
  • Carla Di Stefano
  • Francesco Ferrara
  • Angelo Bellia
  • Marco Vacante
  • Antonio Biondi
Original Article

Abstract

Although laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has been found to be a generally successful weight loss operation, many patients require revision for weight regain, mechanical complications or intolerance to restriction. We report our experience with laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass (LMGB) as a revisional procedure for failed primary LAGB. From June 2007 to November 2012, 48 patients, who had undergone LAGB, underwent revisional surgery to LMGB. Patient demographics, reasons for band removal, interval between removal and LMGB, operative times, complications, change in comorbidities, and weight loss were collected. The revisions to a mini-gastric bypass (MGB) were completed laparoscopically in all cases except in four, when the MGB was deferred because of gastric tube damage. Mean age was 38 years (range 20–59) and BMI was 43.4 ± 4.2 kg/m2; 82 % of patients were females. Revision was performed after a mean of 28.6 months. The mean hospital stay was 3.25 days. Within 60 days of the MGB, mortality and morbidity were nil. We observed a significant difference in mean BMI after 6 months’ follow-up (P < 0.001). Diabetes remission was observed in 88 % of patients, apnea remission in 66 %, and hypertension remission in 66 % after LMGB (p < 0.001). Moreover, four patients with GERD were cured. All LAGB patients had positive outcomes after the conversion to MGB, with a mean gain of 1.7 points in the bariatric analysis and reporting outcome system questionnaire. Our results suggested that LMGB is a safe, feasible, effective and easy-to-perform revisional procedure for failed LAGB.

Keywords

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding Laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass Obesity Revisional surgery Bariatric surgery 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

No animals but only human participants were engaged in our study.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Surgery (SIC) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luigi Piazza
    • 1
  • Carla Di Stefano
    • 1
  • Francesco Ferrara
    • 1
  • Angelo Bellia
    • 1
  • Marco Vacante
    • 2
  • Antonio Biondi
    • 3
  1. 1.General and Emergency Surgery DepartmentGaribaldi HospitalCataniaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Clinical and Experimental MedicineUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Surgery, Vittorio Emanuele HospitalUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly

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