Laparoscopic excision of esophageal leiomyoma
Esophageal leiomyoma is the most common benign tumor of the esophagus. The lower and middle thirds of the esophagus are the most frequent locations of these tumors and in about one-third of the patients they occur at the level of the gastroesophageal junction. They are less than 5 cm in size in 50% of the patients. A left thoracotomy, thoracoscopy or a laparoscopic approach can be used for lesions in the lower third of the esophagus. Esophageal leiomyomas should be considered for resection when symptomatic. Preoperative evaluation allows precise characterization of the diagnosis and location. Minimally invasive surgery is considered today the treatment of choice with the laparoscopic approach used for distal tumors. We present the case of a 63-year-old woman with an esophageal leiomyoma located above the gastroesophageal junction who underwent a successful laparoscopic excision of the tumor.
KeywordsEsophageal leiomyoma Esophageal tumors Laparoscopic surgery Thoracoscopic surgery Laparoscopic fundoplication