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Numerical Modelling of Energy Dissipative Steel Cushions

  • Ahmet Gullu
  • Eleni Smyrou
  • Arastoo Khajehdehi
  • Hasan Ozkaynak
  • I. Engin Bal
  • Ercan YukselEmail author
  • Faruk Karadogan
Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

Energy dissipative steel cushions (EDSCs) are simple units that can be used to join structural members. They can absorb a substantial amount of seismic energy due to their geometric shapes and the ductile behavior of mild steel. Large deformation capability and stable hysteretic behavior were obtained in monotonic and cyclic tests of EDSCs in the framework of the SAFECLADDING project. Discrete numerical modeling strategies were applied to reproduce the experimental results. The first and second models comprise two-dimensional shell elements and one-dimensional flexural frame elements, respectively. The uncertain points in the preparation of the models included the mesh density, representation of the material properties, and interaction between contacting surfaces. A zero-length nonlinear link element was used in the third attempt in the numerical modeling. Parameters are recommended for the Ramberg–Osgood and bilinear models. The obtained results indicate that all of the numerical models can reproduce the response, and the stiffness, strength, and unloading and reloading curves were fitted accurately.

Keywords

Steel cushion Numerical modeling Shell element Flexural frame element Zero-length nonlinear link element 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was conducted under the framework of the FP7 Project “SAFECLADDING: “Improved Fastening Systems of Cladding Wall Panels of Precast Buildings in Seismic Zones”, Research for SME Associations, Grant Agreement Number 314122, which was coordinated by Dr. Alessio Rinoldi from BIBM, Belgium. The financial support provided by the Commission of the European Communities through this Project is greatly appreciated. The experimental study was conducted at the Structural and Earthquake Engineering Laboratory of Istanbul Technical University (STEELab). The support from laboratory staff and graduate students is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Korean Society of Steel Construction 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Science and TechnologyIstanbul Technical UniversityMaslak, IstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.School of Architecture and Built EnvironmentHanze University of Applied ScienceGroningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringBeykent UniversityMaslak, IstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.Faculty of Civil EngineeringIstanbul Technical UniversityMaslak, IstanbulTurkey
  5. 5.Department of Civil EngineeringIsik UniversitySile, IstanbulTurkey

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