International Journal of Steel Structures

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 733–746 | Cite as

Experimental Study of the Mechanical Performance of Corrugated Steel Plate-Concrete Composite Structures

  • Baodong LiuEmail author
  • Zhenan Zhang
  • Minqiang Zhang
  • Xiaoxi Wang


This paper presents a comparative study on the composite structure of Corrugated Steel Plate (CSP) with normal and rubberized concrete. One CSP-normal-concrete plate and two CSP arch structures composited with different concretes are established. A theoretical section-property deduction is derived, which demonstrated that the flexural rigidity of such composite structure increased notably. Static and dynamic mechanical experiments are also conducted. Experimental results agree with expectations, and the measured results on plate structures verified the effectiveness of the analytical and numerical solutions. Comparing the deflection of two composite arches shows that the rubberized concrete composite arch has smaller flexural and compressive stiffnesses, resulting in larger deflection. The rubberized concrete composite arch has higher steel stress, lower concrete stress and better energy-dissipating capacity compared with the normal concrete composite arch. Therefore, the CSP-rubberized concrete composite structure is more suitable for anti-shock and earthquake-resistant structures.


Composite structure Corrugated-steel plate Rubberized concrete Experimental study Mechanical performance 

List of symbols

\(I^{\prime }\)

The total moment of inertia

\(A^{\prime }\)

The total area


The modulus ratio of steel and concrete


Primary concrete area

\(A_{c}^{\prime }\)

Converted equivalent steel area


Wave pitch of the CSP


Length of equivalent steel materials transformed by former concrete


Width of concrete covering


Plate thickness of CSP


Wave depth of CSP


The centroid of the concrete


The centroid of the composite section


Modulus of steel


Modulus of concrete


Area of steel


CSP’s moment of inertia


Vertical deflection


Steel normal stress


Bending moment under external load

\(M^{\prime }\)

Bending moment of micro-segment ds under unit load

\(E_{s} I^{\prime }\)

The flexural rigidity

\(y^{\prime }\)

The distance between the centroid and the corrugation valley


The distance between the centroid and top of concrete


Concrete stress


Ratio between modulus of steel and normal concrete


Modulus of normal concrete



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51478030). The authors of this paper would like to warmly thank the Hebei Tengshida Metal Structure Corporation for their assistance during experimental testing.


  1. Aiello, M. A., & Leuzzi, F. (2010). Waste tyre rubberized concrete: properties at fresh and hardened state. Waste Management, 30(8–9), 1696.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. ASTM C1018-97 (1997). Standard test methods for flexural toughness and first crack strength of fibre reinforced concrete. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 4(2), 506–513.Google Scholar
  3. Atahan, A. O., & Yücel, A. Ö. (2012). Crumb rubber in concrete: Static and dynamic evaluation. Construction and Building Materials, 36(4), 617–622.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Beben, D. (2014). Corrugated steel plate culvert response to service train loads. Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, 28(2), 376–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Choi, D.-H., Na, H.-S., & Kim, G.-N. (2009). Modification of moment equations in the CHBDC (2000) for soil-metal box structures. International Journal of Steel Structures, 9(4), 343–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Feng, Z. (2006). Analysis and design method study on soil-steel interaction in buried corrugated steel bridge. Master-degree Dissertations, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  7. Flener, E. B. (2009). Response of long-span box type soil-steel composite structures during ultimate loading tests. Journal of Bridge Engineering, 14(6), 496–506.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gupta, T., Chaudhary, S., & Sharma, R. K. (2014). Assessment of mechanical and durability properties of concrete containing waste rubber tire as fine aggregate. Construction and Building Materials, 73(73), 562–574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kang, J. S., & Davidson, J. S. (2013). Structural effects of concrete lining for concrete-lined corrugated steel pipes. Structure & Infrastructure Engineering, 9(2), 130–140.Google Scholar
  10. Liu, Q. (2001). Experimental results and preliminary analysis on three-dimensional CSP concrete-lining. In National modern structural engineering academic meeting, Tianjin, China. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  11. Machelski, C., Michalski, J. B., & Janusz, L. (2013). Parametric analysis of corrugated steel plate structures with maximum spans. In Transportation research board 92nd annual meeting.Google Scholar
  12. Machelski, C., & Tomala, P. (2012). Stiffness of shells with concrete filled ribs in soil-steel bridge structures. Archiwum Instytutu Inżynierii Lądowej, 12, 157–166.Google Scholar
  13. Morrison, T. D. (2005). Innovative low cover bridges utilizing deep-corrugated steel plate with encased concrete composite ribs. In 2005 annual conference of the transportation association of Canada.Google Scholar
  14. Vinoth Kumar, K., & Kavitha, A. (2016). Experimental study on composite sandwich panels with concrete and corrugated steel faces. International Journal for Scientific Research & Development, 4(01), 939–942.Google Scholar
  15. Watkins, R. K. (2004). Buried pipe encased in concrete. In Pipeline division specialty congress (pp. 1–10).Google Scholar
  16. Wen, J. (2012). Back analysis for the mechanical properties of initial tunnel support based on steel arch stresses. China Civil Engineering Journal, 45(2), 170–175. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  17. Wilson, M. W. (2011). Corrugated metal plate bridge with composite concrete structure. US, US7861346.Google Scholar
  18. Yu, H., Tan, N., & Chen, X. (2012). Calculation method of reinforced concrete shell with CSP lining. Jiangsu Construction, 148, 75–78. (in Chinese).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society of Steel Construction 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Baodong Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zhenan Zhang
    • 2
  • Minqiang Zhang
    • 3
  • Xiaoxi Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Civil EngineeringBeijing Jiaotong UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing General Municipal Engineering Design & Research Institute Co., LtdBeijingChina
  3. 3.China Civil Engineering Construction CorporationBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations