The development of shale petroleum resources has industrialized rural landscapes. We investigated how traffic from energy development expands and intensifies the road-effect zone through increased dust exposure, and how birds and invertebrates inhabiting the road-effect zone in agricultural areas of the Bakken region might be affected by dust exposure. We used dust collectors, trail cameras, and sweep-netting at increasing distances from unpaved roads to determine dust deposition, relative bird abundance, and invertebrate abundance, respectively. We found that traffic associated with fracking along unpaved roads emitted substantial dust 180 m into adjacent crop fields. But neither bird abundance or behavior, nor invertebrate abundance or community composition, appeared to be affected by dust or traffic. These findings suggest that wildlife in previously intensified agricultural landscapes like crop fields are resilient to intensification from energy development, but the same might not be true for wildlife in previously undisturbed habitat.
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We thank the North Dakota Idea Network of Biomedical Research Excellence, the National Institute of Health, and the North Dakota Agriculture Experiment Stations (Main Station and Dickinson Research Extension Center) for supporting this project. We are also grateful for the help from our research technicians: Felicity Merritt, Ashley Brennan, Cole Hecker, and Colton Hondl. Finally, we thank the private land owners in the Bakken region that gave us access to their fields.
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Spiess, J., McGranahan, D.A., Whippo, C. et al. Bird and invertebrate communities appear unaffected by fracking traffic along rural roads despite dust emissions. Ambio 49, 605–615 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-019-01207-9
- Anthropogenic landscape intensification
- Energy sprawl
- Hydraulic fracturing
- Road-effect zone
- Traffic-intensive energy development