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Regulations on lead ammunition adopted in Europe and evidence of compliance

  • Rafael MateoEmail author
  • Niels Kanstrup
Lead Use in Hunting
  • 74 Downloads

Abstract

The transition to non-lead ammunition has been enforced by regulations on use and possession of lead shot and rifle bullets. Here we review the scientific and technical literature about this regulatory process in Europe and give some notes of its effectiveness to reduce this source of lead contamination in aquatic and terrestrial environments. Presently, lead shot use has been legally restricted in 23 European countries. Two, Denmark and The Netherlands, have a total ban of lead gunshot use in all types of habitats, 16 countries have a total ban in wetlands and/or for waterbird hunting, and 5 have a partial ban implemented only in some wetlands. The legal regulation of lead bullets is limited to some German regions. This review also highlights the need to know the level of compliance with the ban on lead ammunition and the subsequent benefits for the susceptible species and for game meat safety.

Keywords

Bullet Compliance Contamination Game meat Lead poisoning Shot pellet 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Anna Mazzolini, Alessandro Andreotti, Oliver Krone and Jovan Andevski their help with the information about the current regulations in some EU countries. We also thank two anonymous reviewers their comments and suggestions to improve this review.

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC), CSIC-UCLM-JCCMCiudad RealSpain
  2. 2.Department of Bioscience, Institute for Bioscience – KaløAarhus UniversityRøndeDenmark

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