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Status and trends of terrestrial arthropod abundance and diversity in the North Atlantic region of the Arctic

  • Mark A. K. GillespieEmail author
  • Matthias Alfredsson
  • Isabel C. Barrio
  • Joseph J. Bowden
  • Peter Convey
  • Lauren E. Culler
  • Stephen J. Coulson
  • Paul Henning Krogh
  • Amanda M. Koltz
  • Seppo Koponen
  • Sarah Loboda
  • Yuri Marusik
  • Jonas P. Sandström
  • Derek S. Sikes
  • Toke T. Høye
Terrestrial Biodiversity in a Rapidly Changing Arctic

Abstract

The Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Programme (CBMP) provides an opportunity to improve our knowledge of Arctic arthropod diversity, but initial baseline studies are required to summarise the status and trends of planned target groups of species known as Focal Ecosystem Components (FECs). We begin this process by collating available data for a relatively well-studied region in the Arctic, the North Atlantic region, summarising the diversity of key terrestrial arthropod FECs, and compiling trends for some representative species. We found the FEC classification system to be challenging to implement, but identified some key groups to target in the initial phases of the programme. Long-term data are scarce and exhibit high levels of spatial and temporal variability. Nevertheless, we found that a number of species and groups are in decline, mirroring patterns in other regions of the world. We emphasise that terrestrial arthropods require higher priority within future Arctic monitoring programmes.

Keywords

Blood feeding insects Decomposers Herbivores Invertebrate prey Pollinators Predators 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Jukka Salmela for invaluable work during the initial phases of this study, Erling Ólafsson and The Icelandic Institute of Natural History for the use of the Iceland moth data, Chris Buddle for early contributions to the CBMPs Invertebrate Expert Committee and the guest editor and reviewers for valuable comments on an earlier draft. We also thank Olga Makarova, Anatoly Babenko, Laura Gough and Ashley Asmus for valuable comments. Thanks also to Hólmgrímur Helgason for preparation of Fig. 1. P. Convey is supported by NERC core funding to the BAS ‘Biodiversity, Evolution and Adaptation’ Team.

Supplementary material

13280_2019_1162_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (535 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 534 kb)
13280_2019_1162_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (202 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLSX 202 kb)

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark A. K. Gillespie
    • 1
    Email author
  • Matthias Alfredsson
    • 2
  • Isabel C. Barrio
    • 3
    • 4
  • Joseph J. Bowden
    • 5
    • 6
  • Peter Convey
    • 7
  • Lauren E. Culler
    • 8
    • 9
  • Stephen J. Coulson
    • 10
  • Paul Henning Krogh
    • 5
    • 11
  • Amanda M. Koltz
    • 12
  • Seppo Koponen
    • 13
  • Sarah Loboda
    • 14
  • Yuri Marusik
    • 15
    • 16
  • Jonas P. Sandström
    • 10
  • Derek S. Sikes
    • 17
  • Toke T. Høye
    • 5
    • 18
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesWestern Norway University of Applied SciencesSogndalNorway
  2. 2.The Icelandic Institute of Natural HistoryGardabaerIceland
  3. 3.Department of Natural Resources and Environmental SciencesAgricultural University of IcelandReykjavíkIceland
  4. 4.Department of Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of IcelandReykjavíkIceland
  5. 5.Arctic Research CentreAarhus UniversityAarhus CDenmark
  6. 6.Canadian Forest Service – Atlantic Forestry CentreCorner BrookCanada
  7. 7.British Antarctic Survey, NERCCambridgeUK
  8. 8.Environmental Studies ProgramDartmouth CollegeHanoverUSA
  9. 9.Institute of Arctic StudiesDartmouth CollegeHanoverUSA
  10. 10.Swedish Species Information CentreSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden
  11. 11.Department of BioscienceAarhus UniversitySilkeborgDenmark
  12. 12.Department of BiologyWashington University in St. LouisSt. LouisUSA
  13. 13.Zoological Museum, Biodiversity UnitUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  14. 14.Department of Natural Resource SciencesMcGill UniversitySte-Anne-de-BellevueCanada
  15. 15.Institute for Biological Problems of the North RASMagadanRussia
  16. 16.Department of Zoology & EntomologyUniversity of the Free StateBloemfonteinSouth Africa
  17. 17.University of Alaska Museum, University of Alaska FairbanksFairbanksUSA
  18. 18.Department of BioscienceAarhus UniversityRøndeDenmark

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