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Implementation strategies for systematic conservation planning

  • Vanessa M. Adams
  • Morena Mills
  • Rebecca Weeks
  • Daniel B. Segan
  • Robert L. Pressey
  • Georgina G. Gurney
  • Craig Groves
  • Frank W. Davis
  • Jorge G. Álvarez-Romero
Perspective

Abstract

The field of systematic conservation planning has grown substantially, with hundreds of publications in the peer-reviewed literature and numerous applications to regional conservation planning globally. However, the extent to which systematic conservation plans have influenced management is unclear. This paper analyses factors that facilitate the transition from assessment to implementation in conservation planning, in order to help integrate assessment and implementation into a seamless process. We propose a framework for designing implementation strategies, taking into account three critical planning aspects: processes, inputs, and context. Our review identified sixteen processes, which we broadly grouped into four themes and eight inputs. We illustrate how the framework can be used to inform context-dependent implementation strategies, using the process of ‘engagement’ as an example. The example application includes both lessons learned from successfully implemented plans across the engagement spectrum, and highlights key barriers that can hinder attempts to bridge the assessment-implementation gap.

Keywords

Conformance-based evaluation Plan implementation Planning-implementation gap Performance-based evaluation Protected areas Research-implementation gap 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper evolved from the symposium and associated workshop “From plans to outcomes: towards an implementation strategy for conservation planning” at the International Congress for Conservation Biology 2013 held in Baltimore, Maryland USA. We thank all contributors to that symposium for sharing their ideas and case studies. VMA, RW, GG, RLP, and JGAR acknowledge support of the Australian Research Council.

Supplementary material

13280_2018_1067_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (116 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 115 kb)

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanessa M. Adams
    • 1
    • 2
  • Morena Mills
    • 3
  • Rebecca Weeks
    • 4
  • Daniel B. Segan
    • 5
    • 8
  • Robert L. Pressey
    • 4
  • Georgina G. Gurney
    • 4
  • Craig Groves
    • 6
  • Frank W. Davis
    • 7
  • Jorge G. Álvarez-Romero
    • 4
  1. 1.Geography and Spatial Sciences, School of Technology, Environments and DesignUniversity of TasmaniaHobartAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesMacquarie UniversityNorth RydeAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Life SciencesImperial College LondonBerkshireEngland, UK
  4. 4.Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef StudiesJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia
  5. 5.Global Conservation ProgramWildlife Conservation SocietyBronxUSA
  6. 6.Science for Nature and People PartnershipBozemanUSA
  7. 7.Bren School of Environmental Science & ManagementUniversity of California Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraUSA
  8. 8.Tahoe Regional Planning AgencyStatelineUSA

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