, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 327–339 | Cite as

Experiences from harvest-driven conservation: Management of Amazonian river turtles as a common-pool resource

  • Elina Harju
  • Anders H. Sirén
  • Matti SaloEmail author


Understanding what causes variability in the outcomes of common-pool resources management and governance has important policy implications for biodiversity conservation, in particular for the conservation of wild plants and animals subject to harvest. We report an exploratory study focusing on Amazonian river turtles as a common-pool resource under harvest-driven conservation and management efforts in Peru. Based on document analysis, literature review and a series of interviews, we describe the management program as a social process and identify the most important governance and management outcomes achieved (increased turtle abundance and benefits for harvesters, harvester formalization), factors hindering and facilitating the program implementation (four natural and three societal factors), and key governance actions behind the program outcomes (awareness and capacity building, crafting and enforcing rules). We then highlight the existing knowledge gaps and the needs and possible means to address particular risks related to turtle management on a harvest-driven setting.


Co-governance Co-management Egg relocation Pacaya Samiria Peru Podocnemis unifilis 



We would like to thank the editors and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments. Funding for the research was provided by the Kone Foundation, Finnish Cultural Foundation and the North-South-South North–South-South Higher Education Institution Network Programme of the Centre for International Mobility (CIMO). We thank María Isabel Torres Vásquez, Reserva Nacional Pacaya Samiria – SERNANP and Pronaturaleza – Fundación Peruana para la Conservación de la Naturaleza for providing us the photographs used in the article.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (PDF 155 kb)


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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biodiversity UnitUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  2. 2.HelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Department of Geosciences and GeographyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  4. 4.Inti Anka Taripay, General Villamil y Francisco de OrellanaPuyoEcuador
  5. 5.Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke)TurkuFinland

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