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Ambio

, Volume 46, Issue 8, pp 907–914 | Cite as

Threatened fish and fishers along the Brazilian Atlantic Forest Coast

  • Alpina Begossi
  • Svetlana Salivonchyk
  • Gustavo Hallwass
  • Natalia Hanazaki
  • Priscila F. M. Lopes
  • Renato A. M. Silvano
Report

Abstract

Small-scale fisheries of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest Coast (BAFC) depend on fish resources for food and income. Thus, if the catch diminishes or if fish species that are a target for fishers are overexploited or impacted, this could affect fishers’ livelihoods. The exclusion of threatened fish species from the catch is believed to be a threat to small-scale fisheries, which is likely to be the case along the BAFC. Many fish species are currently listed as threatened or vulnerable, whereas there is not enough biological information available to determine the status of the majority of the other species. Failure to protect the BAFC biodiversity might negatively impact fishers’ income and the regional economy of local small-scale fisheries. We collected data from 1986 to 2009 through 347 interviews and 24-h food recall surveys at seven southeastern coastal sites of the Atlantic Forest. We show that important species of consumed fish are currently threatened: of the 65 species mentioned by fishers as the most consumed fishes, 33% are decreasing and 54% have an unknown status. Thus, biological and ecological data for BAFC marine species are urgently needed, along with co-management, to promote fish conservation.

Keywords

Biodiversity Coastal Conservation evaluation Fish Fishing Littoral Ocean 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are very grateful for FAPESP Grants from 1996 to 2014 (#14/24994-8), FAPERJ (1989), CNPq (1990), and Productivity Scholarships CNPq to AB, NH, PFL and RAMS.

Supplementary material

13280_2017_931_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (45 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 45 kb)

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CAPESCA, NEPA, UNICAMP SPCampinasBrazil
  2. 2.ECOMAR UNISANTASantosBrazil
  3. 3.Fisheries and Food InstituteCampinasBrazil
  4. 4.Institute for Nature ManagementNational Academy of Sciences of BelarusMinskBelarus
  5. 5.Federal University of West of Pará, Campus OriximináOriximináBrazil
  6. 6.Universidade Federal de Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil
  7. 7.Departament of Ecology, Fishing Ecology, Management and Economics GroupFederal University of Rio Grande do NorteNatalBrazil
  8. 8.Dep. Ecologia and PPG Ecologia UFRGSPorto AlegreBrazil

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