Threatened fish and fishers along the Brazilian Atlantic Forest Coast
Small-scale fisheries of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest Coast (BAFC) depend on fish resources for food and income. Thus, if the catch diminishes or if fish species that are a target for fishers are overexploited or impacted, this could affect fishers’ livelihoods. The exclusion of threatened fish species from the catch is believed to be a threat to small-scale fisheries, which is likely to be the case along the BAFC. Many fish species are currently listed as threatened or vulnerable, whereas there is not enough biological information available to determine the status of the majority of the other species. Failure to protect the BAFC biodiversity might negatively impact fishers’ income and the regional economy of local small-scale fisheries. We collected data from 1986 to 2009 through 347 interviews and 24-h food recall surveys at seven southeastern coastal sites of the Atlantic Forest. We show that important species of consumed fish are currently threatened: of the 65 species mentioned by fishers as the most consumed fishes, 33% are decreasing and 54% have an unknown status. Thus, biological and ecological data for BAFC marine species are urgently needed, along with co-management, to promote fish conservation.
KeywordsBiodiversity Coastal Conservation evaluation Fish Fishing Littoral Ocean
We are very grateful for FAPESP Grants from 1996 to 2014 (#14/24994-8), FAPERJ (1989), CNPq (1990), and Productivity Scholarships CNPq to AB, NH, PFL and RAMS.
- Begossi, A. 1996a. The fishers and buyers from Búzios Island (Brazil): Kin ties and production. Ciência e Cultura 48: 142–147.Google Scholar
- Begossi, A. 1996b. Fishing activities and strategies at Búzios Island (Brazil). In Proceedings of the world fisheries Congress, Theme 2, eds. R.M. Meyer, C. Zhang, M.L. Windsor, B.J. McCay, L.J. Hushak, and R.M. Muth, 125–141, Athens, May 1992. Calcutta: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.Google Scholar
- Begossi, A. 2010. Small-scale fisheries in Latin America: Management models and challenges. MAST 9: 7–31.Google Scholar
- Begossi, A., and L. de Figueiredo. 1995. Ethnoichthyology of southern coastal fishermen: Cases from Búzios Island and Sepetiba Bay (Brazil). Bulletin of Marine Science 56: 710–717.Google Scholar
- Begossi, A., E. Camargo, and S. Carpi Jr. 2013. Os mapas da pesca artesanal - pesqueiros e pescadores na costa do Brasil. São Carlos: Editora Rima.Google Scholar
- Begossi, A., S.V. Salivonchyk, and R.A.M. Silvano. 2016. Collaborative Research on dusky grouper (Epinephelus marginatus): Catches from the small-scale fishery of Copacabana Beach, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Journal of Coastal Zone Management 19: 428. doi: 10.4172/2473-3350.1000428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Béné, C. 2006. Small-scale fisheries: Assessing their contribution to rural livelihoods in developing countries. FAO Fisheries Circular, No. 1008. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
- De Graaf, G.J., R.J.R. Grainger, L. Westlund, R. Willmann, D. Mills, K. Kelleher, and K. Koranteng. 2011. The status of routine fishery data collection in Southeast Asia, Central America, the South Pacific, and West Africa, with special reference to small-scale fisheries. ICES Journal of Marine Science 68: 1743–1750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Diegues, A.C.S.A. 1983. Pescadores, camponeses e trabalhadores do mar. São Paulo: Ática.Google Scholar
- Froese, R., and D. Pauly. eds. 2016. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.fishbase.org, version (02/2016).
- Trotta, M., S. Schönhuth, T. Pepe, M.L. Cortesi, A. Puyet, and J.M. Bautista. 2005. Multiplex PCR method for use in real-time PCR for identification of fish fillets from grouper (Epinephelus and Mycteroperca species) and common substitute species. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53: 2039–2045.CrossRefGoogle Scholar