, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 456–467 | Cite as

A review of ecosystem service benefits from wild bees across social contexts

  • Denise Margaret S. MatiasEmail author
  • Julia Leventon
  • Anna-Lena Rau
  • Christian Borgemeister
  • Henrik von Wehrden


In order to understand the role of wild bees in both social and ecological systems, we conducted a quantitative and qualitative review of publications dealing with wild bees and the benefits they provide in social contexts. We classified publications according to several attributes such as services and benefits derived from wild bees, types of bee–human interactions, recipients of direct benefits, social contexts where wild bees are found, and sources of changes to the bee–human system. We found that most of the services and benefits from wild bees are related to food, medicine, and pollination. We also found that wild bees directly provide benefits to communities to a greater extent than individuals. In the social contexts where they are found, wild bees occupy a central role. Several drivers of change affect bee–human systems, ranging from environmental to political drivers. These are the areas where we recommend making interventions for conserving the bee-human system.


Community Ecosystem cascade framework Livelihoods framework Social–ecological systems 



We thank Andrea Alberti, Guido Lüchters, and Heike Zimmermann for their assistance in data analysis and two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments. Denise Margaret S. Matias is grateful to the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) for financial support.

Supplementary material

13280_2016_844_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (115 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 115 kb)


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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Natural Resources Management, Center for Development ResearchUniversity of BonnBonnGermany
  2. 2.Faculty of Sustainability, Center for Methods, Institute of EcologyLeuphana UniversityLüneburgGermany
  3. 3.Faculty of Sustainability, Institute of Ethics and Transdisciplinary Sustainability ResearchLeuphana UniversityLüneburgGermany
  4. 4.Faculty of Sustainability, Center for MethodsLeuphana UniversityLüneburgGermany

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