AMBIO

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 357–368 | Cite as

Mitigating Global Warming Potentials of Methane and Nitrous Oxide Gases from Rice Paddies under different irrigation regimes

  • Muhammad Aslam Ali
  • M. Anamul Hoque
  • Pil Joo Kim
Report

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted in Bangladesh Agricultural University Farm to investigate the mitigating effects of soil amendments such as calcium carbide, calcium silicate, phosphogypsum, and biochar with urea fertilizer on global warming potentials (GWPs) of methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) gases during rice cultivation under continuous and intermittent irrigations. Among the amendments phosphogypsum and silicate fertilizer, being potential source of electron acceptors, decreased maximum level of seasonal CH4 flux by 25–27 % and 32–38 % in continuous and intermittent irrigations, respectively. Biochar and calcium carbide amendments, acting as nitrification inhibitors, decreased N2O emissions by 36–40 % and 26–30 % under continuous and intermittent irrigations, respectively. The total GWP of CH4 and N2O gases were decreased by 7–27 % and 6–34 % with calcium carbide, phosphogypsum, and silicate fertilizer amendments under continuous and intermittent irrigations, respectively. However, biochar amendments increased overall GWP of CH4 and N2O gases.

Keywords

Global warming potential CH4 N2Electron acceptors Nitrification inhibitor Rice paddy 

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Aslam Ali
    • 1
  • M. Anamul Hoque
    • 2
  • Pil Joo Kim
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceBangladesh Agricultural UniversityMymensinghBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of Soil ScienceBangladesh Agricultural UniversityMymensinghBangladesh
  3. 3.Department of Agricultural ChemistryGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuRepublic of Korea

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