, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 322–327 | Cite as

Habitat as Architecture: Integrating Conservation Planning and Human Health

  • Robert F. BaldwinEmail author
  • Robert B. Powell
  • Stephen R. Kellert


The current resurgence in popular awareness of the environment is dominated by concern for energy and food sustainability. In the meantime, the biodiversity crisis continues to magnify (Brooks et al. 2006). While incidents like the Gulf of Mexico oil spill help focus public attention on how unsustainable energy use patterns are for human health and well-being and wildlife conservation, many other practices commonly considered “sustainable” are not so for biodiversity. Agricultural ecosystems may be perceived as sustainable if they produce organic products, yet the most extensive certified organic farms have many of the same homogenous landscape characteristics as non-organic industrial farms (reviewed in Bengtsson et al. 2005). Industrial production of biofuels threatens vast areas of native grasslands and forests (Groom et al. 2008; Fletcher et al. 2010). Likewise, green housing developments typically use only structural or aesthetic aspects of nature at the expense of...


Ecosystem Service Biodiversity Conservation Sensitive Species Habitat Conservation Land Trust 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank the George B. Jr. and Helen C. Hartzog Institute for Parks at Clemson University for bringing the authors together. For thoughtful conversation and manuscript comments, we thank E. Dennis Baldwin, S. C. Trombulak, E. Fleischman, and two anonymous reviewers of a previous version.


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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert F. Baldwin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robert B. Powell
    • 2
    • 3
  • Stephen R. Kellert
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Forestry and Natural ResourcesClemson UniversityClemsonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism ManagementClemson UniversityClemsonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Forestry and Natural Resources Clemson UniversityClemsonUSA
  4. 4.School of Forestry and Environmental StudiesYale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  5. 5.Bio-Logical CapitalDenverUSA

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