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A lightweight and multilingual framework for crisis information extraction from Twitter data

  • Roberto InterdonatoEmail author
  • Jean-Loup Guillaume
  • Antoine Doucet
Original Article
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

Obtaining relevant timely information during crisis events is a challenging task that can be fundamental to handle the consequences deriving from both unexpected events (e.g., terrorist attacks) and partially predictable ones (i.e., natural disasters). Even though microblogging-based online social networks (e.g., Twitter) have become an attractive data source in these emergency situations, overcoming the information overload deriving from mass events is not trivial. The aim of this work was to enable unsupervised extraction of relevant information from Twitter data during a crisis event, offering a lightweight alternative to learning-based approaches. The proposed lightweight crisis management framework integrates natural language processing and clustering techniques in order to produce a ranking of tweets relevant to a crisis situation based on their informativeness. Experiments carried out on six Twitter collections in two languages (English and French) proved the significance and the flexibility of our approach.

Keywords

Crisis management Situational awareness Informativeness ranking 

Notes

References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CIRAD, TETIS, Univ. of Montpellier, APT, Cirad, CNRS, IrsteaMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.L3I, Université de La RochelleLa RochelleFrance

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