Tumor Biology

, Volume 37, Issue 9, pp 11679–11689 | Cite as

Mesenchymal stem cells as a double-edged sword in suppression or progression of solid tumor cells

  • Fatemeh Norozi
  • Ahmad Ahmadzadeh
  • Saeid Shahrabi
  • Tina Vosoughi
  • Najmaldin Saki
Review

Abstract

Tumor cells are able to attract mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to primary tumor site. On the other hand, MSCs secrete various factors to attract tumor cells towards BM. In this review, in addition to assessment of MSCs function at tumor sites and their impact on growth and metastasis of tumor cells, the importance of MSC in attraction of malignant cells to BM and their involvement in drug resistance of tumor cells have also been studied. Relevant literature was identified by a PubMed search (2000–2015) of English-language literature using the terms mesenchymal stem cells, cancer cell, metastasis, and tumor microenvironment. MSCs migrate towards tumor microenvironment and are involved in both pro-tumorigenic and antitumorigenic functions. The dual function of MSCs at tumor sites is dependent upon a variety of factors, including the type and origin of MSCs, the cancer cell line under study, in vivo or in vitro conditions, the factors secreted by MSCs and interactions between MSCs, host immune cells and cancer cells. Therefore, MSCs can be regarded both as friends and enemies of cancer cells. Although the role of a number of pathways, including IL-6/STAT3 pathway, has been indicated in controlling the interaction between MSCs and tumor cells, other mechanisms by which MSCs can control the tumor cells are not clear yet. A better understanding of these mechanisms through further studies can determine the exact role of MSCs in cancer progression and identify them as important therapeutic agents or targets.

Keywords

Mesenchymal stem cells Cancer cell Metastasis Tumor microenvironment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This paper is issued from the thesis of Fatemeh Norozi, MSc student of hematology and blood banking. This work was financially supported by grant IR. AJUMS. REC. TH94/8 from vice chancellor for Research Affairs of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences.

Authors’ contributions

N.S. conceived the manuscript and revised it; A.A., F.N., S. Sh. and T.V. wrote the manuscript. F. N and N.S. prepared the figures and tables.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatemeh Norozi
    • 1
  • Ahmad Ahmadzadeh
    • 1
  • Saeid Shahrabi
    • 2
  • Tina Vosoughi
    • 1
  • Najmaldin Saki
    • 1
  1. 1.Health Research Institute, Research Center of Thalassemia & HemoglobinopathyAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  2. 2.Department of biochemistry and hematology, Faculty of MedicineSemnan University of medical sciencesSemnanIran

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