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Tumor Biology

, Volume 37, Issue 6, pp 7881–7891 | Cite as

Contributions of phosphatidylserine-positive platelets and leukocytes and microparticles to hypercoagulable state in gastric cancer patients

  • Chunfa Yang
  • Ruishuang Ma
  • Tao Jiang
  • Muhua Cao
  • Liangliang Zhao
  • Yayan Bi
  • Junjie Kou
  • Jialan ShiEmail author
  • Xiaoming ZouEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Hypercoagulability in gastric cancer is a common complication and a major contributor to poor prognosis. This study aimed to determine procoagulant activity of blood cells and microparticles (MPs) in gastric cancer patients. Phosphatidylserine-positive blood cells and MPs, and their procoagulant properties in particular, were assessed in 48 gastric cancer patients and 35 healthy controls. Phosphatidylserine-positive platelets, leukocytes, and MPs in patients with tumor-node-metastasis stage III/IV gastric cancer were significantly higher than those in stage I/II patients or healthy controls. Moreover, procoagulant activity of platelets, leukocytes, and MPs in stage III/IV patients was significantly increased compared to the controls, as indicated by shorter clotting time, higher intrinsic and extrinsic factor tenase, and prothrombinase complex activity. Interestingly, lactadherin, which competes with factors V and VIII to bind phosphatidylserine, dramatically prolonged clotting time of the cells and MPs by inhibiting factor tenase and prothrombinase complex activity. Although anti-tissue factor antibody significantly attenuated extrinsic tenase complex activity of leukocytes and MPs, it only slightly prolonged clotting times. Meanwhile, treatment with radical resection reduced phosphatidylserine-positive platelets, leukocytes, and MPs, and prolonged the clotting times of the remaining cells and MPs. Our results suggest that phosphatidylserine-positive platelets, leukocytes, and MPs contribute to hypercoagulability and represent a potential therapeutic target to prevent coagulation in patients with stage III/IV gastric cancer.

Keywords

Gastric cancer Prothrombotic state Phosphatidylserine Tissue factor Microparticles 

Abbreviations

TNM

Tumor-node-metastasis

PS

Phosphatidylserine

MPs

Microparticles

TF

Tissue factor

PCA

Procoagulant activity

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Xingku Li and Yan Xia for the excellent technical assistance. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81270588, 81470301) and Graduate Innovation Fund of Harbin Medical University (YJSCX2014-02HYD).

Authorship contributions

Chunfa Yang, Xiaoming Zou, and Jialan Shi contributed to the research design, conducting of the experiments, data analysis, and writing of the paper. Ruishang Ma, Tao Jiang, Muhua Cao, Liangliang Zhao, Junjie Kou, and Yayan Bi contributed to the experimental design, analysis of data, and revision of the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

The study was approved by Ethics Committee of Harbin Medical University in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.

Conflicts of interest

None

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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chunfa Yang
    • 1
  • Ruishuang Ma
    • 2
  • Tao Jiang
    • 3
  • Muhua Cao
    • 2
  • Liangliang Zhao
    • 3
  • Yayan Bi
    • 2
  • Junjie Kou
    • 4
  • Jialan Shi
    • 2
    • 5
    Email author
  • Xiaoming Zou
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Gastrointestinal SurgeryThe Second Hospital of Harbin Medical UniversityHarbinChina
  2. 2.Department of MedicineThe First Hospital of Harbin Medical UniversityHarbinChina
  3. 3.Department of Gastrointestinal SurgeryThe First Hospital of Harbin Medical UniversityHarbinChina
  4. 4.Department of CardiologyThe Second Hospital of Harbin Medical UniversityHarbinChina
  5. 5.Department of HematologyThe First Hospital of Harbin Medical UniversityHarbinChina

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