Tumor Biology

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 479–489 | Cite as

The role of stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase 1 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma

Research Article

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the correlations of stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase 1 (SCD-1) with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) severity and PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway. From 2004 to 2006, tumor tissue and normal pericarcinomatous tissue from ccRCC samples were collected from ccRCC patients at Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University. The expression of SCD-1 in the collected ccRCC samples and four cell lines (A498, 769-P, 786-O, and CAKI) was detected by Western blot. The correlation between SCD-1 expression and ccRCC severity was also analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Stable 786-O and 769-P ccRCC cells expressing SCD-1 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) were constructed, and the expression of proteins in the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway was also detected. Finally, the inhibitory effect of PI3K-AKT-mTOR inhibitors (PI103, MK2206, rapamycin, AZD8055, and RAD001) on ccRCC cells stably expressing SCD-1 shRNA was also measured. Higher SCD-1 expression level was observed in ccRCC tissues compared with normal tissues. SCD-1 expression level was the highest in 786-O. SCD-1 expression was positively correlated with the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, grade of tumor cells, and lymphatic metastasis. There were no changes in the expression of AKT, ERK, PI3K, and PDK1. Significant differences were observed in the expression of p-AKT (at the Ser473 and Thr308 site), p-ERK, and two mTOR downstream molecules (4E-BP1 and p-P70S6K1) in cells stably expressing SCD-1 shRNA. PI103 and AZD8055 could enhance the inhibitory effect of SCD-1 interference on proliferation and migration of 786-O and 769-P cells. AZD8055 is recommended for the combined ccRCC treatment with shRNA interference.

Keywords

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma Stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase 1 PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway PI103 MK2206 Rapamycin AZD8055 RAD001 

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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Urology, Renji Hospital, School of MedicineShanghai Jiaotong UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Division of Antitumor Pharmacology, Shanghai Institute of Materia MedicaChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina

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