The XIAP inhibitor Embelin enhances TRAIL-induced apoptosis in human leukemia cells by DR4 and DR5 upregulation
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The present study was designed to explore the effects of low-toxicity Embelin on TRAIL-induced apoptosis and its possible mechanism in human leukemia cells. Our study showed that low-toxicity Embelin enhanced TRAIL-induced apoptosis through DR4 and DR5 upregulation and caspase activation in HL-60 cells. Pan-caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK inhibited cell apoptosis induced by TRAIL alone or combined with low-toxicity Embelin, which indicated the cytotoxic effect is mediated by caspase-dependent apoptosis. Although Embelin is an X chromosome-linked inhibitor-of-apoptosis protein (XIAP) inhibitor, an XIAP independent effect on cell death was detected in HL-60 cells exposed to low-toxicity Embelin and TRAIL. Low-toxicity Embelin upregulated DR4 and DR5 expression to enhance TRAIL-induced apoptosis. The sensitizing effects of Embelin on TRAIL-induced apoptosis were markedly attenuated when DR4/DR5 was knocked down. These data suggested that low-toxicity Embelin enhanced TRAIL-induced cell apoptosis through DR4 and DR5 upregulation, indicating that combination of low-toxicity Embelin and TRAIL may become as a potential antileukemia strategy.
KeywordsTRAIL Death receptor XIAP Leukemia Apoptosis
Conflicts of interest
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