In vitro antileukaemic activity of extracts from Daphne gnidium leaves against sensitive and multidrug resistant K562/R7 cells
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The antiproliferative potential of extracts of Daphne gnidium L. (Thymelaeaceae) on K562 cells was assessed, and the capacity of these extracts to disturb the cell cycle of K562 cells and to inhibit human P-glycoprotein was evaluated. The antiproliferative activity was evaluated using the MTT assay. The cell cycle analysis and the inhibition of P-glycoprotein were tested by flow cytometry. All the tested extracts exhibited significant anti-proliferative effects. Ethyl acetate extract has the strongest cytotoxic effect with an IC50 of 18.5 μg/ml. Furthermore, cell cycle analysis revealed that cells treated with chloroform, butanol and aqueous extracts were arrested predominantly in G2-M phase. Butanol extract was the most active extract. Percentage of cells arrested in G2-M was 34 %, 36.67 % and 42.63 % respectively, after treatment with 25, 75 and 100 μg/ml of the extract, versus 19 % in the cells treated with the vehicle solvent. In addition, chloroform extract had the ability to inhibit human P-glycoprotein-mediated daunorubicin in K562/R7 leukaemic cells in a dose-dependent manner compared to the positive control, cyclosporin A. These findings demonstrate that extracts from D. gnidium leaves have antileukaemic activity by perturbing the cell cycle of K562 and inhibiting human P-glycoprotein in K562/R7 cell line.
KeywordsDaphne gnidium Modulation of antitumour drug resistance Anticancer therapy Polyphenols
Part of this work was conducted at the University of Lyon, thanks to a scholarship of the Region Rhone-Alpes (MIRA scholarship).
Conflicts of interest
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