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Tumor Biology

, Volume 35, Issue 8, pp 7369–7382 | Cite as

Tumor protein D52 (TPD52) and cancer—oncogene understudy or understudied oncogene?

  • Jennifer A. ByrneEmail author
  • Sarah Frost
  • Yuyan Chen
  • Robert K. Bright
Review

Abstract

The Tumor protein D52 (TPD52) gene was identified nearly 20 years ago through its overexpression in human cancer, and a substantial body of data now strongly supports TPD52 representing a gene amplification target at chromosome 8q21.13. This review updates progress toward understanding the significance of TPD52 overexpression and targeting, both in tumors known to be characterized by TPD52 overexpression/amplification, and those where TPD52 overexpression/amplification has been recently or variably reported. We highlight recent findings supporting microRNA regulation of TPD52 expression in experimental systems and describe progress toward deciphering TPD52’s cellular functions, particularly in cancer cells. Finally, we provide an overview of TPD52’s potential as a cancer biomarker and immunotherapeutic target. These combined studies highlight the potential value of genes such as TPD52, which are overexpressed in many cancer types, but have been relatively understudied.

Keywords

TPD52 PrLZ CRHSP-28 Gene amplification Tumor antigen 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Drs Rameen Beroukhim [Dana-Faber Cancer Institute, USA], Susan Clark [Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Australia], Joaquin Espinosa [University of Colorado Boulder, USA], Charles Perou [University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, USA], Erdahl Teber [Children’s Medical Research Institute, Australia], and Kai Wang [Pfizer Inc, San Diego, USA] for advice, and Drs Karen Anderson [Arizona State University, USA], Sebastian Fussek and Uwe Zimmermann [University of Greifswald, Germany], and Rolf Renne [University of Florida, USA] for discussions. We also thank past and present group members and external collaborators for their support.

Conflicts of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer A. Byrne
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Sarah Frost
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yuyan Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robert K. Bright
    • 3
  1. 1.Molecular Oncology Laboratory, Children’s Cancer Research Unit, Kids Research InstituteThe Children’s Hospital at WestmeadWestmeadAustralia
  2. 2.The University of Sydney Discipline of Paediatrics and Child Health, The Children’s Hospital at WestmeadWestmeadAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Immunology and Molecular Microbiology and TTUHSC Cancer CenterTexas Tech University Health Sciences CenterLubbockUSA

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