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Tumor Biology

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 3073–3078 | Cite as

Breast cancer sentinel lymph node mapping using near-infrared guided indocyanine green in comparison with blue dye

  • Wenbin GuoEmail author
  • Li Zhang
  • Jun Ji
  • Wei Gao
  • Jintao Liu
  • Meng Tong
Research Article

Abstract

Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging using indocyanine green (ICG) was considered to have the potential to improve sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping in breast cancer. Herein, we performed a randomized clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of ICG fluorescence imaging compared with blue dye imaging in SLN navigation surgery. We also analyzed lymph drainage pathways to identify targets for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). Finally, 68 consecutive patients diagnosed with breast cancer and who underwent SLNB between November 2010 and September 2012 were enrolled in the study. The cases were randomly grouped into either the ICG fluorescence or blue dye group, with 36 in the ICG fluorescence group and 32 in the blue dye group. Levels I and II axillary dissection was performed in all cases after SLNB. A single lymph drainage pathway was detected in 21 of 36 (58.3 %) patients, and multiple lymph drainage pathways were detected in 15 of 36 (41.7 %) cases. The detection rate of SLNB was higher by ICG fluorescence than by blue dye (97.2 vs. 81.3 %, p < 0.05), as 3.6 SLNs were detected on average in the ICG fluorescence group compared to 2.1 in the blue dye group. However, the sensitivity and false-negative rate were similar in the two groups. In conclusion, ICG fluorescence was superior to blue dye for the identification of the SLN.

Keywords

Sentinel lymph node biopsy Breast cancer Indocyanine green Fluorescence imaging Blue dye 

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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenbin Guo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Li Zhang
    • 2
  • Jun Ji
    • 2
  • Wei Gao
    • 1
  • Jintao Liu
    • 1
  • Meng Tong
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Breast Center, Dalian Central HospitalDalian Medical UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.The Central Laboratory, Dalian Central HospitalDalian Medical UniversityDalianChina

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