Recent population studies suggest that the use of artemisinin is associated with reduced incidence and improved prognosis of certain cancers. In the current study, we assessed the effect of artemisinin on gastric cancer cells (AGS and MKN74 cells). We found that artemisinin inhibited growth and modulated expression of cell-cycle regulators in these cells. Treatment with artemisinin was also associated with induction of p27kip1 and p21kip1, two negative cell-cycle regulators. Furthermore, we revealed that artemisinin treatment led to an increased expression of p53. Taken together, these results provide evidence for a mechanism that may contribute to the antineoplastic effects of artemisinin suggested by recent population studies and justify further work to explore potential roles for it in gastric cancer prevention and treatment.
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Conflicts of interest
Hong-Tao Zhang and Yun-Long Wang contributed equally.
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Zhang, H., Wang, Y., Zhang, J. et al. Artemisinin inhibits gastric cancer cell proliferation through upregulation of p53. Tumor Biol. 35, 1403–1409 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13277-013-1193-1
- Gastric cancer
- Cell-cycle regulators