Tumor Biology

, Volume 34, Issue 5, pp 2675–2681 | Cite as

RETRACTED ARTICLE: TGF-β1 −509C/T (or +869T/C) polymorphism might be not associated with hepatocellular carcinoma risk

Research Article


Many studies have reported the role of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) −509C/T or +869T/C polymorphism with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk. However, these studies have yielded conflicting results. Hence, we performed this meta-analysis to investigate the association between TGF-β1 −509C/T or +869T/C polymorphism and HCC. A total of 11 studies including 2,577 HCC cases and 4,107 controls were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, TGF-β1 −509C/T (or +869T/C) polymorphism was not associated with HCC risk (homogeneous co-dominant model: OR = 1.29, 95 % CI = 0.88–1.89; heterogeneous co-dominant model: OR = 1.15, 95 % CI = 0.91–1.45; dominant model: OR = 1.14, 95 % CI = 0.87–1.48; recessive model: OR = 1.15, 95 % CI = 0.89–1.49). In the subgroup analysis, TGF-β1 −509C/T (or +869T/C) polymorphism was significantly associated with HCC risk in Caucasians under the recessive model (OR = 1.65, 95 % CI = 1.07–2.55) but not in other genetic models. In addition, we did not observe significant association in Asians under all genetic models. In conclusion, our meta-analysis indicates that TGF-β1 −509C/T (or +869T/C) polymorphism was not associated with risk of HCC, although a marginal association was found for Caucasians. However, a study with the larger sample size is needed to further evaluate gene–environment interaction on the association.


Transforming growth factor-β1 Hepatocellular carcinoma Polymorphism Meta-analysis 



The work was funded by Zhejiang Medicine, Health, and Science (2010KYB127); Zhejiang Province Chinese Medicine Research Program (2012ZA130); and Zhejiang Gong Yi Xing Technology Application Project (2012C33025)

Conflicts of interest



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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory MedicineZhejiang Provincial People’s HospitalZhejiangChina

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