Tumor Biology

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 375–380

Expression of C-reactive protein and cyclooxygenase enzyme-2 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma: correlation with pathological parameters in 110 patients

  • Sarfraz Ali
  • Qiqin Yin-Goen
  • Timothy V. Johnson
  • Wei Han
  • Nicole A. Johnson
  • Wayne B. Harris
  • Fray F. Marshall
  • Andrew N. Young
  • Viraj A. Master
  • Adeboye O. Osunkoya
Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s13277-010-0130-9

Cite this article as:
Ali, S., Yin-Goen, Q., Johnson, T.V. et al. Tumor Biol. (2011) 32: 375. doi:10.1007/s13277-010-0130-9

Abstract

C-reactive protein is produced in response to cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-6. It is known that increased plasma IL-6 levels induce increased hepatic and intratumoral production of C-reactive protein. Cyclooxygenase enzyme-2 is induced by various stimuli, including inflammation and various growth factors. Expression of these two markers has not been well studied in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. The objective of this study is to correlate the expression of C-reactive protein and cyclooxygenase enzyme-2 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma with pathologic parameters. A search of the surgical pathology and consultation files at our institution was performed for nephrectomy specimens with clear cell renal cell carcinoma from 2007 to 2008. Immunohistochemical stains for C-reactive protein and cyclooxygenase enzyme-2 were performed. Staining intensity was graded as 0, 1+, 2+, and 3+. The staining intensity was then correlated with pathologic stage and Fuhrman nuclear grade for each case. A total of 110 cases were identified. Strong expression of C-reactive protein was associated with higher Fuhrman nuclear grade and pathologic stage, and the strength of correlation was statistically significant (p = 0.01 and p = 0.001), respectively. However, cyclooxygenase enzyme-2 expression did not show statistically significant correlation with both pathologic stage and Fuhrman nuclear grade (p = 0.1 and p = 0.15), respectively. To our knowledge, this is the largest study to date correlating the expression of both C-reactive protein and cyclooxygenase enzyme-2 in tissue with pathologic parameters in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma, which could have significant prognostic and therapeutic implications.

Keywords

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma C-reactive protein Cyclooxygenase enzyme-2 

Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarfraz Ali
    • 1
  • Qiqin Yin-Goen
    • 1
  • Timothy V. Johnson
    • 3
  • Wei Han
    • 2
  • Nicole A. Johnson
    • 3
  • Wayne B. Harris
    • 4
  • Fray F. Marshall
    • 3
  • Andrew N. Young
    • 1
  • Viraj A. Master
    • 3
  • Adeboye O. Osunkoya
    • 1
    • 3
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of PathologyEmory University School of MedicineNE AtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Xian Jiaotong UniversityShaanxiChina
  3. 3.Department of UrologyEmory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Department of Hematology and OncologyEmory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA
  5. 5.Emory Winship Cancer InstituteAtlantaUSA

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