Microwave reflectometry for noninvasive imaging of skin abnormalities

  • Fatemeh Kazemi
  • Farahnaz MohannaEmail author
  • Javad Ahmadi-shokouh
Scientific Paper


In this paper, a microwave microscope is presented for characterization of skin abnormalities. A coplanar waveguide probe is designed and fabricated for high-resolution near-field imaging of the biological samples. Several simulations and measurement studies are described to present the capability of the proposed probe in identification of different tissues and the detection of fat masses at different depths. In addition, two methods are used to eliminate the measurement noise which is caused by non-targeted tissues. Then, the contours around the masses are obtained applying an edge detection method. The measurement results show that the proposed probe can detect the fat masses with amplitude contrast about 15 dB at a λ/10 (at 14.36 GHz) standoff distance. The proposed microscope is easy to fabricate, and provides a low-cost solution for fast and accurate skin cancer detection of abnormalities in human body such as early detection of small tumors in breast or skin cancers.


Microwave microscope Near-field probe Contour Skin abnormalities 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.


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Copyright information

© Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatemeh Kazemi
    • 1
  • Farahnaz Mohanna
    • 1
    Email author
  • Javad Ahmadi-shokouh
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of Sistan and BaluchestanZahedanIran

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