Dynamic Games and Applications

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 157–179 | Cite as

The Splitting Game: Value and Optimal Strategies

  • Miquel Oliu-BartonEmail author


We introduce the dependent splitting game, a zero-sum stochastic game in which the players jointly control a martingale. This game models the transmission of information in repeated games with incomplete information on both sides, in the dependent case: The state variable represents the martingale of posterior beliefs. We establish the existence of the value for any fixed, general evaluation of the stage payoffs, as a function of the initial state. We then prove the convergence of the value functions, as the evaluation vanishes, to the unique solution of the Mertens–Zamir system of equations is established. From this result, we derive the convergence of the values of repeated games with incomplete information on both sides, in the dependent case, to the same function, as the evaluation vanishes. Finally, we establish a surprising result: Unlike repeated games with incomplete information on both sides, the splitting game has a uniform value. Moreover, we exhibit a couple of optimal stationary strategies for which the stage payoff and the state remain constant.


Splitting game Games with incomplete information Stochastic games Mertens–Zamir system Uniform value State-independent signaling 



This work started as part of my Ph.D. under the supervision of Sylvain Sorin. I am very much indebted to him for motivating this research and his insightful guidance. The comments from Rida Laraki, Guillaume Vigeral and Fabien Gensbittel, the careful reading and suggestions from the anonymous referees, and the editors’ support have been remarkable. I am really grateful to all of them. Finally, I also gratefully acknowledge the support of the French National Research Agency, under Grant ANR CIGNE (ANR-15-CE38-0007-01).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université Paris-Dauphine, PSL Research University, CNRS, CEREMADEParisFrance

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