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Self-Healing and Rheological Properties of Polyhydroxyurethane Elastomers Based on Glycerol Carbonate Capped Prepolymers

  • Sang Hyub Lee
  • Dai Soo LeeEmail author
Article
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Abstract

Polyhydroxyurethane were prepared from polyurethane prepolymers by end capping with glycerol carbonate (GC) and chain extension with an amine. The GC-based polyurethane (GPU) shows excellent mechanical properties together with superior self-healing properties compared with conventional polyurethane (CPU). The significant improvement in mechanical properties was driven by enhanced hydrogen bonding and the excellent self-healing was attributed to the exchange reaction of the β-hydroxy unit of GPU. The self-healing efficiencies of GPU and CPU were approximately 92% and 42% at 110 °C, respectively. The characteristics of GPU were also studied by rheological measurements. GPU showed not only a negative normal stress difference (N1) but also a crossover of storage (G′) and loss (G″) moduli. It is postulated that the exchange reactions of GPU in melts induce a negative N1 as well as self-healing of the GPU, implying desirable melt processing stability with minimal die swell.

Keywords

polyhydroxyurethane cyclic carbonate self-healing negative normal stress difference die swell 

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Copyright information

© The Polymer Society of Korea and Springer 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Semiconductor and Chemical EngineeringChonbuk National UniversityJeonbukKorea

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