Macromolecular Research

, Volume 23, Issue 7, pp 628–635 | Cite as

Preparation of poly{styene-co-4-(4-vinylphenoxy) phthalonitrile} nicrospheres by a new approach of “co-dissolution” and its function development

  • Qi Bian
  • Kai Qiu
  • Jiaojian Liu
  • Yancun Niu
  • Yancui Liu
  • Jianghuai Hu
  • Ke ZengEmail author
  • Gang YangEmail author


Solid vinyl monomer with functional group “phthalonitrile” was successfully introduced into microspheres to make poly{styene-co-4-(4-vinylphenoxy) phthalonitrile} microspheres (PSPMs) with uniform (UPSPMs) and core-shell (core-shell PSPMs) structure using soap-free emulsion polymerization by the new approach of “codissolution”. The core-shell PSPMs then were used as the design platform to make metallophthalocyanine-containing microspheres. EA, FTIR, SEM, TEM, UV-vis, TGA, XPS, solid 1H NMR and XRD techniques were employed to analyze the formation and morphology of PSPMs and metallophthalocyanine-containing microspheres. The results showed that UPSPMs and core-shell PSPMs were both realized and they were regular sphericities with diameters of around 370 nm. The percentages of reacting weight of 4-(4-vinylphenoxy) phthalonitrile were close to 50%. Based on the design platform of core-shell PSPMs, metallophthalocyanine-containing microspheres could be obtained and the content of metallophthalocyanine was close to 19%.


microsphere co-dissolution design platform phthalocyanine 


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Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© The Polymer Society of Korea and Springer Sciene+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, College of Polymer Science and EngineeringSichuan UniversityChengduChina

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