Application of synthesized anion and cation exchange polymers to membrane capacitive deionization (MCDI)
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In this study, sulfonated poly(phenylene oxide) (SPPO) and aminated polysulfone (APSf) were synthesized for use as a cation exchange polymer and an anion exchange polymer respectively. The resulting ion exchange capacities of SPPO and APSf of 0.93 and 1.0 respectively were almost equivalent to each other. Then the ion exchange polymers were coated onto the surface of commercial carbon electrodes. Membrane capacitive deionization (MCDI) performance using these coated electrodes was tested under various operating conditions such as adsorption/desorption time, feed flow rate, and feed NaCl concentration and compared with capacitive deionization (CDI) under the same conditions. The experimental results indicate that the effluent concentration during desorption becomes higher with increased adsorption time and a lower feed flow rate. Also it was shown that the introduction of both cation and anion exchange polymers was effective in preventing the “co-ion” effect. With MCDI, a salt removal efficiency of 100% was obtained under the conditions of 5 min/1 min adsorption/desorption time and 23 mL/min feed flow rate, while with CDI the salt removal efficiency was less than 40% under the same conditions.
Keywordsmembrane capacitive deionization aminated polysulfone sulfonated poly(phenylene oxide) capacitive deionization (CDI) membrane capacitive deionization (MCDI)
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