Macromolecular Research

, Volume 20, Issue 10, pp 1021–1028 | Cite as

Synthesis and characterization of water soluble functionalized amorphous carbon nanotube-poly(vinyl alcohol) composite

  • Diptonil Banerjee
  • Arunava Jha
  • Kalyan Kumar Chattopadhyay
Article

Abstract

A simple low-temperature synthesis method of amorphous carbon nanotubes (a-CNTs) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) composite thin films has been reported. Initially the a-CNTs have been functionalized by acid treatment for getting better dispersion in water. The functionalized a-CNTs show much enhanced solubility in water. The microstructures of the as-prepared tubes, functionalized tubes, and PVA-a-CNTs composite have been investigated with the help of a field emission scanning electron microscope. A detailed study on the structural, optical, and thermal properties and a hardness test of the composite has revealed that a-CNTs can act as good reinforcement materials such as crystalline CNTs, when composites are made with polymers. Also, it has been shown that the sheet resistance of the PVA-a-CNTs composite monotonically decreases with increasing a-CNTs concentrations in the composites. Optical studies showed a shift in the optical gap indicating the formation of cross-linking into the host matrix. The composite shows a higher crystallinity with increased a-CNTs concentration, compared to pure PVA. The swelling test shows that due to the introduction of the carboxylic group into a-CNTs’ walls, it gradually becomes hydrophilic.

Keywords

amorphous materials polymer chemical synthesis electron microscopy optical properties 

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Copyright information

© The Polymer Society of Korea and Springer Netherlands 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diptonil Banerjee
    • 1
  • Arunava Jha
    • 1
  • Kalyan Kumar Chattopadhyay
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Thin Film & Nanoscience Laboratory, Department of PhysicsJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Nanoscience and Technology CenterJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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