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Fungal Diversity

, Volume 99, Issue 1, pp 105–367 | Cite as

Notes, outline and divergence times of Basidiomycota

  • Mao-Qiang He
  • Rui-Lin ZhaoEmail author
  • Kevin D. Hyde
  • Dominik Begerow
  • Martin Kemler
  • Andrey Yurkov
  • Eric H. C. McKenzie
  • Olivier Raspé
  • Makoto Kakishima
  • Santiago Sánchez-Ramírez
  • Else C. Vellinga
  • Roy Halling
  • Viktor Papp
  • Ivan V. Zmitrovich
  • Bart Buyck
  • Damien Ertz
  • Nalin N. Wijayawardene
  • Bao-Kai Cui
  • Nathan Schoutteten
  • Xin-Zhan Liu
  • Tai-Hui Li
  • Yi-Jian Yao
  • Xin-Yu Zhu
  • An-Qi Liu
  • Guo-Jie Li
  • Ming-Zhe Zhang
  • Zhi-Lin Ling
  • Bin Cao
  • Vladimír Antonín
  • Teun Boekhout
  • Bianca Denise Barbosa da Silva
  • Eske De Crop
  • Cony Decock
  • Bálint Dima
  • Arun Kumar Dutta
  • Jack W. Fell
  • József Geml
  • Masoomeh Ghobad-Nejhad
  • Admir J. Giachini
  • Tatiana B. Gibertoni
  • Sergio P. Gorjón
  • Danny Haelewaters
  • Shuang-Hui He
  • Brendan P. Hodkinson
  • Egon Horak
  • Tamotsu Hoshino
  • Alfredo Justo
  • Young Woon Lim
  • Nelson MenolliJr.
  • Armin Mešić
  • Jean-Marc Moncalvo
  • Gregory M. Mueller
  • László G. Nagy
  • R. Henrik Nilsson
  • Machiel Noordeloos
  • Jorinde Nuytinck
  • Takamichi Orihara
  • Cheewangkoon Ratchadawan
  • Mario Rajchenberg
  • Alexandre G. S. Silva-Filho
  • Marcelo Aloisio Sulzbacher
  • Zdenko Tkalčec
  • Ricardo Valenzuela
  • Annemieke Verbeken
  • Alfredo Vizzini
  • Felipe Wartchow
  • Tie-Zheng Wei
  • Michael Weiß
  • Chang-Lin Zhao
  • Paul M. Kirk
Open Access
Article

Abstract

The Basidiomycota constitutes a major phylum of the kingdom Fungi and is second in species numbers to the Ascomycota. The present work provides an overview of all validly published, currently used basidiomycete genera to date in a single document. An outline of all genera of Basidiomycota is provided, which includes 1928 currently used genera names, with 1263 synonyms, which are distributed in 241 families, 68 orders, 18 classes and four subphyla. We provide brief notes for each accepted genus including information on classification, number of accepted species, type species, life mode, habitat, distribution, and sequence information. Furthermore, three phylogenetic analyses with combined LSU, SSU, 5.8s, rpb1, rpb2, and ef1 datasets for the subphyla Agaricomycotina, Pucciniomycotina and Ustilaginomycotina are conducted, respectively. Divergence time estimates are provided to the family level with 632 species from 62 orders, 168 families and 605 genera. Our study indicates that the divergence times of the subphyla in Basidiomycota are 406–430 Mya, classes are 211–383 Mya, and orders are 99–323 Mya, which are largely consistent with previous studies. In this study, all phylogenetically supported families were dated, with the families of Agaricomycotina diverging from 27–178 Mya, Pucciniomycotina from 85–222 Mya, and Ustilaginomycotina from 79–177 Mya. Divergence times as additional criterion in ranking provide additional evidence to resolve taxonomic problems in the Basidiomycota taxonomic system, and also provide a better understanding of their phylogeny and evolution.

Keywords

Classification Molecular clock Fungi Systematics Taxonomy 

Introduction

The Outlines of the Fungi provide essential taxonomic information which are easy to use by workers in various disciplines incorporating mycological fields (Wijayawardene et al. 2017, 2018a, b). In the Kingdom Fungi, the phyla Ascomycota and Basidiomycota cover around 97% of all fungal species (Willis 2018). Wijayawardene et al. (2017) provided notes on 6450 genera of Ascomycota and Wijayawardene et al. (2018a) provided an outline for this group. The outline of the Ascomycota was initiated by Eriksson and Hawksworth (1986). Follow-ups and rearrangements were published in a series by Eriksson (1991, 1998, 1999), Eriksson and Winka (1997) and Eriksson et al. (2003, 2004). These earlier outlines were chiefly based morphological characteristics. With the use of molecular data, a more natural classification was developed and published as the Outlines of the Ascomycota (Lumbsch and Huhndorf 2007, 2010). The most recent update is that of Wijayawardene et al. (2018a). The outlines of the 1980s and 2018, however, are very different with each other, but both of them provided a working model that other mycologists could strive to confirm or modify. The outlines in 2007 and 2010 only included sexual morphs, whereas the 2018 outline was the first to include asexual morphs with links provided by Hyde et al. (2011) and Wijayawardene et al. (2012, 2017), and is becoming a stable system with continual updates (Wijayawardene et al. 2018a, b). Notes and outlines of the early diverging fungi were provided by Wijayawardene et al. (2018b). Studies on Basidiomycota on the other hand, have not followed such an approach, in spite of there being a real need for this to happen. Notes on all genera of Basidiomycota and an Outline of the Basidiomycota are urgently needed. Once such outline is in place, it can be modified and improved, much like the outline of Ascomycota, until it also becomes stable. We therefore provide an account of all genera of Basidiomycota with short notes on basic taxonomic information and references to recent studies. We expect this to be followed by an outline of the Fungi (Wijayawardene et al. 2019) and this to be continually updated, perhaps on a 2–3 year basis, until we reach a consensus for the classification of all of the Fungi.

Basidiomycota constitute a major phylum of the kingdom Fungi and is second in species numbers to the Ascomycota (Wijayawardene et al. 2017, 2018a). Other phyla are Aphelidiomycota, Blastocladiomycota, Calcarisporiellomycota, Chytridiomycota, Entomophthoromycota, Entorrhizomycota, Glomeromycota, Kickxellomycota, Microsporidiomycota, Mortierellomycota, Mucoromycota, Olpidiomycota, Rozellomycota and Zoopagomycota (Tedersoo et al. 2018), although the acceptance of some phyla is disputed (Spatafora et al. 2016).

Species of Basidiomycota are characterized by basidia as meiosporocysts in the sexual life stage. Karyogamy and meosis proceed in the basidia and basidiospores are produced. The basidiomycetous hyphae, which have an electron-dense (multi-layered or visually single-layered) wall, are divided by septa into mononucleate, binucleate, or multinucleate segments. The septal pore may resemble a simple pore as in the Ascomycota, being closed with a compact electron-dense formation, but for many representatives it has a thickening on both sides, appearing barrel-like (doliolum) in electronic microphotographs. The basidiomycetous cell wall is composed of chitin, whose fibrils are immersed in a matrix formed of (1 →  3) − /β(1 → 6)β–glucans and also mannans in yeast cells. Unlike the ascomycetes, the guanine-cytosine content of the total DNA typically exceeds 50% in basidiomycetous species. In addition, basidiomycetes differ from ascomycetes in a number of biochemical traits, such as the formation of urease, siderochromes, and the type of ubiquinone system, which enables, for example, a clear distinction between basidiomycete and ascomycete yeasts. Like in all dikarya, mitosis in basidiomycetes proceeds with preservation of the nuclear membrane (intranuclear pleuromitosis) and only in some Urediniomycetes, the nuclear membrane partially degrades during mitosis (semi-open pleuromitosis). The nuclear spindle polar bodies in some early divering basidiomycetes, as well as in ascomycetes are discoid, but many representatives have hemispherical and bi-globular spindle polar bodies (Zmitrovich and Wasser 2011). Agaricomycotina produce macroscopic structures for sexual reproduction (basidioma) which are typical mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars or other structures and may be above ground or sequestrate. Some taxa do not seem to form basidioma but are nevertheless members of the Basidiomycota. These taxa include rusts and smuts, which comprise Pucciniomycotina and Ustilaginomycotina. Yeasts-forming taxa, which are usually found in their asexual life mode, are also members of Basidiomycota, and can be found in all these three subphyla. According to the latest version of Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi (Kirk et al. 2008), there are 1589 genera and more than 30,000 species of Basidiomycota, which comprise nearly 32% of all described fungal taxa (Dai et al. 2015).

Since the last edition of Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi (Kirk et al. 2008), numerous sequenced-based studies have enabled the introduction of a vast array of new taxa, which has greatly enriched the known diversity of Basidiomycota. At the same time, related new taxonomic categories have been proposed. For example, in phylogenetic studies of basidiomycetous yeasts, three new classes Malasseziomycetes, Monilielliomycetes, and Spiculogloeomycetes, were introduced as well as three new orders, 16 new families, and 47 new genera (Nasr et al. 2014a; Wang et al. 2014a, 2015d, e; Liu et al. 2015b; Riess et al. 2016). On the other hand, many new changes have also occurred in the Agaricomycotina. Approximately 60 new genera have been recognized for agarics, 40 for boletes, and 50 for bracket fungi (Desjardin et al. 2009; Hjortstam and Ryvarden 2010a; Petersen and Hughes 2010; Cui et al. 2011b; Vellinga et al. 2011; Vizzini et al. 2011a; Hao et al. 2014; Hofstetter et al. 2014; Smith et al. 2015; Castellano et al. 2016; Henkel et al. 2016; Wu et al. 2016e; Buyck et al. 2017; Orihara and Smith 2017).

Several studies have focused on contributions to fungal diversity. Such as the Fungal Diversity Notes series, which is already in it 10th contribution, and introduced two new families, two new genera, and 135 new species of Basidiomycota (e.g. Hyde et al. 2017a, b; Tibpromma et al. 2017). Besides, the Fungal Planet series (e.g. Crous et al. 2015a), Fungal Diversity Profiles series (Adamcík et al. 2015), and Fungal Systematics and Evolution series (e.g. Krisai-Greilhuber et al. 2017) have also provided additions to basidiomycete diversity. Since Kirk et al. (2008), a large amount of knowledge on Basidiomycota has been published, thus it is essential and pragmmatic to compile it into a single document. Therefore, the present work provides notes for each genus of Basidiomycota with updates since 2008, including basic information and the latest related taxonomic studies. In addition, an outline of the Basidiomycota is also provided based on the latest systematic studies.

Deciphering and uncovering evolutionary relationships of organisms are underlying topics for taxonomists (Samarakoon et al. 2016). Molecular phylogenies have provided increased knowledge concerning the evolution of fungi (McTaggart et al. 2016a; Kijpornyongpan et al. 2018; Varga et al. 2019). Studies over the last decade used innovative methods to support traditional morphology-based classifications (e.g. Lutzoni et al. 2004; Blackwell et al. 2006; James et al. 2006; Hibbett et al. 2007) and many new perspectives have been derived in fungal systematics. Divergence times have recently been used as important criteria to rank taxa and have been accepted in many fungal systematic studies (Drummond et al. 2012; Hongsanan et al. 2017; Liu et al. 2017c). Zhao et al. (2016f) used divergence times as an additional criterion to infer a modern taxonomic system for the genus Agaricus. The authors proposed the following criteria to rank taxa above species level: (i) the taxa must be monophyletic and statistically well-supported in multi-gene analyses; (ii) their respective stem ages should be roughly equivalent, and higher taxon stem ages must be older than lower level taxa stem ages; and (iii) the taxa should be identifiable phenotypically, whenever possible. Subsequently, several studies have ranked higher taxa using divergence times, such as for Ascomycota (Dothideomycetes and Sordariomycetes), Basidiomycota and for the kingdom Fungi (Hongsanan et al. 2017; Hyde et al. 2017a; Liu et al. 2017c; Zhao et al. 2017c; Tedersoo et al. 2018). The time ranges for Basidiomycota, with the phylum originating ca. 530 Mya, the subphyla 406–490 Mya, most classes 245–393 Mya and orders 120–290 Mya were inferred by Zhao et al. (2017c).

In the present study, we provide three maximum clade credibility (MCC) trees for the four subphyla (Agaricomycotina, Pucciniomycotina, Ustilaginomycotina and Wallemiomycotina) in Basidiomycota. The molecular clock analyses are executed to resolve taxonomic problems with estimated divergence times for the well-supported taxa at different taxonomic levels.

Materials and methods

Notes and outline

All generic names gathered from Index Fungorum (2019) were checked through Kirk et al. (2008, 2013) and Species Fungorum (2019). Nomina invalida, nomina rejicienda and synonyms were excluded. The basic information of each note is classification (family, order, class), synonyms, accepted species number, type species, life mode, habitat, distribution, and sequence information. Species numbers are based on Kirk et al. (2008), plus new taxa and data published between 2008 and 2019. Furthermore, the latest research information for each note is in three parts if available: (i) studies of selected important species (edible, medicinal, industrial, pathogenic and saprobic); (ii) selected studies on taxonomy and phylogeny published between 2008 and 2019; (iii) new taxon studies between 2008 and 2019.

Phylogenetic analyses

Sequences were downloaded from GenBank (Benson et al. 2017). Six genes (LSU, SSU, 5.8s, ef1, rpb1 and rpb2) were included in this study. Only species for which two or more gene sequences were available were included in the phylogenetic analyses. Sequence information is listed in Supplementary Table 1. Sequences were checked in BioEdit V.7.0.4 first (Hall 2007). Alignments were made by Muscle 3.8.31 (Edgar 2004) for each region separately, then adjusted manually. In order to avoid substitutional saturation in third codon position, we used translated amino acid sequences for ef1, rpb1 and rpb2 (Matheny et al. 2007b). For each data set, we then combined with DNA from rDNA genes and amino acid sequences. Divergence times were estimated in BEAST 1.8.4 (Drummond et al. 2012). An XML file was constructed with BEAUTI v1.8., and per-gene alignments were imported as separate partitions. Clock and substitution models were set to be unlinked (independently estimated for each gene partition). Substitution models for nucleotides were determined from jModelTest v2 and the settings were as follows: for the Agaricomycotina tree, the GTR + I+G for SSU, LSU and 5.8S and WAG for ef1, rpb1 and rpb2; for Pucciniomycotina, GTR for LSU and 5.8S, HKY for SSU and WAG for ef1, rpb1 and rpb2; for Ustinaginomycotina, GTR for LSU, SSU and 5.8S, and WAG for ef1, rpb1 and rpb2. A Yule speciation model was selected as prior assuming a constant speciation rate per lineage. We used the uncorrelated lognormal relaxed clock model, specifying a gamma distribution for the ulcd.mean parameter with a shape of 1.0, scale of 0.001, and offset 0. The calibrations of each tree are cited from the previous study (Zhao et al. 2017c) by applying a normal distribution prior (SD = 1) that mean age 406 Mya for Agaricomycotina, Pucciniomycotina, and 430 Mya for Ustilaginomycotina. We ran four independent Monte Carlo Markov Chains of 50 million generations for each, logging states every 10,000 generations. Log files were checked for convergence and mixing in Tracer v1.6 (Rambaut and Drummond 2013; http://tree.bio.ed.ac.uk/software/tracer/). A Maximum-clade-credibility (MCC) tree was summarized using TreeAnnotator 1.8, discarding 10% of states as burn-in and annotating clades with ≥ 0.8 posterior probability (PP).

Results

The phylogenetic and dating analyses of Basidiomycota were conducted based on three datasets, composed of six-gene (LSU, SSU, 5.8s, rpb1, rpb2, ef1) sequences from species of subphyla Agaricomycotina, Pucciniomycotina, Ustilaginomycotina and Wallemiomycotina.

The phylogeny and divergence time analyses of Agaricomycotina

In the phylogenetic analyses of Agaricomycotina, 430 species from Agaricomycotina and six outgroup species from Pucciniomycotina were included. Those species belong to three classes, 26 orders, 98 familes and 412 genera. Figure 1 shows the backbone-constrained tree at the order level, and Fig. 2 is the same tree with more detail at the family and genus levels. Generally, orders and higher taxa including Agaricomycetes, Dacrymycetes and Tremellomycetes were well supported (Fig. 1). However, the subclass Agaricomycetidae, comprising by Agaricales, Amylocorticiales, Atheliales, Boletales and Jaapiales, did not receive statistic support. Phallomycetidae, comprising Hysterangiales, Phallales, Gomphales and Geastrales, was monophyletic with 0.9 PP support. The phylogenetic relationships of the main clades in Boletales roughly agree with Binder and Hibbett 2006 which gave a phylogenetic relationships among suborders based on a five-genes dataset. In Boletacae, Zangiodeae represented by Zangia and Harrya is recognized and supported statistically, which agrees with Wu et al. (2014b). However, phylogenetic relationships of the other genera are not resolved because of low statistical support. The well-supported taxa were dated with an estimated divergence time for Agaricomycotina as 406 Mya; the classes ranged from 298–341 Mya; and orders from 108–259 Mya (Table 1).
Fig. 1

Maximum Clade Credibility tree showing the relationships among classes and orders of Agaricomycotina based on LSU, SSU, rpb1, rpb2, 5.8 s and ef1 genes with Pucciniomycotina as the outgroup. Posterior probabilities equal to or greater than 0.8 are annotated at the internodes. The 95% highest posterior densities of divergence time estimates are marked by horizontal bars

The analyses involving Agaricomycetes comprised 77 families and 352 genera, the Dacrymycetes cmprised three families and six genera, and the Tremellomycetes with 18 families and 54 genera (Fig. 2). A total of 45 monophyletic families were recognized with well-supported PP values, and these families belong to 14 orders as Agaricales, Boletales, Cystofilobasidiales, Dacrymycetales, Filobasidiales, Gomphales, Hymenochaetales, Hysterangiales, Phallales, Polyporales, Russulales, Thelephorales, Tremellales and Trichosporonales. The divergence times of these well-supported families were estimated, ranging from 27 to 178 Mya (Table 1).
Fig. 2

Maximum Clade Credibility tree of Agaricomycotina based on LSU, SSU, rpb1, rpb2, 5.8 s and ef1 genes with Pucciniomycotina as the outgroup. Posterior probabilities that are equal to or greater than 0.8 are annotated at the internodes as purple dots. The coloured dots Open image in new window refer to the positions of the mean stem age of classes, orders and families respectively

Table 1

Divergence times of estimated taxa in Basidiomycota

Subphylum

Class

Order (number of families in this study/the total known families)

Families recognized in this study

Mean of stem age in MCC tree (Mya)

Agaricomycotina

   

406

 

Agaricomycetes

  

298

  

Agaricales (24/38)

 

136

   

Agaricaceae

125

   

Amanitaceae

125

   

Clavariaceae

125

   

Cortinariaceae

70

   

Entolomataceae

125

   

Hygrophoraceae

125

   

Hymenogastraceae

27

   

Mycenaceae

125

   

Niaceae

125

   

Omphalotaceae

71

   

Physalacriaceae

125

   

Psathyrellaceae

125

   

Stephanosporaceae

125

   

Tubariaceae

54

  

Amylocorticiales (1/1)

 

136

   

Amylocorticiaceae

136

  

Atheliales (1/1)

 

259

   

Atheliaceae

259

  

Auriculariales (2/2)

 

259

   

Auriculariaceae

259

  

Boletales (12/16)

 

259

   

Boletaceae

98

   

Boletinellaceae

98

   

Paxillaceae

98

   

Sclerodermataceae

38

   

Serpulaceae

98

   

Tapinellaceae

98

  

Cantharellales (1/6)

 

259

   

Hydnaceae

259

  

Corticiales (1/4)

 

259

   

Corticiaceae

259

  

Geastrales (1/2)

 

137

   

Geastraceae

137

  

Gloeophyllales (1/1)

 

259

   

Gloeophyllaceae

259

  

Gomphales (3/3)

 

108

  

Hymenochaetales (4/7)

 

259

   

Hymenochaetaceae

124

  

Hysterangiales (5/5)

 

108

   

Gallaceaceae

67

   

Mesophelliaceae

54

  

Jaapiales (1/1)

 

259

   

Jaapiaceae

259

  

Phallales (2/3)

 

108

   

Claustulaceae

77

   

Phallaceae

77

  

Polyporales (8/18)

 

138

   

Fomitopsidaceae

88

   

Irpicaceae

62

   

Meruliaceae

81

   

Meripilaceae

106

   

Phanerochaetaceae

62

   

Polyporaceae

88

  

Russulales (7/9)

 

259

   

Albatrellaceae

134

   

Echinodontiaceae

70

   

Peniophoraceae

70

   

Russulaceae

97

   

Stereaceae

61

  

Sebacinales (2/2)

 

259

   

Sebacinaceae

259

  

Thelephorales (2/4)

 

138

  

Trechisporales (1/1)

 

259

   

Hydnodontaceae

259

 

Dacrymycetes

  

298

  

Dacrymycetales (2/2)

 

206

   

Cerinomycetaceae

 
  

Unilacrymales (1/1)

 

206

   

Unilacrymaceae

 
 

Tremellomycetes

  

341

  

Cystofilobasidiales (2/2)

 

303

  

Filobasidiales (2/2)

 

245

   

Filobasidiaceae

149

   

Piskurozymaceae

149

  

Holtermanniales (1/1)

 

210

   

Holtermanniaceae

210

  

Tremellales (11/12)

 

178

   

Bulleribasidiaceae

113

   

Cryptococcaceae

113

   

Cuniculitremaceae

120

   

Tremellaceae

156

  

Trichosporonales (2/2)

 

178

   

Trimorphomycetaceae

178

Pucciniomycotina

   

406

 

Agaricostilbomycetes

  

295

  

Agaricostilbales (4/4)

 

266

   

Agaricostilbaceae

180

   

Chionosphaeraceae

162

   

Kondoaceae

222

   

Ruineniaceae

198

 

Atractiellomycetes

  

383

  

Atractiellales (1/3)

 

383

   

Phleogenaceae

383

 

Classiculomycetes

  

383

  

Classiculales (1/1)

 

383

   

Classiculaceae

383

 

Cystobasidiomycetes

  

211

  

Cystobasidiales (1/1)

 

128

   

Cystobasidiaceae

128

  

Buckleyzymales (1/1)

 

128

   

Buckleyzymaceae

128

  

Erythrobasidiales (1/1)

 

128

   

Erythrobasidiaceae

83

 

Microbotryomycetes

  

286

  

incertae sedis (1/3)

  
   

Chrysozymaceae

156

  

Kriegeriales (1/1)

 

   

Kriegeriaceae

  

Microbotryales (3/3)

 

156

  

Leucosporidiales (1/1) (Syn. of Microbotryales in this study)

Leucosporidiaceae

71

   

Microbotryaceae

42

   

Ustilentylomataceae

42

  

Sporidiobolales (1/1)

 

156

   

Sporidiobolaceae

156

 

Mixiomycetes

  

286

  

Mixiales (1/1)

 

286

   

Mixiaceae

286

 

Pucciniomycetes

  

383

  

Pucciniales (10/15)

 

275

   

Coleosporiaceae

84

   

Mikronegeriaceae

196

   

Phakopsoraceae

131

   

Phragmidiaceae

119

   

Pileolariaceae

   

Pucciniaceae

98

   

Raveneliaceae

131

   

Sphaerophragmiaceae

114

  

Platygloeales (2/2)

 

185

   

Eocronartiaceae

85

   

Platygloeaceae

85

  

Septobasidiales (1/1)

 

185

   

Septobasidiaceae

185

  

Helicobasidiales (1/1)

 

201

   

Helicobasidiaceae

201

 

Spiculogloeomycetes

  

211

  

Spiculogloeales (1/1)

 

211

   

Spiculogloeaceae

211

 

Tritirachiomycetes

  

295

  

Tritirachiales (1/1)

 

295

   

Tritirachiaceae

295

Ustilaginomycotina

   

430

 

Exobasidiomycetes

  

  

Ceraceosorales (1/1)

 

260

   

Ceraceosoraceae

260

  

Microstromatales (3/3)

 

238

   

Quambalariaceae

71

   

Volvocisporiaceae

98

  

Tilletiales (2/2)

 

185

   

Erratomycetaceae

117

   

Tilletiaceae

117

  

Golubeviales (1/1)

 

185

   

Golubeviaceae

185

  

Robbauerales (1/1)

 

238

   

Robbaueraceae

238

  

Doassansiales (2/3)

 

   

Doassansiaceae

102

   

Rhamphosporaceae

102

  

Exobasidiales (4/5)

 

319

   

Brachybasidiaceae

130

   

Cryptobasidiaceae

211

   

Exobasidiaceae

161

   

Graphiolaceae

130

  

Georgefischeriales (3/4)

 

   

Gjaerumiaceae

120

   

Tilletiariaceae

79

 

Malasseziomycetes

  

  

Malasseziales (1/1)

 

   

Malasseziaceae

 

Moniliellomycetes

  

  

Moniliellales (1/1)

 

   

Moniliellaceae

 

Ustilaginomycetes

  

260

  

Ustilaginales (5/9)

 

204

   

Melanotaeniaceae

177

   

Ustilaginaceae

114

   

Websdaneaceae

150

  

Urocystidales (5/6)

 

204

   

Doassansiopsidaceae

123

   

Fereydouniaceae

123

   

Floromycetaceae

61

   

Glomosporiaceae

151

   

Urocystidaceae

61

  

Violaceomycetales (1/1)

 

172

   

Violaceomycetaceae

172

  

Uleiellales (1/1)

 

172

   

Uleiellaceae

172

Wallemiomycotina

   

430

 

Wallemiomycetes

  

430

  

Geminibasidiales (1/1)

 

258

   

Geminibasidiaceae

258

  

Wallemiales (1/1)

 

258

   

Wallemiaceae

258

“–“ refer to the families failed to be dated because of the unsupported PP values

The phylogeny and divergence time analyses of Pucciniomycotina

For the phylogenetic analyses of Pucciniomycotina, the MCC tree was generated from the six-gene sequences of 125 species from Pucciniomycotina and six species from Agaricomycotina as the outgroup (Fig. 3). In this tree, Pucciniomycetes comprised four orders, 17 families, 56 genera, and occupied the base position; whilst Agaricostilbomycetes, Atractiellomycetes, Classiculomycetes, Cystobasidiomycetes, Microbotryomycetes, Mixiomycetes, Spiculogloeomycetes and Tritirachiomycetes comprised of 16 orders, 24 families and 61 genera formed a clade without statistical support.
Fig. 3

Maximum Clade Credibility tree of Pucciniomycotina based on LSU, SSU, rpb1, rpb2, 5.8 s and ef1 genes with the Agaricomycotina as outgroup. Posterior probabilities which equal to or greater than 0.8 are annotated at the internodes. The 95% highest posterior density of divergence time estimates are marked by horizontal bars. The coloured dots Open image in new window refer to the positions of the mean stem age of subphyla, classes, orders, families and potentially new families respectively

All classes and orders were monophyletic with high supports. The classes originated from 211 to 383 Mya and orders from 128 to 244 Mya. Families in Agaricostilbales (Agaricostilbaceae, Chionosphaeraceae, Kondoaceae and Ruineniaceae), Microbotryales (Leucosporidiaceae, Microbotryaceae and Ustilentylomataceae), Pucciniales (Coleosporiaceae, Mikronegeriaceae, Phakopsoraceae, Phragmidiaceae, Pileolariaceae, Pucciniaceae, Raveneliaceae, and Sphaerophragmiaceae), and Platygloeales (Eocronartiaceae and Platygloeaceae) were well supported and diverged between 85 to 222 Mya. Three monophyletic and highly supported lineages (Mycogloea sp./TUBFO40962; Slooffia tsugae/JCM 2960 and Udeniozyma ferulica/JCM 8231; Spencerozyma crocea/CBS 2029 and Vonarxula javanica/JCM 9032) did not nest with any known families (Fig. 3). Divergence times of these clades are 266 Mya, 188 Mya and 156 Mya, respectively.

The phylogeny and divergence time analyses of Ustilaginomycotina and Wallemiomycotina

In the phylogenetic analyses of Ustilaginomycotina, a six-gene (LSU, SSU, 5.8s, rpb1, rpb2 and ef1) dataset was used, which comprised of 74 species from Ustilaginomycotina, three species from Wallemiomycotina, and two species from Pucciniomycotina as the outgroup. Wallemiomycotina occupied the basal position with strong support with a divergence time of 430 Mya in MCC tree (Fig. 4). There were four classes In Ustilaginomycotina, of which Moniliellomycetes and Malasseziomycetes were each represented by a single sample. Ustilaginomycetes included four orders, 12 families and 45 genera and formed a strongly-supported monophyletic clade. Exobasidiomycetes was polyphyletic and comprised seven orders, 13 families and 27 genera. The estimated divergence time for Ustilaginomycotina was 430 Mya, orders originated from 172 to 260 Mya and families originated from 79 to 177 Mya.
Fig. 4

Maximum Clade Credibility tree of Ustilaginomycotina based on LSU, SSU, rpb1, rpb2, 5.8 s and ef1 genes with Pucciniomycotina as the outgroup. Posterior probabilities which equal to or greater than 0.8 are annotated at the internodes. The 95% highest posterior density of divergence time estimates are marked by horizontal bars. The coloured dots Open image in new window refer to the positions of the mean stem age of subphyla, classes, orders, families, and potentially new families and orders respectively

There were also several well-supported lineages with similar divergence times to those of families in Ustilaginomycotina, but they did not nest within any known family. They are two clades in Ustilaginales, one formed by Farysia acheniorum/AS 2 3198, Farysizyma itapuensis/BI120, Schizonella melanogramma/CBS174 42, Stegocintractia luzulae/MP2340 and Shivasia solida/H.U.V.17649 with a divergence time of 114 Mya, and another one includes Moreaua bulbostylidis/56581 (M) with a divergence time of 114 Mya. One clade in Microstromatales comprising Jaminaea angkoriensis/C5b and Sympodiomycopsis kandeliae/CBS 10858 had a divergence time of 98 Mya (Table 2).
Table 2

Estimated numbers for taxa in Basidiomycota

Phylum

Subphylum

Class

Order

Family number

Genus number

Species number

Basidiomycota

   

241

1928

41270

 

Agaricomycotina

  

150

1514

30788

  

Agaricomycetes

 

128

1434

30143

   

Agaricales

38

508

17291

   

Amylocorticiales

1

10

44

   

Atheliales

1

20

102

   

Auriculariales

2

41

318

   

Boletales

16

141

2022

   

Cantharellales

6

37

589

   

Corticiales

4

26

115

   

Geastrales

2

9

154

   

Gloeophyllales

1

13

48

   

Gomphales

3

20

410

   

Hymenochaetales

7

80

1205

   

Hysterangiales

5

20

133

   

Jaapiales

1

1

2

   

Lepidostromatales

1

3

11

   

Phallales

3

34

139

   

Polyporales

18

285

2544

   

Russulales

9

98

4436

   

Sebacinales

3

9

46

   

Stereopsidales

1

1

15

   

Thelephorales

4

17

321

   

Trechisporales

1

16

118

   

Tremellodendropsidales

1

1

8

   

incertae sedis

 

44

72

  

Dacrymycetes

 

3

12

146

   

Dacrymycetales

2

11

145

   

Unilacrymales

1

1

1

  

Tremellomycetes

 

19

68

499

   

Cystofilobasidiales

2

7

29

   

Filobasidiales

2

7

51

   

Holtermanniales

1

2

13

   

Tremellales

12

39

336

   

Trichosporonales

2

10

61

   

incertae sedis

 

3

9

 

Pucciniomycotina

  

49

270

8653

  

Agaricostilbomycetes

 

4

13

56

   

Agaricostilbales

4

13

56

  

Atractiellomycetes

 

3

10

58

   

Atractiellales

3

10

58

  

Classiculomycetes

 

1

2

4

   

Classiculales

1

2

4

  

Cryptomycocolacomycetes

 

1

2

2

   

Cryptomycocolacales

1

2

2

  

Cystobasidiomycetes

 

8

13

62

   

Buckleyzymales

1

1

5

   

Cystobasidiales

1

2

29

   

Erythrobasidiales

1

5

11

   

Naohideales

1

1

1

   

Sakaguchiales

1

1

5

   

incertae sedis

2

3

11

  

Microbotryomycetes

 

9

42

284

   

Heterogastridiales

1

3

2

   

Kriegeriales

1

4

7

   

Leucosporidiales

1

1

11

   

Microbotryales

2

8

170

   

Sporidiobolales

1

4

39

   

incertae sedis

3

22

55

  

Mixiomycetes

 

1

1

1

   

Mixiales

1

1

1

  

Pucciniomycetes

 

20

180

8168

   

Helicobasidiales

1

2

32

   

Pachnocybales

1

1

1

   

Platygloeales

2

9

26

   

Pucciniales

15

162

8105

   

Septobasidiales

1

6

4

  

Spiculogloeomycetes

 

1

2

12

   

Spiculogloeales

1

2

12

  

Tritirachiomycetes

 

1

2

2

   

Tritirachiales

1

2

2

  

incertae sedis

  

3

4

 

Ustilaginomycotina

  

42

128

1805

  

Exobasidiomycetes

 

21

56

588

   

Ceraceosorales

1

1

3

   

Doassansiales

3

13

40

   

Entylomatales

1

2

170

   

Exobasidiales

5

17

102

   

Georgefischeriales

4

7

43

   

Golubeviales

1

1

1

   

Microstromatales

3

7

37

   

Robbauerales

1

1

1

   

Tilletiales

2

7

191

  

Malasseziomycetes

 

1

1

21

   

Malasseziales

1

1

21

  

Moniliellomycetes

 

1

1

11

   

Moniliellales

1

1

11

  

Ustilaginomycetes

 

17

70

1185

   

Uleiellales

1

1

3

   

Urocystidales

6

13

274

   

Ustilaginales

9

53

905

   

Violaceomycetales

1

1

1

   

incertae sedis

 

2

2

 

Wallemiomycotina

  

2

4

12

  

Wallemiomycetes

 

2

4

12

   

Geminibasidiales

1

2

2

   

Wallemiales

1

1

8

   

incertae sedis

 

1

2

 

incertae sedis

   

12

12

Outline of Basidiomycota

Phylum Basidiomycota R.T. Moore 1980

Subphylum Agaricomycotina Doweld 2001

Class Agaricomycetes Doweld 2001

Order Agaricales Underw. 1899

Family Agaricaceae Chevall. 1826

Abstoma G. Cunn. 1926

Acutocapillitium P. Ponce de León 1976

Agaricus L. 1753

= Araneosa Long 1941

= Gyrophragmium Mont. 1843

= Hypophyllum Paulet 1793

= Longula Zeller 1945

= Psalliota (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Pratella (Pers.) Gray 1821

Arachnion Schwein. 1822

= Scoleciocarpus Berk. 1843

Barcheria T. Lebel 2004

Battarrea Pers. 1801

= Dendromyces Libosch. 1810

= Sphaericeps Welw. & Curr. 1868

Battarreoides T. Herrera 1953

= Battarraeastrum R. Heim & T. Herrera 1960

Calvatiopsis Hollós 1929

Chamaemyces Battarra ex Earle 1909

= Drosella Maire 1935

= Lepiotella (E.-J. Gilbert) Konrad 1934

Chlamydopus Speg. 1898

Chlorolepiota Sathe & S.D. Deshp. 1979

Chlorophyllum Massee 1898

Clarkeinda Kuntze 1891

= Chitonia (Fr.) P. Karst. 1879

= Chitoniella Henn. 1898

= Chitonis Clem. 1909

Clavogaster Henn. 1896

Coniolepiota Vellinga 2011

Coprinus Pers. 1797

= Coprinusella (Peck) Zerov 1979

= Onchopus P. Karst. 1879

Crucispora E. Horak 1971

Cystolepiota Singer 1952

= Pulverolepiota Bon 1993

Dictyocephalos L.M. Underwood ex V.S. White 1901

= Battarreopsis Henn. 1902

= Whetstonia Lloyd 1906

Disciseda Czern. 1845

= Bovistina Long & Stouffer 1941

= Catastoma Morgan 1892

Echinoderma (Locq. ex Bon) Bon 1991

Endolepiotula Singer 1963

Eriocybe Vellinga 2011

Gasterellopsis Routien 1940

Glyptoderma R. Heim & Perr.-Bertr. 1971

Heinemannomyces Watling 1999

Hiatulopsis Singer & Grinling 1967

Holocotylon Lloyd 1906

Hymenagaricus Heinem. 1981

Janauaria Singer 1986

Japonogaster Kobayasi 1989

Lepiota (Pers.) Gray 1821

= Amogaster Castellano 1995

= Cribrospora Pacioni & P. Fantini 2000

= Cryptolepiota Kropp & Trappe 2012

= Fusispora Fayod 1889

= Lepiota P. Browne 1756

= Lepiotula (Maire) Locq. ex E. Horak 1968

= Morobia E. Horak 1979

Leucoagaricus Locq. ex Singer 1948

= Sericeomyces Heinem. 1978

Leucocoprinus Pat. 1888

= Mastocephalus Battarra ex Earle 1909

Lycoperdopsis Henn. 1900

Macrolepiota Singer 1948

= Lepiotella Rick 1938

= Volvolepiota Singer 1959

Melanophyllum Velen. 1921

= Chlorosperma Murrill 1922

= Chlorospora Massee 1898

= Glaucospora Rea 1922

Metrodia Raithelh. 1971

Micropsalliota Höhn. 1914

= Allopsalliota Nauta & Bas 1999

Montagnea Fr. 1836

Mycenastrum Desv. 1842

= Endonevrum Czern. 1845

Neosecotium Singer & A.H. Sm. 1960

Panaeolopsis Singer 1969

Phellorinia Berk. 1843

= Areolaria Kalchbr. 1884

= Cyphellomyces Speg. 1906

= Xylopodium Mont. 1845

Phyllogaster Pegler 1969

Podaxis Desv. 1809

= Catachyon (Ehrenb. ex Fr.) Fr. 1832

= Cauloglossum Grev. ex Fr. 1829

= Chainoderma Massee 1890

= Schweinitzia Grev. 1823

Pseudoauricularia Kobayasi 1982

Pseudolepiota Z.W. Ge 2017

Queletia Fr. 1872

Rugosospora Heinem. 1973

Schinzinia Fayod 1889

Schizostoma Ehrenb. ex Lév. 1846

Singerina Sathe & S.D. Deshp. 1981

Smithiogaster J.E. Wright 1975

Smithiomyces Singer 1944

Termiticola E. Horak 1979

Tulostoma Pers. 1794

= Tulasnodea Fr. 1849

Xanthagaricus (Heinem.) Little Flower, Hosag. & T.K. Abraham 1997

Xerocoprinus Maire 1907

Family Amanitaceae E.-J. Gilbert 1940

Amanita Pers. 1797

= Agaricus Raf. 1830

= Amanitaria E.-J. Gilbert 1940

= Amanitina E.-J. Gilbert 1940

= Amanitella Earle 1909

= Amanitopsis Roze 1876

= Amarrendia Bougher & T. Lebel 2002

= Amidella E.-J. Gilbert 1940

= Amplariella E.-J. Gilbert 1940

= Ariella E.-J. Gilbert 1940

= Aspidella E.-J. Gilbert 1940

= Boletium Clem. 1909

= Lepidella E.-J. Gilbert 1925

= Leucomyces Battarra ex Earle 1909

= Pseudofarinaceus Battarra ex Kuntze 1891

= Saproamanita Redhead, Vizzini, Drehmel & Contu 2016

= Torrendia Bres. 1902

= Vaginaria Forq. 1886

= Vaginarius Roussel 1806

= Vaginata Nees ex Gray 1821

= Volvella E.-J. Gilbert & Beeli 1940

= Volvoamanita (Beck) E. Horak 1968

= Volvoboletus Henn. 1898

Catatrama Franco-Mol. 1991

Limacella Earle 1909

= Amanitella Maire 1913

Limacellopsis Zhu L. Yang, Q. Cai & Y.Y. Cui 2018

Zhuliangomyces Redhead 2019

= Myxoderma Fayod ex Kühner 1926

Family Bolbitiaceae Singer 1948

Agrogaster D.A. Reid 1986

Bolbitius Fr. 1838

= Pluteolus (Fr.) Gillet 1876

Conocybe Fayod 1889

= Gastrocybe Watling 1968

= Pseudoconocybe Hongo 1967

= Raddetes P. Karst. 1887

Cyttarophyllopsis R. Heim 1968

Descolea Singer 1952

= Descomyces Bougher & Castellano 1993

= Hymenangium Klotzsch 1839

= Pseudodescolea Raithelh. 1980

= Setchelliogaster Pouzar 1958

= Timgrovea G. Cunn. 1993

Galerella Earle 1909

Galeropsis Velen. 1930

= Cyttarophyllum (R. Heim) Singer 1936

= Psammomyces Lebedeva 1932

Gymnoglossum Massee 1891

Pholiotina Fayod 1889

Ptychella Roze & Boud. 1879

Rhodoarrhenia Singer 1964

Tubariella E. Horak & Hauskn. 2002

Tubariopsis R. Heim 1931

Tympanella E. Horak 1971

Wielandomyces Raithelh. 1988

Family Broomeiaceae Zeller 1948

Broomeia Berk. 1844

Family Biannulariaceae Jülich 1981

= Catathelasmataceae Wasser 1985

Anupama K.N.A. Raj, K.P.D. Latha & Manim. 2019

Callistosporium Singer 1944

Catathelasma Lovejoy 1910

= Biannularia Beck 1922

Guyanagarika Sánchez-García, T.W. Henkel & Aime 2016

Macrocybe Pegler & Lodge 1998

Pleurocollybia Singer 1947

Pseudolaccaria Vizzini, Contu & Z.W. Ge 2015

Family Chromocyphellaceae Knudsen 2010

Chromocyphella De Toni & Levi 1888

= Cymbella Pat. 1886

= Phaeocarpus Pat. 1887

= Phaeocyphella Pat. 1900

= Phaeocyphella Speg. 1909

Phaeosolenia Speg. 1902

Family Clavariaceae Chevall. 1826

Camarophyllopsis Herink 1958

= Hygrotrama Singer 1959

Clavaria Vaill. ex L. 1753

= Clavaria P. Micheli 1729

= Holocoryne (Fr.) Bonord. 1851

= Stichoclavaria Ulbr. 1928

Clavicorona Doty 1947

Clavulinopsis Overeem 1923

= Donkella Doty 1950

= Ramaria Holmsk. 1790

Hirticlavula J.H. Petersen & Læssøe 2014

Hodophilus R. Heim 1958

Hyphodontiella Å. Strid 1975

Lamelloclavaria Birkebak & Adamčík 2016

Ramariopsis (Donk) Corner 1950

Setigeroclavula R.H. Petersen 1988

Family Cortinariaceae R. Heim ex Pouzar 1983

Cortinarius (Pers.) Gray 1821

= Bulbopodium Earle 1909

= Cereicium Locq. 1979

= Cuphocybe R. Heim 1951

= Cyanicium Locq. 1979

= Cystocybe Velen. 1921

= Dermocybe (Fr.) Wünsche 1877

= Gomphos Kuntze 1891

= Hydrocybe (Fr. ex Rabenh.) Wünsche 1877

= Hydrocybium Earle 1909

= Hydrotelamonia Rob. Henry 1957

= Hygramaricium Locq. 1979

= Hygromyxacium Locq. 1979

= Inoloma (Fr.) Wünsche 1877

= Locellina Gillet 1876

= Meliderma Velen. 1920

= Myxacium (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Myxopholis Locq. 1979

= Phlegmacium (Fr.) Wünsche 1877

= Raphanozon P. Kumm. 1871

= Rapacea E. Horak 1999

= Rozites P. Karst. 1879

= Sericeocybe Rob. Henry 1993

= Sphaerotrachys Fayod 1889

= Squamaphlegma Locq. 1979

= Telamonia (Fr.) Wünsche 1877

= Thaxterogaster Singer 1951

= Volvigerum (E. Horak & M.M. Moser) R. Heim 1966

= Weinzettlia Velen. 1921

Protoglossum Massee 1891

= Cortinomyces Bougher & Castellano 1993

Pyrrhoglossum Singer 1944

Quadrispora Bougher & Castellano 1993

Stephanopus M.M. Moser & E. Horak 1975

Family Crassisporiaceae Vizzini, Consiglio & M. Marchetti 2019

Crassisporium Matheny, P.-A. Moreau & Vizzini 2014

Romagnesiella Contu, Matheny, P.-A. Moreau, Vizzini & A. de Haan 2014

Family Crepidotaceae (S. Imai) Singer 1951

Crepidotus (Fr.) Staude 1857

= Calathinus Quél. 1886

= Cyphellathelia Jülich 1972

= Dochmiopus Pat. 1887

= Octojuga Fayod 1889

= Phaeoglabrotricha W.B. Cooke 1961

= Phaeomyces E. Horak 2005

= Phialocybe P. Karst. 1879

= Pleurotellus Fayod 1889

= Tremellastrum Clem. 1909

= Tremellopsis Pat. 1903

Episphaeria Donk 1962

Nanstelocephala Oberw. & R.H. Petersen 1990

Pellidiscus Donk 1959

Pleuroflammula Singer 1946

Simocybe P. Karst. 1879

= Ramicola Velen. 1929

Family Cyphellaceae Lotsy 1907

Asterocyphella W.B. Cooke 1961

Campanophyllum Cifuentes & R.H. Petersen 2003

Catilla Pat. 1915

Cheimonophyllum Singer 1955

Chondrostereum Pouzar 1959

Cunninghammyces Stalpers 1985

Cyphella Fr. 1822

= Dendrocyphella Petch 1922

Gloeocorticium Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1986

Gloeostereum S. Ito & S. Imai 1933

Granulobasidium Jülich 1979

Hyphoradulum Pouzar 1987

Incrustocalyptella Agerer 1983

Phaeoporotheleum (W.B. Cooke) W.B. Cooke 1961

Seticyphella Agerer 1983

Sphaerobasidioscypha Agerer 1983

Thujacorticium Ginns 1988

Family Cystostereaceae Jülich 1982

Cericium Hjortstam 1995

Crustomyces Jülich 1978

Cystidiodontia Hjortstam 1983

Cystostereum Pouzar 1959

Parvobasidium Jülich 1975

Parvodontia Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2004

Rigidotubus J. Song, Y.C. Dai & B.K. Cui 2018

Family Entolomataceae Kotl. & Pouzar 1972

Clitocella Kluting, T.J. Baroni & Bergemann 2014

Clitopilopsis Maire 1937

Clitopilus (Fr. ex Rabenh.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Hexajuga Fayod 1889

= Orcella Battarra ex Clem. 1896

Entocybe T.J. Baroni, V. Hofst. & Largent 2011

Entoloma P. Kumm. 1871

= Alboleptonia Largent & R.G. Benedict 1970

= Arenicola Velen. 1947

= Calliderma (Romagn.) Largent 1994

= Claudopus Gillet 1876

= Eccilia (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Fibropilus (Noordel.) Largent 1994

= Inocephalus (Noordel.) P.D. Orton 1991

= Inopilus (Romagn.) Pegler 1983

= Latzinaea Kuntze 1891

= Leptonia (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Leptoniella Earle 1909

= Nigropogon Coker & Couch 1928

= Nolanea (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Omphaliopsis (Noordel.) P.D. Orton 1991

= Paraeccilia Largent 1994

= Paraleptonia (Romagn. ex Noordel.) P.D. Orton 1991

= Pouzarella Mazzer 1976

= Pouzaromyces Pilát 1953

= Rhodocybella T.J. Baroni & R.H. Petersen 1987

= Rhodogaster E. Horak 1964

= Rhodophyllus Quél. 1886

= Richoniella Costantin & L.M. Dufour 1900

= Trichopilus (Romagn.) P.D. Orton 1991

Rhodocybe Maire 1926

Rhodophana Kühner 1971

Family Hemigasteraceae Gäum. & C.W. Dodge 1928

Hemigaster Juel 1895

Family Hydnangiaceae Gäum. & C.W. Dodge 1928

Hydnangium Wallr. 1839

Laccaria Berk. & Broome 1883

= Russuliopsis J. Schröt. 1889

Maccagnia Mattir. 1922

Podohydnangium G.W. Beaton, Pegler & T.W.K. Young 1984

Family Hygrophoraceae Lotsy 1907

Acantholichen P.M. Jørg. 1998

Aeruginospora Höhn. 1908

Ampulloclitocybe Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002

= Clavicybe Harmaja 2002

Aphroditeola Redhead & Manfr. Binder 2013

Arrhenia Fr. 1849

= Boehmia Raddi 1806

= Corniola Gray 1821

= Dictyolus Quél. 1886

= Geotus Pilát & Svrček 1953

= Leptotus P. Karst. 1879

Cantharellula Singer 1936

Cantharocybe H.E. Bigelow & A.H. Sm. 1973

Chromosera Redhead, Ammirati & Norvell 1995

Chrysomphalina Clémençon 1982

= Chrysobostrychodes G. Kost 1985

Cora Fr. 1825

= Wainiocora Tomas. 1950

Corella Vain. 1890

Cuphophyllus (Donk) Bon 1985

= Dermolomopsis Vizzini 2012

Cyphellostereum D.A. Reid 1965

Dictyonema C. Agardh ex Kunth 1822

= Coraemyces Cif. & Tomas. 1954

= Dichonema Blume & T. Nees 1826

= Dictyonematomyces Cif. & Tomas. 1954

= Gyrolophium Kunze ex Krombh. 1831

= Laudatea Johow 1884

= Rhipidonematomyces Cif. & Tomas. 1954

= Rhizonema Thwaites 1849

Eonema Redhead, Lücking & Lawrey 2009

Gliophorus Herink 1958

Haasiella Kotl. & Pouzar 1966

Humidicutis (Singer) Singer 1959

Hygroaster Singer 1955

Hygrocybe (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Bertrandia R. Heim 1936

= Bertrandia R. Heim 1966

= Godfrinia Maire 1902

= Hydrophorus Battarra ex Earle 1909

= Pseudohygrocybe (Bon) Kovalenko 1988

Hygrophorus Fr. 1836

= Camarophyllus (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Limacium (Fr. ex Rabenh.) P. Kumm. 1871

Lichenomphalia Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002

= Botrydiopsis Trevis. 1845

= Coriscium Vain. 1890

= Phalomia Nieuwl. 1916

= Phytoconis Bory 1797

Neohygrocybe Herink 1958

Porpolomopsis Bresinsky 2008

Pseudoarmillariella Singer 1956

Semiomphalina Redhead 1984

Sinohygrocybe C.Q. Wang, Ming Zhang & T.H. Li 2018

Family Hymenogastraceae Vittad. 1831

Anamika K.A. Thomas, Peintner, M.M. Moser & Manim. 2002

Flammula (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

Galerina Earle 1909

= Galerula P. Karst. 1879

= Pseudogalera Velen. 1947

= Phaeogalera Kühner 1973

= Pholidotopsis Earle 1909

Gymnopilus P. Karst. 1879

Hebeloma (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Hebelomatis Earle 1909

= Hebelomina Maire 1935

= Myxocybe Fayod 1889

= Picromyces Battarra ex Earle 1909

Hymenogaster Vittad. 1831

= Dendrogaster Bucholtz 1901

= Fechtneria Velen. 1939

= Hysterogaster C.W. Dodge 1928

= Radiogaster Lloyd 1924

= Rhizopogoniella Soehner 1953

= Roumeguerites P. Karst. 1879

= Sarcoloma Locq. 1979

Naucoria (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Alnicola Kühner 1926

Phaeocollybia R. Heim 1931

= Quercella Velen. 1921

Psathyloma Soop, J.A. Cooper & Dima 2016

Psilocybe (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Delitescor Earle 1909

= Naematoloma P. Karst. 1879

= Stropholoma (Singer) Balletto 1989

= Weraroa Singer 1958

Family Inocybaceae Jülich 1982

Auritella Matheny & Bougher 2006

Inocybe (Fr.) Fr. 1863

= Agmocybe Earle 1909

= Astrosporina J. Schröt. 1889

= Astrosporina S. Imai 1938

= Clypeus (Britzelm.) Fayod 1889

= Inocibium Earle 1909

= Inocybella Zerova 1974

Tubariomyces Esteve-Rav. & Matheny 2010

Family Limnoperdaceae G.A. Escobar 1976

Limnoperdon G.A. Escobar 1976

Family Lycoperdaceae Chevall. 1826

Apioperdon (Kreisel & D. Krüger) Vizzini 2017

= Lycoperdon subgenus Apioperdon (Kreisel & D. Krüger) Jeppson & E. Larss. 2008

Bovista Pers. 1794

= Globaria Quél. 1873

= Piesmycus Raf. 1808

= Pseudolycoperdon Velen. 1947

= Sackea Rostk. 1844

Bryoperdon Vizzini 2017

Calbovista Morse ex M.T. Seidl 1995

= Calbovista Morse 1935

Calvatia Fr. 1849

= Bovistaria (Fr.) P. Karst. 1889

= Eriosphaera Reichardt 1866

= Hypoblema Lloyd 1902

= Langermannia Rostk. 1839

Gastropila Homrich & J.E. Wright 1973

= Pila Speg. 1923

Lycoperdon Pers. 1794

= Bovistella Morgan 1892

= Calvatiella C.H. Chow 1936

= Capillaria Velen. 1947

= Cerophora Raf. 1814

= Handkea Kreisel 1989

= Priapus Raf. 1808

= Sufa Adans. 1763

= Utraria Quél. 1873

= Vascellum F. Šmarda 1958

Morganella Zeller 1948

Family Lyophyllaceae Jülich 1982

Asterophora Ditmar 1809

= Asterophora Corda 1840

= Asterophora Fr. 1849

= Asterotrichum Bonord. 1851

Blastosporella T.J. Baroni & Franco-Mol. 2007

Calocybe Kühner ex Donk 1962

= Calocybe Kühner 1938

Calocybella Vizzini, Consiglio & Setti 2015

Clitolyophyllum Sesli, Vizzini & Contu 2016

Gerhardtia Bon 1994

Hypsizygus Singer 1947

Lyophyllopsis Sathe & J.T. Daniel 1981

Lyophyllum P. Karst. 1881

= Caesposus Nüesch 1937

Myochromella V. Hofst., Clémençon, Moncalvo & Redhead 2015

Ossicaulis Redhead & Ginns 1985

Rugosomyces Raithelh. 1979

Sagaranella V. Hofst., Clémençon, Moncalvo & Redhead 2014

Sphagnurus Redhead & V. Hofst. 2014

= Bryophyllum Vizzini 2014

Tephrocybe Donk 1962

Tephrocybella Picillo, Vizzini & Contu 2015

Termitomyces R. Heim 1942

= Podabrella Singer 1945

= Rajapa Singer 1945

= Sinotermitomyces M. Zang 1981

Tricholomella Zerova ex Kalamees 1992

= Echinosporella Contu 1992

Family Macrocystidiaceae Kühner 1980

Macrocystidia Joss. 1934

= Galeromycena Velen. 1947

Family Marasmiaceae Roze ex Kühner 1980

Amyloflagellula Singer 1966

Brunneocorticium Sheng H. Wu 2007

Campanella Henn. 1895

Chaetocalathus Singer 1943

Crinipellis Pat. 1889

Hymenogloea Pat. 1900

Marasmius Fr. 1836

= Androsaceus (Pers.) Pat. 1887

= Chamaeceras Rebent. ex Kuntze 1898

= Discocyphella Henn. 1900

= Heliomyces Lév. 1844

= Hymenoconidium Zukal 1888

= Polymarasmius Murrill 1915

= Protomarasmius Overeem 1927

= Scorteus Earle 1909

= Tephrophana Earle 1909

Moniliophthora H.C. Evans, Stalpers, Samson & Benny 1978

Neocampanella Nakasone, Hibbett & Goranova 2009

Tetrapyrgos E. Horak 1987

= Pterospora Métrod 1949

Family Mycenaceae Overeem 1926

Atheniella Redhead, Moncalvo, Vilgalys, Desjardin & B.A. Perry 2012

Cruentomycena R.H. Petersen, Kovalenko & O.V. Morozova 2008

Decapitatus Redhead & Seifert 2000

Favolaschia (Pat.) Pat. 1892

= Hologloea Pat. 1900

= Mycomedusa R. Heim 1945

= Mycomedusa R. Heim 1966

= Poroauricula McGinty 1917

= Porolaschia Pat. 1897

= Porolaschia Pat. 1898

Flabellimycena Redhead 1984

Heimiomyces Singer 1942

Hemimycena Singer 1938

= Perona Pers. 1825

Hydropus Kühner ex Singer 1948

Mycena (Pers.) Roussel 1806

= Bactroboletus Clem. 1909

= Basidopus Earle 1909

= Collopus Earle 1909

= Corrugaria Métrod 1949

= Dictyoploca Mont. ex Pat. 1890

= Eomycenella G.F. Atk. 1902

= Filoboletus Henn. 1900

= Galactopus Earle 1909

= Hiatula (Fr.) Mont. 1854

= Insiticia Earle 1909

= Leiopoda Velen. 1947

= Leptomyces Mont. 1856

= Linopodium Earle 1909

= Mycenoporella Overeem 1926

= Mycenopsis Velen. 1947

= Phlebomycena R. Heim 1945

= Phlebomycena R. Heim 1966

= Poromycena Overeem 1926

= Prunulus Gray 1821

= Pseudomycena Cejp 1929

= Stereopodium Earle 1909

= Zephirea Velen. 1947

Mycopan Redhead, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2013

Panellus P. Karst. 1879

= Dictyopanus Pat. 1900

= Scytinotus P. Karst. 1879

= Urospora Fayod 1889

= Urosporellina E. Horak 1968

Resinomycena Redhead & Singer 1981

Roridomyces Rexer 1994

= Roridella E. Horak 2005

Sarcomyxa P. Karst. 1891

Tectella Earle 1909

Xeromphalina Kühner & Maire 1934

= Phlebomarasmius R. Heim 1967

= Valentinia Velen. 1939

Mythicomycetaceae Vizzini, Consiglio & M. Marchetti 2019

Mythicomyces Redhead & A.H. Sm. 1986

Stagnicola Redhead & A.H. Sm. 1986

Family Niaceae Jülich 1982

Digitatispora Doguet 1962

Flagelloscypha Donk 1951

Halocyphina Kohlm. & E. Kohlm. 1965

Lachnella Fr. 1836

Maireina W.B. Cooke 1961

Merismodes Earle 1909

= Cyphellopsis Donk 1931

= Phaeocyphellopsis W.B. Cooke 1961

= Pseudodasyscypha Velen. 1939

Nia R.T. Moore & Meyers 1961

Peyronelina P.J. Fisher, J. Webster & D.F. Kane 1976

Woldmaria W.B. Cooke 1961

Family Omphalotaceae Bresinsky 1985

Anthracophyllum Ces. 1879

Caripia Kuntze 1898

Connopus R.H. Petersen 2010

Gymnopanella Sand.-Leiva, J.V. McDonald & Thorn 2016

Gymnopus (Pers.) Gray 1821

= Setulipes Antonín 1987

Hymenoporus Tkalčec, Mešić & Chun Y. Deng 2015

Lentinula Earle 1909

Marasmiellus Murrill 1915

= Collybiopsis (J. Schröt.) Earle 1909

Mycetinis Earle 1909

Neonothopanus R.H. Petersen & Krisai 1999

Omphalotus Fayod 1889

= Lampteromyces Singer 1947

= Monodelphus Earle 1909

Rhodocollybia Singer 1939

Paragymnopus J.S. Oliveira 2019

Pusillomyces J.S. Oliveira 2019

Family Physalacriaceae Corner 1970

Anastrophella E. Horak & Desjardin 1994

Armillaria (Fr.) Staude 1857

= Armillariella (P. Karst.) P. Karst. 1881

= Aphotistus Humb. 1793

= Polymyces Battarra ex Earle 1909

= Rhizomorpha Roth 1791

Cibaomyces Zhu L. Yang, Y.J. Hao & J. Qin 2014

Cribbea A.H. Sm. & D.A. Reid 1962

Cryptomarasmius T.S. Jenkinson & Desjardin 2014

Cylindrobasidium Jülich 1974

Cyptotrama Singer 1960

= Xerulina Singer 1962

Dactylosporina (Clémençon) Dörfelt 1985

Desarmillaria (Herink) R. A. Koch & Aime 2017

Epicnaphus Singer 1960

Flammulina P. Karst. 1891

= Collybidium Earle 1909

= Myxocollybia Singer 1936

Gloiocephala Massee 1892

Guyanagaster T.W. Henkel, M.E. Sm. & Aime 2010

Hymenopellis R.H. Petersen 2010

Laccariopsis Vizzini 2013

Manuripia Singer 1960

Mucidula Pat. 1887

Mycaureola Maire & Chemin 1922

Naiadolina Redhead, Labbé & Ginns 2013

Oudemansiella Speg. 1881

= Coprinopsis Beeli 1929

= Oudemansia Speg. 1880

= Phaeolimacium Henn. 1899

Paraxerula R.H. Petersen 2010

Physalacria Peck 1882

= Baumanniella Henn. 1897

= Eoagaricus L. Krieg. 1923

= Hormomitaria Corner 1950

Ponticulomyces R.H. Petersen 2010

Protoxerula R.H. Petersen 2010

Rhizomarasmius R.H. Petersen 2000

Rhodotus Maire 1926

Strobilurus Singer 1962

Xerula Maire 1933

Family Pleurotaceae Kühner 1980

Agaricochaete Eichelb. 1906

Hohenbuehelia Schulzer 1866

= Acanthocystis (Fayod) Kühner 1926

= Nematoctonus Drechsler 1941

Lignomyces R.H. Petersen & Zmitr. 2015

Pleurotus (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Antromycopsis Pat. & Trab. 1897

= Crepidopus Nees ex Gray 1821

= Lentodiopsis Bubák 1895

= Nothopanus Singer 1944

= Pterophyllus Lév. 1844

= Scleroma Fr. 1838

= Velolentinus Overeem 1927

Resupinatus Nees ex Gray 1821

= Asterotus Singer 1943

= Phyllotremella Lloyd 1920

= Phyllotus P. Karst. 1879

= Pleurotopsis (Henn.) Earle 1909

= Rhodocyphella W.B. Cooke 1961

= Scytinotopsis Singer 1943

= Stigmatolemma Kalchbr. 1882

= Urceolus Velen. 1939

Family Pluteaceae Kotl. & Pouzar 1972

Pluteus Fr. 1836

= Annularia (Schulzer) Gillet 1876

= Chamaeota (W.G. Sm.) Earle 1909

= Hyporrhodius (Fr.) Staude 1857

= Rhodosporus J. Schröt. 1889

Volvariella Speg. 1898

= Volva Adans. 1763

= Volvaria (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Volvariopsis Murrill 1911

= Volvarius Roussel 1806

Volvopluteus Vizzini, Contu & Justo 2011

= Pseudofarinaceus Earle 1909

Family Porotheleaceae Murrill 1916

Phloeomana Redhead 2013

Porotheleum Fr. 1818

= Stromatoscypha Donk 1951

Family Psathyrellaceae Vilgalys, Moncalvo & Redhead 2001

Coprinellus P. Karst. 1879

= Annularius Roussel 1806

= Ephemerocybe Fayod 1889

= Pseudocoprinus Kühner 1928

Coprinopsis P. Karst. 1881

= Pselliophora P. Karst. 1879

Cystoagaricus Singer 1947

Gasteroagaricoides D.A. Reid 1986

Homophron (Britzelm.) Örstadius & E. Larss. 2015

Hormographiella Guarro & Gené 1992

Kauffmania Örstadius & E. Larss. 2015

Lacrymaria Pat. 1887

= Cortiniopsis J. Schröt. 1889

= Glyptospora Fayod 1889

Macrometrula Donk & Singer 1948

Parasola Redhead, Vilgalys & Hopple 2001

Psathyrella (Fr.) Quél. 1872

= Astylospora Fayod 1889

= Drosophila Quél. 1886

= Gymnochilus Clem. 1896

= Hypholomopsis Earle 1909

= Pannucia P. Karst. 1879

= Pluteopsis Fayod 1889

= Psalliotina Velen. 1939

= Psathyra (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Psilocybe Fayod 1889

Rhacophyllus Berk. & Broome 1871

Typhrasa Örstadius & E. Larss. 2015

Family Pseudoclitocybaceae Vizzini, Consiglio, P.-A. Moreau & P. Alvarado 2018

Bonomyces Vizzini 2014

Cleistocybe Ammirati, A.D. Parker & Matheny 2007

Clitopaxillus G. Moreno, Vizzini, Consiglio & P. Alvarado 2018

Harmajaea Dima, P. Alvarado & Kekki 2018

Musumecia Vizzini & Contu 2011

Pogonoloma (Singer) Sánchez-García 2014

Pseudoclitocybe (Singer) Singer 1956

Family Pterulaceae Corner 1970

Actiniceps Berk. & Broome 1876

= Dimorphocystis Corner 1950

= Wiesnerina Höhn. 1907

Allantula Corner 1952

Aphanobasidium Jülich 1979

Chaetotyphula Corner 1950

Coronicium J. Erikss. & Ryvarden 1975

Deflexula Corner 1950

Lepidomyces Jülich 1979

Merulicium J. Erikss. & Ryvarden 1976

Parapterulicium Corner 1952

Pterula Fr. 1825

= Phaeopterula (Henn.) Sacc. & D. Sacc. 1905

Pterulicium Corner 1950

Radulomyces M.P. Christ. 1960

= Adustomyces Jülich 1979

= Cerocorticium Henn. 1900

= Chrysoderma Boidin & Gilles 1991

= Flavophlebia (Parmasto) K.H. Larss. & Hjortstam 1977

Radulotubus Y.C. Dai, S.H. He & C.L. Zhao 2016

Family Schizophyllaceae Quél. 1888

Auriculariopsis Maire 1902

Porodisculus Murrill 1907

= Enslinia Fr. 1836

= Porodiscus Murrill 1903

Schizophyllum Fr. 1815

= Apus Gray 1821

= Hyponevris Earle 1909

= Petrona Adans. 1763

= Phaeoschizophyllum W.B. Cooke 1962

= Rhipidium Wallr. 1833

= Scaphophoeum Ehrenb. ex Wallr. 1833

= Scaphophorum Ehrenb. 1820

= Schizonia Pers. 1828

Family Stephanosporaceae Oberw. & E. Horak 1979

Athelidium Oberw. 1965

Cristinia Parmasto 1968

= Dacryobasidium Jülich 1982

Lindtneria Pilát 1938

Mayamontana Castellano, Trappe & Lodge 2007

Stephanospora Pat. 1914

Family Strophariaceae Singer & A.H. Sm. 1946

Agrocybe Fayod 1889

= Bulla Battarra ex Earle 1909

= Bulla Battarra 1755

= Cyclopus (Quél.) Barbier 1907

= Togaria W.G. Sm. 1908

Bogbodia Redhead 2013

Brauniella Rick ex Singer 1955

= Braunia Rick 1934

Deconica (W.G. Sm.) P. Karst. 1879

Hypholoma (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

Leratiomyces Bresinsky & Manfr. Binder ex Bridge, Spooner, Beever & D.C. Park 2008

= Cytophyllopsis R. Heim 1958

Melanotus Pat. 1900

Pholiota (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

= Derminus (Fr.) Staude 1857

= Dryophila Quél. 1886

= Flammopsis Fayod 1889

= Gymnocybe P. Karst. 1879

= Hemipholiota (Singer) Romagn. 1980

= Hemipholiota (Singer) Bon 1986

= Hypodendrum Paulet ex Earle 1909

= Kuehneromyces Singer & A.H. Sm. 1948

= Nemecomyces Pilát 1933

= Nivatogastrium Singer & A.H. Sm. 1959

= Phaeonematoloma (Singer) Bon 1994

= Ryssospora Fayod 1889

= Visculus Earle 1909

Protostropharia Redhead, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2013

Pseudogymnopilus Raithelh. 1974

Stropharia (Fr.) Quél. 1872

Family Tricholomataceae R. Heim ex Pouzar 1983

Albomagister Sánchez-García, Birkebak & Matheny 2014

Corneriella Sánchez-García 2014

Dennisiomyces Singer 1955

Dermoloma J.E. Lange ex Herink 1958

= Dermoloma J.E. Lange ex Singer 1951

= Dermoloma J.E. Lange ex Singer 1955

Leucopaxillus Boursier 1925

Porpoloma Singer 1952

Pseudobaeospora Singer 1942

Pseudoporpoloma Vizzini & Consiglio 2016

Pseudotricholoma (Singer) Sánchez-García & Matheny 2014

Tricholoma (Fr.) Staude 1857

= Cortinellus Roze 1876

= Glutinaster Earle 1909

= Gyrophila Quél. 1886

= Mastoleucomyces Battarra ex Kuntze 1891

= Megatricholoma G. Kost. 1984

= Monomyces Battarra ex Earle 1909

= Phlebophora Lév. 1841

= Sphaerocephalus Battarra ex Earle 1909

Family Tubariaceae Vizzini 2008

Cyclocybe Velen. 1939

Flammulaster Earle 1909

Hemistropharia Jacobsson & E. Larss. 2007

Pachylepyrium Singer 1958

Phaeomarasmius Scherff. 1897

= Epicorticium Velen. 1926

= Flocculina P.D. Orton 1960

= Marasmiopsis Henn. 1898

Pleuromyces Dima, P.-A. Moreau & V. Papp 2018

Tubaria (W.G. Sm.) Gillet 1876

Family Typhulaceae Jülich 1982

Lutypha Khurana, K.S. Thind & Berthier 1977

Macrotyphula R.H. Petersen 1972

Tygervalleyomyces Crous 2017

Typhula (Pers.) Fr. 1818

= Cnazonaria Corda 1829

= Dacryopsella Höhn. 1915

= Gliocoryne Maire 1909

= Phacorhiza Pers. 1822

= Pistillaria Fr. 1821

= Pistillina Quél. 1881

= Scleromitra Corda 1829

= Sphaerula Pat. 1883

Agaricales genera incertae sedis

Acanthocorticium Baltazar, Gorjón & Rajchenb. 2015

Acinophora Raf. 1808

Aleurocystis Lloyd ex G. Cunn. 1956

Amparoina Singer 1958

Amylolepiota Harmaja 2002

Aphyllotus Singer 1973

Arthromyces T.J. Baroni & Lodge 2007

Arthrosporella Singer 1970

= Nothoclavulina Singer 1970

Asproinocybe R. Heim 1970

Aspropaxillus Kühner & Maire 1934

Atractosporocybe P. Alvarado, G. Moreno & Vizzini 2015

Austroclitocybe Raithelh. 1972

Austroomphaliaster Garrido 1988

Baeospora Singer 1938

Callistodermatium Singer 1981

Calyptella Quél. 1886

Caulorhiza Lennox 1979

Cellypha Donk 1959

Cephaloscypha Agerer 1975

Cercopemyces T.J. Baroni, Kropp & V.S. Evenson 2014

Clavomphalia E. Horak 1987

Clitocybe (Fr.) Staude 1857

= Pseudolyophyllum Raithelh. 1977

= Rubeolarius Raithelh. 1981

= Singerella Harmaja 1974

= Trigonipes Velen. 1939

Clitocybula (Singer) Singer ex Métrod 1952

Coccobotrys Boud. & Pat. 1900

Collybia (Fr.) Staude 1857

= Microcollybia Métrod 1952

= Microcollybia Lennox 1979

Conchomyces Overeem 1927

Crucibulum Tul. & C. Tul. 1844

Cyathus Haller 1768

= Cyathia P. Browne 1756

= Cyathodes P. Micheli ex Kuntze 1891

= Peziza L. 1753

Cymatella Pat. 1899

Cymatellopsis Parmasto 1985

Cynema Maas Geest. & E. Horak 1995

Cyphellocalathus Agerer 1981

Cystoderma Fayod 1889

Cystodermella Harmaja 2002

Deigloria Agerer 1980

Delicatula Fayod 1889

= Retocybe Velen. 1947

Dendrocollybia R.H. Petersen & Redhead 2001

= Sclerostilbum Povah 1932

= Tilachlidiopsis Keissl. 1924

Dendrothele Höhn. & Litsch. 1907

= Aleurocorticium P.A. Lemke 1964

Disporotrichum Stalpers 1984

Fayodia Kühner 1930

Fibulochlamys A.I. Romero & Cabral 1989

Fistulina Bull. 1791

= Agarico-carnis Paulet 1793

= Buglossus Wahlenb. 1820

= Hypodrys Pers. 1825

Fissolimbus E. Horak 1979

Floccularia Pouzar 1957

Gamundia Raithelh. 1979

= Stachyomphalina H.E. Bigelow 1979

Gerronema Singer 1951

Giacomia Vizzini & Contu 2012

Glabrocyphella W.B. Cooke 1961

Gloioxanthomyces Lodge, Vizzini, Ercole & Boertm. 2013

Gramincola Velen. 1947

Henningsomyces Kuntze 1898

= Solenia Pers. 1794

Hispidocalyptella E. Horak & Desjardin 1994

Hygrophorocybe Vizzini & Contu 2014

Infundibulicybe Harmaja 2003

Lactocollybia Singer 1939

= Bertrandiella R. Heim 1959

= Bertrandiella R. Heim 1966

Lecanocybe Desjardin & E. Horak 1999

Lepista (Fr.) W.G. Sm. 1870

= Rhodopaxillus Maire 1913

Lepistella T.J. Baroni & Ovrebo 2007

Leucocalocybe X.D. Yu & Y.J. Yao 2011

Leucocortinarius (J.E. Lange) Singer 1945

Leucocybe Vizzini, P. Alvarado, G. Moreno & Consiglio 2015

Leucoinocybe Singer ex Antonín, Borovička, Holec & Kolařík 2019

Leucopholiota (Romagn.) O.K. Mill., T.J. Volk & Bessette 1996

Lignomphalia Antonín, Borovička, Holec & Kolařík 2019

Lulesia Singer 1970

Lycogalopsis E. Fisch. 1886

= Enteromyxa Ces. 1879

Megacollybia Kotl. & Pouzar 1972

Melanoleuca Pat. 1897

= Kinia Consiglio, Contu, Setti & Vizzini 2008

= Psammospora Fayod 1893

Melanomphalia M.P. Christ. 1936

= Horakomyces Raithelh. 1983

Meottomyces Vizzini 2008

Mesophelliopsis Bat. & A.F. Vital 1957

Metraria (Cooke) Cooke & Massee 1891

Metulocyphella Agerer 1983

Mucronella Fr. 1874

= Myxomycidium Massee 1901

Mycenella (J.E. Lange) Singer 1938

Mycoalvimia Singer 1981

Mycocalia J.T. Palmer 1961

Mycospongia Velen. 1939

Myxomphalia Hora 1960

Neoclitocybe Singer 1962

Neopaxillus Singer 1948

Nidula V.S. White 1902

Nidularia Fr. 1817

= Granularia Roth 1791

Nochascypha Agerer 1983

Notholepista Vizzini & Contu 2012

Omphaliaster Lamoure 1971

Omphalina Quél. 1886

= Phaeotellus Kühner & Lamoure 1972

Palaeocephala Singer 1962

Panaeolina Maire 1933

Panaeolus (Fr.) Quél. 1872

= Anellaria P. Karst. 1879

= Campanularius Roussel 1806

= Chalymmota P. Karst. 1879

= Copelandia Bres. 1912

= Coprinarius (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871

Paralepistopsis Vizzini 2012

Peglerochaete Sarwal & Locq. 1983

Pegleromyces Singer 1981

Phaeodepas D.A. Reid 1961

Phaeolepiota Maire ex Konrad & Maubl. 1928

Phaeomycena R. Heim ex Singer & Digilio 1952

Phaeopholiota Locq. & Sarwal 1983

Phlebonema R. Heim 1929

Phlebophyllum R. Heim 1969

Phyllotopsis E.-J. Gilbert & Donk ex Singer 1936

= Tilotus Kalchbr. 1881

= Tomentifolium Murrill 1903

Physocystidium Singer 1962

Pleurella E. Horak 1971

Pleurocybella Singer 1947

Plicatura Peck 1872

Polygaster Fr. 1823

Pseudoclitopilus Vizzini & Contu 2012

Pseudofistulina O. Fidalgo & M. Fidalgo 1963

Pseudohiatula (Singer) Singer 1938

Pseudohygrophorus Velen. 1939

Pseudolasiobolus Agerer 1983

Pseudoomphalina (Singer) Singer 1956

= Neohygrophorus Singer 1962

Pseudotyphula Corner 1953

Radulomycetopsis Dhingra, Priyanka & J. Kaur 2012

Rectipilus Agerer 1973

Rhizocybe Vizzini, G. Moreno, P. Alvarado & Consiglio 2015

Rimbachia Pat. 1891

= Mniopetalum Donk & Singer 1962

= Pleuromycenula Singer 1973

Ripartitella Singer 1947

Ripartites P. Karst. 1879

Secotium Kunze 1840

Singerocybe Harmaja 1988

Skepperiella Pilát 1927

Squamanita Imbach 1946

= Coolia Huijsman 1943

= Dissoderma (A.H. Sm. & Singer) Singer 1973

Stanglomyces Raithelh. 1986

Stemastrum Raf. 1808

Stromatocyphella W.B. Cooke 1961

Tephroderma Contu & Musumeci 2014

Trichocybe Vizzini 2010

Tricholomopsis Singer 1939

Tricholosporum Guzmán 1975

Trogia Fr. 1836

Ugola Adans. 1763

Vanromburghia Holterm. 1898

Verrucospora E. Horak 1967

Order Amylocorticiales K.H. Larss., Manfr. Binder & Hibbett 2010

Family Amylocorticiaceae Jülich 1982

Amyloathelia Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1979

Amylocorticiellum Spirin & Zmitr. 2002

Amylocorticium Pouzar 1959

Amyloxenasma (Oberw.) Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2005

Anomoloma Niemelä & K.H. Larss. 2007

Anomoporia Pouzar 1966

Ceraceomyces Jülich 1972

Irpicodon Pouzar 1966

Plicaturopsis D.A. Reid 1964

Podoserpula D.A. Reid 1963

Serpulomyces (Zmitr.) Zmitr. 2002

Order Atheliales Jülich 1981

Family Atheliaceae Jülich 1982

Amphinema P. Karst. 1892

= Diplonema P. Karst. 1889

Athelia Pers. 1822

= Fibularhizoctonia G.C. Adams & Kropp 1996

Athelicium K.H. Larss. & Hjortstam 1986

Athelocystis Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2010

Athelopsis Oberw. ex Parmasto 1968

Butlerelfia Weresub & Illman 1980

Byssocorticium Bondartsev & Singer 1944

= Byssocorticium Bondartsev & Singer 1941

= Caerulicium Jülich 1982

Elaphocephala Pouzar 1983

Hypochnella J. Schröt. 1888

Hypochniciellum Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1980

Leptosporomyces Jülich 1972

= Fibulomyces Jülich 1972

Lobulicium K.H. Larss. & Hjortstam 1982

Lyoathelia Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2004

Melzericium Hauerslev 1975

Mycostigma Jülich 1976

Piloderma Jülich 1969

Pteridomyces Jülich 1979

Taeniospora Marvanová 1977

Tretomyces K.H. Larss., Kotir. & Saaren. 2011

Tylospora Donk 1960

= Tylosperma Donk 1957

Order Auriculariales J. Schröt. 1887

Family Auriculariaceae Fr. 1838

Amphistereum Spirin & Malysheva 2017

Auricularia Bull. 1780

= Auricula Battarra 1755

= Auricula Battarra ex Kuntze 1891

= Auriculariella (Sacc.) Clem. 1909

= Conchites Paulet 1793

= Oncomyces Klotzsch 1843

= Patila Adans. 1763

= Seismosarca Cooke 1889

Eichleriella Bres. 1903

Elmerina Bres. 1912

Exidia Fr. 1822

= Spicularia Chevall. 1826

= Tremellochaete Raitv. 1964

= Ulocolla Bref. 1888

Exidiopsis (Bref.) Möller 1895

Fibulosebacea K. Wells & Raitv. 1987

Heterochaete Pat. 1892

Heteroradulum Lloyd ex Spirin & Malysheva 2017

Protodaedalea Imazeki 1955

Pseudostypella McNabb 1969

Sclerotrema Spirin & Malysheva 2017

Family Hyaloriaceae Lindau 1897

Helicomyxa R. Kirschner & Chee J. Chen 2004

Hyaloria Möller 1895

Myxarium Wallr. 1833

Auriculariales genera incertae sedis

Basidiodendron Rick 1938

Bourdotia (Bres.) Bres. & Torrend 1913

Ceratosebacina P. Roberts 1993

Dendrogloeon Spirin & Miettinen 2015

Ductifera Lloyd 1917

= Gloeotromera Ervin 1956

Endoperplexa P. Roberts 1993

Gelacantha V. Malysheva & Spirin 2019

Grammatus H.S. Yuan & C. Decock 2018

Guepinia Fr. 1825

Hauerslevia P. Roberts 1998

Heterorepetobasidium Chee J. Chen & Oberw. 2002

Heteroscypha Oberw. & Agerer 1979

Hyalodon V. Malysheva & Spirin 2018

Hydrophana V. Malysheva & Spirin 2019

Metabourdotia L.S. Olive 1957

Microsebacina P. Roberts 1993

Mycostilla Spirin & V. Malysheva 2018

Myxariellum Spirin & V. Malysheva 2019

Ofella Spirin & V. Malysheva 2019

Porpopycnis R. Kirschner 2012

Protoacia Spirin & V. Malysheva 2019

Protodontia Höhn. 1907

Protograndinia Rick 1933

Protohydnum Möller 1895

Protomerulius Möller 1895

= Aporpium Bondartsev & Singer 1941

= Aporpium Bondartsev & Singer 1944

Protoradulum Rick 1933

Pseudohydnum P. Karst. 1868

= Hydnogloea Curr., Berk. & Broome 1871

Renatobasidium Hauerslev 1993

Stypella Möller 1895

= Gloeosebacina Neuhoff 1924

= Heterochaetella (Bourdot) Bourdot & Galzin 1928

Stypellopsis Spirin & V. Malysheva 2018

Tremellacantha Jülich 1980

Order Boletales E.-J. Gilbert 1931

Family Boletaceae Chevall. 1826

Afroboletus Pegler & T.W.K. Young 1981

Afrocastellanoa M.E. Sm. & Orihara 2017

Alessioporus Gelardi, Vizzini & Simonini 2014

Aureoboletus Pouzar 1957

Australopilus Halling & N.A. Fechner 2012

Austroboletus (Corner) Wolfe 1980

Baorangia G. Wu & Zhu L. Yang 2015

Binderoboletus T.W. Henkel & M.E. Sm. 2016

Boletellus Murrill 1909

= Boletogaster Lohwag 1926

= Strobilofungus McGinty 1915

Boletochaete Singer 1944

Boletus L. 1753

= Ceriomyces Murrill 1909

= Dictyopus Quél. 1886

= Tubiporus P. Karst. 1881

= Xerocomopsis Reichert 1940

Borofutus Hosen & Zhu L. Yang 2012

Bothia Halling, T.J. Baroni & Manfr. Binder 2007

Buchwaldoboletus Pilát 1969

Butyriboletus Arora & J.L. Frank 2014

Caloboletus Vizzini 2014

Carolinigaster M.E. Sm. & S. Cruz 2018

Castellanea T.W. Henkel & M.E. Sm. 2015

Chalciporus Bataille 1908

Chamonixia Rolland 1899

Chiua Y.C. Li & Zhu L. Yang 2016

Corneroboletus N.K. Zeng & Zhu L. Yang 2012

Costatisporus T.W. Henkel & M.E. Sm. 2015

Crocinoboletus N.K. Zeng, Zhu L. Yang & G. Wu 2014

Cupreoboletus Simonini, Gelardi & Vizzini 2015

Cyanoboletus Gelardi, Vizzini & Simonini 2014

Durianella Desjardin, A.W. Wilson & Manfr. Binder 2008

Erythrophylloporus Ming Zhang & T.H. Li 2018

Fistulinella Henn. 1901

= Gastrotylopilus T.H. Li & Watling 1999

= Ixechinus R. Heim 1968

Gastroboletus Lohwag 1926

Gastroleccinum Thiers 1989

Guyanaporus T.W. Henkel & M.E. Sm. 2016

Gymnogaster J.W. Cribb 1956

Harrya Halling, Nuhn & Osmundson 2012

Heimioporus E. Horak 2004

Heliogaster Orihara & K. Iwase 2010

Hemileccinum Šutara 2008

Hortiboletus Simonini, Vizzini & Gelardi 2015

Hourangia Xue T. Zhu & Zhu L. Yang 2015

Hymenoboletus Y.C. Li & Zhu L. Yang 2016

Imleria Vizzini 2014

Imperator G. Koller, Assyov, Bellanger, Bertéa, Loizides, G. Marques, P.-A. Moreau, J.A. Muñoz, Oppicelli, Puddu & F. Richard 2015

Indoporus A. Parihar, K. Das, Hembrom & Vizzini 2018

Ionosporus O. Khmelnitsky 2019

Jimtrappea T.W. Henkel, M.E. Sm. & Aime 2015

Kombocles Castellano, T.W. Henkel & Dentinger 2016

Lanmaoa G. Wu & Zhu L. Yang 2015

Leccinellum Bresinsky & Manfr. Binder 2003

Leccinum Gray 1821

= Krombholziella Maire 1937

= Trachypus Bataille 1908

Mackintoshia Pacioni & Sharp 2000

Mucilopilus Wolfe 1979

Mycoamaranthus Castellano, Trappe & Malajczuk 1992

Neoboletus Gelardi, Simonini & Vizzini 2014

Nigroboletus Gelardi, Vizzini, E. Horak, T.H. Li & Ming Zhang 2015

Octaviania Vittad. 1831

= Maccagnea Zeller & C.W. Dodge 1928

Parvixerocomus G. Wu & Zhu L. Yang 2015

Paxillogaster E. Horak 1966

Phylloboletellus Singer 1952

Phyllobolites Singer 1942

Phylloporus Quél. 1888

Porphyrellus E.-J. Gilbert 1931

Pseudoaustroboletus Y.C. Li & Zhu L. Yang 2014

Pseudoboletus Šutara 1991

Pulchroboletus Gelardi, Vizzini & Simonini 2014

Pulveroboletus Murrill 1909

Retiboletus Manfr. Binder & Bresinsky 2002

Rheubarbariboletus Vizzini, Simonini & Gelardi 2015

Rhodactina Pegler & T.W.K. Young 1989

Rossbeevera T. Lebel, Orihara & N. Maek. 2012

Royoungia Castellano, Trappe & Malajczuk 1992

Rubroboletus Kuan Zhao & Zhu L. Yang 2014

Rugiboletus G. Wu & Zhu L. Yang 2015

Setogyroporus Heinem. & Rammeloo 1982

Singerocomus T.W. Henkel & M.E. Sm. 2016

Singeromyces M.M. Moser 1966

Solioccasus Trappe, Osmundson, Manfr. Binder, Castellano & Halling 2013

Spongiforma Desjardin, Manfr. Binder, Roekring & Flegel 2009

Spongispora G. Wu, S.M.L. Lee, E. Horak & Zhu L. Yang 2018

Strobilomyces Berk. 1851

= Eriocorys Quél. 1886

Suillellus Murrill 1909

Sutorius Halling, Nuhn & N.A. Fechner 2012

Tengioboletus G. Wu & Zhu L. Yang 2016

Tubosaeta E. Horak 1967

Turmalinea Orihara & N. Maek. 2015

Tylocinum Y.C. Li & Zhu L. Yang 2016

Tylopilus P. Karst. 1881

= Leucogyroporus Snell 1942

= Phaeoporus Bataille 1908

= Rhodobolites Beck 1923

= Rhodoporus Quél. ex Bataille 1908

Veloporphyrellus L.D. Gómez & Singer 1984

Wakefieldia Corner & Hawker 1953

Xanthoconium Singer 1944

Xerocomellus Šutara 2008

Xerocomus Quél. 1887

= Versipellis Quél. 1886

Zangia Y.C. Li & Zhu L. Yang 2011

Family Boletinellaceae P.M. Kirk, P.F. Cannon & J.C. David 2001

Boletinellus Murrill 1909

Phlebopus (R. Heim) Singer 1936

= Phaeogyroporus Singer 1944

Family Calostomataceae E. Fisch. 1900

Calostoma Desv. 1809

= Gyropodium E. Hitchc. 1825

= Husseia Berk. 1847

= Mitremyces Nees 1816

Family Coniophoraceae Ulbr. 1928

Chrysoconia McCabe & G.A. Escobar 1979

Coniophora DC. 1815

= Coniophorella P. Karst. 1889

Coniophoropsis Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1986

Gyrodontium Pat. 1900

= Boninohydnum S. Ito & S. Imai 1940

Sedecula Zeller 1941

Family Diplocystidiaceae Kreisel 1974

Astraeus Morgan 1889

= Diploderma Link 1816

Diplocystis Berk. & M.A. Curtis 1868

Endogonopsis R. Heim 1966

Tremellogaster E. Fisch. 1924

Family Gasterellaceae Zeller 1948

Gasterella Zeller & L.B. Walker 1935

Family Gomphidiaceae Maire ex Jülich 1982

Chroogomphus (Singer) O.K. Mill. 1964

= Brauniellula A.H. Sm. & Singer 1959

Cystogomphus Singer 1942

Gomphidius Fr. 1836

= Leucogomphidius Kotl. & Pouzar 1972

Gomphogaster O.K. Mill. 1973

Family Gyroporaceae (Singer) Manfr. Binder & Bresinsky 2002

Gyroporus Quél. 1886

= Coelopus Bataille 1908

= Leucobolites Beck 1923

= Leucoconius Beck 1923

Family Hygrophoropsidaceae Kühner 1980

Hygrophoropsis (J. Schröt.) Maire ex Martin-Sans 1929

Leucogyrophana Pouzar 1958

Family Paxillaceae Lotsy 1907

Alpova C.W. Dodge 1931

Austrogaster Singer 1962

Gyrodon Opat. 1836

= Anastomaria Raf. 1820

= Campbellia Cooke & Massee 1890

= Gilbertina R. Heim 1966

= Pseudogyrodon Heinem. & Rammeloo 1983

= Rodwaya Syd. & P. Syd. 1901

= Uloporus Quél. 1886

Hoehnelogaster Lohwag 1926

Hydnomerulius Jarosch & Besl 2001

Meiorganum R. Heim 1966

Melanogaster Corda 1831

= Argylium Wallr. 1833

= Bulliardia Jungh. 1830

Neoalpova Vizzini 2014

Paragyrodon (Singer) Singer 1942

Paxillus Fr. 1836

= Paxillopsis E.-J. Gilbert 1931

= Rhymovis Pers. ex Rabenh. 1844

= Ruthea Opat. 1836

Family Protogastraceae Zeller 1934

Protogaster Thaxt. 1934

Family Rhizopogonaceae Gäum. & C.W. Dodge 1928

Fevansia Trappe & Castellano 2000

Rhizopogon Fr. 1817

= Anthracophlous Mattir. ex Lloyd 1913

= Hysteromyces Vittad. 1844

= Splanchnomyces Corda 1831

= Trappeindia Castellano, S.L. Mill., L. Singh bis & T.N. Lakh. 2012

Rhopalogaster J.R. Johnst. 1902

Family Sclerodermataceae Corda 1842

Chlorogaster Læssøe & Jalink 2004

Favillea Fr. 1849

Horakiella Castellano & Trappe 1992

Pisolithus Alb. & Schwein. 1805

= Durosaccum Lloyd 1924

= Endacinus Raf. 1814

= Lycoperdodes Haller ex Kuntze 1891

= Pisocarpium Link 1808

= Polypera Pers. 1818

= Polysaccum F. Desp. & DC. 1807

Scleroderma Pers. 1801

= Actigea Raf. 1814

= Actinodermium Nees 1816

= Caloderma Petri 1900

= Goupilia Mérat 1834

= Mycastrum Raf. 1813

= Neosaccardia Mattir. 1921

= Nepotatus Lloyd 1925

= Phlyctospora Corda 1841

= Pirogaster Henn. 1901

= Pompholyx Corda 1834

= Sclerangium Lév. 1848

= Stella Massee 1889

= Sterrebekia Link 1816

= Veligaster Guzmán 1970

Family Serpulaceae Jarosch & Bresinsky 2001

Austropaxillus Bresinsky & Jarosch 1999

Gymnopaxillus E. Horak 1966

Serpula (Pers.) Gray 1821

= Gyrophana Pat. 1897

= Plicaturella Murrill 1910

= Xylomyzon Pers. 1825

= Xylophagus Link 1809

Family Suillaceae Besl & Bresinsky 1997

Psiloboletinus Singer 1945

Suillus Gray 1821

= Boletinus Kalchbr. 1867

= Boletopsis Henn. 1898

= Cricunopus P. Karst. 1881

= Euryporus Quél. 1886

= Fuscoboletinus Pomerl. & A.H. Sm. 1962

= Gastrosuillus Thiers 1989

= Ixocomus Quél. 1888

= Mariaella Šutara 1987

= Peplopus (Quél.) Quél. ex Moug. & Ferry 1887

= Pinuzza Gray 1821

= Rostkovites P. Karst. 1881

= Solenia Hill ex Kuntze 1898

= Viscipellis (Fr.) Quél. 1886

Truncocolumella Zeller 1939

= Dodgea Malençon 1939

Family Tapinellaceae C. Hahn 1999

Bondarcevomyces Parmasto 1999

Pseudomerulius Jülich 1979

Tapinella E.-J. Gilbert 1931

= Sarcopaxillus Zmitr., Malysheva & E.F. Malysheva 2004

= Tapinia (Fr.) P. Karst. 1879

Boletales genera incertae sedis

Corditubera Henn. 1897

Corneromyces Ginns 1976

Marthanella States & Fogel 1999

Phaeoradulum Pat. 1900

Order Cantharellales Gäum. 1926

= Botryobasidiales Jülich 1981

= Sistotrematales Jülich 1981

Family Aphelariaceae Corner 1970

Aphelaria Corner 1950

Phaeoaphelaria Corner 1953

Tumidapexus D.A. Crawford 1954

Family Botryobasidiaceae Jülich 1982

Acladium Link 1809

Allescheriella Henn. 1897

Alysidium Kunze 1817

Botryobasidium Donk 1931

= Haplotrichum Link 1824

Suillosporium Pouzar 1958

Family Ceratobasidiaceae G.W. Martin 1948

= Family Cejpomycetaceae Jülich 1981

Ceratobasidium D.P. Rogers 1935

= Uthatobasidium Donk 1956

= Koleroga Donk 1958

Ceratoporia Ryvarden & de Meijer 2002

Ceratorhiza R.T. Moore 1987

Rhizoctonia DC. 1805

Scotomyces Jülich 1978

Thanatephorus Donk 1956

Family Hydnaceae Chevall. 1826

= Family Clavulinaceae Donk 1970

= Family Cantharellaceae J. Schröt. 1888

= Family Sistotremataceae Jülich 1982

= Family Pterygellaceae Jülich 1982

= Family Heteroacanthellaceae P. Roberts 1998

= Family Repetobasidiaceae Jülich 1982

Burgoa Goid. 1937

Burgella Diederich & Lawrey 2007

Burgellopsis Diederich & Lawrey 2014

Cantharellus Adans.ex Fr. 1821

= Afrocantharellus (Eyssart. & Buyck) Tibuhwa 2012

= Goossensia Heinem. 1958

Clavulina J. Schröt. 1888

Corallofungus Kobayasi 1983

Craterellus Pers. 1825

= Pseudocraterellus Corner 1958

= Pterygellus Corner 1966

Gloeomucro R.H. Petersen 1980

Hydnum L. 1753

= Malacodon Bataille 1923

Ingoldiella D.E. Shaw 1972

Membranomyces Jülich 1975

Multiclavula R.H. Petersen 1967

Neoburgoa Diederich, E. Zimm. & Lawrey 2016

Parastereopsis Corner 1976

Osteomorpha G. Arnaud ex Watling & W.B. Kendr. 1979

Paullicorticium J. Erikss. 1958

Repetobasidiellum J. Erikss. & Hjortstam 1981

Repetobasidium J. Erikss. 1958

Rogersiomyces J.L. Crane & Schokn. 1978

= Hyphobasidiofera K. Matsush. & Matsush. 1996

Sistotrema Fr. 1821

= Galziniella Parmasto 1968

= Heptasporium Bref. 1908

= Hydnotrema Link 1833

Sistotremella Hjortstam 1984

Family Oliveoniaceae P. Roberts 1998

Oliveonia Donk 1958

Family Tulasnellaceae Juel 1897

Pseudotulasnella Lowy 1964

Tulasnella J. Schröt. 1888

= Epulorhiza R.T. Moore 1987

Cantharellales genera incertae sedis

Boidinella Nakasone 2011

Bulbilla Diederich, Flakus & Etayo 2014

= Adamflakia Diederich & Lawrey 2016

Clavulicium Boidin 1957

Minimedusa Weresub & P.M. LeClair 1971

= Pneumatospora B. Sutton, Kuthub. & Muid 1984

= Tricellulortus Matsush. 1995

Odontiochaete Rick 1940

Radulochaete Rick 1940

Schildia Franchi & M. Marchetti 2015

Stilbotulasnella Oberw. & Bandoni 1982

Order Corticiales K.H. Larss. 2007

Family Corticiaceae Herter 1910

Capillosclerotium Prameela & Deeba 2013

Corticirama Pilát 1957

Corticium Pers. 1794

= Lyomyces P. Karst. 1882

= Mycinema C. Agardh 1824

Erythricium J. Erikss. & Hjortstam 1970

= Marchandiobasidium Diederich & Schultheis 2003

Galzinia Bourdot 1922

Giulia Tassi 1904

Laetisaria Burds. 1979

= Limonomyces Stalpers & Loer. 1982

Lawreymyces Lücking & Moncada 2017

Marchandiomyces Diederich & D. Hawksw. 1990

= Marchandiopsis Ghobad-Nejhad & Hallenb. 2010

Necator Massee 1898

Tretopileus B.O. Dodge 1946

Waitea Warcup & P.H.B. Talbot 1962

Family Dendrominiaceae Ghobad-Nejhad 2015

Dendrominia Ghobad-Nejhad & Duhem 2013

Family Punctulariaceae Donk 1964

Dendrocorticium M.J. Larsen & Gilb. 1974

Punctularia Pat. 1895

= Phaeophlebia W.B. Cooke 1956

Punctulariopsis Ghobad-Nejhad 2010

Family Vuilleminiaceae Maire ex Lotsy 1902

Australovuilleminia Ghobad-Nejhad & Hallenb. 2010

Cytidia Quél. 1888

= Lomatina (Fr.) P. Karst. 1892

Vuilleminia Maire 1902

Corticiales genera incertae sedis

Ambivina Katz 1974

Amylobasidium Ginns 1988

Leptocorticium Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2002

Melzerodontia Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1980

Nothocorticium Gresl. & Rajchenb. 1999

Papyrodiscus D.A. Reid 1979

Ripexicium Hjortstam 1995

Order Geastrales K. Hosaka & Castellano 2007

Family Geastraceae Corda 1842

Geasteroides Long 1917

= Terrostella Long 1945

Geastrum Pers. 1794

= Astrocitum Raf. 1806

= Astrycum Raf. 1809

= Coilomyces Berk. & M.A. Curtis 1854

= Geasteropsis Hollós 1903

= Plecostoma Desv. 1809

= Radiigera Zeller 1944

= Trichaster Czern. 1845

Myriostoma Desv. 1809

= Bovistoides Lloyd 1919

= Polystoma Gray 1821

Nidulariopsis Greis 1935

Phialastrum Sunhede 1989

Schenella T. Macbr. 1911

= Pyrenogaster Malençon & Riousset 1977

Sphaerobolus Tode 1790

= Carpobolus P. Micheli 1729

= Carpobolus P. Micheli ex Willd. 1787

= Carpobolus P. Micheli ex Paulet 1808

= Siropeltis Arx & R. Garnier 1960

Family Sclerogastraceae Locq. ex P.M. Kirk 2008

Sclerogaster R. Hesse 1891

Geastrales genera incertae sedis

Boninogaster Kobayasi 1937

Order Gloeophyllales Thorn 2007

Family Gloeophyllaceae Jülich 1982

Boreostereum Parmasto 1968

Campylomyces Nakasone 2004

Chaetodermella Rauschert 1988

= Chaetoderma Parmasto 1968

Gloeophyllum P. Karst. 1882

= Anisomyces Theiss. & Syd. 1914

= Ceratophora Humb. 1793

= Phaeocoriolellus Kotl. & Pouzar 1957

= Reisneria Velen. 1922

= Serda Adans. 1763

= Sesia Adans. 1763

Griseoporia Ginns 1984

Heliocybe Redhead & Ginns 1985

Hispidaedalea Y.C. Dai & S.H. He 2014

Mycothele Jülich 1976

Neolentinus Redhead & Ginns 1985

Osmoporus Singer 1944

Stiptophyllum Ryvarden 1973

Veluticeps Cooke 1879

= Chaetocarpus P. Karst. 1889

= Columnocystis Pouzar 1959

Gloeophyllales genera incertae sedis

Pileodon P. Roberts & Hjortstam 1998

Order Gomphales Jülich 1981

Family Clavariadelphaceae Corner 1970

Beenakia D.A. Reid 1956

= Psathyrodon Maas Geest. 1977

Clavariadelphus Donk 1933

Family Gomphaceae Donk 1961

Araeocoryne Corner 1950

Ceratellopsis Konrad & Maubl. 1937

= Ceratella Pat. 1887

Delentaria Corner 1970

Destuntzia Fogel & Trappe 1985

Gautieria Vittad. 1831

= Ciliciocarpus Corda 1831

= Uslaria Nieuwl. 1916

Gloeocantharellus Singer 1945

= Alectorolophoides Battarra ex Earle 1909

= Linderomyces Singer 1947

Gomphus Pers. 1797

= Gomphora Fr. 1825

Phaeoclavulina Brinkmann 1897

= Chloroneuron Murrill 1911

Protogautieria A.H. Sm. 1965

Pseudogomphus R. Heim 1970

Ramaria Fr. ex Bonord. 1851

= Capitoclavaria Lloyd 1922

= Cladaria Ritgen 1828

= Clavariella P. Karst. 1881

= Corallium G. Hahn 1883

= Coralloidea Roussel 1806

= Coralloides Tourn. ex Battarra 1755

= Dendrocladium (Pat.) Lloyd 1919

Ramaricium J. Erikss. 1954

Terenodon Maas Geest. 1971

Turbinellus Earle 1909

Family Lentariaceae Jülich 1982

Hydnocristella R.H. Petersen 1971

Kavinia Pilát 1938

Lentaria Corner 1950

Order Hymenochaetales Oberw. 1977

Family Hymenochaetaceae Donk 1948

Arambarria Rajchenb. & Pildain 2015

Asterodon Pat. 1894

= Aciella (P. Karst.) P. Karst. 1899

= Hydnochaetella Sacc. 1898

Aurificaria D.A. Reid 1963

Botryodontia (Hjortstam & Ryvarden) Hjortstam 1987

Clavariachaete Corner 1950

= Clavariachaeta Lloyd 1922

Coltricia Gray 1821

= Coltriciopsis Teixeira 1991

= Cycloporus Murrill 1904

= Pelloporus Quél. 1886

= Polystictus Fr. 1851

= Strilia Gray 1821

= Volvopolyporus McGinty 1909

= Xanthochrous Pat. 1897

Coltriciella Murrill 1904

Coniferiporia L.W. Zhou & Y.C. Dai 2016

Cylindrosporus L.W. Zhou 2015

Deviodontia (Parmasto) Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2009

Dichochaete Parmasto 2001

Erythromyces Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1990

Fomitiporella Murrill 1907

Fomitiporia Murrill 1907

Fulvifomes Murrill 1914

Fuscoporia Murrill 1907

Hastodontia (Parmasto) Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2009

Hydnochaete Bres. 1896

Hymenochaete Lév. 1846

= Cerrenella Murrill 1905

= Cyclomycetella Murrill 1904

= Cycloporellus Murrill 1907

= Hymenochaetella P. Karst. 1889

= Leptochaete Lév. 1846

= Stipitochaete Ryvarden 1985

Hymenochaetopsis S.H. He & Jiao Yang 2016

= Hydnoporia Murrill 1907

= Pseudochaete T. Wagner & M. Fisch. 2002

Inocutis Fiasson & Niemelä 1984

Inonotopsis Parmasto 1973

Inonotus P. Karst. 1879

= Flaviporellus Murrill 1905

= Phaeoporus J. Schröt. 1888

= Polystictoides Lázaro Ibiza 1916

Mensularia Lázaro Ibiza 1916

Neomensularia F. Wu, L.W. Zhou & Y.C. Dai 2016

Nothophellinus Rajchenb. 2015

Onnia P. Karst. 1889

= Mucronoporus Ellis & Everh. 1889

Phellinidium (Kotl.) Fiasson & Niemelä 1984

Phellinopsis Y.C. Dai 2010

Phellinotus Drechsler-Santos, Robledo & Rajchenb. 2016

Phellinus Quél. 1886

= Boletus Dill. 1719

= Boletus Dill. ex Gray 1821

= Boudiera Lázaro Ibiza 1916

= Fuscoporella Murrill 1907

= Ochroporus J. Schröt. 1888

= Ochrosporellus (Bondartseva & S. Herrera) Bondartseva & S. Herrera 1992

= Pseudofomes Lázaro Ibiza 1916

= Pyropolyporus Murrill 1903

= Scalaria Lázaro Ibiza 1916

= Scindalma Hill ex Kuntze 1898

Phellopilus Niemelä, T. Wagner & M. Fisch. 2001

Phylloporia Murrill 1904

= Cryptoderma Imazeki 1943

= Daedaloides Lázaro Ibiza 1916

= Phaeolopsis Murrill 1905

Porodaedalea Murrill 1905

Pseudoinonotus T. Wagner & M. Fisch. 2001

Pyrrhoderma Imazeki 1966

Sanghuangporus Sheng H. Wu, L.W. Zhou & Y.C. Dai 2015

Tropicoporus L.W. Zhou, Y.C. Dai & Sheng H. Wu 2015

Tubulicrinis Donk 1956

Xanthoporia Murrill 1916

Family Neoantrodiellaceae Y.C. Dai, B.K. Cui, Jia J. Chen & H.S. Yuan 2015

Neoantrodiella Y.C. Dai, B.K. Cui, Jia J. Chen & H.S. Yuan 2015

Family Nigrofomitaceae Jülich 1982

Nigrofomes Murrill 1904

= Melanoporella Murrill 1907

= Melanoporia Murrill 1907

Family Oxyporaceae Zmitr. & V. Malysheva 2014

Oxyporus (Bourdot & Galzin) Donk 1933

Family Rickenellaceae Vizzini 2010

Alloclavaria Dentinger & D.J. McLaughlin 2007

Atheloderma Parmasto 1968

Contumyces Redhead, Moncalvo, Vilgalys & Lutzoni 2002

= Jacobia Contu 1998

Cotylidia P. Karst. 1881

= Bresadolina Brinkmann 1909

= Craterella Pers. 1794

= Stereophyllum P. Karst. 1889

Globulicium Hjortstam 1973

Peniophorella P. Karst. 1889

Resinicium Parmasto 1968

Rickenella Raithelh. 1973

Family Schizoporaceae Jülich 1982

Alutaceodontia (Parmasto) Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2002

Basidioradulum Nobles 1967

Echinoporia Ryvarden 1980

= Echinodia Pat. 1918

Fibrodontia Parmasto 1968

Hyphodontia J. Erikss. 1958

= Chaetoporellus Bondartsev & Singer 1941

Lagarobasidium Jülich 1974

Leucophellinus Bondartsev & Singer 1944

= Oxyflavus Ryvarden 1973

Odontiopsis Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1980

Paratrichaptum Corner 1987

Poriodontia Parmasto 1982

Rogersella Liberta & A.J. Navas 1978

Schizopora Velen. 1922

Xylodon (Pers.) Gray 1821

= Palifer Stalpers & P.K. Buchanan 1991

Hymenochaetales genera incertae sedis

Caeruleomyces Stalpers 2000

Cantharellopsis Kuyper 1986

Cyanotrama Ghobad-Nejhad & Y.C. Dai 2010

Fibricium J. Erikss. 1958

Ginnsia Sheng H. Wu & Hallenb. 2010

Gyroflexus Raithelh. 1981

= Sphagnomphalia Redhead, Moncalvo, Vilgalys & Lutzoni 2002

Kurtia Karasiński 2014

Lawrynomyces Karasiński 2013

Muscinupta Redhead, Lücking & Lawrey 2009

Physodontia Ryvarden & H. Solheim 1977

Sidera Miettinen & K.H. Larss. 2011

Skvortzovia Bononi & Hjortstam 1987

Subulicium Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1979

Trichaptum Murrill 1904

= Hirschioporus Donk 1933

Tsugacorticium Nakasone & Burds. 2011

Order Hysterangiales K. Hosaka & Castellano 2007

Family Gallaceaceae Locq. ex P.M. Kirk 2008

Austrogautieria E.L. Stewart & Trappe 1985

Gallacea Lloyd 1905

Hallingea Castellano 1996

Family Hysterangiaceae E. Fisch. 1899

Aroramyces Castellano & Verbeken 2000

Circulocolumella S. Ito & S. Imai 1957

= Stalactocolumella S. Imai 1950

Clathrogaster Petri 1900

Hysterangium Vittad. 1831

Family Mesophelliaceae Jülich 1982

Andebbia Trappe, Castellano & Amar. 1996

Castoreum Cooke & Massee 1887

Chondrogaster Maire 1926

Gummiglobus Trappe, Castellano & Amar. 1996

Gummivena Trappe & Bougher 2002

Malajczukia Trappe & Castellano 1992

Mesophellia Berk. 1857

= Potoromyces Müll. bis ex Hollós 1902

Nothocastoreum G.W. Beaton 1984

Family Phallogastraceae Locq. 1974

Phallogaster Morgan 1893

Protubera Möller 1895

= Protophallus Murrill 1910

Family Trappeaceae P.M. Kirk 2008

Phallobata G. Cunn. 1926

Restingomyces Sulzbacher, Grebenc & Baseia 2016

Trappea Castellano 1990

Order Jaapiales Manfr. Binder, K.H. Larss. & Hibbett 2010

Family Jaapiaceae Manfr. Binder, K.H. Larss. & Hibbett 2010

Jaapia Bres. 1911

= Coniobotrys Pouzar 1958

Order Lepidostromatales B.P. Hodk. & Lücking 2014

Family Lepidostromataceae Ertz, Eb. Fisch., Killmann, Sérus. & Lawrey 2008

Ertzia B.P. Hodk. & Lücking 2014

Lepidostroma Mägd. & S. Winkl. 1967

Sulzbacheromyces B.P. Hodk. & Lücking 2014

Order Phallales E. Fisch. 1898

Family Claustulaceae G. Cunn. 1931

Claustula K.M. Curtis 1926

Gelopellis Zeller 1939

Kjeldsenia W. Colgan, Castellano & Bougher 1995

Phlebogaster Fogel 1980

Pseudogelopellis K. Tao & B. Liu 1996

Family Gastrosporiaceae Pilát 1934

Gastrosporium Mattir. 1903

Family Phallaceae Corda 1842

Abrachium Baseia & T.S. Cabral 2012

Aporophallus Möller 1895

Aseroë Labill. 1800

Blumenavia Möller 1895

Calvarula Zeller 1939

Clathrus P. Micheli ex L. 1753

= Anthurus Kalchbr. & MacOwan 1880

= Aserophallus Mont. & Lepr. 1845

= Clathrella E. Fisch. 1898

= Cletria P. Browne 1756

= Colonnaria Raf. 1808

= Dycticia Raf. 1808

= Linderiella G. Cunn. 1942

Colus Cavalier & Séchier 1835

Echinophallus Henn. 1898

Endoclathrus B. Liu, Yin H. Liu & Z.J. Gu 2000

Endophallus M. Zang & R.H. Petersen 1989

Ileodictyon Tul. & C. Tul. 1844

Itajahya Möller 1895

= Alboffiella Speg. 1898

Kobayasia S. Imai & A. Kawam. 1958

Laternea Turpin 1822

Ligiella J.A. Sáenz 1980

Lysurus Fr. 1823

= Calathiscus Mont. 1841

= Desmaturus (Schltdl.) Kalchbr. 1880

= Dictyobole G.F. Atk. & Long 1902

= Kalchbrennera Berk. 1876

= Kupsura Lloyd 1924

= Mycopharus Petch 1926

= Pharus Petch 1919

= Schizmaturus (Corda) Kalchbr. 1880

= Simblum Klotzsch ex Hook. 1831

= Sinolloydia C.H. Chow 1936

Mutinus Fr. 1849

= Aedycia Raf. 1808

= Caromyxa Mont. 1856

= Corynites Berk. & M.A. Curtis 1853

= Cynophallus (Fr.) Corda 1842

= Floccomutinus Henn. 1895

= Foetidaria A. St.-Hil. 1835

= Jansia Penz. 1899

Neolysurus O.K. Mill., Ovrebo & Burk 1991

Phallus Junius ex L. 1753

= Clautriavia (Pat.) Lloyd 1909

= Cryptophallus Peck 1897

= Dictyopeplos Kuhl & Hasselt 1824

= Dictyophallus Corda 1842

= Dictyophora Desv. 1809

= Hymenophallus Nees 1816

= Jaczewskia Mattir. 1912

= Kirchbaumia Schulzer 1866

= Morellus Eaton 1818

= Omphalophallus Kalchbr. 1883

= Phalloidastrum Battarra 1755

= Retigerus Raddi 1829

= Satyrus Bosc 1811

= Sophronia Pers. 1827

Protuberella S. Imai & A. Kawam. 1958

Pseudoclathrus B. Liu & Y.S. Bau 1980

Pseudocolus Lloyd 1907

Staheliomyces E. Fisch. 1921

Staurophallus Mont. 1845

Stephanophallus MacOwan 1880

Xylophallus (Schltdl.) E. Fisch. 1933

Phallales genera incertae sedis

Saprogaster Fogel & States 2001

Vandasia Velen. 1922

Order Polyporales Gäum. 1926

Family Cerrenaceae Miettinen, Justo & Hibbett 2017

Cerrena Gray 1821

= Phyllodontia P. Karst. 1883

Irpiciporus Murrill 1905

Pseudolagarobasidium J.C. Jang & T.Chen 1985

Radulodon Ryvarden 1972

Family Dacryobolaceae Jülich 1981

Amylocystis Bondartsev & Singer ex Singer 1944

Dacryobolus Fr. 1849

= Gloeocystidium P. Karst. 1889

Jahnoporus Nuss 1980

Oligoporus Bref. 1888

= Strangulidium Pouzar 1967

Osteina Donk 1966

Postia Fr. 1874

= Hemidiscia Lázaro Ibiza 1916

= Ptychogaster Corda 1838

Spongiporus Murrill 1905

Family Fomitopsidaceae Jülich 1982

= Daedaleaceae Jülich 1981

= Piptoporaceae Jülich 1981

Adustoporia Audet 2017

Anthoporia Karasiński & Niemelä 2016

Antrodia P. Karst. 1879

= Cartilosoma Kotl. & Pouzar 1958

= Coriolellus Murrill 1905

Antrodiopsis Audet 2017

Brunneoporus Audet 2017

Buglossoporus Kotl. & Pouzar 1966

Daedalea Pers. 1801

= Agarico-suber Paulet 1793

= Striglia Adans. 1763

Dentiporus Audet 2017

Flavidoporia Audet 2017

Fomitopsis P. Karst. 1881

= Pilatoporus Kotl. & Pouzar 1990

= Placoderma (Ricken) Ulbr. 1928

= Ungularia Lázaro Ibiza 1916

Fragifomes B.K. Cui, M.L. Han & Y.C. Dai 2016

Laricifomes Kotl. & Pouzar 1957

= Agaricon Tourn. ex Adans. 1763

= Agarico-pulpa Paulet 1793

= Agaricum P. Micheli ex Haller 1768

= Agaricum Paulet 1812

Lentoporia Audet 2017

Neoantrodia Audet 2017

Neolentiporus Rajchenb. 1995

Niveoporofomes B.K. Cui, M.L. Han & Y.C. Dai 2016

Ranadivia Zmitr. 2018

Resinoporia Audet 2017

Rhizoporia Audet 2017

Rhodofomes Kotl. & Pouzar 1990

Rhodofomitopsis B.K. Cui, M.L. Han & Y.C. Dai 2016

Rubellofomes B.K. Cui, M.L. Han & Y.C. Dai 2016

Subantrodia Audet 2017

Ungulidaedalea B.K. Cui, M.L. Han & Y.C. Dai 2016

Wolfiporia Ryvarden & Gilb. 1984

= Pachyma Fr. 1822

Family Fragiliporiaceae Y.C. Dai, B.K. Cui & C.L. Zhao 2015

Fragiliporia Y.C. Dai, B.K. Cui & C.L. Zhao 2015

Family Gelatoporiaceae Miettinen, Justo & Hibbett 2017

Cinereomyces Jülich 1982

Gelatoporia Niemelä 1985

Obba Miettinen & Rajchenb. 2012

Sebipora Miettinen 2012

Family Grifolaceae Jülich 1982

Aegis Gómez-Montoya, Rajchenb. & Robledo 2017

Grifola Gray 1821

= Cladodendron Lázaro Ibiza 1916

= Polypilus P. Karst. 1881

Family Hyphodermataceae Jülich 1981

Hyphoderma Fr. 1833

= Mutatoderma (Parmasto) C.E. Gómez 1976

= Pycnodon Underw. 1898

Family Incrustoporiaceae Jülich 1982

Gloeoporellus Zmitr. 2018

Incrustoporia Domanski 1963

Piloporia Niemelä 1982

Skeletocutis Kotl. & Pouzar 1958

= Leptotrimitus Pouzar 1966

Tyromyces P. Karst. 1881

Family Irpicaceae Spirin & Zmitr. 2003

Byssomerulius Parmasto 1967

Ceriporia Donk 1933

Cytidiella Pouzar 1954

Efibula Sheng H. Wu 1990

Emmia Zmitr., Spirin & Malysheva 2006

Flavodon Ryvarden 1973

Gloeoporus Mont. 1842

= Vitreoporus Zmitr. 2018

Hydnopolyporus D.A.Reid 1962

Irpex Fr. 1825

Leptoporus Quél. 1886

Meruliopsis Bondartsev 1959

Raduliporus Spirin & Zmitr. 2006

Resiniporus Zmitr. 2018

Trametopsis Tomšovský 2008

Family Ischnodermataceae Jülich 1981

Ischnoderma P. Karst. 1879

= Lasiochlaena Pouzar 1990

Family Laetiporaceae Jülich 1981

= Phaeolaceae Jülich 1981

Kusaghiporia J. Hussein, S. Tibell & Tubuhwa 2018

Laetiporus Murrill 1904

= Cladoporus (Pers.) Chevall. 1826

Phaeolus (Pat.) Pat. 1900

= Choriphyllum Velen. 1922

= Spongiosus Lloyd ex Torrend 1920

Family Meripilaceae Jülich 1982

= Rigidoporaceae Jülich 1981

Meripilus P. Karst. 1882

= Flabellopilus Kotl. & Pouzar 1957

Pseudonadsoniella T.O. Kondr. & S.Y. Kondr. 2015

Rigidoporus Murrill 1905

= Leucofomes Kotl. & Pouzar 1957

Family Meruliaceae Rea 1922

= Climacodontaceae Jülich 1981

= Phlebiaceae Jülich 1981

Aurantiopileus Ginns, D.L. Lindner & T.J. Baroni 2010

Aurantiporus Murrill 1905

Ceriporiopsis Domański 1963

Climacodon P. Karst. 1881

Crustodontia Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2005

Geesterania Westphalen, Tomšovský & Rajchenb. 2018

Hermanssonia Zmitr. 2018

Hydnophanerochaete Sheng H. Wu & C.C. Chen 2018

Hydnophlebia Parmasto 1967

Lilaceophlebia (Parmasto) Spirin & Zmitr. 2004

Luteoporia F. Wu, Jia J. Chen & S.H. He 2016

Merulius Fr. 1821

Mycoacia Donk 1931

Mycoaciella J. Erikss. & Ryvarden 1978

= Ceraceohydnum Jülich 1978

Odoria V. Papp & Dima 2017

Pappia Zmitr. 2018

Phlebia Fr. 1821

= Jacksonomyces Jülich 1979

Phlebiporia Jia J. Chen, B.K. Cui & Y.C. Dai 2014

Physisporinus P. Karst. 1889

Sarcodontia Schulzer 1866

= Oxydontia L.W. Mill. 1933

Scopuloides (Massee) Höhn. & Litsch. 1908

Stereophlebia Zmitr. 2018

Family Panaceae Miettinen, Justo & Hibbett 2017

Cymatoderma Jungh. 1840

= Actinostroma Klotzsch 1843

= Beccariella Ces. 1879

= Cladoderris Pers. ex Berk. 1842

Panus Fr. 1838

= Lentinopanus Pilát 1941

Family Phanerochaetaceae Jülich 1982

= Hapalopilaceae Jülich 1981

= Bjerkanderaceae Jülich 1981

Bjerkandera P. Karst. 1879

= Myriadoporus Peck 1884

Donkia Pilát 1937

Efibulella Zmitr. 2018

Geliporus Yuan Yuan, Jia J. Chen & S.H. He 2017

Hapalopilus P. Karst. 1881

Hyphodermella J. Erikss. & Ryvarden 1976

Odontoefibula C.C. Chen & Sheng H. Wu 2018

Oxychaete Miettinen 2016

Phaeophlebiopsis D. Floudas & Hibbett 2015

Phanerina Miettinen 2016

Phanerochaete P. Karst. 1889

= Atheliachaete Spirin & Zmitr. 2011

= Grandiniella P. Karst. 1895

= Hjortstamia Boidin & Gilles 2003

= Xerocarpus P. Karst. 1881

Phlebiopsis Jülich 1978

Pirex Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1985

Porostereum Pilát 1937

Rhizochaete Gresl., Nakasone & Rajchenb. 2004

Riopa D.A. Reid 1969

= Sporotrichum Link 1809

Terana Adans. 1763

= Pulcherricium Parmasto 1968

Family Podoscyphaceae D.A. Reid 1965

Abortiporus Murrill 1904

= Heteroporus Lázaro Ibiza 1916

= Irpicium Bref. 1912

= Sporotrichopsis Stalpers 2000

Podoscypha Pat. 1900

Pouzaroporia Vampola 1992

Family Polyporaceae Fr. ex Corda 1839

= Ganodermataceae (Donk) Donk 1948

= Coriolaceae Singer 1961

= Cryptoporaceae Jülich 1981

= Echinochaetaceae Jülich 1981

= Fomitaceae Jülich 1981

= Grammotheleaceae Jülich 1981

= Haddowiaceae Jülich 1981

= Microporaceae Jülich 1981

= Pachykytosporaceae Jülich 1981

= Perenniporiaceae Jülich 1981

= Sparsitubaceae Jülich 1981

= Lophariaceae Boidin, Mugnier & Canales 1998

= Trametaceae Boidin, Mugnier & Canales 1998

Abundisporus Ryvarden 1999

Amauroderma Murrill 1905

= Magoderna Steyaert 1972

Atroporus Ryvarden 1973

= Cladomeris Quél. 1886

= Dendropolyporus (Pouzar) Jülich 1982

= Mycelithe Gasp. 1841

Australoporus P.K. Buchanan & Ryvarden 1988

Bresadolia Speg. 1883

Cerarioporia F. Wu, L.W. Zhou & J. Si 2016

Cerioporus Quél. 1886

= Grandinioides Banker 1906

= Melanopus Pat. 1887

= Mycobonia Pat. 1894

= Petaloides Lloyd ex Torrend 1920

Cinereomycetella Zmitr. 2018

Colospora Miettinen & Spirin 2015

Coriolopsis Murrill 1905

Cryptoporus (Peck) Shear 1902

Daedaleopsis J. Schröt. 1888

= Apoxona Donk 1969

Datronia Donk 1966

Datroniella B.K. Cui, Hai J. Li & Y.C. Dai 2014

Dentocorticium (Parmasto) M.J. Larsen & Gilb. 1974

= Dendrodontia Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1980

Dextrinoporus H.S. Yuan 2018

Dichomitus D.A. Reid 1965

Donkioporia Kotl. & Pouzar 1973

Donkioporiella L.W. Zhou 2016

Earliella Murrill 1905

Echinochaete D.A. Reid 1963

= Dendrochaete G. Cunn. 1965

Endopandanicola Tibpromma & K.D. Hyde 2018

Epithele (Pat.) Pat. 1900

Epithelopsis Jülich 1976

Favolus Fr. 1828

Flammeopellis Y.C. Dai, B.K. Cui & C.L. Zhao 2014

Fomes (Fr.) Fr. 1849

= Elfvingiella Murrill 1914

Globifomes Murrill 1904

= Placodes Quél. 1886

= Ungulina Pat. 1900

Fomitella Murrill 1905

Foraminispora Robledo, Costa-Rezende & Drechsler-Santos 2017

Funalia Pat. 1900

Furtadoa Costa-Rezende, Robledo & Drechsler-Santos 2017

Ganoderma P. Karst. 1881

= Elfvingia P. Karst. 1889

Grammothele Berk. & M.A. Curtis 1868

Grammothelopsis Jülich 1982

Haddowia Steyaert 1972

Haploporus Bondartsev & Singer 1944

Hexagonia Fr. 1835

Hornodermoporus Teixeira 1993

Humphreya Steyaert 1972

Laccocephalum McAlpine & Tepper 1895

Leifiporia Y.C. Dai, F. Wu & C.L. Zhao 2016

Lentinus Fr. 1825

= Lentodiellum Murrill 1915

= Lentodium Morgan 1895

= Leucoporus Quél. 1886

= Polyporellus P. Karst. 1879

Lignosus Lloyd ex Torrend 1920

Lopharia Kalchbr. & MacOwan 1881

= Lloydella Bres. 1901

= Thwaitesiella Massee 1892

Megasporia B.K. Cui, Y.C. Dai & Hai J. Li 2013

Megasporoporia Ryvarden & J.E. Wright 1982

Megasporoporiella B.K. Cui, Y.C. Dai & Hai J. Li 2013

Melanoderma B.K. Cui & Y.C. Dai 2011

Microporellus Murrill 1905

Microporus P. Beauv. 1805

Mollicarpus Ginns 1984

Murinicarpus B.K. Cui & Y.C. Dai 2019

Myriothele Nakasone 2013

Navisporus Ryvarden 1980

Neodatronia B.K. Cui, Hai J. Li & Y.C. Dai 2014

Neodictyopus Palacio, Robledo, Reck & Drechsler-Santos 2017

Neofavolus Sotome & T. Hatt. 2013

Neofomitella Y.C. Dai, Hai J. Li & Vlasák 2014

Pachykytospora Kotl. & Pouzar 1963

Perenniporia Murrill 1942

= Physisporus Chevall. 1826

Perenniporiella Decock & Ryvarden 2003

Perenniporiopsis C.L. Zhao 2017

Phaeotrametes Lloyd ex J.E. Wright 1966

= Phaeotrametes Lloyd 1915

Picipes Zmitr. & Kovalenko 2016

Pilatotrama Zmitr. 2018

Podofomes Pouzar 1966

Polyporopsis Audet 2010

Polyporus [P. Micheli ex Adans.] Fr. 1821

Porogramme (Pat.) Pat. 1900

= Tinctoporia Murrill 1907

Pseudofavolus Pat. 1900

Pseudomegasporoporia X.H. Ji & F. Wu 2017

Pseudopiptoporus Ryvarden 1980

Pyrofomes Kotl. & Pouzar 1964

Rubroporus Log.-Leite, Ryvarden & Groposo 2002

Sparsitubus L.W. Hsu & J.D. Zhao 1980

Szczepkamyces Zmitr. 2018

Theleporus Fr. 1847

Thermophymatospora Udagawa, Awao & Abdullah 1986

Tinctoporellus Ryvarden 1979

Tomophagus Murrill 1905

Trametes Fr. 1836

= Artolenzites Falck 1909

= Cellularia Bull. 1788

= Cellulariella Zmitr. & Malysheva 2014

= Coriolus Quél. 1886

= Cubamyces Murrill 1905

= Leiotrametes Welti & Courtec. 2012

= Lenzites Fr. 1836

= Pseudotrametes Bondartsev & Singer 1944

= Pycnoporus P. Karst. 1881

= Tomentoporus Ryvarden 1973

= Trametella Pinto-Lopes 1952

Truncospora Pilát 1953

= Loweporus J.E. Wright 1976

Vanderbylia D.A. Reid 1973

Yuchengia B.K. Cui & K.T. Steffen 2013

Family Sparassidaceae Jülich 1981

Crustoderma Parmasto 1968

Pycnoporellus Murrill 1905

= Aurantiporellus Murrill 1905

Sparassis Fr. 1819

= Masseeola Kuntze 1891

Family Steccherinaceae Parmasto 1968

= Mycorraphiacaeae Jülich 1981

Antella Miettinen 2016

Antrodiella Ryvarden & I. Johans. 1980

Atraporiella Ryvarden 2007

Austeria Miettinen 2016

Butyrea Miettinen 2016

Cabalodontia Piątek 2004

Caudicicola Miettinen, M. Kulju & Kotir. 2017

Citripora Miettinen 2016

Elaphroporia Z.Q. Wu & C.L. Zhao 2018

Flabellophora G. Cunn. 1965

Flaviporus Murrill 1905

= Baeostratoporus Bondartsev & Singer 1944

Frantisekia Spirin & Zmitr. 2007

Junghuhnia Corda 1842

= Chaetoporus P. Karst. 1890

Lamelloporus Ryvarden 1987

Loweomyces (Kotl. & Pouzar) Jülich 1982

Metuloidea G. Cunn. 1965

Mycorrhaphium Maas Geest. 1962

Niemelaea Zmitr., Ezhov & Khimich 2015

Nigroporus Murrill 1905

Steccherinum Gray 1821

= Etheirodon Banker 1902

= Odontina Pat. 1887

Trullella Zmitr. 2018

Xanthoporus Audet 2010

Polyporales genera incertae sedis

Aegeritopsis Höhn. 1903

Amaropostia B.K. Cui, L.L. Shen & Y.C. Dai 2019

Amaurohydnum Jülich 1978

Amauromyces Jülich 1978

Amethicium Hjortstam 1983

Amyloporia Singer 1944

Aquascypha D.A. Reid 1965

Auriporia Ryvarden 1973

Australicium Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2002

Australohydnum Jülich 1978

Austrolentinus Ryvarden 1991

Bourdotiella Duhem & Schultheis 2011

Bulbillomyces Jülich 1974

= Aegerita Pers. 1794

= Crocysporium Corda 1837

= Dermosporium Link 1816

Calcipostia B.K. Cui, L.L. Shen & Y.C. Dai 2019

Candelabrochaete Boidin 1970

Climacocystis Kotl. & Pouzar 1958

Columnodontia Jülich 1979

Conohypha Jülich 1975

Coralloderma D.A. Reid 1965

Cordochaete Sanyal, Samita, Dhingra & Avn.P. Singh 2013

Cryptomphalina R. Heim 1966

Cyanodontia Hjortstam 1987

Cyanosporus McGinty 1909

Cystidiopostia B.K. Cui, L.L. Shen & Y.C. Dai 2019

Dendrophlebia Dhingra & Priyanka 2011

Diacanthodes Singer 1945

Diplomitoporus Domański 1970

= Fabisporus Zmitr. 2001

Erastia Niemelä & Kinnunen 2005

Faerberia Pouzar 1981

= Geopetalum Pat. 1887

Fibroporia Parmasto 1968

Fuscopostia B.K. Cui, L.L. Shen & Y.C. Dai 2019

Gilbertsonia Parmasto 2001

Globosomyces Jülich 1980

Globuliciopsis Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2004

Gyrophanopsis Jülich 1979

= Hyphodermopsis Jülich 1982

Henningsia Möller 1895

Hymenogramme Mont. & Berk. 1844

Hyphodontiastra Hjortstam 1999

Hypochnicium J. Erikss. 1958

Inflatostereum D.A. Reid 1965

Irpicochaete Rick 1940

Laetifomes T. Hatt. 2001

Macrohyporia I. Johans. & Ryvarden 1979

Meruliophana Duhem & Buyck 2011

Mycoleptodonoides Nikol. 1952

Mycorrhaphoides Hembrom, K. Das & Hallenb. 2017

Nigrohydnum Ryvarden 1987

Phaneroites Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2010

Phanerodontia Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2010

Phlebiella P. Karst. 1890

Piptoporellus B.K. Cui, M.L. Han & Y.C. Dai 2016

Pseudofibroporia Yuan Y. Chen, B.K. Cui & Y.C. Dai 2017

Repetobasidiopsis Dhingra & Avn.P. Singh 2008

Rhodonia Niemelä 2005

= Caloporus P. Karst. 1881

Rickiopora Westphalen, Tomšovský & Rajchenb. 2016

Roseofavolus T. Hatt. 2003

Roseograndinia Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2005

Ryvardenia Rajchenb. 1994

Sarcoporia P. Karst. 1894

Skeletohydnum Jülich 1979

Sparassiella Schwarzman 1964

Spathulina Pat. 1900

Spongioides Lázaro Ibiza 1916

Spongipellis Pat. 1887

Stegiacantha Maas Geest. 1966

Taiwanofungus Sheng H. Wu, Z.H. Yu, Y.C. Dai & C.H. Su 2004

Uncobasidium Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1978

Order Russulales Kreisel ex P.M. Kirk, P.F. Cannon & J.C. David 2001

Family Albatrellaceae Nuss 1980

Albatrellopsis Teixeira 1993

Albatrellus Gray 1821

= Ovinus (Lloyd) Torrend 1920

Byssoporia M.J. Larsen & Zak 1978

Leucogaster R. Hesse 1882

Leucophleps Harkn. 1899

= Cremeogaster Mattir. 1924

Mycolevis A.H. Sm. 1965

Polyporoletus Snell 1936

Scutiger Paulet 1808

Family Auriscalpiaceae Maas Geest. 1963

Amylonotus Ryvarden 1975

Artomyces Jülich 1982

Auriscalpium Gray 1821

= Pleurodon Quél. ex P. Karst. 1881

Dentipratulum Domański 1965

Lentinellus P. Karst. 1879

= Hemicybe P. Karst. 1879

Stalpersia Parmasto 2001

Family Bondarzewiaceae Kotl. & Pouzar 1957

Amylaria Corner 1955

Amylosporus Ryvarden 1973

= Rigidoporopsis I. Johans. & Ryvarden 1979

Bondarzewia Singer 1940

Gloiodon P. Karst. 1879

= Leaia Banker 1906

= Sclerodon P. Karst. 1889

Heterobasidion Bref. 1888

Laurilia Pouzar 1959

Lauriliella Nakasone & S.H. He 2017

Stecchericium D.A. Reid 1963

Wrightoporia Pouzar 1966

Family Echinodontiaceae Donk 1961

= Amylostereaceae Boidin, Mugnier & Canales 1998

Amylostereum Boidin 1958

= Lloydellopsis Pouzar 1959

= Trichocarpus P. Karst. 1889

Echinodontiellum S.H. He & Nakasone 2017

Echinodontium Ellis & Everh. 1900

= Hydnofomes Henn. 1900

Larssoniporia Y.C. Dai, Jia J. Chen & B.K. Cui 2015

Family Hericiaceae Donk 1964

Dentipellicula Y.C. Dai & L.W. Zhou 2013

Dentipellis Donk 1962

= Amylodontia Nikol. 1967

Hericium Pers. 1794

= Friesites P. Karst. 1879

= Hericium Schrank 1786

= Hericius Juss. 1789

= Martella Endl. 1836

= Medusina Chevall. 1826

Laxitextum Lentz 1956

Pseudowrightoporia Y.C. Dai, Jia J. Chen & B.K. Cui 2015

Wrightoporiopsis Y.C. Dai, Jia J. Chen & B.K. Cui 2015

Family Hybogasteraceae Jülich 1982

Hybogaster Singer 1964

Family Peniophoraceae Lotsy 1907

= Lachnocladiaceae Jülich 1982

Amylofungus Sheng H. Wu 1996

Asterostroma Massee 1889

Baltazaria Leal-Dutra, Dentinger & G.W. Griff. 2018

Dendrophora (Parmasto) Chamuris 1987

Dichostereum Pilát 1926

Duportella Pat. 1915

Entomocorticium H.S. Whitney, Bandoni & Oberw. 1987

Gloiothele Bres. 1920

Lachnocladium Lév. 1846

= Eriocladus Lév. 1846

= Stelligera R. Heim 1938

= Stelligera R. Heim ex Doty 1948

Licrostroma P.A. Lemke 1964

= Michenera Berk. & M.A. Curtis 1868

Metulodontia Parmasto 1968

Peniophora Cooke 1879

= Cryptochaete P. Karst. 1889

= Gloeopeniophora Höhn. & Litsch. 1907

= Sterellum P. Karst. 1889

Sceptrulum K.H. Larss. 2014

Scytinostroma Donk 1956

Vararia P. Karst. 1898

= Asterostromella Höhn. & Litsch. 1907

= Denrophysellum Parmasto 1968

Vesiculomyces E. Hagstr. 1977

Family Russulaceae Lotsy 1907

Boidinia Stalpers & Hjortstam 1982

Gloeopeniophorella Rick 1934

Lactarius Pers. 1797

= Arcangeliella Cavara 1900

= Galorrheus (Fr.) Fr. 1825

= Gastrolactarius R. Heim 1971

= Gastrolactarius R. Heim ex J.M. Vidal 2005

= Gloeocybe Earle 1909

= Lactariella J. Schröt. 1889

= Zelleromyces Singer & A.H. Sm. 1960

Lactifluus (Pers.) Roussel 1806

= Lactariopsis Henn. 1901

= Pleurogala Redhead & Norvell 1993

Multifurca Buyck & V. Hofst. 2008

Pseudoxenasma K.H. Larss. & Hjortstam 1976

Russula Pers. 1796

= Bucholtzia Lohwag 1924

= Cystangium Singer & A.H. Sm. 1960

= Dixophyllum Earle 1909

= Elasmomyces Cavara 1897

= Gymnomyces Massee & Rodway 1898

= Lactarelis Earle 1909

= Macowanites Kalchbr. 1882

= Martellia Mattir. 1900

= Omphalomyces Battarra ex Earle 1909

= Phaeohygrocybe Henn. 1901

= Russulina J. Schröt. 1889

Family Stereaceae Pilát 1930

Acanthobasidium Oberw. 1965

Acanthofungus Sheng H. Wu, Boidin & C.Y. Chien 2000

Acanthophysellum Parmasto 1967

Acanthophysium (Pilát) G. Cunn. 1963

Aleurobotrys Boidin 1986

Aleurodiscus Rabenh. ex J. Schröt. 1888

= Aleurodiscus Rabenh. 1874

= Aleurodiscus Cooke 1885

Aleuromyces Boidin & Gilles 2002

Amylohyphus Ryvarden 1978

Amylosporomyces S.S. Rattan 1977

Confertextum Priyanka & Dhingra 2014

Conferticium Hallenb. 1980

Dextrinocystidium Sheng H. Wu 1996

Gloeocystidiellum Donk 1931

Gloeocystidiopsis Jülich 1982

Gloeomyces Sheng H. Wu 1996

Gloeosoma Bres. 1920

Matula Massee 1888

Megalocystidium Jülich 1978

Neoaleurodiscus Sheng H. Wu 2010

Scotoderma Jülich 1974

Stereum Hill ex Pers. 1794

= Haematostereum Pouzar 1959

Xylobolus P. Karst. 1881

Family Xenasmataceae Oberw. 1965

Xenasma Donk 1957

Xenasmatella Oberw. 1965

Xenosperma Oberw. 1965

Russulales genera incertae sedis

Aleurocystidiellum P.A. Lemke 1964

Dentipellopsis Y.C. Dai & L.W. Zhou 2013

Dichantharellus Corner 1966

Dichopleuropus D.A. Reid 1965

Gloeoasterostroma Rick 1938

Gloeodontia Boidin 1966

Gloeohypochnicium (Parmasto) Hjortstam 1987

Haloaleurodiscus N. Maek., Suhara & K. Kinjo 2005

Laeticutis Audet 2010

Neoalbatrellus Audet 2010

Perplexostereum Ryvarden & S. Tutka 2014

Polypus Audet 2010

Scopulodontia Hjortstam 1998

Scytinostromella Parmasto 1968

= Confertobasidium Jülich 1972

Xeroceps Audet 2010

Order Sebacinales M. Weiss, Selosse, Rexer, A. Urb. & Oberw. 2004

Family Sebacinaceae K. Wells & Oberw. 1982

Chaetospermum Sacc. 1892

Ditangium P. Karst. 1867

= Craterocolla Bref. 1888

= Poroidea Göttinger ex G. Winter 1885

Efibulobasidium K. Wells 1975

Globulisebacina Oberw., Garnica & K. Riess 2014

Helvellosebacina Oberw., Garnica & K. Riess 2014

Paulisebacina Oberw., Garnica & K. Riess 2014

Sebacina Tul. & C. Tul. 1871

= Atkinsonia Lloyd 1916

= Collodendrum Clem. 1909

= Corticioides Lloyd 1908

= Cristella Pat. 1887

= Opadorhiza T.F. Andersen & R.T. Moore 1996

= Soppittiella Massee 1892

= Tremellodendron G.F. Atk. 1902

Tremelloscypha D.A. Reid 1979

= Tremellostereum Ryvarden 1986

Family Serendipitaceae M. Weiss, Waller, A. Zuccaro & Selosse 2016

Serendipita P. Roberts 1993

= Piriformospora Sav. Verma, Aj. Varma, Rexer, G. Kost & P. Franken 1998

Order Stereopsidales Sjökvist, E. Larss., B.E. Pfeil & K.H. Larss. 2013

Family Stereopsidaceae Sjökvist, E. Larss., B.E. Pfeil & K.H. Larss. 2013

Stereopsis D.A. Reid 1965

Order Thelephorales Corner ex Oberw. 1976

Family Bankeraceae Donk 1961

Bankera Coker & Beers ex Pouzar 1955

Boletopsis Fayod 1889

Corneroporus T. Hatt. 2001

Hydnellum P. Karst. 1879

= Calodon P. Karst. 1881

= Phaeodon J. Schröt. 1888

Sarcodon Quél. ex P. Karst. 1881

Family Thelephoraceae Chevall. 1826

Amaurodon J. Schröt. 1888

Gymnoderma Humb. 1793

Lenzitopsis Malençon & Bertault 1963

Parahaplotrichum W.A. Baker & Partr. 2001

Phellodon P. Karst. 1881

Polyozellus Murrill 1910

= Phyllocarbon Lloyd 1920

Pseudotomentella Svrček 1958

Skepperia Berk. 1857

Thelephora Ehrh. ex Willd. 1787

= Merisma Pers. 1797

= Phylacteria (Pers.) Pat. 1887

= Pseudothelephora Lloyd 1919

= Scyphopilus P. Karst. 1881

Tomentella Pers. ex Pat. 1887

= Acrotamnium Nees 1816

= Caldesiella Sacc. 1877

= Cyphellina Rick 1959

= Hypochnus Fr. 1818

= Karstenia Britzelm. 1897

Tomentellopsis Hjortstam 1970

= Byssocristella M.P. Christ. & J.E.B. Larsen 1970

Thelephorales genera incertae sedis

Thelephorella P. Karst. 1889

Order Trechisporales K.H. Larss. 2007

Family Hydnodontaceae Jülich 1982

Brevicellicium K.H. Larss. & Hjortstam 1978

Dextrinocystis Gilb. & M. Blackw. 1988

Dextrinodontia Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1980

Hydnodon Banker 1913

= Pseudohydnum Rick 1904

Litschauerella Oberw. 1965

Luellia K.H. Larss. & Hjortstam 1974

Porpomyces Jülich 1982

Scytinopogon Singer 1945

Sistotremastrum J. Erikss. 1958

Sphaerobasidium Oberw. 1965

Subulicystidium Parmasto 1968

Trechispora P. Karst. 1890

= Cristelloporia I. Johans. & Ryvarden 1979

= Echinotrema Park.-Rhodes 1955

= Fibriciellum J. Erikss. & Ryvarden 1975

= Fibuloporia Bondartsev & Singer 1941

= Fibuloporia Bondartsev & Singer 1944

= Murrilloporus Ryvarden 1985

= Tomentella P. Karst. 1889

Tubulicium Oberw. 1965

= Tubulixenasma Parmasto 1965

Order Tremellodendropsidales Vizzini 2014

Family Tremellodendropsidaceae Jülich 1982

Tremellodendropsis (Corner) D.A. Crawford 1954

= Polyozus P. Karst. 1881

= Pseudotremellodendron D.A. Reid 1957

Agaricomycetes genera incertae sedis

Akenomyces G. Arnaud ex D. Hornby 1984

Aldridgea Massee 1892

Arthrodochium R.F. Castañeda & W.B. Kendr. 1990

Arualis Katz 1980

Blasiphalia Redhead 2007

Bridgeoporus T.J. Volk, Burds. & Ammirati 1996

Cenangiomyces Dyko & B. Sutton 1979

Ceraceopsis Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2007

Cilicia Fr. 1825

Corticomyces A.I. Romero & S.E. López 1989

Cruciger R. Kirschner & Oberw. 1999

Dendrosporomyces Nawawi, J. Webster & R.A. Davey 1977

Ellula Nag Raj 1980

Fibulocoela Nag Raj 1978

Fibulotaeniella Marvanová & Bärl. 1988

Geotrichopsis Tzean & Estey 1991

Gloeosynnema Seifert & G. Okada 1988

Glomerulomyces A.I. Romero & S.E. López 1989

Glutinoagger Sivan. & Watling 1980

Hallenbergia Dhingra & Priyanka 2011

Heteroacanthella Oberw. 1990

Intextomyces J. Erikss. & Ryvarden 1976

Korupella Hjortstam & P. Roberts 2000

Loreleia Redhead, Moncalvo, Vilgalys & Lutzoni 2002

Minostroscyta Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2001

Mylittopsis Pat. 1895

Myriococcum Fr. 1823

Odonticium Parmasto 1968

= Leifia Ginns 1998

Pagidospora Drechsler 1960

Phlyctibasidium Jülich 1974

Purpureocorticium S.H. Wu 2017

Pycnovellomyces R.F. Castañeda 1987

Riessia Fresen. 1852

Riessiella Jülich 1985

Taiwanoporia T.T. Chang & W.N. Chou 2003

Titaeella G. Arnaud ex K. Ando & Tubaki 1985

Trechinothus E.C. Martini & Trichiès 2004

Trimitiella Dhingra 2008

= Trimitiella Dhingra 2006

Tubulicrinopsis Hjortstam & Kotir. 2007

Xerotus Fr. 1828

= Xerotinus Rchb. 1828

Class Dacrymycetes Doweld 2001

Order Dacrymycetales Henn. 1897

Family Cerinomycetaceae Jülich 1982

Cerinomyces G.W. Martin 1949

Family Dacrymycetaceae J. Schröt. 1888

Calocera (Fr.) Fr. 1828

= Calopposis Lloyd 1925

= Corynoides Gray 1821

= Dacryomitra Tul. & C. Tul. 1872

Cerinosterus R.T. Moore 1987

Dacrymyces Nees 1816

= Arrhytidia Berk. & M.A. Curtis 1849

= Hydromycus Raf. 1808

= Septocolla Bonord. 1851

Dacryonaema Nannf. 1947

Dacryopinax G.W. Martin 1948

Dacryoscyphus R. Kirschner & Zhu L. Yang 2005

Ditiola Fr. 1822

= Dacryopsis Massee 1891

Femsjonia Fr. 1849

Guepiniopsis Pat. 1883

Heterotextus Lloyd 1922

Order Unilacrymales Shirouzu, Tokum. & Oberw. 2013

Family Unilacrymaceae Shirouzu, Tokum. & Oberw. 2013

Unilacryma Shirouzu, Tokum. & Oberw. 2013

Class Tremellomycetes Doweld 2001

Order Cystofilobasidiales Fell, Roeijmans & Boekhout 1999

Family Cystofilobasidiaceae K. Wells & Bandoni 2001

Cystofilobasidium Oberw. & Bandoni 1983

Family Mrakiaceae X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Itersonilia Derx 1948

Krasilnikovozyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Mrakia Y. Yamada & Komag. 1987

Phaffia M.W. Mill., Yoney. & Soneda 1976

= Rhodomyces Wettst. 1885

= Xanthophyllomyces Golubev 1995

Tausonia Babeva 1998

Udeniomyces Nakase & Takem. 1992

Vustinia Kachalkin, Turchetti & Yurkov 2019

Order Filobasidiales Jülich 1981

Family Filobasidiaceae L.S. Olive 1968

Filobasidium L.S. Olive 1968

Goffeauzyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Heterocephalacria Berthier 1980

Naganishia S. Goto 1963

Syzygospora G.W. Martin 1937

Family Piskurozymaceae X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Piskurozyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Solicoccozyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Order Holtermanniales Libkind, Wuczk., Turchetti & Boekhout 2011

Family Holtermanniaceae Redhead 2015

Holtermannia Sacc. & Traverso 1910

Holtermanniella Libkind, Wuczk., Turchetti & Boekhout 2011

Order Tremellales Fr. 1821

Family Bulleraceae X. Zh. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Bullera Derx 1930

= Bulleromyces Boekhout & Á. Fonseca 1991

Fonsecazyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Genolevuria X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Pseudotremella X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, A.M. Yurkov, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Family Bulleribasidiaceae X. Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Bulleribasidium J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & R. Bauer 2002

= Mingxiaea F.Y. Bai, Q.M. Wang, Boekhout & Nakase 2011

Derxomyces F.Y. Bai & Q.M. Wang 2008

Dioszegia Zsolt 1957

Hannaella F.Y. Bai & Q.M. Wang 2008

Nielozyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Vishniacozyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Family Carcinomycetaceae Oberw. & Bandoni 1982

Carcinomyces Oberw. & Bandoni 1982

Family Cryptococcaceae Kütz. ex Castell. & Chalm. 1919

Cryptococcus Vuill. 1901

= Atelosaccharomyces Beurm. & Gougerot 1909

= Cryptococcus Kütz. 1833

= Filobasidiella Kwon-Chung 1976

= Tsuchiyaea Y. Yamada, H. Kawas., Itoh, I. Banno & Nakase 1988

Kwoniella Statzell & Fell 2008

Family Cuniculitremaceae J.P. Samp., R. Kirschner & M. Weiss 2001

Fellomyces Y. Yamada & I. Banno 1984

Kockovaella Nakase, I. Banno & Y. Yamada 1991

Sterigmatosporidium G. Kraep. & U. Schulze 1983

= Cuniculitrema J.P. Samp. & R. Kirschner 2001

Family Naemateliaceae X. Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Dimennazyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Naematelia Fr. 1818

Family Phaeotremellaceae A.M. Yurkov & Boekhout 2015

Gelidatrema A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Phaeotremella Rea 1912

Family Phragmoxenidiaceae Oberw. & R. Bauer 1990

Phragmoxenidium Oberw. 1990

Family Rhynchogastremaceae Oberw. & B. Metzler 1989

Papiliotrema J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & R. Bauer 2002

Rhynchogastrema B. Metzler & Oberw. 1989

= Bandoniozyma Boekhout, P. Valente, Pagnocca, C.A. Rosa, C.F. Lee, S.O. Suh, M. Blackw., G. Péter & Fell 2012

Tetragoniomyces Oberw. & Bandoni 1981

Family Sirobasidiaceae Lindau 1897

Fibulobasidium Bandoni 1979

Family Tremellaceae Fr. 1821

Hormomyces Bonord. 1851

Mycocryptococcus Pollacci & Nann. 1927

Tremella Pers. 1794

= Dermatangium Velen. 1926

= Encephalium Link 1816

= Epidochium Fr. 1849

= Gelatina Raf. 1808

= Gyraria Nees 1816

= Hepataria Raf. 1808

= Tremella Dill. ex L. 1753

Family Trimorphomycetaceae X. Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Carlosrosaea A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Saitozyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Sugitazyma A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Trimorphomyces Bandoni & Oberw. 1983

Tremellales genera incertae sedis

Biatoropsis Räsänen 1934

Dictyotremella Kobayasi 1971

Neotremella Lowy 1979

Sigmogloea Bandoni & J.C. Krug 2000

Sirobasidium Lagerh. & Pat. 1892

Sirotrema Bandoni 1986

Tremellina Bandoni 1986

Xenolachne D.P. Rogers 1947

Order Trichosporonales Boekhout & Fell 2001

Family Tetragoniomycetaceae Oberw. & Bandoni 1981

Bandonia A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Cryptotrichosporon Okoli & Boekhout 2007

Takashimella Q.M. Wang 2015

Family Trichosporonaceae Nann. 1934

Apiotrichum Stautz 1931

Cutaneotrichosporon X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Effuseotrichosporon A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Haglerozyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Pascua Takashima, Manabe, Nishimura, Sriswasdi, Ohkuma, Iwasaki & Sugita 2019

Prillingera Takashima, Manabe, Nishimura, Sriswasdi, Ohkuma, Iwasaki & Sugita 2019

Trichosporon Behrend 1890

Vanrija R.T. Moore 1980

= Asterotremella Prillinger, Lopandić & Sugita 2007

Tremellomycetes genera incertae sedis

Heteromycophaga P. Roberts 1997

Phyllopta (Fr.) Fr. 1825

Trichosporonoides Haskins & J.F.T. Spencer 1967

Subphylum Pucciniomycotina R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Class Agaricostilbomycetes R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Order Agaricostilbales Oberw. & R. Bauer 1989

Family Agaricostilbaceae Oberw. & R. Bauer 1989

Agaricostilbum J.E. Wright 1970

= Amerobotryum Subram. & Natarajan 1976

Pseudobensingtonia F.Y. Bai, Q.M. Wang, M. Groenewald & Boekhout 2015

Sterigmatomyces Fell 1966

Family Chionosphaeraceae Oberw. & Bandoni 1982

Ballistosporomyces Nakase, G. Okada & Sugiy. 1989

Chionosphaera D.E. Cox 1976

= Fibulostilbum Seifert & Oberw. 1992

Cystobasidiopsis R. Bauer, B. Metzler, Begerow & Oberw. 2009

Kurtzmanomyces Y. Yamada, Itoh, H. Kawas., I. Banno & Nakase 1989

Stilbum Tode 1790

Family Kondoaceae R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Bensingtonia Ingold 1986

Kondoa Y. Yamada, Nakagawa & I. Banno 1989

Family Ruineniaceae Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Ruinenia Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Agaricostilbales genera incertae sedis

Jianyunia Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Mycogloea L.S. Olive 1950

Class Atractiellomycetes R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Order Atractiellales Oberw. & Bandoni 1982

Family Atractogloeaceae Oberw. & R. Bauer 1989

Atractogloea Oberw. & Bandoni 1982

Family Hoehnelomycetaceae Jülich 1982

Basidiopycnis Oberw., R. Kirschner, R. Bauer, Begerow & Arenal 2006

= Basidiopycnides J. Reid, Eyjólfsd. & Georg Hausner 2008

Proceropycnis M. Villarreal, Arenal, V. Rubio, Begerow, R. Bauer, R. Kirschner & Oberw. 2006

Family Phleogenaceae Gäum. 1926

Atractidochium Oono, Urbina & Aime 2018

Atractiella Sacc. 1886

= Hoehnelomyces Weese 1920

= Pilacrella J. Schröt. 1887

Bourdotigloea Aime 2018

Helicogloea Pat. 1892

= Exobasidiellum Donk 1931

= Infundibura Nag Raj & W.B. Kendr. 1981

= Leucogloea R. Kirschner 2004

= Neogloea Aime 2018

= Saccoblastia Möller 1895

Hobsonia Berk. ex Massee 1891

Phleogena Link 1833

= Ecchyna Fr. ex Boud. 1885

= Martindalia Sacc. & Ellis 1885

Saccosoma Spirin 2018

Class Classiculomycetes R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Order Classiculales R. Bauer, Begerow, Oberw. & Marvanová 2003

Family Classiculaceae R. Bauer, Begerow, Oberw. & Marvanová 2003

Classicula R. Bauer, Begerow, Oberw. & Marvanová 2003

Jaculispora H.J. Huds. & Ingold 1960

Class Cryptomycocolacomycetes R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Order Cryptomycocolacales Oberw. & R. Bauer 1990

Family Cryptomycocolacaceae Oberw. & R. Bauer 1990

Colacosiphon R. Kirschner, R. Bauer & Oberw. 2001

Cryptomycocolax Oberw. & R. Bauer 1990

Class Cystobasidiomycetes R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Order Buckleyzymales R.L. Zhao & K.D. Hyde 2017

Family Buckleyzymaceae Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Buckleyzyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Order Cystobasidiales R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Family Cystobasidiaceae Gäum. 1926

Cystobasidium (Lagerh.) Neuhoff 1924

Halobasidium Z. Guo, Y.R. Wang, Q.C. Hou, W.C. Li, H.J. Zhao, Z.H. Sun & Z.D. Zhang 2019

Occultifur Oberw. 1990

Order Erythrobasidiales R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Family Erythrobasidiaceae Denchev 2009

Bannoa Hamam. 2002

Erythrobasidium Hamam., Sugiy. & Komag. 1988

Erythrobasidiales genera incertae sedis

Cyphobasidium Millanes, Diederich & Wedin 2016

Cyrenella Goch. 1981

Hasegawazyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Order Naohideales R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Family Naohideaceae Denchev 2009

Naohidea Oberw. 1990

Order Sakaguchiales R.L. Zhao & K.D. Hyde 2017

Family Sakaguchiaceae Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2017

Sakaguchia Y. Yamada, K. Maeda & Mikata 1994

Cystobasidiomycetes families incertae sedis

Family Microsporomycetaceae Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Microsporomyces Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Family Symmetrosporaceae Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Symmetrospora Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Cystobasidiomycetes genera incertae sedis

Queiroziella C.R. Félix, J.D.P. Bezerra, R.P. Neves & Landell 2018

Class Microbotryomycetes R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Order Heterogastridiales Oberw. & R. Bauer 1990

Family Heterogastridiaceae Oberw. & R. Bauer 1990

Hyalopycnis Höhn. 1918

= Heterogastridium Oberw. & R. Bauer 1990

Krieglsteinera Pouzar 1987

Pycnopulvinus Toome & Aime 2014

Order Kriegeriales Toome & Aime 2013

Family Camptobasidiaceae R.T. Moore 1996

Camptobasidium Marvanová & Suberkr. 1990

= Crucella Marvanová & Suberkr. 1990

Glaciozyma Turchetti, Connell, Thomas-Hall & Boekhout 2011

Family Kriegeriaceae Toome & Aime 2013

Kriegeria Bres. 1891

= Xenogloea Syd. & P. Syd. 1919

= Zymoxenogloea D.J. McLaughlin & Doublés 1992

Meredithblackwellia Toome & Aime 2013

Phenoliferia Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Yamadamyces Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Order Leucosporidiales Sampaio, M. Weiss & Bauer 2003

Family Leucosporidiaceae Sampaio, M. Weiss & Bauer 2003

Leucosporidium Fell, Statzell, I.L. Hunter & Phaff 1970

= Mastigobasidium Golubev 1999

= Leucosporidiella Samp. 2003

Order Microbotryales R. Bauer & Oberw. 1997

Family Microbotryaceae R.T. Moore 1996

Bauerago Vánky 1999

Microbotryum Lév. 1847

= Bauhinus R.T. Moore 1992

= Haradaea Denchev 2006

= Liroa Cif. 1933

Sphacelotheca de Bary 1884

Zundeliomyces Vánky 1987

Family Ustilentylomataceae R. Bauer & Oberw. 1997

Aurantiosporium M. Piepenbr., Vánky & Oberw. 1996

Fulvisporium Vánky 1997

Microbotryozyma S.O. Suh, D.A. Maslov, Molestina & J.J. Zhou 2012

Ustilentyloma Savile 1964

Order Sporidiobolales Doweld 2001

Family Sporidiobolaceae R.T. Moore 1980

Rhodosporidiobolus Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Rhodotorula F.C. Harrison 1927

= Chromotorula F.C. Harrison 1927

= Rhodosporidium I. Banno 1967

Sporobolomyces Kluyver & C.B. Niel 1924

= Amphiernia Grüss 1927

= Aessosporon Van der Walt 1970

= Blastoderma B. Fisch. & Breback 1894

= Prosporobolomyces E.K. Novák & Zsolt 1961

= Sporidiobolus Nyland 1950

Microbotryomycetes families incertae sedis

Family Chrysozymaceae Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Bannozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Chrysozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Fellozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Hamamotoa Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Family Colacogloeaceae Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Colacogloea Oberw. & Bandoni 1991

Microbotryomycetes genera incertae sedis

Atractocolax R. Kirschner, R. Bauer & Oberw. 1999

Curvibasidium Samp. & Golubev 2004

Heitmania X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & T. Boekhout 2018

Libkindia Mašínová, A. Pontes, J.P. Samp. & Baldrian 2017

Oberwinklerozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Pseudohyphozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Pseudoleucosporidium V. de Garcia, M.A. Coelho, T. Maia, L.H. Rosa, A.B.M. Vaz, C.A. Rosa, J.P. Samp., P. Gonç., M.R. Van Broock & Libkind 2015

Sampaiozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Slooffia Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Spencerozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Trigonosporomyces Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Udeniozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Vonarxula Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Yunzhangia Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Yurkovia Mašínová, A. Pontes, J.P. Samp. & Baldrian 2016

Class Mixiomycetes R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Order Mixiales R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Family Mixiaceae C.L. Kramer 1987

Mixia C.L. Kramer 1959

= Phytoceratiomyxa Sawada 1929

Class Pucciniomycetes R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Order Helicobasidiales R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Family Helicobasidiaceae P.M. Kirk 2008

Helicobasidium Pat. 1885

= Helicobasis Clem. & Shear 1931

= Stypinella J. Schröt. 1887

Tuberculina Tode ex Sacc. 1880

= Cordalia Gobi 1885

= Uredinula Speg. 1880

Order Pachnocybales R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Family Pachnocybaceae Oberw. & R. Bauer 1989

Pachnocybe Berk. 1836

Order Platygloeales R.T. Moore 1990

Family Eocronartiaceae Jülich 1982

Eocronartium G.F. Atk. 1902

= Protopistillaria Rick 1933

Herpobasidium Lind 1908

Jola Möller 1895

Platycarpa Couch 1949

Ptechetelium Oberw. & Bandoni 1984

Family Platygloeaceae Racib. 1909

Glomerogloea Doweld 2013

Glomopsis D.M. Hend. 1961

= Glomerularia Peck 1880

Insolibasidium Oberw. & Bandoni 1984

Platygloea J. Schröt. 1887

= Collopezis Clem. 1909

= Tjibodasia Holterm. 1898

Order Pucciniales Clem. & Shear 1931

Family Chaconiaceae Cummins & Y. Hirats. 1983

Achrotelium Syd. 1928

Aplopsora Mains 1921

Botryorhiza Whetzel & Olive 1917

Ceraceopsora Kakish., T. Sato & S. Sato 1984

Chaconia Juel 1897

= Bitzea Mains 1939

= Desmotelium Syd. 1937

Goplana Racib. 1900

Maravalia Arthur 1922

= Acervulopsora Thirum. 1945

= Angusia G.F. Laundon 1964

= Argomycetella Syd. 1922

= Scopella Mains 1939

= Scopellopsis T.S. Ramakr. & K. Ramakr. 1947

Olivea Arthur 1917

= Tegillum Mains 1940

Telomapea G.F. Laundon 1967

Family Coleosporiaceae Dietel 1900

Ceropsora B.K. Bakshi & Suj. Singh 1960

Chrysomyxa Unger 1840

= Barclayella Dietel 1890

= Coleosporium subgen. Melampsoropsis J. Schröt. 1879

= Hiratsukaia Hara 1948

= Melampsoropsis (J. Schröt.) Sacc. 1888

= Melampsoropsis (J. Schröt.) Arthur 1906

= Stilbechrysomyxa M.M. Chen 1984

Coleosporium Lév. 1847

= Erannium Bonord. 1860

= Stichopsora Dietel 1899 [1900]

= Synomyces Arthur 1924

Diaphanopellis P.E. Crane 2005

Gallowaya Arthur 1906

Family Cronartiaceae Dietel 1900

Cronartium Fr. 1815

Endocronartium Y. Hirats. 1969

Peridermium (Link) J.C. Schmidt & Kunze 1817

Family Melampsoraceae Dietel 1897

Melampsora Castagne 1843

= Chnoopsora Dietel 1906

= Mesopsora Dietel 1922

= Necium Arthur 1907

= Podocystis Fr. 1849

= Podosporium Lév. 1847

Family Mikronegeriaceae Cummins & Y. Hirats. 1983

Blastospora Dietel 1908

= Pelastoma M. Salazar, A.A. Carvalho & J.F. Hennen 2012

Chrysocelis Lagerh. & Dietel 1914

= Stomatisora J.M. Yen 1971

Mikronegeria Dietel 1899

Family Phakopsoraceae Cummins & Hirats. f. 1983

Aeciure Buriticá & J.F. Hennen 1994

Arthuria H.S. Jacks. 1931

Cerotelium Arthur 1906

= Catenulopsora Mundk. 1943

Crossopsora Syd. & P. Syd. 1919

Dasturella Mundk. & Khesw. 1943

Kweilingia Teng 1940

= Tunicopsora Suj. Singh & P.C. Pandey 1971

Macabuna Buriticá & J.F. Hennen 1994

Monosporidium Barclay 1888

= Kulkarniella Gokhale & Patel 1952 [1951]

Newinia Thaung 1973

Nothoravenelia Dietel 1910

Phakopsora Dietel 1895

= Angiopsora Mains 1934

= Bubakia Arthur 1906

= Batistopsora Dianese, R.B. Medeiros & L.T.P. Santos 1993

= Malupa Y. Ono, Buriticá & J.F. Hennen 1992

= Physopella Arthur 1906

= Stakmania Kamat & Sathe 1968

= Uredostilbe Buriticá & J.F. Hennen 1994

= Uredendo Buriticá & J.F. Hennen 1994 [nom. inval.]

Phragmidiella Henn. 1905

= Santapauella Mundk. & Thirum. 1945

Pucciniostele Tranzschel & K.L. Kom. 1899

= Klastopsora Dietel 1904

= Phragmostele Clem. 1909

Scalarispora Buriticá & J.F. Hennen 1994

Uredopeltis Henn. 1908

Family Phragmidiaceae Corda 1837

Arthuriomyces Cummins & Y. Hirats. 1983

Campanulospora Salazar-Yepes, Pardo-Card. & Buriticá 2007

Gerwasia Racib. 1909

= Mainsia H.S. Jacks. 1931

Gymnoconia Lagerh. 1894

= Kunkelia Arthur 1917

Hamaspora Körn. 1877

= Hamasporella Höhn. 1912

Joerstadia Gjaerum & Cummins 1982

Kuehneola Magnus 1898

= Spirechina Arthur 1907

Morispora Salazar-Yepes, Pardo-Card. & Buriticá 2007

Phragmidium Link 1816

= Ameris Arthur 1906

= Aregma Fr. 1815

= Earlea Arthur 1906

= Epitea Fr. 1832

= Frommea Arthur 1917

= Frommeëlla Cummins & Y. Hirats. 1983

= Lecythea Lév. 1847

= Phragmidium A Phragmidiopsis G. Winter 1881 [1884]

= Phragmidiopsis (G. Winter) Mussat 1901

= Teloconia Syd. 1921

= Trolliomyces Ulbr. 1938

Physonema Lév. 1847

Scutelliformis Salazar-Yepes, Pardo-Card. & Buriticá 2007

Trachyspora Fuckel 1861

= Trachysporella Syd. 1921

Xenodochus Schltdl. 1826

Family Pileolariaceae Cummins & Y. Hirats. 1983

Atelocauda Arthur & Cummins 1933

Pileolaria Castagne 1842

= Discospora Arthur 1907

Skierka Racib. 1900

= Ctenoderma Syd. & P. Syd. 1919

Uromycladium McAlpine 1905

= Macalpinia Arthur 1906

Family Pucciniaceae Chevall. 1826

Allodus Arthur 1906

Chrysella Syd. 1926

Chrysocyclus Syd. 1925

= Holwayella H.S. Jacks. 1926

Chrysopsora Lagerh. 1892

Cleptomyces Arthur 1918

Coleopucciniella Hara ex Hirats. 1937

= Coleopucciniella Hara 1936

Corbulopsora Cummins 1940

Cumminsiella Arthur 1933

Cystopsora E.J. Butler 1910

Endophyllum Lév. 1826

Gymnosporangium R. Hedw. ex DC. 1805

= Ceratitium Rabenh. 1851

= Ceratitium Ces. 1879

= Ciglides Chevall. 1826

= Gymnotelium Syd. 1921

= Podisoma Link 1809

Kernella Thirum. 1949

= Kernia Thirum. 1946

Miyagia Miyabe ex Syd. & P. Syd. 1913

= Peristemma Syd. 1921

Polioma Arthur 1907

Puccinia Pers. 1794

= Argomyces Arthur 1912

= Argotelium Arthur 1906

= Bullaria DC. 1805

= Coronotelium Syd. 1921

= Cutomyces Thüm. 1878

= Dicaeoma Gray 1821

= Eriosporangium Bertero ex Ruschenb. 1831

= Jackya Bubák 1902

= Leptinia Juel 1897

= Leptopuccinia (G. Winter) Rostr. 1902

= Lindrothia Syd. 1922

= Linkiella Syd. 1921

= Lysospora Arthur 1906

= Micropuccinia Rostr. 1902

= Persooniella Syd. 1922

= Pleomeris Syd. 1921

= Poliomella Syd. 1922

= Puccinia subgen. Leptopuccinia G. Winter 1881 [1884]

= Puccinidia Mayr 1890

= Rostrupia Lagerh. 1889

= Schroeterella Syd. 1922

= Sclerotelium Syd. 1921

= Solenodonta Castagne 1845

= Trailia Syd. 1922

Ramakrishnania Ramachar & Bhagyan. 1979

Roestelia Rebent. 1804

= Cancellaria Brongn. 1825

= Centridium Chevall. 1826

Stereostratum Magnus 1899

Uromyces (Link) Unger 1833

= Alveomyces Bubák 1914

= Capitularia Rabenh. 1851

= Coeomurus Gray 1821

= Dichlamys Syd. & P. Syd. 1920 [1919]

= Groveola Syd. 1921

= Haplopyxis Syd. & P. Syd. 1920 [1919]

= Haplotelium Syd. 1922

= Hypodermium subgen. Uromyces Link 1816 [1815]

= Klebahnia Arthur 1906

= Nielsenia Syd. 1921

= Ontotelium Syd. 1921

= Poliotelium Syd. 1922

= Puccinella Fuckel 1860

= Pucciniola L. Marchand 1829

= Teleutospora Arthur & Bisby 1921

= Telospora Arthur 1906

= Trochodium Syd. & P. Syd. 1920 [1919]

= Uromycopsis Arthur 1906

Xenostele Syd. & P. Syd. 1921

Zaghouania Pat. 1901

Family Pucciniastraceae Gäum. ex Leppik 1972

Hyalopsora Magnus 1902

Melampsorella J. Schröt. 1874

Melampsoridium Kleb. 1899

Milesia F.B. White 1878

Milesina Magnus 1909

Naohidemyces S. Sato, Katsuya & Y. Hirats. 1993

Peridiopsora Kamat & Sathe 1969

Pucciniastrum G.H. Otth 1861

= Calyptospora J.G. Kühn 1869

= Phragmopsora Magnus 1875

= Pomatomyces Oerst. 1864

Thekopsora Magnus 1875

Uredinopsis Magnus 1893

Family Pucciniosiraceae Cummins & Y. Hirats. 1983

Alveolaria Lagerh. 1892

Baeodromus Arthur 1905

Ceratocoma Buriticá & J.F. Hennen 1991

Chardoniella F. Kern 1939

Cionothrix Arthur 1907

Didymopsora Dietel 1899

Dietelia Henn. 1897

= Endophylloides Whetzel & Olive 1917

= Jacksonia J.C. Lindq. 1970

= Jacksoniella J.C. Lindq. 1972

= Jacksoniella Kamat & Sathe 1972

= Thirumalachariella Sathe 1975 [1974]

Gambleola Massee 1898

Pucciniosira Lagerh. 1892

= Aecidiella Ellis & Kelsey 1897

= Didymosira Clem. 1909

= Schizospora Dietel 1895

Trichopsora Lagerh. 1892

Family Raveneliaceae Leppik 1972

Allotelium Syd. 1939

Anthomyces Dietel 1899

Anthomycetella Syd. & P. Syd. 1916

= Reyesiella Sacc. 1917

Apra J.F. Hennen & F.O. Freire 1979

Bibulocystis J. Walker, Beilharz, Pascoe & Priest 2006

Cumminsina Petr. 1955

Cystomyces Syd. 1926

Diabole Arthur 1922

Diabolidium Berndt 1995

Dicheirinia Arthur 1907

Diorchidiella J.C. Lindq. 1957

Diorchidium Kalchbr. 1882

= Diphragmium Boedijn (1960) [1959]

Endoraecium Hodges & D.E. Gardner 1984

= Racospermyces J. Walker 2001

Esalque J.F. Hennen, Figueiredo & A.A. Carvalho 2000

Hapalophragmium Syd. & P. Syd. 1901

= Hapalophragmiopsis Thirum. 1950

= Triactella Syd. 1921

Kernkampella Rajendren 1970

Lipocystis Cummins 1937

Nyssopsora Arthur 1906

= Oplophora Syd. 1921

Ravenelia Berk. 1853

= Cephalotelium Syd. 1921

= Cystingophora Arthur 1907

= Cystotelium Syd. 1921

= Dendroecia Arthur 1906

= Haploravenelia Syd. 1921

= Longia Syd. 1921

= Neoravenelia Long 1903

= Pleoravenelia Long 1903

Sphenospora Dietel 1892

Spumula Mains 1935

Triphragmiopsis Naumov 1914

= Nyssopsorella Syd. 1921

Triphragmium Link 1825

Ypsilospora Cummins 1941

Family Sphaerophragmiaceae Cummins & Y. Hirats. 1983

Austropuccinia Beenken 2017

Sphaerophragmium Magnus 1891

Family Uncolaceae Buriticá 2000

Calidion Syd. & P. Syd. 1919

Uncol Buriticá & P.A. Rodr. 2000

Family Uropyxidaceae (P. Syd. & Syd.) Cummins & Y. Hirats. 1983

Canasta A.A. Carvalho & J.F. Hennen 2010

Dasyspora Berk. & M.A. Curtis 1854

= Sartvellia Berk. 1857

Didymopsorella Thirum. 1950

= Gymnopuccinia K. Ramakr. 1951

Dipyxis Cummins & J.W. Baxter 1967

Kimuromyces Dianese, L.T.P. Santos, R.B. Medeiros & Furlan. 1995

Leucotelium Tranzschel 1935

Macruropyxis Azbukina 1972

Mimema H.S. Jacks. 1931

Ochropsora Dietel 1895

Phragmopyxis Dietel 1897

= Tricella Long 1912

Poliomopsis A.W. Ramaley 1987

Porotenus Viégas 1960

Prospodium Arthur 1907

= Coinostelium Syd. 1939

= Nephlyctis Arthur 1907

Sorataea Syd. 1930

= Allopuccinia H.S. Jacks. 1931

Tranzschelia Arthur 1906

= Polythelis Arthur 1906

= Lipospora Arthur 1942

Uropyxis J. Schröt. 1875

= Calliospora Arthur 1905

Pucciniales genera incertae sedis

Aecidiconium Vuill. 1892

Aecidiolum Unger 1833

Aecidium Pers. 1796

= Sphaerotheca Desv. 1817

= Symperidium Klotzsch 1843

Caeoma Link 1809

= Hypodermium Link 1815

Caetea Salazar-Yepes & A.A. Carvalho 2012

Cerradoa J.F. Hennen & Y. Ono 1978

Coleopuccinia Pat. 1889

= Coleoma Clem. 1909

Desmella Syd. & P. Syd. 1919 [1918]

Desmellopsis J.M. Yen 1969

Desmosorus Ritschel, Oberw. & Berndt 2005

Edythea H.S. Jacks. 1931

Elateraecium Thirum., F. Kern & B.V. Patil 1966

= Hiratsukamyces Thirum., F. Kern & B.V. Patil 1975

Flaminia Sacc. & P. Syd. 1902

Hemileia Berk. & Broome 1869

= Hemileiopsis Racib. 1900

= Wardia J.F. Hennen & M.M. Hennen 2003

Hennenia Buriticá 1995

Intrapes J.F. Hennen & Figueiredo 1979

Masseeëlla Dietel 1895

= Kamatomyces Sathe 1966

Mehtamyces Mundk. & Thirum. 1945

Phragmotelium Syd. 1921

Puccorchidium Beenken 2015

Schroeteriaster Magnus 1896

= Uromycodes Clem. 1909

Sphenorchidium Beenken 2015

Uraecium Arthur 1933

Uredo Pers. 1801

= Mapea Pat. 1906

= Nigredo (Pers.) Roussel 1806

= Peridipes Buriticá & J.F. Hennen 1994

= Rubigo (Pers.) Roussel 1806

= Trichobasis Lév., in Orbigny 1849

= Uredo Pers. 1801

Order Septobasidiales Couch ex Donk 1964

Family Septobasidiaceae Racib. 1909

Aphelariopsis Jülich 1982

Auriculoscypha D.A. Reid & Manim. 1985

Coccidiodictyon Oberw. 1989

Johncouchia S. Hughes & Cavalc. 1983

Septobasidium Pat. 1892

= Ordonia Racib. 1909

= Campylobasidium Lagerh. ex F. Ludw. 1892

= Glenospora Berk. & Desm. 1849

= Mohortia Racib. 1909

= Rudetum Lloyd 1919

Uredinella Couch 1937

Class Spiculogloeomycetes Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Order Spiculogloeales R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. 2006

Family Spiculogloeaceae Denchev 2009

Phyllozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Spiculogloea P. Roberts 1996

Class Tritirachiomycetes Aime & Schell 2011

Order Tritirachiales Aime & Schell 2011

Family Tritirachiaceae Aime & Schell 2011

Tritirachium Limber 1940

= Spirotrichum Saito ex J.F.H. Beyma 1940

Paratritirachium Beguin, Pyck & Detandt 2012

Pucciniomycotina genera incertae sedis

Kryptastrina Oberw. 1990

Paraphelaria Corner 1966

Zygogloea P. Roberts 1994

Subphylum Ustilaginomycotina Doweld 2001

Class Exobasidiomycetes Begerow, M. Stoll & R. Bauer 2007

Order Ceraceosorales Begerow, M. Stoll & R. Bauer 2007

Family Ceraceosoraceae Denchev & R.T. Moore 2009

Ceraceosorus B.K. Bakshi 1976

Order Doassansiales R. Bauer & Oberw. 1997

Family Doassansiaceae R.T. Moore ex P.M. Kirk, P.F. Cannon & J.C. David 2001

Burrillia Setch. 1891

= Stereosorus Sawada 1943

Doassansia Cornu 1883

= Setchellia Magnus 1896

Doassinga Vánky, R. Bauer & Begerow 1998

Entylomaster Vánky & R.G. Shivas 2006

Heterodoassansia Vánky 1993

Nannfeldtiomyces Vánky 1981

Narasimhania Thirum. & Pavgi 1952

Pseudodermatosorus Vánky 1999

Pseudodoassansia (Setch.) Vánky 1981

Pseudotracya Vánky 1999

Tracya Syd. & P. Syd. 1901

= Cornuella Setch. 1891

= Tracyella Zambett. 1970

Family Melaniellaceae R. Bauer, Vánky, Begerow & Oberw. 1999

Melaniella R. Bauer, Vánky, Begerow & Oberw. 1999

Family Rhamphosporaceae R. Bauer & Oberw. 1997

Rhamphospora D.D. Cunn. 1888

Order Entylomatales R. Bauer & Oberw. 1997

Family Entylomataceae R. Bauer & Oberw. 1997

Entyloma de Bary 1874

Tilletiopsis Derx 1948

Order Exobasidiales Henn. 1898

Family Brachybasidiaceae Gäum. 1926

Brachybasidium Gäum. 1922

Dicellomyces L.S. Olive 1945

Kordyana Racib. 1900

= Lelum Racib. 1900

Meira Boekhout, Scorzetti, Gerson & Sztejnb. 2003

Proliferobasidium J.L. Cunn. 1976

Family Cryptobasidiaceae Malençon ex Donk 1956

Acaromyces Boekhout, Scorzetti, Gerson & Sztejnb. 2003

Botryoconis Syd. & P.Syd. 1906

= Cryptobasidium Lendn. 1921

Clinoconidium Pat. 1898

Coniodictyum Har. & Pat. 1909

= Hyalodema Magnus 1910

Drepanoconis J. Schröt. & Henn. 1896

Phacellula Syd. 1927

Family Exobasidiaceae J. Schröt. 1888

Arcticomyces Savile 1959

Austrobasidium Palfner 2006

Exobasidium Woronin 1867

Muribasidiospora Kamat & Rajendren 1968

Family Graphiolaceae Clem. & Shear 1931

Graphiola Poit. 1824

= Dacryodochium P. Karst. 1896

= Elpidophora Ehrenb. ex Link 1824

= Trichodesmium Chevall. 1826

Stylina Syd. & P. Syd. 1921

Family Laurobasidiaceae Pinruan, Sommai, Suetrong, Somrith. & E.B.G. Jones 2018

Laurobasidium Jülich 1982

Order Georgefischeriales R. Bauer, Begerow & Oberw. 1997

Family Eballistraceae R. Bauer, Begerow, A. Nagler & Oberw. 2001

Eballistra R. Bauer, Begerow, A. Nagler & Oberw. 2001

Family Georgefischeriaceae R. Bauer, Begerow & Oberw. 1997

Georgefischeria Thirum. & Naras. 1963

Jamesdicksonia Thirum., Pavgi & Payak 1961

Family Gjaerumiaceae R. Bauer, M. Lutz & Oberw. 2005

Gjaerumia R. Bauer, M. Lutz & Oberw. 2005

Family Tilletiariaceae R.T. Moore 1980

Phragmotaenium R. Bauer, Begerow, A. Nagler & Oberw. 2001

Tilletiaria Bandoni & B.N. Johri 1972

Tolyposporella G.F. Atk. 1897

Order Golubeviales Q.M. Wang, Begerow, F.Y. Bai & Boekhout 2015

Family Golubeviaceae Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, Begerow & Boekhout 2015

Golubevia Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, Begerow & Boekhout 2015

Order Microstromatales R. Bauer & Oberw. 1997

Family Microstromataceae Jülich 1982

Microstroma Niessl 1861

= Helostroma Pat. 1902

= Leptophyma Sacc. 1889

Family Quambalariaceae Z.W. de Beer, Begerow & R. Bauer 2006

Quambalaria J.A. Simpson 2000

Family Volvocisporiaceae Begerow, R. Bauer & Oberw. 2001

Volvocisporium Begerow, R. Bauer & Oberw. 2001

Microstromatales genera incertae sedis

Jaminaea Sipiczki & Kajdacsi ex T. Kij. & Aime 2017

Parajaminaea T. Kij. & Aime 2017

Pseudomicrostroma T. Kij. & Aime 2017

Sympodiomycopsis Sugiy., Tokuoka & Komag. 1991

Order Robbauerales Boekhout, Begerow, Q.M. Wang & F.Y. Bai 2015

Family Robbaueraceae Boekhout, Begerow, Q.M. Wang & F.Y. Bai 2015

Robbauera Boekhout, Begerow, Q.M. Wang & F.Y. Bai 2015

Order Tilletiales Kreisel ex R. Bauer & Oberw. 1997

Family Erratomycetaceae Denchev & T. Denchev 2013

Erratomyces M. Piepenbr. & R. Bauer 1997

Family Tilletiaceae J. Schröt. 1887

Conidiosporomyces Vánky 1992

Ingoldiomyces Vánky 1996

Neovossia Körn. 1879

= Vossia Thüm. 1879

Oberwinkleria Vánky & R. Bauer 1995

Salmacisia D.R. Huff & A. Chandra 2008

Tilletia Tul. & C. Tul. 1847

Class Malasseziomycetes Q.M. Wang & F.Y. Bai 2014

Order Malasseziales R.T. Moore 1980

Family Malasseziaceae Denchev & R.T. Moore 1980

Malassezia Baillon 1889

= Pityrosporum Sabour. 1904

Class Moniliellomycetes Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai & Boekhout 2014

Order Moniliellales Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai & Boekhout

Family Moniliellaceae Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai & Boekhout

Moniliella Stolk & Dakin 1966

Class Ustilaginomycetes R. Bauer, Oberw. & Vánky 1997

Uleiellales Garnica, K. Riess, M. Schön, H. Butin, M. Lutz, Oberw. & R. Bauer 2016

Family Uleiellaceae Vánky 2001

Uleiella J. Schröt. 1894

= Ulea J. Schröt. 1892

Order Urocystidales R. Bauer & Oberw. 1997

Family Doassansiopsidaceae Begerow, R. Bauer & Oberw. 1998

Doassansiopsis (Setch.) Dietel 1897

Family Fereydouniaceae S. Nasr, Soudi, H.D.T. Nguyen, M. Lutz & Piątek 2014

Fereydounia S. Nasr, M.R. Soudi, H.D.T. Nguyen, M. Lutz & Piątek 2014

Family Floromycetaceae S. Nasr, Soudi, H.D.T. Nguyen, M. Lutz & Piątek 2014

Antherospora R. Bauer, M. Lutz, Begerow, Piątek & Vánky 2008

Floromyces Vánky, M. Lutz & R. Bauer 2008

Family Glomosporiaceae Cif. 1963

Thecaphora Fingerh. 1836

= Angiosorus Thirum. & M.J. O’Brien 1974

= Poikilosporium Dietel 1897

= Sorosporium F. Rudolphi 1829

= Thecaphorella H. Scholz & I. Scholz 1988

= Tothiella Vánky 1999

Family Mycosyringaceae R. Bauer & Oberw. 1997

Mycosyrinx Beck 1894

Family Urocystidaceae Begerow, R. Bauer & Oberw. 1998

Flamingomyces R. Bauer, M. Lutz, Piątek, Vánky & Oberw. 2007

Melanoxa M. Lutz, Vánky & R. Bauer 2013

Melanustilospora Denchev 2003

Mundkurella Thirum. 1944

Urocystis Rabenh. ex Fuckel 1870

= Ginanniella Cif. 1938

= Polycystis Lév. 1846

= Polysaccopsis Henn. 1898

= Tuburcinia Fr. 1832

= Tuburcinia Woronin 1882

= Tuburciniella Zambett. 1970

Ustacystis Zundel 1945

= Whetzelia Zundel 1945

Vankya Ershad 2000

Order Ustilaginales G. Winter 1880

Family Anthracoideaceae Denchev 1997

Anthracoidea Bref. 1895

= Cintractiomyxa Golovin 1952

Cintractia Cornu 1883

Dermatosorus Sawada ex L. Ling 1949

= Zundelula Thirum. & Naras. 1952

Farysia Racib. 1909

= Elateromyces Bubák 1912

Farysporium Vánky 1999

Heterotolyposporium Vánky 1997

Kuntzeomyces Henn. ex Sacc. & P. Syd. 1899

= Didymochlamys Henn. 1897

= Perichlamys Clem. & Shear 1931

Leucocintractia M. Piepenbr., Begerow & Oberw. 1999

Moreaua Liou & H.C. Cheng 1949

Orphanomyces Savile 1974

Pilocintractia Vánky 2004

Planetella Savile 1951

Portalia V. González, Vánky & Platas 2007

Schizonella J. Schröt. 1877

Stegocintractia M. Piepenbr., Begerow & Oberw. 1999

Testicularia Klotzsch 1832

Tolyposporium Woronin ex J. Schröt. 1887

Trichocintractia M. Piepenbr. 1995

Ustanciosporium Vánky 1999

= Gymnocintractia M. Piepenbr., Begerow & Oberw. 1999

Family Cintractiellaceae Vánky 2003

Cintractiella Boedijn 1937

Family Clintamraceae Vánky 2001

Clintamra Cordas & Durán 1977

Family Geminaginaceae Vánky 2001

Geminago Vánky & R. Bauer 1996

Family Melanotaeniaceae Begerow, R. Bauer & Oberw. 1998

Exoteliospora R. Bauer, Oberw. & Vánky 1999

Melanotaenium de Bary 1874

Yelsemia J. Walker 2001

Family Pericladiaceae Vánky 2011

Pericladium Pass. 1875

= Xylosorium Zundel 1939

Family Ustilaginaceae Tul. & C. Tul. 1847

Ahmadiago Vánky 2004

Aizoago Vánky 2013

Anomalomyces Vánky, M. Lutz & R.G. Shivas 2006

Anthracocystis Bref. 1912

Bambusiomyces Vánky 2011

Centrolepidosporium R.G. Shivas & Vánky 2007

Dirkmeia F.Y. Bai, Q.M. Wang, Begerow & Boekhout 2015

Eriocaulago Vánky 2005

Eriomoeszia Vánky 2005

Eriosporium Vánky 2005

Franzpetrakia Thirum. & Pavgi 1957

Kalmanozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, Begerow & Boekhout 2015

Langdonia McTaggart & R.G. Shivas 2012

Macalpinomyces Langdon & Full. 1977

= Endosporisorium Vánky 1995

Melanopsichium Beck 1894

Moesziomyces Vánky 1977

= Tolyposporidium Thirum. & Neerg. 1978

Mycosarcoma Bref. 1912

Parvulago R. Bauer, M. Lutz, Piątek, Vánky & Oberw. 2007

Pattersoniomyces Piątek, M. Lutz & C.A. Rosa 2017

Pseudozyma Bandoni 1985

Shivasia Vánky, M. Lutz & Piątek 2012

Sporisorium Ehrenb. ex Link 1825

= Endothlaspis Sorokīn 1884

Stollia McTaggart & R.G. Shivas 2012

Tranzscheliella Lavrov 1936

Triodiomyces McTaggart & R.G. Shivas 2012

Ustilago (Pers.) Roussel 1806

= Crozalsiella Maire 1917

= Farinaria Sowerby 1803

= Pericoelium Bonord. 1851

= Tubisorus Vánky & M. Lutz 2011

= Ustilagidium Herzberg 1895

= Yenia Liou 1949

Yunchangia L. Guo & B. Xu 2013

Family Websdaneaceae Vánky 2001

Restiosporium Vánky 2000

Websdanea Vánky 1997

Order Violaceomycetales Albu, Toome & Aime 2015

Family Violaceomycetaceae Albu, Toome & Aime 2015

Violaceomyces Albu, Toome & Aime 2015

Ustilaginomycetes genera incertae sedis

Capitulocladosporium L.Y. Sun, X. Sun & L.D. Guo 2017

Eriocortex Vánky & R.G. Shivas 2013

Subphylum Wallemiomycotina Doweld 2014

Class Wallemiomycetes Zalar, de Hoog & Schroers 2005

Order Geminibasidiales H.D.T. Nguyen, N.L. Nick. & Seifert 2013

Family Geminibasidiaceae H.D.T. Nguyen, N.L. Nick. & Seifert 2013

Basidioascus Matsush. 2003

Geminibasidium H.D.T. Nguyen, N.L. Nick. & Seifert 2013

Order Wallemiales Zalar, de Hoog & Schroers 2005

Family Wallemiaceae R.T. Moore 1996

Wallemia Johan-Olsen 1887

= Bargellinia Borzí 1888

= Hemispora Vuill. 1906

Wallemiomycetes genus incertae sedis

Chernovia A.M. Yurkov & Begerow 2016

Basidiomycota genera incertae sedis

Anastomyces W.P. Wu, B. Sutton & Gange 1997

Anguillomyces Marvanová & Bärl. 2000

Arcispora Marvanová & Bärl. 1998

Arrasia Bernicchia, Gorjón & Nakasone 2011

Bartheletia G. Arnaud ex Scheuer, R. Bauer, M. Lutz, Stabenth., Melnik & Grube 2008

= Bartheletia G. Arnaud 1954

Brevicellopsis Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2008

Celatogloea P. Roberts 2005

Cystogloea P. Roberts 2006

Microstella K. Ando & Tubaki 1984

Neotyphula Wakef. 1934

Radulodontia Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2008

Restilago Vánky 2008

Notes of genera in Basidiomycota

Abortiporus Murrill 1904, Podoscyphaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph Sporotrichopsis Stalpers 2000, four species, type species A. distortus (Schwein.) Murrill (current name: A. biennis (Bull.) Singer), basidioma pileate-stipitate, hymenophore poroid to daedaleoid, terrestrial or wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales), new sp. see Læssøe and Ryvarden 2010a (morphology, Ecuador).

Abrachium Baseia & T.S. Cabral 2012, Phallaceae, Phallales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. floriforme (Baseia & Calonge) Baseia & T.S. Cabral, saprobic, terrestrial, Brazil, sequence data available, see Cabral et al. 2012 (monograph).

Abstoma G. Cunn. 1926, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eight species, type species A. purpureum (Lloyd) G. Cunn., terrestrial, saprobic, worldwide, see Moreno et al. 2007 (new combination of A. stuckertii), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Bidartondo et al. 2009 (taxonomy).

Abundisporus Ryvarden 1999, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eight species, type species A. fuscopurpureus (Pers.) Ryvarden, basidioma resupinate to pileate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, white rot, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Robledo et al. 2009 (phylogeny), Li and Cui 2013b (phylogeny), Zhao et al. 2013b (morphology, China), Jargalmaa et al. 2015 (Korea), Jang et al. 2016 (polyporoid fungi, corticioid fungi, Korea), new sp. see Zhao et al. 2015b (phylogeny, monograph, China).

Acanthobasidium Oberw. 1965, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species A. delicatus (Wakef.) Oberw. ex Jülich, wood-rotting, Europe, genus accepted, see Kirk et al. 2013, sequence data available, new spp. and new combination see Dai and He 2017 (phylogeny, Aleurodiscus s.l., China).

Acanthocorticium Baltazar, Gorjón & Rajchenb. 2015, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. brueggemannii Baltazar, Gorjón & Rajchenb., South Brazil, basidioma resupinate, adnate, cartilaginous, hymenophore smooth to poroid, sequence data available, see Baltazar et al. 2015 (phylogeny, Brazil).

Acanthofungus Sheng H. Wu, Boidin & C.Y. Chien 2000, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species A. rimosus Sheng H. Wu, Boidin & C.Y. Chien, saprobes, worldwide, see Wu et al. 2000 (taxonomy), sequence data available, see Wu et al. 2001 (phylogeny).

Acantholichen P.M. Jørg. 1998, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species A. pannarioides P.M. Jørg., lichenized, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, new spp. see Dal-Forno et al. 2016 (South and Central America).

Acanthophysellum Parmasto 1967, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 14 species, type species A. lividocoeruleum (P. Karst.) Parmasto, wood-rotting, worldwide, genus accepted, see Kirk et al. 2013, sequence data available, see Dai and He 2017 (phylogeny, Aleurodiscus s. l.).

Acanthophysium (Pilát) G. Cunn. 1963, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 20 species, worldwide, crust fungus, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Vu et al. 2019 (DNA sequences).

Acaromyces Boekhout, Scorzetti, Gerson & Sztejnberg 2003, Cryptobasidiaceae, Exobasidiales, Exobasidiomycetes, one species, known only from saprobic yeast states, anamorphic genus, plant material, Israel, Japan, Vietnam, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), cultures available, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy), Wang et al. 2015c (phylogeny).

Achrotelium Syd. 1928, Chaconiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, five species, type species A. ichnocarpi Syd., biotrophic on Apocynaceae, Sapotaceae, Urticaceae, terrestrial, Africa, Cuba, Philippines, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Acinophora Raf. 1808, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. aurantiaca Raf., sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Acladium Link 1809, Botryobasidiaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, sexual morph unknown, 20 species, type species A. conspersum Link, polyphyletic across orders, in need of modern interpretation, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Actiniceps Berk. & Broome 1876, Pterulaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species A. thwaitesii Berk. & Broome, saprobes, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Dentinger and McLaughlin 2006 (phylogeny).

Acutocapillitium P. Ponce de León 1976, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. torrendii (Lloyd) P. Ponce de León, tropical America, Spain, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Aecidiconium Vuill. 1892, incertae sedis, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species A. bartetii Vuill., France, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Adustoporia Audet 2017, Fomitopsidaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. sinuosa (Fr.) Audet, basidioma resupinate, sequence data available, see Ortiz-Santana et al. 2013 (antrodia clade of Polyporales, phylogeny), Spirin et al. 2015d (phylongeny, Antrodia s. s.), Audet 2017d (new combination).

Aecidiolum Unger 1833, incertae sedis, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, twelve species, type species A. exanthematicum Unger, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Aecidium Pers. 1796 (= Sphaerotheca Desv. 1817; = Symperidium Klotzsch 1843), incertae sedis, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, asexual morph particularly of Puccinia, Tranzschelia, Uromyces, c. 800 species, type species A. berberidis Pers., biotrophic on many plant families, terrestrial, worldwide, see Azbukina and Gjærum 2008 (new variety, nom. inval.), Hernández and Cline 2010 (new name), Hernández and Cline 2010 (replaced Aecidium dioscoreae J.C. Lindq., nom. illeg. with Aecidium tumbayensis), Jage et al. 2010 (new variety, nom. inval.), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Van Der Merwe et al. 2008 (coevolution, Puccinia/Uromyces), Morin et al. 2009 (species hybrid of Puccinia lagenophorae, phylogeny), Padamsee and McKenzie 2017 (phylogeny, New Zealand), new spp. see Kavale and Patil 2008, Sultan et al. 2008, Walker and van der Merwe 2009, Mohanan 2010, Berndt 2013a (account of rust fungi in French Guiana), Beenken 2014, Duarte et al. 2016.

Aeciure Buriticá & J.F. Hennen 1994, Phakopsoraceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species A. crotonis (Henn.) Buriticá & J.F. Hennen, biotrophic on Euphorbiaceae, terrestrial, Brazil, see Cummins and Hiratsuka 2003 (synonym of Caeoma), new spp. see Yepes and Céspedes 2008 (Aeciure ancizari = Puccinia ancizari Mayor), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Aegeritopsis Höhn. 1903, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. nulliporoides Höhn, wood-rotting, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Aegis Gómez-Montoya, Rajchenb. & Robledo 2017, Grifolaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. boa Gómez-Montoya, Rajchenb. & Robledo, basidioma resupinate, effused-reflexed to pileate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, white rot, sequence data available, see Gómez-Montoya et al. 2017b (phylogeny, Argentina).

Aeruginospora Höhn. 1908, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. singularis Höhn., Australia, Southeast Asia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data unavailable, see Lodge et al. 2014 (phylogeny, monograph, Hygrophoraceae).

Afroboletus Pegler & T.W.K. Young 1981, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eight species, type species A. pterosporus (Singer) Pegler & T.W.K. Young, mostly stipitate-pileate, ectomycorrhizal, Africa, A. luteolus reported edible and consumed see Boa 2004, Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Han et al. 2017 (new, sequestrate species, Zambia), Sato et al. 2017 (phylogeny, biogeography), Crous et al. 2018b (new species, Vietnam, generic placement doubtful).

Afrocastellanoa M.E. Sm. & Orihara 2017, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one described species but DNA evidence of more, type species A. ivoryana (Castellano, Verbeken & Thoen) M.E. Sm. & Orihara, sequestrate, ectomycorrhizal, Africa, sequence data available, see Orihara and Smith 2017 (phylogeny).

Agaricochaete Eichelb. 1906, Pleurotaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species A. mirabilis Eichelb., Africa, Asia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Agaricostilbum J.E. Wright 1970, Agaricostilbaceae, Agaricostilbales, Agaricostilbomycetes, sexual and asexual morph known, c. four species, type species A. palmicola J.E. Wright, sequence data available, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), McLaughlin et al. 2017 (phylogeny, evolution).

Agaricus L. 1753, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 500 species, type species A. campestris L., six subgenera: Minores, Minoriopsis, Flavoagaricus, Spissicaules, Pseudochitonia, Agaricus, 23 sections, agaricoid, sequestrate, saprobes, terrestrial, worldwide, some species edible, button mushroom (A. bisporus (J.E. Lange) Imbach), see Largeteau et al. 2011 (cultivation), Dai et al. 2010b (China, edible mushrooms), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Geml et al. 2004, 2008a (North America, arctic and boreal spp.), Kerrigan et al. 2008 (section Bivelares), Parra 2008 (Europe, monograph), Zhao et al. 2011 (phylogeny), Lebel and Syme 2012 (Australia, sequestrate species), Parra 2013 (Europe, monograph), Chen et al. 2015a (section Brunneopicti), Kerrigan 2016 (North America, monograph), Zhao et al. 2016f (phylogeny, taxonomy), Zhou et al. 2016c (section Xanthodermatei, phylogeny), new spp. see Parra et al. 2011 (Italy), Chen et al. 2012a, 2017b (Thailand, subgenus Minores, Europe, Greater Mekong Subregion), Lebel and Syme 2012 (Australia), Wisitrassameewong et al. 2012 (Thailand, A. subrufescens), Zhao et al. 2012, 2013d (Thailand), Lebel et al. 2013 (Australia), Li et al. 2014e (China), Karunarathna et al. 2014 (Thailand), Thongklang et al. 2014 (tropical Asia), (Thailand), Parra et al. 2014 (Spain), Gui et al. 2015 (China), He and Zhao 2015 (China), Wang et al. 2015j (China), Bates et al. 2016 (new combinations), Drewinski et al. 2017 (Brazil), He et al. 2017a, 2018a, b (section Minores, China, Thailand, new section), Angelini et al. 2018 (Caribbean).

Agrocybe Fayod 1889, Strophariaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 100 species, type species A. praecox (Pers.) Fayod, worldwide, some species edible [A. aegerita (V. Brig.) Singer (current name: Cyclocybe aegerita (V. Brig.) Vizzini)], see Hall et al. 2003 (edible mushrooms), Dai et al. 2010b (Chinese edible mushrooms), Chen et al. 2012c (China, A. aegerita), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, Malysheva and Kiyashko 2011 (Russia, A. pediades), new spp. see Uhart and Albertó 2009 (mating tests).

Agrogaster D.A. Reid 1986, Bolbitiaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. coneae D.A. Reid, terrestrial, New Zealand, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Ahmadiago Vánky 2004, Ustilaginaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, one species, type species plant parasite on Euphorbiaceae, India, cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Vánky 2004 (description).

Aizoago Vánky 2013, Ustilaginaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, two species, type species A. tetragoniae Vánky & R.G. Shivas, plant parasites (stems, fruits) on Tetragonia spp. (Aizoaceae), Australia, cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Vanky and Shivas 2013 (description).

Akenomyces G. Arnaud ex D. Hornby 1984, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, one species, type species A. costatus D. Hornby, Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Albatrellopsis Teixeira 1993, Albatrellaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eight species, type species A. confluens (Alb. & Schwein.) Teixeira, basidioma piletae-stipitate, confluent, hymenophore poroid, ectomycorrhizal, edible species (A. confluens), see Zheng and Liu 2008 (China), sequence data available, see Audet 2010 (phylogeny).

Albatrellus Gray 1821, Albatrellaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 22 species, type species A. albidus Gray, worldwide, basidioma piletae-stipitat, hymenophore poroid, fleshy, ectomycorrhizal, some species poisonous [A. dispansus (Lloyd) Canf. et Gilb], see Bau et al. 2014 (poisonous mushrooms, China), some species edible (A. yunnanensis H.D. Zheng & P.G. Liu, A. zhuangii Y.C. Dai & Juan Li), see Dai et al. 2010b (edible mushrooms, China), and A. ellisii (Berk.) Pouzar, called “bull tongue” and A. subrubescens (Murrill) Pouzar, are sold in Mexico markets), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Gordon and Apple 2011 (genetic markers), Dentinger et al. 2011 (DNA barcode markers), Vadthanarat et al. 2017 (Thailand), new spp. see Cui et al. 2008 (China), Khan et al. 2018 (Pakistan).

Albomagister Sánchez-García, Birkebak & Matheny 2014, Tricholomataceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. subaustralis (A.H. Sm. & Hesler) Sánchez-García, Birkebak & Matheny, North America and Europe, sequence data available, see Sánchez-García et al. 2014 (taxonomy), new spp. see Moreau et al. 2015a (Corsica).

Aldridgea Massee 1892, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. gelatinosa Massee, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Alessioporus Gelardi, Vizzini & Simonini 2014, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. ichnusanus (Alessio, Galli & Littini) Gelardi, Vizzini & Simonini, stipitate-pileate when mature, development secondary angiocarpic, ectomycorrhizal, Europe, North America, sequence data available, see Gelardi et al. 2014b (taxonomy), Frank et al. 2017 (North America, new spp.).

Aleurobotrys Boidin 1986, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, ten species, type species A. botryosus (Burt) Boidin, Lanq. & Gilles, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Dai and He 2017 (phylogeny, Aleurodiscus s. l.).

Aleurocystidiellum P.A. Lemke 1964, incertae sedis, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. subcruentatum (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) P.A. Lemke, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Dai and He 2017 (phylogeny, Aleurodiscus s. l.).

Aleurocystis Lloyd ex G. Cunn. 1956, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. hakgallae (Berk. & Broome) G. Cunn., worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Giraldo et al. 2017 (phylogeny).

Aleurodiscus Rabenh. Ex J. Schröt. 1888, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 27 species, type species A. amorphus (Pers.) J. Schröt., worldwide, some species medicinal use (A. amorphus Rabenh), see Dai and Yang 2008 (medicinal mushrooms, China), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Dai and He 2017 (phylogeny, Aleurodiscus s. l.).

Aleuromyces Boidin & Gilles 2002, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. gabonicus (Boidin, Lanq. & Gilles) Boidin & Gilles, Gabon, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Allantula Corner 1952, Pterulaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. diffusa Corner, terrestrial, Brazil, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Allescheriella Henn. 1897, Botryobasidiaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, sexual morph Botryobasidium Donk 1931, see Gónzalez et al. 2016, five species, type species A. uredinioides Henn., widespread, polyphyletic across orders, in need of modern interpretation, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Alloclavaria Dentinger & D.J. McLaughlin 2007, Rickenellaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. purpurea (Fr.) Dentinger & D.J. McLaughlin, Europe, sequence data available, see Dentinger and McLaughlin 2006 (taxonomy).

Allodus Arthur 1906, Pucciniaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species A. podophylli (Schwein.) Arthur, biotrophic on Berberidaceae, terrestrial, eastern Canada and USA, ?China, sequence data available, see Minnis et al. 2012 (genus resurrected, neotype designated, lectotype designated, molecular analysis).

Allotelium Syd. 1939, Raveneliaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species A. mirabile Syd., biotrophic on Fabaceae, terrestrial, South America (Ecuador), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Alpova C.W. Dodge 1931, Paxillaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 16 species, type species A. cinnamomeus C.W. Dodge, ectomycorrhizal, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), widespread, sequence data available, see Vizzini et al. 2010b (phylogeny), Rochet et al. 2011 (Europe, host, phylogeny), new spp. see Moreau et al. 2011, 2013 (Europe), Hayward et al. 2014 (North America).

Alutaceodontia (Parmasto) Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2002, Schizoporaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. alutacea (Fr.) Hjortstam & Ryvarden, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Alveolaria Lagerh. 1891 [1892], Pucciniosiraceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, two species, type species A. cordiae Lagerh., biotrophic on Boraginaceae, terrestrial, South America (Ecuador), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Alysidium Kunze 1817, Botryobasidiaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, sexual morph Botryobasidium see Gónzalez et al. 2016, four species, type species A. fulvum Kunze & J.C. Schmidt, Europe, polyphyletic across orders, in need of modern interpretation on morphology, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Amanita Pers. 1797, Amanitaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 570 species, type species A. muscaria (L.) Lam., most species ectomycorrhizal, some saprobic, agaricoid or secotioid, terrestrial, three subgenera: Amanita, Amanitina and Lepidella, eleven sections, worldwide, several species lethal (A. phalloides (Fr.: Fr.) Link), some species edible (A. caesarea (Scop.) Pers.), see Hall et al. 2003 (edible mushrooms), Dai et al. 2010b (Chinese edible mushrooms), Justo et al. 2010 (secotioid and gasteroid taxa), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Geml et al. 2008b (A. muscaria species complex, phylogeography), Sanmee et al. 2008 (Northern Thailand), Menolli et al. 2009a, b (Brazil), Zhang et al. 2010a (monograph, phylogeny, keys), Cai et al. 2014 (phylogeny, biogeography), Sánchez-Ramírez et al. 2015 (sect. Caesareae, biogeography), Tang et al. 2015 (tropical Africa, section Vaginatae s.l.), Cai et al. 2016 (review, China, lethal Amanita), Tulloss et al. 2016 (taxonomy), Cui et al. 2018 (phylogeny), new spp. see Wartchow et al. 2009 (Brazil), Tulloss et al. 2011 (Central America), Bojantchev and Davis 2013 (North America), Davison et al. 2013 (Australia), Li and Cai 2014 (China), Davison et al. 2015 (Australia), Hosen et al. 2015 (Bangladesh), Li et al. 2015b (China), Wartchow et al. 2015a (Brazil), Thongbai et al. 2016, 2017a (Thailand), Wartchow and Cortez 2016 (Brazil), Truong et al. 2017a (South America, sequestrate spp.), Ebika and Yorou 2017 (Africa), Hosen et al. 2018b (India), Fraiture et al. 2019 (Africa).

Amaropostia B.K. Cui, L.L. Shen & Y.C. Dai 2019, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. stiptica (Pers.) B.K. Cui, L.L. Shen & Y.C. Dai., China, Europe, USA, wood-rotting, sequence data available, see Shen et al. 2019 (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Amauroderma Murrill 1905, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 40 species, type species A. regulicolor (Berk. ex Cooke) Murrill, mostly stipitate basidioma, hymenophore poroid, terrestrial or wood-rotting, white rot, widespread (pantropical), parasitic on the roots of living trees, see Glen et al. 2009 (root-rot disease of Acacia mangium), some species medicinal use, see Jiao et al. 2013 [anticancer activities, A. rude (Berk.) Torrend], Gomes-Silva and Gibertoni 2012 (taxonomy), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Costa-Rezende et al. 2017 (phylogeny), new spp. see Gomes-Silva et al. 2015 (phylogeny, Brazil), Costa-Rezende et al. 2016 (phylogeny, Brazil), Song et al. 2016b (phylogeny, China).

Amaurodon J. Schröt. 1888, Thelephoraceae, Thelephorales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, ten species, type species A. viridis (Alb. & Schwein.) J. Schröt., worldwide, wood-rotting, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Miettinen and Koljalg 2007 (phylogeny), new spp. see Gardt et al. 2011 (West Africa).

Amaurohydnum Jülich 1978, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. flavidum Jülich, resupinate basidioma, minutely hydnoid hymenophore, wood-rotting, Australia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Amauromyces Jülich 1978, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. pallidus Jülich, corticioid basidioma, resupinate, wood-rotting, widespread (Australia, Japan, Réunion), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data unavailable, see Chen and Oberwinkler 2004 (morphology, China).

Ambivina Katz 1974, incertae sedis, Corticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. filobasidia Katz, found in USA, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Amethicium Hjortstam 1983, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. rimosum Hjortstam, basidioma resupinate basidioma, hymenophore smooth, wood-rotting, Tanzania, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Amparoina Singer 1958, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. spinosissima (Singer) Singer, terrestrial, South America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Amphinema P. Karst. 1892, Atheliaceae, Atheliales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species A. sordescens (P. Karst.) P. Karst., widespread, symbiotic, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Nygren et al. 2008 (ectomycorrhizal, phylogeny), Menkis et al. 2010 (mycorrhization), Schoch et al. 2012 (DNA barcode marker), Roy et al. 2013 (ectomycorrhizal), Nuñez et al. 2013 (ecology), Luoma and Eberhart 2014 (ectomycorrhizal fungus diversity), Miyamoto et al. 2014 (mid-domain effect in ectomycorrhizal), Malysheva 2017a, b (mycorrhiza of pyroloids, Russia), Lazarević and Menkis 2018 (ecology).

Amphistereum Spirin & Malysheva 2017, Auriculariaceae, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. schrenkii (Burt) Spirin & Malysheva, wood-rotting, sequence data available, see Malysheva and Spirin 2017 (taxonomy, phylogeny, stereoid basidiocarps, Auriculariales).

Ampulloclitocybe Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. clavipes (Pers.) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys, worldwide, sequence data available, see Walther et al. 2005 (phylogeny), Lodge et al. 2014 (phylogeny, monograph, Hygrophoraceae).

Amylaria Corner 1955, Bondarzewiaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. himalayensis Corner, Bhutan, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Amyloathelia Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1979, Amylocorticiaceae, Amylocorticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. amylacea (Bourdot & Galzin) Hjortstam & Ryvarden, Europe, South America, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data unavailable.

Amylobasidium Ginns 1988, incertae sedis, Corticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. tsugae Ginns, found in USA, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Amylocorticiellum Spirin & Zmitr. 2002, Amylocorticiaceae, Amylocorticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species A. subillaqueatum (Litsch.) Spirin & Zmitr., widespread, terrestrial, see Zmitrovich 2008 (species manual), Gorjón et al. 2011b (notes, new combination), sequence data available, Binder et al. 2010 (molecular phylogeny).

Amylocorticium Pouzar 1959, Amylocorticiaceae, Amylocorticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eleven species, type species A. subsulphureum (P. Karst.) Pouzar, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Binder et al. 2010 (phylogeny).

Amylocystis Bondartsev & Singer 1944, Dacryobolaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. lapponica (Romell) Bondartsev & Singer, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, brown rot, circumboreal distribution in coniferous forests, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson 2007b (phylogeny), Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales).

Amyloflagellula Singer 1966, Marasmiaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species A. pulchra (Berk. & Broome) Singer, saprophytic, tropical America and Asia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Bodensteiner et al. 2004 (phylogeny, cyphelloid homobasidiomycetes). Recognized as a synonym of Marasmius (Desjardin unpubl. data).

Amylofungus Sheng H. Wu 1996, Peniophoraceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. corrosus (G. Cunn.) Sheng H. Wu, New Zealand, Japan, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Amylohyphus Ryvarden 1978, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. africanus Ryvarden, Rwanda, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Amylolepiota Harmaja 2002, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. lignicola (P. Karst.) Harmaja, Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Amylonotus Ryvarden 1975, Auriscalpiaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species A. africanus Ryvarden, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Chen et al. 2016b (systematics, Wrightoporia s. l.).

Amyloporia Singer 1944, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species A. calcea (Fr.) Bondartsev & Singer, basidioma resupinate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, brown rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Han et al. 2016a (taxonomy, phylogeny), Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales), new spp. see Rajchenberg et al. 2011 (new combination, phylogeny, Patagonia, Argentina, Chile?), Cui and Dai 2013 (new combination, phylogeny, China).

Amylosporomyces S.S. Rattan 1977, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. echinosporus S.S. Rattan, worldwide, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Amylosporus Ryvarden 1973, Bondarzewiaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, twelve species, type species A. graminicola (Murrill) Ryvarden, basidioma resupinate, pileate to stipitate, hymenophore poroid, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Chen and Shen 2014 (new sp., morphology, phylogeny, China), Campi et al. 2017 (new sp., taxonomy, phylogeny, Paraguay).

Amylostereum Boidin 1958, Echinodontiaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species A. chailletii (Pers.) Boidin, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Bergeron et al. 2008 (Canada, new record), Fitza et al. 2016 (host specificity, diversity, Japan), Zhao et al. 2017c (phylogeny), new spp. see Olatinwo et al. 2013 (America).

Amyloxenasma (Oberw.) Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2005, Amylocorticiaceae, Amylocorticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species A. grisellum (Bourdot) Hjortstam & Ryvarden, widespread, saprobes, terrestrial, sequence data available, see Binder et al. 2010 (phylogeny).

Anamika K.A. Thomas, Peintner, M.M. Moser & Manim. 2002, Hymenogastraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. indica K.A. Thomas, Peintner, M.M. Moser & Manim. (current name: Hebeloma indicum (K.A. Thomas, Peintner, M.M. Moser & Manim.) B.J. Rees 2013), terrestrial, ectomycorrhizal, India, China, sequence data available, see Thomas et al. 2002 (genus accepted), Yang et al. 2005 (phylogeny).

Anastomyces W.P. Wu, B. Sutton & Gange 1997, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Basidiomycota, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. microsporus W.P. Wu, B. Sutton & Gange, fungicolous, China, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Seifert et al. 2011 (genera of Hyphomycetes).

Anastrophella E. Horak & Desjardin 1994, Physalacriaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. subpeltata (Redhead) E. Horak & Desjardin, terrestrial, saprobic, New Zealand, Hawaii, Japan, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Andebbia Trappe, Castellano & Amar. 1996, Mesophelliaceae, Hysterangiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. pachythrix (Cooke & Massee) Trappe, Castellano & Amar., Australia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Hosaka et al. 2008 (biogeography, Hysterangiales).

Anguillomyces Marvanová & Bärl. 2000, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Basidiomycota, sexual morph Basidiomycota, one species, type species A. acadiensis Marvanová & Bärl., Canada, fresh water, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013, Seifert et al. 2011 (morphology).

Anomalomyces Vánky, M. Lutz & R.G. Shivas 2006, Ustilaginaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, two species, plant parasites (ovaries) on Panicum spp. (Poaceae), Australia, cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see McTaggart et al. 2012b (phylogeny), Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy), Wang et al. 2015c (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Anomoloma Niemelä & K.H. Larss. 2007, Amylocorticiaceae, Amylocorticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species A. albolutescens (Romell) Niemelä & K.H. Larss, basidioma resupinate, strongly rhizomorphic, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, sequence data available, see Binder et al. 2010 (phylogeny, morphology), new spp. see Song et al. 2016a (monograph, phylogeny, China).

Anomoporia Pouzar 1966, Amylocorticiaceae, Amylocorticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eight species, type species A. bombycina (Fr.) Pouzar, basidioma resupinate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, brown rot, north temperate, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson 2004 (phylogeny), Binder et al. 2010 (phylogeny, morphology), Song et al. 2016a (phylogeny, China).

Antella Miettinen 2016, Steccherinaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. niemelaei (Vampola & Vlasák) Miettinen, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, subtropical widespread (China, Venezuelan Andes), sequence data available, see Miettinen and Ryvarden 2016 (new genus, new combinations, phylogeny), Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy).

Antherospora R. Bauer, M. Lutz, Begerow, Piątek & Vánky 2008, Floromycetaceae, Urocystidales, Ustilaginomycetes, twelve species, type species A. vaillantii (Tul. & C. Tul.) R. Bauer, M. Lutz, Begerow, Piątek & Vánky, plant parasites (flowers) on Hyacinthaceae, Africa, North America, Asia, Europe, cultures available, sequence data available, see Piątek et al. 2013b (phylogeny), Begerow et al. 2014 (phylogeny).

Anthomyces Dietel 1899, Raveneliaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species A. brasiliensis Dietel, biotrophic on Fabaceae, terrestrial, South America (Brazil), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Anthomycetella Syd. & P. Syd. 1916 (= Reyesiella Sacc. 1917), Raveneliaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species A. canarii Syd. & P. Syd., biotrophic on Burseraceae, terrestrial, Philippines, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Anthoporia Karasiński & Niemelä 2016, Fomitopsidaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. albobrunnea (Romell) Karasiński & Niemelä, basidioma resupinate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, brown rot, widespread (North America, Eurasia), sequence data available, see Karasiński and Niemelä 2016 (new genus, new combination, morphology), Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales).

Anthracocystis Bref. 1912, Ustilaginaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, 134 species, type species A. destruens Bref., plant parasites (flowers) on Poaceae, widespread, saprobic yeast states on plants, cultures available, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy), Piątek et al. 2015 (phylogeny), Wang et al. 2015c (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Anthracoidea Bref. 1895, (= Cintractiomyxa Golovin 1952), Anthracoideaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, 112 species, type species A. caricis (Pers.) Bref., plant parasites (ovaries) on Cyperaceae (mainly Carex spp.), circumpolar, arctic-alpine, saprobic states, cultures available, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Anthracophyllum Ces. 1879, Omphalotaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, twelve species, type species A. beccarianum Ces., worldwide, on wood, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny), Matheny et al. 2007b (phylogeny).

Antrodia P. Karst. 1879, Fomitopsidaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 80 species (needs revision since genus shown to be polyphyletic), type species A. serpens (Fr.) P. Karst. (current name: A. albida (Fr.) Donk), poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, brown rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Ortiz-Santana et al. 2013 (phylogeny), Spirin et al. 2013a (phylogeny, morphology, new combinations), new spp. see Kout and Vlasák 2009 (phylogeny, USA), Rivoire 2010 (morphology, France), Cui et al. 2011d (morphology, China), Vlasák et al. 2012 (phylogeny, USA), Spirin et al. 2013a (phylogeny, new records, Russia), Cui 2013a (phylogeny, China), Vlasák et al. 2013 (phylogeny, Slovakia), Park et al. 2014c (phylogeny, South Korea), Spirin et al. 2015d (phylogeny, new combination, Antrodia crassa group, Czech Republic, Estonia, USA), Chen and Cui 2016 (phylogeny, Antrodia heteromorpha complex, China), Kaipper-Figueiró et al. 2016 (phylogeny, Brazil), Spirin 2016 (phylogeny, taxonomy), Spirin et al. 2016a (phylogeny, new combination, A. malicola group, Indonesia, Russia), Chen and Wu 2017 (phylogeny, China), Kout et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Canary Islands), Spirin et al. 2017a (phylogeny, new combinations, Antrodia serialis group, Russia, USA), Yuan et al. 2017e (phylogeny, Uzbekistan), new combinations see Ryvarden and Melo 2014 (morphology, polypores, Europe), Ryvarden et al. 2017 (morphology, polypores, Europe).

Antrodiella Ryvarden & I. Johans. 1980, Steccherinaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 50 species, type species A. semisupina (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Ryvarden, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, cosmopolitan but temperate, some species medicinal use, see Lu et al. 2013 (medicinal use), sequence data available, see Cui et al. 2008 (molecular characters), Miettinen et al. 2012 (morphology, phylogeny), new spp. see Vampola and Vlasák 2011 (America), Yuan and Qin 2012 (China), Yuan 2013a (China), Gurpreet et al. 2015 (India), Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales).

Antrodiopsis Audet 2017, Fomitopsidaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. oleracea (R.W. Davidson & Lombard) Audet, basidioma resupinate, poroid hymenophore, sequence data available, see Audet 2017c (new combination).

Anupama K.N.A. Raj, K.P.D. Latha & Manim. 2019, Biannulariaceae, Agaricales, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. indica K.N.A. Raj, K.P.D. Latha & Manim., India, sequence data available, see Raj et al. 2019 (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Aphanobasidium Jülich 1979, Pterulaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 17 species, type species A. subnitens (Bourdot & Galzin) Jülich, worldwide, wood-rotting (A. subnitens (Bourdot & Galzin) Jülic), see Zmitrovich 2008 (species manual), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), see Prasher and Ashok 2013 (wood-inhabiting fungi checklist, Himachal Pradesh), sequence data available, see Binder et al. 2010 (phylogeny).

Aphelaria Corner 1950, Aphelariaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, 20 species, type species A. dendroides (Jungh.) Corner, widespread, polyphyletic across orders, in need of modern interpretation, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Aphelariopsis Jülich 1982, Septobasidiaceae, Septobasidiales, Pucciniomycetes, sexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. borneensis (Jülich) Jülich (current name: Paraphelaria borneensis Jülich), Sarawak, south America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Aphroditeola Redhead & Manfr. Binder 2013, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. olida (Quél.) Redhead & Manfr. Binder, Europe, sequence data available, see Redhead 2013a (taxonomy), Lodge et al. 2014 (phylogeny, monograph, Hygrophoraceae).

Aphyllotus Singer 1973, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. campanelliformis Singer, Colombia, Brazil, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Apioperdon (Kreisel & D. Krüger) Vizzini 2017, Lycoperdaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. pyriforme (Schaeff.) Vizzini, sequence data available, see Vizzini and Ercole 2017 (phylogeny, taxonomy).

Apiotrichum Stautz 1931, Trichosporonaceae, Trichosporonales, Tremellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, 21 species, types pecies A. porosum Stautz, yeast, on wood, soil, human skin, widespread, cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (phylogeny), James et al. 2016 (new spp.), Takashima et al. 2018 (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Aplopsora Mains 1921, Chaconiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, six species, type species A. nyssae Mains, biotrophic on Cornaceae, Fabaceae, Nyssaceae, Vochysiaceae, Urticaceae, terrestrial, North America, South America (Brazil), Japan, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Aporophallus Möller 1895, Phallaceae, Phallales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. subtilis Möller, terrestrial, Brazil, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Apra J.F. Hennen & F.O. Freire 1979, Raveneliaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species A. bispora J.F. Hennen & F.O. Freire, biotrophic on Fabaceae, terrestrial, Brazil, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Aquascypha D.A. Reid 1965, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. hydrophora (Berk.) D.A. Reid, stipitate stereoid basidioma, wood-rotting, Central and South America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Arachnion Schwein. 1822, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 13 species, type species A. album Schwein., subtropical, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Miller et al. 2011 (fungus identification), new spp. see see Trierveiler-Pereira et al. 2018 (Brazil).

Araeocoryne Corner 1950, Gomphaceae, Gomphales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. elegans Corner, wood-decaying, Malaysia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Arambarria Rajchenb. & Pildain 2015, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. cognata (Speg.) Rajchenb. & Pildain, type species on dead branches and stems of Lomatia hirsuta (Proteaceae) and Diostea juncea (Verbenaceae), basidioma poroid, wood-rotting, white rot, sequence data available, see Rajchenberg et al. 2015 (phylogeny, poroid Hymenochaetaceae, Patagonia, Argentina), Pildain et al. 2017 (pathogen, canker rot of Eucalyptus in Uruguay, stem-rot of Vitis vinifera in Argentina and Chile).

Arcispora Marvanová & Bärl. 1998, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Basidiomycota, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. bisagittaria Marvanová & Bärl., aquatic, Canada, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Seifert et al. 2011 (genera of Hyphomycetes).

Arcticomyces Savile 1959, Exobasidiaceae, Exobasidiales, Exobasidiomycetes, one species, tyepe species A. warmingii (Rostr.) Savile, plant parasite on Saxifraga spp. (Saxifragaceae), Europe, cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2002, 2014 (taxonomy), Wang et al. 2015c (phylogeny).

Armillaria (Fr.) Staude 1857, Physalacriaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 39 species, type species A. mellea (Vahl) P. Kumm, worldwide, parasitic, saprobic, honey fungus, wood pathogen (A. ostoyae (Romagn.) Herink), edible (A. mellea (Vahl) P. Kumm.), see Hall et al. 2003 (edible mushrooms), Dai et al. 2010b (Chinese edible mushrooms), Pildain et al. 2010 (Argentina), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Koch et al. 2017 (biogeography, taxonomy), sequence data available, see Ross-Davis et al. 2012 (phylogeny, North American), Klopfenstein et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Northern Hemisphere), new spp. see Lima et al. 2008 (Brazil), Brazee et al. 2012a (North America), Hood and Ramsfield 2016 (New Zealand), Elías-Román et al. 2018 (Mexico), Park et al. 2018 (Korea).

Aroramyces Castellano & Verbeken 2000, Hysterangiaceae, Hysterangiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. five species, type species A. gelatinosporus (Cribb) Castellano, hypogeous, basidioma gasteroid, only known from Zimbabwe, Mexico and Queensland, Australia, ectomycorrhizal with angiosperms and gymnosperms, sequence data available, see Hosaka et al. 2008 (phylogeny), Guevara-Guerrero et al. 2016 (Mexico).

Arrasia Bernicchia, Gorjón & Nakasone 2011, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Basidiomycota, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. rostrata Bernicchia, Gorjón & Nakasone, Italy, sequence data unavailable, see Bernicchia et al. 2011 (taxonomy).

Arrhenia Fr. 1849, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 36 species, type species A. auriscalpium (Fr.) Fr., temperate, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Garnica et al. 2007 (agarics, phylogeny, basidiospore ultrastructure), Larsson 2007a (phylogeny), Lodge et al. 2014 (phylogeny, monograph, Hygrophoraceae), new spp. see Desjardin and Perry 2017 (São Tomé and Príncipe, Africa).

Arthrodochium R.F. Castañeda & W.B. Kendr. 1990, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, one species, type species A. candidum R.F. Castañeda & W.B. Kendr., Cuba, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Seifert et al. 2011 (genera of Hyphomycetes).

Arthromyces T.J. Baroni & Lodge 2007, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. claviformis T.J. Baroni & Lodge, America, sequence data available, see Baroni et al. 2007 (taxonomy), Bellanger et al. 2015 (phylogeny).

Arthrosporella Singer 1970 (= Nothoclavulina Singer 1970 fide Index Fungorum 2019, Art. 59.1), incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph was previously known in Nothoclavulina Singer 1970, one species, type species A. ditopa (Singer) Singer, America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Seifert et al. 2011 (genera of Hyphomycetes).

Arthuria H.S. Jacks. 1931, Phakopsoraceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, six species, type species A. catenulata H.S. Jacks. & Holw., biotrophic on Apocynaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Phyllanthaceae, terrestrial, Brazil, Columbia, India, Mexico, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Zuluaga et al. 2011 (phylogeny, Uredinales, Colombian Andean region).

Arthuriomyces Cummins & Y. Hirats. 1983, Phragmidiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. peckianus (Howe) Cummins & Y. Hirats., north America, Russia, China, Japan, on Rubus, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Artomyces Jülich 1982, Auriscalpiaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 17 species, type species A. pyxidatus (Pers.) Jülich, wood-rotting, worldwide, sequence data available, new sp. see Kneal and Smith 2015 (Chile).

Arualis Katz 1980, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, one species, type species A. carolinensis Katz, USA, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Aseroë Labill 1800, Phallaceae, Phallales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. rubra Labill, terrestrial, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Hosaka et al. 2006 (phylogeny), Trierveiler-Pereira et al. 2014a (phylogeny, morphology).

Asproinocybe R. Heim 1970, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species A. lactifera R. Heim, tropical Africa, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Aspropaxillus Kühner & Maire 1934, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. giganteus (Sowerby) Kühner & Maire (current name: Leucopaxillus giganteus (Sowerby) Singer), sequence data available, see Vizzini et al. 2012b (new combinations, phylogeny).

Asterocyphella W.B. Cooke 1961, Cyphellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. floccosa W.B. Cook, worldwide, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Asterodon Pat. 1894, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. ferruginosus Pat., widespread (North temperate), basidioma resupinate, smooth hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson et al. 2004 (phylogeny).

Asterophora Ditmar 1809, Lyophyllaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph Ugola Adans. 1763, three species, type species A. lycoperdoides (Bull.) Ditmar, temperate, fungal parasitic, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), mycoparasite, sequence data available, see Hofstetter et al. 2014 (phylogeny, Lyophyllaceae).

Asterostroma Massee 1889, Peniophoraceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 19 species, type species A. apalum (Berk. & Broome) Massee, worldwide, basidioma resupinate, smooth hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, sequence data available, see Suhara 2010 (taxonomy), new spp. see De 2009 (India).

Astraeus Morgan 1889, Diplocystidiaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eleven species, type species A. hygrometricus (Pers.) Morgan, worldwide, earthstar, some species medicinal use (A. hygrometricus (Pers.) Morgan), see Dai and Yang 2008 (medicinal mushrooms, China), Lai et al. 2012 (compounds), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Fangfuk et al. 2010 (Japan), Phosri et al. 2013 (phylogeny), new spp. see Phosri et al. 2013, 2014 (USA, Greece, Thailand), Ryoo et al. 2017 (Korea, Japan).

Atelocauda Arthur & Cummins 1933, Pileolariaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, three species, type species A. incrustans Arthur & Cummins, biotrophic on Fabaceae, terrestrial, Asia (China, Japan), Australia, Brazil, Hawaii, Panama, gall rust, see Nelson 2009 (on Acacia koa, A. digitate (G. Winter) Cummins & Y. Hirats.), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Yepes and Alves de Carvalho 2014 (new species, discussion).

Athelia Pers. 1822 (= Fibularhizoctonia G.C. Adams & Kropp 1996 fide Adams and Kropp 1996), Atheliaceae, Atheliales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph was previously known in Fibularhizoctonia (current name: Athelia Pers. 1822), 32 species, type species A. epiphylla Pers., widespread, see Zmitrovich 2008 (species manual), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), some species are facultative parasites of plants (including crops) and of lichens, see Esslinger 2016 (checklist), sequence data available, see Lawrey et al. 2007 (phylogeny), Binder et al. 2010 (phylogeny), Xu et al. 2010 (phylogeny).

Athelicium K.H. Larss. & Hjortstam 1986, Atheliaceae, Atheliales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. stridii K.H. Larss. & Hjortstam, Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Athelidium Oberw. 1965, Stephanosporaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. aurantiacum (M.P. Christ.) Oberw., see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson 2007b (classification, corticioid fungi), new spp. see Yurchenko and Kotiranta 2007 (Belarus and Finland), Zmitrovich 2008 (species manual).

Athelocystis Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2010, Atheliaceae, Atheliales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. capitata Hjortstam & Ryvarden, Brazil, sequence data unavailable, see Hjortstam and Ryvarden 2010b (new spp.).

Atheloderma Parmasto 1968, Rickenellaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. mirabile Parmasto, wood-decaying, Europe, Asia, see Zmitrovich 2008 (species manual), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson et al. 2006 (phylogeny, hymenochaetoid clade).

Athelopsis Oberw. ex Parmasto 1968, Atheliaceae, Atheliales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 14 species, type species A. glaucina (Bourdot & Galzin) Oberw. ex Parmasto, widespread, see Zmitrovich 2008 (species manual), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Binder et al. 2010 (phylogeny), new spp. see Hjortstam et al. 2009 (Western Australia), Singh et al. 2010c (India).

Atheniella Redhead, Moncalvo, Vilgalys, Desjardin & B.A. Perry 2012, Mycenaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species A. adonis (Bull.) Redhead, Moncalvo, Vilgalys, Desjardin & B.A. Perry, worldwide, saprophytic, sequence data unavailable, see Redhead 2012 (taxonomy), new spp. see Lehmann and Lüderitz 2018 (Germany).

Atractidochium Oono, Urbina & Aime 2018, Phleogenaceae, Atractiellales, Atractiellomycetes, sporodochial asexual state, sexual morph unkown, one species, type species A. hillariae Oono, Urbina & Aime, abundant hyphal endophytes of Pinus taeda needles, nature of association with host unknown, North Carolina (USA), sequence data available, see Aime et al. 2018b (integrative taxonomy).

Atractiella Sacc. 1886, Phleogenaceae, Atractiellales, Atractiellomycetes, seven species, type species A. brunaudiana Sacc., worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Oberwinkler et al. 2006 (phylogeny, Atractiellales), new spp. see Bonito et al. 2017 (USA, integrative taxonomy, ecology).

Atractocolax R. Kirschner, R. Bauer & Oberw. 1999, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Microbotryomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. pulvinatus R. Kirschner, R. Bauer & Oberw., Europe, associated with bark beetles, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Atractogloea Oberw. & Bandoni 1982, Atractogloeaceae, Atractiellales, Atractiellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. stillata Oberw. & Bandoni, USA, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Atractosporocybe P. Alvarado, G. Moreno & Vizzini 2015, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. inornata (Sowerby) P. Alvarado, G. Moreno & Vizzini, from the Mediterranean basin to Northern Europe and North America, in either broadleaf or conifer forests, sequence data available, see Alvarado et al. 2015 (taxonomy), new spp. see Gulden and Larsson 2016 (Svalbard, Scandinavia).

Atraporiella Ryvarden 2007, Steccherinaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. neotropica Ryvarden, Belize, sequence data available, see Miettinen and Rajchenberg 2012 (phylogeny), new spp. see Wu et al. 2017c (China).

Atroporus Ryvarden 1973, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. diabolicus (Berk.) Ryvarden., wood-rotting, neotropics, sequence data available, see Palacio et al. 2017 (genus accepted, taxonomy, phylogeny).

Aurantiopileus Ginns, D.L. Lindner & T.J. Baroni 2010, Meruliaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. mayaensis Ginns, D.L. Lindner & T.J. Baroni, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread (Asia, America), sequence data available, see Ginns et al. 2010 (monograph, new combinations), see Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales).

Aurantiosporium M. Piepenbr., Vánky & Oberw. 1996, Ustilentylomataceae, Microbotryales, Microbotryomycetes, four species, type species A. subnitens (J. Schröt. & Henn.) M. Piepenbr., Vánky & Oberw., worldwide, on Cyperaceae, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 1997 (phylogeny).

Aurantiporus Murrill 1905, Meruliaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species (needs revision since genus shown to be polyphyletic, see Papp and Dima 2018), type species A. pilotae (Schwein.) Murrill, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales), Papp and Dima 2018 (new genus, new combination, phylogeny, type study), new sp. see Niemelä et al. 2012 (morphology, Europe).

Aureoboletus Pouzar 1957, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 33 species, type species A. gentilis (Quél.) Pouzar, stipitate-pileate, worldwide, biogeography study see Wrzosek et al. 2017 (A. projectellus, biogeography, Europe), some species edible (A. thibetanus (Pat.) Hongo & Nagas.), see Dai et al. 2010b (edible mushrooms, China), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Klofac 2010 (monograph), Nuhn et al. 2013 (phylogeny, Boletineae), Halling et al. 2015 (phylogeny, new combination), Wu et al. 2016f (monograph, new combination, new spp., China), new spp. see Shi and Liu 2013 (China), Zhang et al. 2014a (Guangxi, China), Zeng et al. 2015 (China), Zhang et al. 2015a, b (Hunan, Guangdong, China), Wu et al. 2016e (new combination, new spp., China), Zhang et al. 2017b (Tibet, China).

Auricularia Bull. 1789, Auriculariaceae, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 21 species, type species A. mesenterica (Dicks.) Pers., widespread, some species edible [A. auricula-judae (Bull.) Quél.], see Dai et al. 2010b (edible mushrooms, China), some medicinal use (A. auricula (L. ex Hook.) Underw.), see Dai and Yang 2008 (medicinal mushrooms, China), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Looney et al. 2013 (Southeastern USA, monograph), Malysheva and Bulakh 2014 (Russia, monograph), Wu et al. 2014a (phylogeny), new spp. see Kumari et al. 2013a (North India), Looney et al. 2013 (southeastern USA), Wu et al. 2014a, 2015d, e (USA, China, Brazil), Bandara et al. 2015a, 2017 (Southeastern Asia).

Auriculariopsis Maire 1902, Schizophyllaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species A. ampla (Lév.) Maire (current name: Schizophyllum amplum (Lév.) Nakasone), worldwide, wood decaying, sequence data available, see Binder et al. 2005 (phylogeny), new combination see Ryvarden 2010 (America).

Auriculoscypha D.A. Reid & Manim. 1985, Septobasidiaceae, Septobasidiales, Pucciniomycetes, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. anacardiicola D.A. Reid & Manim., India, medicinal use, see Puthusseri et al. 2010 (antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Kumar et al. 2007 (phylogeny).

Aurificaria D.A. Reid 1963, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. indica (Massee) D.A. Reid, wood-rotting, basidioma pileate to stipitate, poroid hymenophore, white rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Wagner and Fischer 2002 (phylogeny).

Auriporia Ryvarden 1973, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species A. aurea (Peck) Ryvarden, basidimes resupinate, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, brown rot, widespread ( north temperate), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales).

Auriscalpium Gray 1821, Auriscalpiaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eight species, type species A. vulgare Gray, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Kim et al. 2015 (mushroom flora of Korea).

Auritella Matheny & Bougher 2006, Inocybaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eight species, type species A. dolichocystis Matheny, Trappe & Bougher ex Matheny & Bougher, Australia, India, ectomycorrhizal, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Matheny and Bougher 2006 (monograph), new spp. see Matheny et al. 2012 (India), Matheny et al. 2017b (Cameroon, worldwide key), Matheny and Bougher 2017 (Australia).

Austeria Miettinen 2016, Steccherinaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. citrea (Berk.) Miettinen, pileate basidioma, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, sequence data available, see Miettinen and Ryvarden 2016 (new genus, new combination, morphology).

Australicium Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2002, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. singulare (G. Cunn.) Hjortstam & Ryvarden, corticioid basidioma, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread (Australia, New Zealand, Venezuela), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Australohydnum Jülich 1978, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. griseofuscescens (Reichardt) Jülich, basidioma resupinate, hymenophore hydnoid, wood-rotting, widespread (Australia, Europe), see Tura et al. 2011 (new record, Israel), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data unavailable, see Saitta et al. 2014 (morphology, new record, Italy, A. dregeanum (Berk.) Hjortstam & Ryvarden).

Australopilus Halling & N.A. Fechner 2012, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. palumanus (Wolfe & Bougher) Halling & N.A. Fechner, stipitate-pileate, Australia, sequence data available, see Halling et al. 2012b (monograph).

Australoporus P.K. Buchanan & Ryvarden 1988, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. tasmanicus (Berk.) P.K. Buchanan & Ryvarden, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, Australia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Australovuilleminia Ghobad-Nejhad & Hallenb. 2010, Vuilleminiaceae, Corticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. coccinea Ghobad-Nejhad & Hallenb., saprotroph, wood-rotting, on dead attached twigs and branches of Nothofagus in New Zealand, sequence data available, see Ghobad-Nejhad et al. 2010 (phylogeny, Vuilleminia, Corticiales).

Austrobasidium Palfner 2006, Exobasidiaceae, Exobasidiales, Exobasidiomycetes, one species, type species A. pehueldeni Palfner, plant parasite (stem) on Hydrangea spp. (Hydrangeaceae), Chile, cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Begerow et al. 2014.

Austroboletus (Corner) Wolfe 1980, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 36 species, type species A. dictyotus (Boedijn) Wolfe, stipitate-pileate, worldwide, some species edible (A. gracilis (Peck) Wolfe), see Dai et al. 2010b (edible mushrooms, China), see Fulgenzi et al. 2010 (new record, Guyana), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Drehmel et al. 2008 (phylogeny, boletes), new spp. see da Marcela Vasco-Palacios et al. 2014 (Colombian Amazonia), Das and Dentinger 2015 (India), Fechner et al. 2017 (Australia).

Austroclitocybe Raithelh. 1972, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species A. veronicae Raithelh., temperate America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Austrogaster Singer 1962, Paxillaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species A. marthae Singer, South America (temperate), New Zealand, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Austrogautieria E.L. Stewart & Trappe 1985, Gallaceaceae, Hysterangiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species A. macrospora E.L. Stewart & Trappe, Australia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Hosaka et al. 2008 (biogeography, Hysterangiales), Truong et al. 2017b (DNA-barcoding).

Austrolentinus Ryvarden 1991, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. tenebrosus (Corner) Ryvarden, hymenophore lamellate, wood-rotting, Australia, Solomon Islands, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Austroomphaliaster Garrido 1988, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species A. nahuelbutensis Garrido, temperate America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Austropaxillus Bresinsky & Jarosch 1999, Serpulaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, nine species, type species A. statuum (Speg.) Bresinsky & Jarosch, ectomycorrhizal, widespread (southern temperate), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Skrede et al. 2011 (evolution, phylogeny).

Austropuccinia Beenken 2017, Sphaerophragmiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species A. psidii (G. Winter) Beenken (asexual morph Uredo psidii J.A. Simpson, K. Thomas & Grgur.), biotrophic on Myrtaceae, terrestrial, Australia, Brazil, China, USA, Hawaii, Japan, Mexico, New Caledonia, New Zealand, South Africa, South America, sequence data available, see Tan et al. 2014 (phylogeny), Machado et al. 2015 (epitypification), Beenken 2017 (distribution, morphology, phylogeny). Several authors (e.g., Sandhu et al. 2016) assume that the myrtle rust is a species complex, future research will show how many species exist in the genus.

Baeodromus Arthur 1905, Pucciniosiraceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, six species, type species B. holwayi Arthur, biotrophic on Asteraceae, Ranunculaceae, Urticaceae, terrestrial, China, Central America, North America, South America, Russia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Baeospora Singer 1938, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 13 species, type species B. myosura (Fr.) Singer, North temperate, tropical, snowbank agaric, saprobic, see Hutchison et al. 2012 (morphology, new spp.), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Walther et al. 2005 (phylogeny, conidiogenesis modes).

Ballistosporomyces Nakase, G. Okada & Sugiy. 1989, Chionosphaeraceae, Agaricostilbales, Agaricostilbomycetes, sexual morph unknown, four species, type species B. xanthus Nakase, G. Okada & Sugiy., yeast, Japan, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), cultures and sequence data available, see Wang et al. 2015e (phylogenetic classification of yeasts, Pucciniomycotina), new spp. see Han et al. 2016b (China).

Baltazaria Leal-Dutra, Dentinger & G.W. Griff. 2018, Peniophoraceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species B. galactina (Fr.) Leal-Dutra, Dentinger & G.W. Griff., corticioid, wood-rotting, worldwide, sequence data available, see Leal-Dutra et al. 2018 (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Bambusiomyces Vánky 2011, Ustilaginaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, one species, type species B. shiraianus (Henn.) Vánky, plant parasite on woody bamboos (Bambuseae, Poaceae), South East Asia, cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Vánky 2011 (taxonomy), McTaggart et al. 2012a (taxonomy).

Bandonia A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015, Tetragoniomycetaceae, Trichosporonales, Tremellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. marina (Uden & Zobell) A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, yeast, aquatic, worldwide, sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Bankera Coker & Beers ex Pouzar 1955, Bankeraceae, Thelephorales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eight species, type species B. fuligineoalba (J.C. Schmidt) Coker & Beers ex Pouzar, worldwide, on soil, basidioma stipitate, hymenophore hydnoid, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available.

Bannoa Hamam. 2002, Erythrobasidiaceae, Erythrobasidiales, Cystobasidiomycetes, sexual and asexual morphs known, four species, type species B. hahajimensis Hamam., Thanh & Nakase, yeast, isolated from plant material, Japan, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), cultures and sequence data available, see Wang et al. 2015e (emended, phylogeny).

Bannozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015, Chrysozymaceae, incertae sedis, Microbotryomycetes, sexual morph unknown, two species, type species B. yamatoana (Nakase, M. Suzuki & M. Itoh) Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, yeast, psychrophilic, Arctic, Japan, cultures and sequence data available, see Wang et al. 2015e (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Baorangia G. Wu & Zhu L. Yang 2015, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species B. pseudocalopus (Hongo) G. Wu & Zhu L. Yang, ectomycorrhizal, stipitate-pileate, China, Japan, North America, sequence data available, see Wu et al. 2016e (taxonomy).

Barcheria T. Lebel 2004, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. willisiana T. Lebel, Australia, sequence data available, see Lebel et al. 2004 (monograph).

Bartheletia G. Arnaud ex Scheuer, R. Bauer, M. Lutz, Stabenth., Melnik & Grube 2008, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Basidiomycota, one species, type species B. paradoxa G. Arnaud ex Scheuer, R. Bauer, M. Lutz, Stabenth., Melnik & Grube, Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Russia, Sweden, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, Korea, Japan, living on ginkgo, see Kirschner and Okuda 2013 (new record, Japan), sequence data available, see Scheuer et al. 2008 (monograph).

Basidioascus Matsush. 2003, Geminibasidiaceae, Geminibasidiales, Wallemiomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species B. undulatus Matsush., Australia, sequence data available, see Nguyen et al. 2013a (phylogeny, new sp.), Nasr et al. 2014b (new sp., Iran).

Basidiodendron Rick 1938, incertae sedis, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 15 species, type species B. luteogriseum Rick, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Sotome et al. 2014 (Asian species, poroid Auriculariales, phylogeny).

Basidiopycnis Oberw., R. Kirschner, R. Bauer, Begerow & Arenal 2006, Hoehnelomycetaceae, Atractiellales, Atractiellomycetes, synonyms Basidiopycnides albertensis J. Reid, Eyjólfsd. & Georg Hausner 2008, asexual morph known, one species, type species B. hyaline Oberw., R. Kirschner, R. Bauer, Begerow & Arenal, presumably mycophilic but nature of association unknown, in bark beetle galleries in dead wood of conifers, Europe and North America, see Oberwinkler et al. 2006 (integrated taxonomy), Kischner and Oberwinkler 2009 (integrated taxonomy), sequence data available, see Aime et al. 2018c (phylogeny).

Basidioradulum Nobles 1967, Schizoporaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. radula (Fr.) Nobles, basidioma resupinate, hymenophore raduloid or hydnoid, wood-rotting, Europe, North America, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Weiß and Oberwinkler 2001 (phylogeny).

Battarrea Pers. 1801, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species B. phalloides (Dicks.) Pers., worldwide, terrestrial, saprobic, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Martín and Johannesson 2000 (phylogeny, Europe), Martín et al. 2013b (phylogeny), Ivančević et al. 2016 (taxonomy, worldwide review).

Battarreoides T. Herrera 1953, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. potosinus T. Herrera (current name: B. diguetii (Pat. & Har.) R. Heim & T. Herrera), America (deserts), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Bauerago Vánky 1999, Microbotryaceae, Microbotryales, Microbotryomycetes, nine species, type species B. abstrusa (Malençon) Vánky, worldwide, biotrophic in seeds of Commelinaceae, Cyperaceae, Juncaceae, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Denchev and Denchev 2018 (taxonomic re-examination, Africa), sequence data available, see Kemler et al. 2006, 2009 (phylogeny, Microbotryaceae, non-caryophyllaceous plant‐parasitic species, Microbotryum).

Beenakia D.A. Reid 1956, Clavariadelphaceae, Gomphales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species B. dacostae D.A. Reid, wood-decaying, widespread (tropical), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Giachini et al. 2010 (phylogeny, Gomphales).

Bensingtonia Ingold 1986, Kondoacea, Agaricostilbales, Agaricostilbomycetes, sexual morph unknown, five species, type species B. ciliata Ingold, yeast, worldwide, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), cultures and sequence data available, see Wang et al. 2015e (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Biatoropsis Räsänen 1934, incertae sedis, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species B. usnearum Räsänen, lichenicolous, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Bibulocystis J. Walker, Beilharz, Pascoe & Priest 2006, Raveneliaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, three species, type species B. pulcherrima J. Walker, Beilharz, Pascoe & Priest, Australia, New Caledonia, sequence data unavailable, new sp. see Walker and Shivas 2009 (morphology, Australia).

Binderoboletus T.W. Henkel & M.E. Sm. 2016, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. segoi T.W. Henkel & Husbands, stipitate-pileate, presumably ectomycorrhizal, South America, DNA sequence data available, see Henkel et al. 2016 (taxonomy).

Bjerkandera P. Karst. 1879, Phanerochaetaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species B. adusta (Willd.) P. Karst., basidioma pilate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Jung et al. 2014 (sequence validation), Westphalen et al. 2015 (new sp., new combination, phylogeny, Central and South America), Ryvarden 2016b (new sp., morphology, tropical America), Zmitrovich and Kovalenko 2016 (Russia, intraspecies polymorphism).

Blasiphalia Redhead 2007, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. pseudogrisella (A.H. Sm.) Redhead, USA, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Blastospora Dietel 1908 (= Pelastoma), Mikronegeriaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, five species, type species B. smilacis Dietel, asexual morphs Caeoma Link 1809, Pelastoma M. Salazar, A.A. Carvalho & J.F. Hennen 2012, biotrophic on Apocynaceae, Betulaceae, Smilacaceae, terrestrial, Central and South America, Japan, see Yepes and de Carvalho 2012 (new combination, asexual morph), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Aime 2006 (phylogeny, family-level, Uredinales).

Blastosporella T.J. Baroni & Franco-Mol. 2007, Lyophyllaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. zonata T.J. Baroni & Franco-Mol., Colombia, sequence data available, see Baroni et al. 2007 (taxonomy).

Blumenavia Möller 1895, Phallaceae, Phallales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species B. rhacodes Möller, terrestrial, south America; Africa, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Degreef et al. 2013 (morphology), Trierveiler-Pereira et al. 2014a (phylogeny, morphology).

Bogbodia Redhead 2013, Strophariaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. uda (Pers.) Redhead, worldwide, sequence data unavailable, see Redhead 2013a (taxonomy).

Boidinella Nakasone 2011, incertae sedis, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species B. globulispora (Boidin & Lanq.) Nakasone, wood-decaying, Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Nakasone 2011 (taxonomy, morphology).

Boidinia Stalpers & Hjortstam 1982, Russulaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eleven species, type species B. furfuracea (Bres.) Stalpers & Hjortstam, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson and Larsson 2003 (phylogeny), new spp. see Adamčík et al. 2015 (China).

Bolbitius Fr. 1838, Bolbitiaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 70 species, type species B. titubans (Bull.) Fr., worldwide, saprobic, dung fungi, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Amandeep et al. 2013 (India), Malysheva et al. 2015a (taxonomic revision, Russia), new spp. see Hausknecht et al. 2008 (Italy), Dähncke et al. 2010 (Spain), Crous et al. 2015a (new sp., phylogeny).

Boletellus Murrill 1909, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 50 species, type species B. ananas (M.A. Curtis) Murrill, stipitate-pileate, ectomycorrhizal, worldwide (mostly subtropical to tropical), some species edible see Boa 2004, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), DNA sequence data available, see Halling and Ortiz-Santana 2009 (revision of sect. Ixocephali), Halling et al. 2015 (phylogeny, new spp. and combinations), new spp. see Fulgenzi et al. 2008 (Guyana), Mayor et al. 2008 (Guyana), Sato and Hattori 2015 (Japan), Wu et al. 2016f (China), Parihar et al. 2018a (India).

Boletinellus Murrill 1909, Boletinellaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. merulioides (Schwein.) Murrill, North America, Japan, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Binder et al. 2006 (Agaricales, phylogeny).

Boletochaete Singer 1944, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species B. spinifera (Pat. & C.F. Baker) Singer, stipitate-pileate, ectomycorrhizal, Souteast Asia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data unavailable, see Horak 2011 (new combinations).

Boletopsis Fayod 1889, Bankeraceae, Thelephorales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, ten species, type species B. leucomelaena (Pers.) Fayod, worldwide, terrestrial, some species edible [B. grisea (Peck) Bondartsev & Singer], see Dai et al. 2010b (edible mushrooms, China), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Watling and Milne 2008 (European, North American), new spp. see Cooper and Leonard 2012 (Southern Hemisphere).

Boletus L. 1753, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 350 species, type species B. edulis Bull., terrestrial, ectomycorrhizal, some stipitate-pileate, others are sequestrate, porcini mushrooms, some species edible, King bolete (B. edulis Bull.), see Drehmel et al. 2008 (phylogeny, biodiversity, boletes), Sarikurkcu et al. 2008 (antioxidant activity), Dai et al. 2010b (edible mushrooms, China), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Beugelsdijk et al. 2008 (Europe, phylogeny, Boletus section Boletus), Dentinger et al. 2010 (Boletus section Boletus, monograph), Nuhn et al. 2013 (phylogeny, Boletaceae), Cui et al. 2016 (Porcini mushrooms, Boletus sect. Boletus, China), new spp. see Arora 2008 (California, USA), Korhonen et al. 2009 (Fennoscandia), Ortiz-Santana et al. 2009a, b (North America, Gulf Coast, Northern Florida), Takahashi et al. 2011 (Japan), Blanco-Dios and Marques 2013 (coastal dunes of Northwest Spain), Gelardi et al. 2013a (China), Nuhn et al. 2013 (New Zealand), Takahashi et al. 2013 (Japan), Arora and Frank 2014a (USA), Halling et al. 2014 (Thailand, Australia), Li et al. 2014a (China), Šutara et al. 2014 (Czech Republic), Zeng et al. 2014 (China), Chakraborty et al. 2015 (India), Das and Dentinger 2015 (India), Cui et al. 2016 (China), Terashima et al. 2016 (Japan), Chakraborty et al. 2017b (India).

Bondarcevomyces Parmasto 1999, Tapinellaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. taxi (Bondartsev) Parmasto, Asia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Binder et al. 2010 (phylogeny).

Bondarzewia Singer 1940, Bondarzewiaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 14 species, type species B. montana (Quél.) Singer, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Chen et al. 2016e (phylogeny), Song et al. 2016c (phylogeny, biogeography), new spp. see Dai et al. 2010a (China), Das et al. 2015a (India).

Boninogaster Kobayasi 1937, incertae sedis, Geastrales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. phalloides Kobayasi, Bonin islands, Japan, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available.

Bonomyces Vizzini 2014, Pseudoclitocybaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species B. sinopicus (Fr.) Vizzini, worldwide, agaricoid, see Vizzini 2014b (taxonomy), sequence data available, see Alvarado et al. 2018a, b (phylogeny).

Boreostereum Parmasto 1968, Gloeophyllaceae, Gloeophyllales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species B. radiatum (Peck) Parmasto, widespread (north temperate), brown rot, wood-rotting, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Chen et al. 2016a (novel natural compounds), sequence data available, see Garcia-Sandoval et al. 2011 (phylogeny).

Borofutus Hosen & Zhu L. Yang 2012, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. dhakanus Hosen & Zhu L. Yang, stipitate-pileate, presumably ectomycorrhizal, Asia (tropical), sequence data available, see Hosen et al. 2013 (morphology, taxonomy, phylogeny), Vadthanarat et al. 2018 (phylogeny, Thailand).

Bothia Halling, T.J. Baroni & Manfr. Binder 2007, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species B. castanella (Peck) Halling, T.J. Baroni & Manfr. Binder, stipitate-pileate, ectomycorrhizal, North America, Asia, sequence data available, new spp. see Zeng et al. 2015 (China).

Botryobasidium Donk 1931 (= Haplotrichum Link fide Rossman et al. 2016), Botryobasidiaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph described as Haplotrichum spp., c. 58 species, type species B. subcoronatum (Höhn. & Litsch.) Donk, saprotrophic, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), McLaughlin and Spatafora 2014 (overview of genus), Rossman et al. 2016 (although Haplotrichum is the older name, Botryobasidium is proposed for protection due to its size and popularity), sequence data available, see Brazee et al. 2014 (ecology), Rosenthal et al. 2017 (ecology, corticioid fungi in North American pinaceous forests), new spp. see Bernicchia et al. 2010 (Italy), Buyck et al. 2017 (Africa).

Botryoconis Syd. & P. Syd. 1906, Cryptobasidiaceae, Exobasidiales, Exobasidiomycetes, two species, type species B. saccardoi Syd. & P. Syd., plant parasites (leaves, stem, fruits) on Lauraceae, Central and South America, cultures unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data unavailable, see Begerow et al. 2002, 2014 (taxonomy).

Botryodontia (Hjortstam & Ryvarden) Hjortstam 1987, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species B. cirrata (Hjortstam & Ryvarden) Hjortstam, wood-decaying, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Sell et al. 2014 (B. millavensis and Oxyporus philadelphi are conspecific).

Botryorhiza Whetzel & Olive 1917, Chaconiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species B. hippocrateae Whetzel & Olive, biotrophic on Hippocrateaceae, terrestrial, Brazil, Puerto Rico, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Bourdotia (Bres.) Bres. & Torrend 1913, incertae sedis, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. galzinii (Bres.) Trotter, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Sotome et al. 2014 (Asian species, poroid Auriculariales, phylogeny).

Bourdotiella Duhem & Schultheis 2011, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. complicata Duhem & Schultheis, corticioid basidioma, wood-rotting, France, sequence data unavailable, see Bernard and Schultheis 2011 (new genus, new species, morphology).

Bourdotigloea Aime 2018, Phleogenaceae, Atractiellales, Atractiellomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. nine species, type species B. vestita (Bourdot & Galzin) Aime, presumably saprobic, on decaying wood, decaying herbaceous material and old fungi, Europe and North America, sequence data available, see Aime et al. 2018c (taxonomy, phylogeny), Spirin et al. 2018c (phylogeny, new spp.).

Bovista Pers. 1794, Lycoperdaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 58 species, type species B. plumbea Pers., two subgenera Globaria and Bovista, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson and Jeppson 2008 (phylogeny, Europe), Larsson et al. 2009a (phylogeny, Europe), new spp. see Trierveiler-Pereira et al. 2010 (Brazil), Yousaf et al. 2013 (Pakistan), Jeppson et al. 2016 (Hungary), Rebriev et al. 2017 (Russia), Trierveiler-Pereira et al. 2018 (Brazil).

Brachybasidium Gäum. 1922, Brachybasidiaceae, Exobasidiales, Exobasidiomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. pinangae (Racib.) Gäum., plant parasites (leaves) on Pinanga spp. (Arecaceae), West Java, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Begerow et al. 2002, 2014 (taxonomy).

Brauniella Rick ex Singer 1955, Strophariaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. alba (Rick) Rick ex Singer, America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Bresadolia Speg. 1883, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species B. paradoxa Speg., on dead wood, white rot, tropical to warm-temperate, sequence data available, see Motato-Vásquez et al. 2018 (genus accepted, phylogeny, taxonomy).

Brevicellicium K.H. Larss. & Hjortstam 1978, Hydnodontaceae, Trechisporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 13 species, type species B. exile (H.S. Jacks.) K.H. Larss. & Hjortstam, wood-decaying, Europe, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Sjökvist et al. 2012 (evolution), Telleria et al. 2013a (phylogeny).

Brevicellopsis Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2008, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Basidiomycota, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. allantospora (Hjortstam & Ryvarden) Hjortstam & Ryvarden, worldwide, sequence data unavailable, see Hjortstam and Ryvarden 2008b (taxonomy).

Bridgeoporus T.J. Volk, Burds. & Ammirati 1996, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species B. nobilissimus (W.B. Cooke) T.J. Volk, Burds. & Ammirati, USA, basidioma pileate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, new spp. see Wu et al. 2017a (China).

Broomeia Berk. 1844, Broomeiaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species B. congregata Berk., Americas, Asia, sequence data unavailable, see Lugo et al. 2012 (morphology, new record, Argentina), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Brunneocorticium Sheng H. Wu 2007, Marasmiaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. pyriforme Sheng H. Wu, China, sequence data available, see Wu et al. 2007 (taxonomy).

Brunneoporus Audet 2017, Fomitopsidaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species B. malicola (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Audet, wood-rotting, sequence data available, see Audet 2017b (taxonomy).

Bryoperdon Vizzini 2017, Lycoperdaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. acuminatum (Bosc) Vizzini, sequence data available, see Vizzini and Ercole 2017 (phylogeny, taxonomy).

Buchwaldoboletus Pilát 1969, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eleven species, type species B. lignicola (Kallenb.) Pilát, stipitate-pileate, lignicolous and mycoparasitic see Nuhn et al. 2013, worldwide, see Ortiz-Santana and Both 2011 (review with new combinations), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, new spp. see Blanco-Dios and Marques 2013 (Europe).

Buckleyzyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015, Buckleyzymaceae, Buckleyzymales, Cystobasidiomycetes, sexual morph unknown, five species, type species B. aurantiaca (Saito) Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, yeast, worldwide, cultures and sequence data available, see Wang et al. 2015e (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Buglossoporus Kotl. & Pouzar 1966, Fomitopsidaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, nine species, type species B. quercinus (Schrad.) Kotl. & Pouzar, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, brown rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Han et al. 2016a (new sp., phylogeny, China).

Bulbilla Diederich, Flakus & Etayo 2014 [= Adamflakia Diederich & Lawrey nom. inval. et nom. illeg. superfl.], incertae sedis, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, only asexual morph known (bulbil-forming), one species, type species B. applanata Diederich, Flakus & Etayo [= Adamflakia applanata (Diederich, Flakus & Etayo) Diederich & Lawrey, nom. inval.], sequence data available, see Diederich et al. 2014 (new sp., phylogeny).

The new name Adamflakia was introduced by Lawrey et al. (2016) for Bulbilla because these authors believed that the latter generic name was not validly published following Art. 20.2 (ICN), stating that it “coincides with a Latin technical term in use in morphology”. As a consequence, the names Adamflakia and A. applanata (as “A. applanata Diederich & Lawrey”) were recently accepted in the world-wide checklist of lichenicolous fungi (Diederich et al. 2018a). However, Bulbilla was actually validly published because it is not a morphological term. In the case of the term “bulbil” there is no corresponding “bulbilla” in use for this morphological structure in Latin. The Latin term would be “bulbillus” and thus only the exact spelling “Bulbillus” is not allowed following Art. 20.2. A similar case exists for the genus Spinulum in lycopods. The Latin term would be “spinula”, but because the generic name ends with “-um”, and not “-a”, the fern community considers it as valid (PPG I 2016, p. 570; see also discussion on http://www.fernsoftheworld.com/2014/01/02/spinulum-annotinum/) and Art. 20.2 does not to apply here too. In addition, the genus Adamflakia was invalidly published (Art. 40.1 (Melbourne)) because the type of Adamflakia should have been cited as A. applanata (not B. applanata). As a result of the genus not being validly published, the species Adamflakia applanata is invalid too because it was published in an invalidly published genus (Art. 35.1). Because Bulbilla was validly published, Adamflakia is both invalid (because it wasn’t validly published) and illegitimate (because it was a superfluous renaming since Bulbilla was available, valid and legitimate), and A. applanata is invalid (since the genus was invalid, the species cannot be validly combined).

Bulbillomyces Jülich 1974, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph Aegerita Pers. 1794, one species, type species B. farinosus (Bres.) Jülich, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson 2007b (phylogeny, Hyphoderma), Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales).

Bullera Derx 1930, Bulleraceae, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, sexual and asexual morphs known, four species, type species B. alba (W.F. Hanna) Derx, yeast, possibly mycoparasite, plant material, worldwide, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), cultures and sequence data available, Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Bulleribasidium J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & R. Bauer 2002, Bulleribasidiaceae, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, sexual and asexual morphs known, eleven species, type species B. oberjochense J.P. Samp., Gadanho, M. Weiss & R. Bauer, yeast, possibly mycoparasite, widespread, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Burgella Diederich & Lawrey 2007, Hydnaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, only asexual morph known (bulbil-forming), two species, type species B. flavoparmeliae Diederich & Lawrey, North and South America, sequence data available, see Diederich et al. 2014 (new spp., phylogeny).

Burgellopsis Diederich & Lawrey 2014, Hydnaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, only asexual morph known (bulbil-forming), one species, type species B. nivea Diederich & Lawrey, Scotland, sequence data available, see Diederich et al. 2014 (new spp., phylogeny), Lawrey et al. 2016 (phylogeny).

Burgoa Goid. 1937, Hydnaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph known (bulbil-forming), nine species, type species B. verzuoliana Goid., propagules bulbils, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Diederich and Lawrey 2007 (new sp.), Kiyuna et al. 2015 (Japan, ecology).

Burrillia Setch. 1891, Doassansiaceae, Doassansiales, Exobasidiomycetes, four species, type species B. pustulata Setch., plant parasites on monocots (Alismataceae, Pontederiaceae), South and East Asia, North America, India, cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Butlerelfia Weresub & Illman 1980, Atheliaceae, Atheliales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. eustacei Weresub & Illman, Canada, Europe, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Vu et al. 2019 (DNA barcodes).

Butyrea Miettinen 2016, Steccherinaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species B. luteoalba (P. Karst.) Miettinen, resupinate basidioma, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, widespread (northern Europe, Asia), sequence data available, see Miettinen et al. 2012 (phylogeny), Miettinen and Ryvarden 2016 (new genus, new combinations, phylogeny), Zmitrovich et al. 2018a (taxonomy).

Butyriboletus Arora & J.L. Frank 2014, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 25 species, type species B. appendiculatus (Schaeff.) D. Arora & J.L. Frank, stipitate-pileate, ectomycorrhizal, worldwide, some species edible, see Boa 2004 (wild edible fungi), sequence data available, see Arora and Frank 2014b (phylogeny, new spp. and combinations), new spp. see Liang et al. 2016 (China), Wu et al. 2016f (China), new combinations see Zhao et al. 2015d.

Byssocorticium Bondartsev & Singer 1944, Atheliaceae, Atheliales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eleven species, type species B. atrovirens (Fr.) Bondartsev & Singer, ectomycorrhizal, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Palmer et al. 2008 (ectomycorrhizal), Zmitrovich 2008 (species manual), Bahram et al. 2012 (ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity), Pickles et al. 2012 (ecology), Gao et al. 2013a (ecology), Miyamoto et al. 2014 (ectomycorrhizal fungus), new spp. see Kotiranta et al. 2011 (Finland), Dhingra 2014 (diversity, Himalaya and adjoining areas).

Byssomerulius Parmasto 1967, Irpicaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eight species, type species B. corium (Pers.) Parmasto, basidioma merulioid, wood-rotting, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson et al. 2004 (phylogeny, corticioid homobasidiomycetes), Jang et al. 2016 (Korea), new combination see Tura et al. 2011 (morphology, Israel), Justo et al. 2017 (Phylogeny, Polyporales).

Byssoporia M.J. Larsen & Zak 1978, Albatrellaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species B. terrestris (DC.) M.J. Larsen & Zak, mycorrhizal, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson 2007a (corticioid fungi, phylogeny).

Cabalodontia Piątek 2004, Steccherinaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species C. queletii (Bourdot & Galzin) Piątek, resupinate basidioma, varied hymenophore (ceraceous to subgelatinous, odontoid, tuberculate, smooth), wood-rotting, widespread (Northern Hemisphere), sequence data available, see Rosenthal et al. 2017 (ecology, corticioid fungi in North American pinaceous forests).

Caeoma Link 1809 (= Hypodermium Link 1815), incertae sedis, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, asexual morph particularly of Arthuria H.S. Jacks., Chrysocelis Lagerh. & Dietel, Gymnoconia Lagerh., Melampsora Castagne, Polioma Arthur, c. 50 species, type species C. berberidis (Pers.) Har. (current name: Puccinia graminis Pers.), biotrophic on various families, terrestrial, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Aime et al. 2018a (phylogeny, evolution with host, Pucciniales), new spp. see Yepes and Céspedes 2008, Afshan et al. 2012 (morphology, Pakistan), Savchenko et al. 2014 (morphology, rust fungi, Israel).

Caeruleomyces Stalpers 2000, incertae sedis, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, sexual morph Hymenochaetales, one species, type species C. verae Stalpers, wood-decaying, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Caetea Salazar-Yepes & A.A. Carvalho 2012, incertae sedis, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species C. itatiaiaensis Salazar-Yepes & A.A. Carvalho, biotrophic on Fabaceae (Piptadenia), terrestrial, Brazil, see Yepes and de Carvalho 2012 (taxonomy).

Calbovista Morse ex M.T. Seidl 1995, Lycoperdaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. subsculpta Morse ex M.T. Seidl, USA, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Calcipostia B.K. Cui, L.L. Shen & Y.C. Dai 2019, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. guttulata (Sacc.) B.K. Cui, L.L. Shen & Y.C. Dai, China, Europe, USA, wood-rotting, sequence data available, see Shen et al. 2019 (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Calidion Syd. & P. Syd. 1919 [1918], Uncolaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, four species, type species C. lindsaeae (Henn.) Syd. & P. Syd., biotrophic on Bombacaceae, Polypodiaceae, terrestrial, Brazil, Colombia, Asia (China, India, Sri Lanka), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data unavailable, new spp. see Yepes and Céspedes 2008, Silva et al. 2009 (new combination, new host record, Brazil).

Callistodermatium Singer 1981, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. violascens Singer, Brazil, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Callistosporium Singer 1944, Biannulariaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 14 species, type species C. palmarum (Murrill) Singer, saprobic, wood-decaying or on soil, worldwide, see Antonín et al. 2009 (Czech, ecology), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Hofstetter et al. 2014 (phylogeny, Lyophyllaceae), Saba and Khalid 2014 (Pakistan), Sánchez-García et al. 2014, 2017 (phylogeny, evolution), new spp. see Desjardin and Hemmes 2011 (Hawaii), Desjardin and Perry 2017 (São Tomé and Príncipe, West Africa).

Caloboletus Vizzini 2014, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 14 species, type species C. calopus (Pers.) Vizzini, stipitate-pileate, ectomycorrhizal, worldwide, see Vizzini 2014b, sequence data available, see Zhao et al. 2014d (phylogeny and new spp., Asia).

Calocera (Fr.) Fr. 1828, Dacrymycetaceae, Dacrymycetales, Dacrymycetes, asexual morph unknown, 18 species, type species C. viscosa (Pers.) Fr., wood-rotting, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Nagy et al. 2015 (genome, evolution), new spp. see Wu et al. 2011b (China), Shirouzu et al. 2013a (Amazonia).

Calocybe Kühner ex Donk 1962, Lyophyllaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 46 species, type species C. gambosa (Fr.) Donk, worldwide, some species edible (C. indica Purkay. & A. Chandra), see Alam et al. 2008 (nutritional analysis), Dai et al. 2010b (Chinese edible mushrooms), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Garnica et al. 2007 (agarics, phylogeny, basidiospore ultrastructure), Bellanger et al. 2015 (phylogeny), new spp. see Floriani and Vizzini 2016 (Italy), Corriol et al. 2017 (France), Li et al. 2017a (China).

Calocybella Vizzini, Consiglio & Setti 2015, Lyophyllaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species C. pudica (Bon & Contu) Vizzini, Consiglio & Setti, Italy, France, Spain, India, Dominican Republic, sequence data available, see Vizzini et al. 2015a (monograph), new spp. see Latha et al. 2016b (India), Vizzini et al. 2017 (Dominican Republic).

Calostoma Desv. 1809, Calostomataceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 16 species, type species C. cinnabarinum Desv., ectomycorrhizal, widespread, see Wilson et al. 2012a (ecology), some species edible, yemitas (C. cinnabarina Desv.), see Bautista-Nava and Moreno-Fuentes 2009 (C. cinnabarina), some species medicinal use (C. japonica Henn.), see Dai and Yang 2008 (medicinal mushrooms, China), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Wilson 2009 (Sclerodermatineae, ecology, evolution), Wilson et al. 2012a (phylogeny, Sclerodermatineae), Trierveiler-Pereira et al. 2013 (Costa Rica, monograph), new spp. see Deng and Wu 2014 (South China).

Calvarula Zeller 1939, Phallaceae, Phallales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. excavata Zeller, terrestrial, America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Calvatia Fr. 1849 (= Langermannia Rostk. 1839), Lycoperdaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 43 species, type species C. craniiformis (Schwein.) Fr., two subgenera: Calvatia Fr. and Langermannia (Rostk.) Jeppson & E. Larss., see Larsson and Jeppson 2008, worldwide, terrestrial, saprobic, some species edible (C. lilacina (Mont. & Berk.) Henn.), see Coetze and van Wyk 2009 (ethnomycology), Dai et al. 2010b (Chinese edible mushrooms), Wu et al. 2011a (compounds), Coetzee and Van Wyk 2012 (nomenclatural notes), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson and Jeppson 2008 (North Europe, phylogeny), Bates et al. 2009 (key, phylogeny), new sp. see Suárez et al. 2009 (Brazil), Alves and Cortez 2013a (Brazil), Rebriev 2013 (Vietnam), Alfredo et al. 2014a (Brazil), Gunasekaran et al. 2018 (India, new sp., distribution data).

Calvatiopsis Hollós 1929, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. bovistoides Hollós, Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Calyptella Quél. 1886, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 20 species, type species C. capula (Holmsk.) Quél., worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Bodensteiner et al. 2004 (phylogeny, cyphelloid homobasidiomycetes).

Camarophyllopsis Herink 1958, Clavariaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 26 species, type species C. schulzeri (Bres.) Herink, worldwide, biotrophic, saprobic, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Birkebak et al. 2013, 2016 (ecology, Clavariaceae, phylogeny, taxonomy).

Campanella Henn. 1895, Marasmiaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 39 species, type species C. buettneri Henn., pleurotoid habit with vein or ridge-like anastomosing lamellae, worldwide, see Bougher 2007 (Western Australia), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny), Vinnere et al. 2005 (phylogeny, pathogen), Desjardin et al. 2017 (type study), new spp. see Farook and Manimohan 2014 (India), Desjardin and Perry 2017 (São Tomé and Príncipe, Africa).

Campanophyllum Cifuentes & R.H. Petersen 2003, Cyphellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. proboscideum (Fr.) Cifuentes & R.H. Petersen, America, sequence data available, see Cifuentes et al. 2003 (taxonomy).

Campanulospora Salazar-Yepes, Pardo-Card. & Buriticá 2007, Phragmidiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species C. rubi Salazar-Yepes, Pardo-Card. & Buriticá, anamorph of Gerwasia, biotrophic on Rosaceae (Rubus), terrestrial, Ecuador, sequence data unavailable.

Camptobasidium Marvanová & Suberkr. 1990 (= Crucella Marvanová & Suberkr. 1990 fide Art. 59.1), Camptobasidiaceae, Kriegeriales, Microbotryomycetes, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. hydrophilum Marvanová & Suberkr., USA, yeast, aquatic, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures and sequence data available, see Sampaio et al. 2003 (phylogeny), Wang et al. 2015e (phylogeny).

Campylomyces Nakasone 2004, Gloeophyllaceae, Gloeophyllales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. tabacinus (Cooke) Nakasone, Australia, Morocco, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Canasta A.A. Carvalho & J.F. Hennen 2010, Uropyxidaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, three species, type species C. cruscula A.A. Carvalho & J.F. Hennen, biotrophic on Bignoniaceae, terrestrial, warmer areas of Central and South America, asexual stage of Prospodium, see de Carvalho and Hennen 2010 (taxonomy).

Candelabrochaete Boidin 1970, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, twelve species, type species C. africana Boidin, corticioid basidioma, wood-rotting, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Floudas and Hibbett 2015 (phylogeny), Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales), new spp. see Duhem and Buyck 2011a (morphology, New Caledonia).

Cantharellopsis Kuyper 1986, incertae sedis, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. prescotii (Weinm.) Kuyper, Europe, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny), Larsson et al. 2006 (phylogeny, Hymenochaetales).

Cantharellula Singer 1936, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. umbonata (J.F. Gmel.) Singer, worldwide (temperate), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Osmundson et al. 2013 (DNA barcode), Lodge et al. 2014 (phylogeny, monograph, Hygrophoraceae).

Cantharellus Adans.ex Fr. 1821, Hydnaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 300 species estimated, see Buyck et al. 2014, Buyck 2016, type species C. cibarius Fr., six subgenera: Afrocantharellus Eyssart. & Buyck, Cantharellus Adans. ex Fr., Cinnabarinus Buyck & V. Hofst., Parvocantharellus Eyssart. & Buyck, Pseudocantharellus Eyssart. & Buyck, Rubrinus Eyssart. & Buyck, (the 7th subgenus has been suggested for neotropical species, i.e. C. guyanensis Mont. (see Buyck et al. 2016a), c. 15 sections, ectomycorrhizal, terrestrial, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), multiple commercially important edible species, see Buyck 1994 (Africa), Pilz et al. 2003, Buyck 2008 (Madagascar), Arora and Dunham 2008 (North America), Shao et al. 2011, sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2006 (cantharelloid clade), Buyck et al. 2013 (phylogeny, Africa), Buyck et al. 2014 (world multigene phylogeny), Buyck et al. 2015 (phylogeny, Madagascar), De Kesel et al. 2016 (multigene phylogeny, new section, Africa); Olariaga et al. 2015c (phylogeny, Europe), Buyck et al. 2016c (phylogeny, America), epitypifications and new species, for Asia, see Eyssartier et al. 2009, Kumari et al. 2011, 2013c, Tian et al. 2012, Das et al. 2015c, Suhara and Kurogi 2015, Shao et al. 2014, 2016a, b, Antonín et al. 2017a; for Africa, see Tibuhwa et al. 2008, De Kesel and Buyck 2011, Buyck 2012, 2014, Buyck et al. 2016a, b, c, d, e, f, g, 2017, 2018, 2019; for Madagascar, see Ariyawansa et al. 2015, Buyck et al. 2015, for Europe, see Olariaga et al. 2015c; for North America, see Buyck and Hofstetter 2011, Buyck et al. 2010b, 2011, 2016d, e, Thorn et al. 2017; for South America, see Wartchow et al. 2012a, b, Pinheiro and Warchow 2013, Henkel et al. 2014b, Nascimento et al. 2014; for New Caledonia, see Buyck 2014, Buyck et al. 2016d.

Cantharocybe H.E. Bigelow & A.H. Sm. 1973, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. gruberi (A.H. Sm.) H.E. Bigelow & A.H. Sm., on soil, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Ovrebo et al. 2011 (phylogeny, morphology, Belize), Kumar and Manimohan 2013 (new combination, phylogeny), Hosen et al. 2016b (phylogeny, Bangladesh), new combination see Kumar and Manimohan 2013 (India).

Capillosclerotium Prameela & Deeba 2013, Corticiaceae, Corticiales, Agaricomycetes, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. indicum Prameela & Deeba, causing the stem rot of cluster bean, India, sequence data available, see Devi et al. 2013 (phylogeny).

Capitulocladosporium L.Y. Sun, X. Sun & L.D. Guo 2017, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Ustilaginomycetes, one species, type species C. clinodiplosidis L.Y. Sun, X. Sun & L.D. Guo, China, host midge (genus Clinodiplosis), cultures available, sequence data available, see Sun et al. 2018 (taxonomy).

Carcinomyces Oberw. & Bandoni 1982, Carcinomycetaceae, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, sexual and asexual morphs known, three species, type species C. effibulatus (Ginns & Sunhede) Oberw. & Bandoni, yeast, mycoparasite, worldwide, cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Caripia Kuntze 1898, Omphalotaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. montagnei (Berk.) Kuntze, America, see Ginns 2011a (USA, morphology), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny), Mata et al. 2006 (phylogeny).

Carlosrosaea A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015, Trimorphomycetaceae, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. vrieseae (M.F. Landell, L.R. Brandão, S.V. Safar, F.C. Gomes, C.R. Félix, A.R. Santos, D.M. Pagani, J.P. Ramos, L. Broetto, T. Mott, M.H. Vainstein, P. Valente & C.A. Rosa) A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, yeast, Europe, Brazil, cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny), new spp. see Felix et al. 2017 (Brazil).

Carolinigaster M.E. Sm. & S. Cruz 2018, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. bonitoi M.E. Sm. & S. Cruz, basidioma hypogeous, ectomycorrhizal, USA, sequence data available, see Crous et al. 2018a (taxonomy).

Castellanea T.W. Henkel & M.E. Sm. 2015, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. pakaraimophila T.W. Henkel & M.E. Sm., sequestrate, ectomycorrhizal, South America, sequence data available, see Smith et al. 2015 (phylogeny, taxonomy).

Castoreum Cooke & Massee 1887, Mesophelliaceae, Hysterangiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. radicatum Cooke & Massee, Australia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Truong et al. 2017b (DNA-barcoding).

Catathelasma Lovejoy 1910, Biannulariaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species C. evanescens Lovejoy, North temperate, see Zhang et al. 2009 (biochemical analysis), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny), Garnica et al. 2007 (agarics, phylogeny, basidiospore ultrastructure), Dentinger et al. 2011 (DNA barcode), Sánchez-García et al. 2017 (phylogeny, new family).

Catatrama Franco-Mol. 1991, Amanitaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. costaricensis Franco-Mol., India, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny), Yang et al. 2018b (phylogeny).

Catilla Pat. 1915, Cyphellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. pandani (Pat.) Pat., Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Caudicicola Miettinen, M. Kulju & Kotir. 2017, Steccherinaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. gracilis Miettinen, M. Kulju & Kotir., resupinate basidioma, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, Finland, on stumps and roots of Picea abies and Pinus sylvestris, sequence data available, see Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales), Kotiranta et al. 2017 (new genus, new sp., morphology).

Caulorhiza Lennox 1979, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. umbonata (Peck) Lennox, USA, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny).

Celatogloea P. Roberts 2005, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Basidiomycota, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. simplicibasidium (Lindsey & Gilb.) P. Roberts, USA, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Cellypha Donk 1959, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, ten species, type species C. goldbachii (Weinm.) Donk, worldwide, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cenangiomyces Dyko & B. Sutton 1979, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, one species, type species C. luteus Dyko & B. Sutton, British Isles, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Centrolepidosporium R.G. Shivas & Vánky 2007, Ustilaginaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, one species, type species C. sclerodermum R.G. Shivas & Vánky, plant parasite on Centrolepis exserta (Centrolepidaceae), Australia, cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Cephaloscypha Agerer 1975, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. mairei (Pilát) Agerer, saprophytic, worldwide, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Ceraceomyces Jülich 1972, Amylocorticiaceae, Amylocorticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 16 species, type species C. tessulatus (Cooke) Jülich, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, new spp. see Dhingra and Singh 2008b (India), Zmitrovich 2008 (species manual), Chikowski et al. 2017 (Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil).

Ceraceopsis Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2007, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. verruculosa Hjortstam & Ryvarden, Venezuela, sequence data unavailable, see Hjortstam et al. 2007 (taxonomy).

Ceraceopsora Kakish., T. Sato & S. Sato 1984, Chaconiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species C. elaeagni Kakish., T. Sato & S. Sato, biotrophic on Elaeagnaceae, (Ranunculaceae alternate host), terrestrial, Japan, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Ceraceosorus B.K. Bakshi 1976, Ceraceosoraceae, Ceraceosorales, Exobasidiomycetes, three species, type species C. bombacis (B.K. Bakshi) B.K. Bakshi, plant parasites (leaves) on Bombax spp. (Malvaceae), India, West Africa, Guam, saprobic yeast states on plants, cultures available, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Wang et al. 2015c, Kijpornyongpan and Aime 2016, Piatek et al. 2016, Kijpornyongpan et al. 2018 (smut pathogenic ancestry of the fungal clade Ustilaginomycotina, genome).

Cerarioporia F. Wu, L.W. Zhou & Jing Si 2016, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. cystidiata F. Wu, L.W. Zhou & J. Si, wood-rotting, China, sequence data available, see Wu et al. 2016c (taxonomy, China).

Ceratellopsis Konrad & Maubl. 1937, Gomphaceae, Gomphales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, nine species, type species C. queletii (Pat.) Konrad & Maubl., wood-decaying, Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Ceratobasidium D.P. Rogers 1935, Ceratobasidiaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph Ceratorhiza, c. 19 species, type species C. calosporum D.P. Rogers, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Samuels et al. 2012 (Southeast Asia, Melanesia, taxonomy), Oberwinkler et al. 2013a (only recognized one species in the genus, transferring the others to Rhizoctonia), Zhou et al. 2017 (China, pathogenic), new spp. see Diederich et al. 2014 (Europe).

Ceratocoma Buriticá & J.F. Hennen 1991, Pucciniosiraceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species C. jacksoniae (Henn. ex McAlpine) Buriticá & J.F. Hennen, biotrophic on Fabaceae, terrestrial, Australia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Ceratoporia Ryvarden & de Meijer 2002, Ceratobasidiaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. perplexa Ryvarden & de Meijer, saprobic, Brazil, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Ceratorhiza R.T. Moore 1987, Ceratobasidiaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, asexual Ceratobasidium/ Rhizoctonia, seven species, type species C. goodyerae-repentis (Costantin & L.M. Dufour) R.T. Moore, pathogenetic, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Hu et al. 2010 (pathogenicity), Amirmijani et al. 2012 (Iran), Oberwinkler et al. 2013a (considered as a synonym of Rhizoctonia).

Ceratosebacina P. Roberts 1993, incertae sedis, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. longispora (Hauerslev) P. Roberts, Europe, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Weiß and Oberwinkler 2001 (phylogeny).

Cercopemyces T.J. Baroni, Kropp & V.S. Evenson 2014, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. crocodilinus T.J. Baroni, Kropp & V.S. Evenson, USA, sequence data available, see Baroni et al. 2014 (phylogeny, taxonomy).

Cericium Hjortstam 1995, Cystostereaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. luteoincrustatum (Hjortstam & Ryvarden) Hjortstam, south America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cerinomyces G.W. Martin 1949, Cerinomycetaceae, Dacrymycetales, Dacrymycetes, asexual morph unknown, 13 species, type species C. pallidus G.W. Martin, wood-decaying, widespread (temperate), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Shirouzu et al. 2013b (phylogeny, several species with clamp connections and mainly 0–1-septate basidiospores are in Cerinomycetaceae clade), new combination see Malysheva 2009.

Cerinosterus R.T. Moore 1987, Dacrymycetaceae, Dacrymycetales, Dacrymycetes, sexual morph Femsjonia Fr., one species, type species C. luteoalbus (de Hoog) R.T. Moore, wood-decaying, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Lim et al. 2005 (fungal diversity).

Cerioporus Quél. 1886, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 15 species, type species C. squamosus (Huds.) Quél., polyporoid basidiomas, wood-rotting, white rot, cosmopolitan, see Zmitrovich and Kovalenko 2016 (genus re-establishing, phylogeny), Zmitrovich et al. 2017 [C. rangiferinus (Bolton) Zmitr. et al. re-habilitation, phylogeny].

Ceriporia Donk 1933, Irpicaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 50 species, type species C. viridans (Berk. & Broome) Donk, basidioma resupinate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, white rot, cosmopolitan, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Miettinen et al. 2012 (phylogeny), new spp. see Læssøe and Ryvarden 2010a (morphology, Ecuador), Mata and Ryvarden 2010 (morphology, Costa Rica), Jia and Cui 2011 (morphology, China), Gomes-Silva et al. 2012b (morphology, Brazil), Jia et al. 2014 (phylogeny, China), Ryvarden 2014 (morphology, tropical America), Soares et al. 2015 (morphology, Brazil, Neotropics), Miettinen et al. 2016a (phylogeny, France, Indonesia, Russia, USA), Spirin et al. 2016b (phylogeny, C. purpura group, Europe, North America), Yuan et al. 2017c (phylogeny, tropical China), Ryvarden 2018a (morphology, Seychelles), new combinations see Ryvarden 2015c (morphology), Ryvarden et al. 2017 (morphology), needs revision since genus shown to be polyphyletic, see Jia et al. 2014, Miettinen et al. 2016a.

Ceriporiopsis Domański 1963, Meruliaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 40 species (needs revision since genus shown to be polyphyletic, see Zhao and Cui 2014, Justo et al. 2017), type species C. gilvescens (Bres.) Domański, resupinate basidioma, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, cosmopolitan, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Miettinen and Rajchenberg 2012 (phylogeny), new spp. see Læssøe and Ryvarden 2010b (morphology, Ecuador), Mata and Ryvarden 2010 (morphology, Costa Rica), Vlasák et al. 2012 (phylogeny, USA), Cui 2013b (morphology, China), Zhao and Cui 2014 (phylogeny, China), Zhao et al. 2015c (phylogeny, China), Gomes-Silva et al. 2016 (morphology, Brazil), Ryvarden 2016b (morphology, tropical America), Spirin and Ryvarden 2016 (morphology, Mexico), Ryvarden 2016b, 2018 (morphology, Namibia, Burundi, Ethiopia, Mozambique), Zhao and Wu 2017 (phylogeny, China), new combination see Ryvarden 2015c (morphology, type study, India).

Ceropsora B.K. Bakshi & Suj. Singh 1960, Coleosporiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species C. piceae (Barclay) B.K. Bakshi & Suj. Singh, biotrophic on Pinaceae, terrestrial, India, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cerotelium Arthur 1906 (= Catenulopsora Mundk. 1943), Phakopsoraceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, 27 species, type species C. canavaliae Arthur, biotrophic on Aristolochiaceae, Fabaceae, Moraceae, Papaveraceae, Urticaceae, terrestrial, circumglobal in tropics and subtropics, fig rust (C. fici (Castagne) Arthur), cotton rust (C. desmium (Berk. & Broome) Arthur), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Latinovic et al. 2015 (pathogen, Montenegro), sequence data available, new spp. see Yepes and de Carvalho 2009, Mohanan 2010.

Cerradoa J.F. Hennen & Y. Ono 1978, incertae sedis, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species C. palmaea J.F. Hennen & Y. Ono (current name: Edythea palmaea (J.F. Hennen & Y. Ono) Cummins & Y. Hirats.), sequence data unavailable.

Cerrena Gray 1821, Cerrenaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species C. cinerea (Pers.) Gray (current name: C. unicolor (Bull.) Murrill), hymenophore poroid to daedaloid or irpicoid, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Zmitrovich and Malysheva 2013 (phylogeny), Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales), new sp. see Lee and Lim 2010 (phylogeny, South Korea), new combinations see Yuan 2014 (phylogeny).

Chaconia Juel 1897, Chaconiaceae, Pucciniales (= Bitzea Mains 1939, = Desmotelium Syd. 1937), Pucciniomycetes, twelve species, type species C. alutacea Juel, biotrophic on Bignoniaceae, Clusiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Heliconiaceae, Mimosaceae, Moraceae, Oleaceae, terrestrial, India, South America (Brazil, French Guiana, Paraguay, Venezuela), Thailand, West Africa, sequence data unavailable, see Berndt 2008b (C. hennenii Berndt, holomorph species for Uredo maclurae and Uredo celtidis), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), new spp. see Berndt and Beenken 2013 (notes, key).

Chaetocalathus Singer 1943, Marasmiaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 20 species, type species C. craterellus (Durieu & Lév.) Singer, saprophytic, worldwide, see Takahashi and Degawa 2011 (Japan), Antonín and Noordeloos 2010 (Europe), Antonín 2012 (morphology, tropical Africa), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Bodensteiner et al. 2004 (phylogeny, cyphelloid homobasidiomycetes), Kerekes and Desjardin 2009 (monograph, Crinipellis, Moniliophthora, Southeast Asia).

Chaetodermella Rauschert 1988, Gloeophyllaceae, Gloeophyllales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. luna (Romell ex D.P. Rogers & H.S. Jacks.) Rauschert, Europe, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available see Sjökvist et al. 2012 (phylogeny).

Chaetospermum Sacc. 1892, Sebacinaceae, Sebacinales, Agaricomycetes, asexual known, four species, type species C. tubercularioides Sacc., worldwide, see Roberts 2011 (‘E. rolleyi’, morphology), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Riess et al. 2014 (phylogeny), Oberwinkler et al. 2014 (taxonomy, phylogeny, Sebacinales).

Chaetotyphula Corner 1950, Pterulaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species C. hyalina (Jungh.) Corner, tropical, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Dentinger and McLaughlin 2006 (phylogeny).

Chalciporus Bataille 1908 (= Rubinoboletus Pilát & Dermek 1969), Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 30 species, type species C. piperatus (Bull.) Bataille, stipitate-pileate, parasitic? (at least the type species is mycoparasitic see Nuhn et al. 2013), worldwide, some species edible (C. rubritubifer (Kauffman) Singer) see Bessette et al. 2017 (Eastern North America), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, new species see Degreef and De Kesel 2008 (Cameroon), Wu et al. 2016f (China), Zhang et al. 2017c (China).

Chamaemyces Battarra ex Earle 1909, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. alphitophyllus (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Earle, agaricoid, saprotrophic, North temperate, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Vellinga 2004 (phylogeny), Walther et al. 2005 (phylogeny), Garnica et al. 2007 (agarics, phylogeny, basidiospore ultrastructure), Saar et al. 2009 (phylogeny).

Chamonixia Rolland 1899, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eight species, type species C. caespitosa Rolland, sequestrate, worldwide, see Mleczko et al. 2009 (new record, central Europe), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Binder and Hibbett 2006 (phylogeny, Boletales), Orihara et al. 2016a (new record, Japan).

Chardoniella F. Kern 1939, Pucciniosiraceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, four species, type species C. gynoxidis F. Kern, biotrophic on Asteraceae, terrestrial, South America (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Zuluaga et al. 2011 (Colombian Andean region, Uredinales).

Cheimonophyllum Singer 1955, Cyphellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species C. candidissimum (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Singer, worldwide, see Blanco-Dios 2014b (morphology, keys), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Matheny et al. 2006 (phylogeny).

Chernovia A.M. Yurkov & Begerow 2016, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Wallemiomycetes, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. houtui J. Federici, A.M. Yurkov & D. Begerow, yeast, soil, Germany, sequence and cultures available, see Yurkov et al. 2016 (new spp., Germany).

Chionosphaera D.E. Cox 1976 (= Fibulostilbum Seifert & Oberw. 1992), Chionosphaeraceae, Agaricostilbales, Agaricostilbomycetes, yeast stage known for C. apobasidialis and C. cuniculicola, six species, type species C. apobasidialis D.E. Cox, presumably mycophilic on ascomycetes but nature of the association is unclear, on bark of deciduous wood, in beetle galleries in dead wood, on lichens, on ascocarps of Phylacia poculiformis, Europe and North America, cultures and sequence data available, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), Wang et al. 2015e(phylogeny).

Chiua Y.C. Li & Zhu L. Yang 2016, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species C. virens (W.F. Chiu) Yan C. Li & Zhu L. Yang, stipitate-pileate, China, sequence data available, see Wu et al. 2016f (taxonomy, China).

Chlamydopus Speg. 1898, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. clavatus Speg. (current name: C. meyenianus (Klotzsch) Lloyd), desert areas, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Martín et al. 2000 (phylogeny).

Chlorogaster Læssøe & Jalink 2004, Sclerodermataceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. dipterocarpi Læssøe & Jalink, Sabah, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Chlorolepiota Sathe & S.D. Deshp. 1979, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. mahabaleshwarensis Sathe & S.D. Deshp., India, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Kumari et al. 2013c (morphology, India), sequence data available, see Atri et al. 2014 (new spp., India).

Chlorophyllum Massee 1898, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 19 species, type species C. esculentum Massee, agaricoid, sequestrate, worldwide, see Ge and Yang 2006 (China, key), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Vellinga 2006 (United Kingdom, key), Crous et al. 2015a, b (morphology, phylogeny), Ge et al. 2018 (phylogeny, new spp., key).

Chondrogaster Maire 1926, Mesophelliaceae, Hysterangiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. pachysporus Maire, Mauritania Brazil, Europe, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Lupatini et al. 2008 (mycorrhizal morphotyping and molecular characterization), Hosaka et al. 2008 (phylogeography).

Chondrostereum Pouzar 1959, Cyphellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species C. purpureum (Pers.) Pouzar, worldwide, wood decaying (C. purpureum (Pers.) Pouzar), see Lygis et al. 2004 (pathogen), Vartiamäki 2009 (silvicide use), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson et al. 2004 (phylogeny, corticioid homobasidiomycetes).

Chromocyphella De Toni & Levi 1888, Chromocyphellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species C. crouanii Pat. & Doass., worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Petersen et al. 2010 (phylogeny, Crepidotaceae), Moreno et al. 2017b (new spp., phylogeny).

Chromosera Redhead, Ammirati & Norvell 1995, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species C. cyanophylla (Fr.) Redhead, Ammirati & Norvell, three subgenera: Chromosera Redhead, Ammirati & Norvell 1995, Oreocybe (Boertm.) Vizzini, Lodge & Padamsee 2013, Subomphalia Vizzini, Lodge & Padamsee 2013, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Holec et al. 2015 (Europe), sequence data available, see Lodge et al. 2014 (phylogeny, monograph, Hygrophoraceae).

Chroogomphus (Singer) O.K. Mill. 1964, Gomphidiaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 23 species, type species C. rutilus (Schaeff.) O.K. Mill., ectomycorrhizal, widespread (north temperate), some species edible (C. confusus Yan C. Li et Zhu L. Yang), see Dai et al. 2010b (edible mushrooms, China), some medicinal use (C. rutilus (Schaeff.: Fr.) O.K. Miller), see Dai and Yang 2008 (medicinal mushrooms, China), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Feng et al. 2014 (compounds), sequence data available, see Li et al. 2009b (phylogeny, new spp.), Martín et al. 2016 (phylogeny), Scambler et al. 2018 (monograph, new sp., typification, Europe).

Chrysella Syd. 1926, Pucciniaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species C. mikaniae Syd., biotrophic on Asteraceae, terrestrial, Central America (Costa Rica), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Chrysocelis Lagerh. & Dietel, in Mayor 1914, (= Stomatisora J.M. Yen 1971), Mikronegeriaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, five species, type species C. lupini Lagerh. & Dietel, biotrophic on Acanthaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Fabaceae, Polygonaceae, Zingiberaceae, terrestrial, Central America (Costa Rica), South America (Colombia, Ecuador), India, Japan, Philippines, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Zuluaga et al. 2011 (Colombian Andean region, Uredinales).

Chrysoconia McCabe & G.A. Escobar 1979, Coniophoraceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. orthospora McCabe & G.A. Escobar, Réunion, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Chrysocyclus Syd. 1925 (= Holwayella H.S. Jacks. 1926), Pucciniaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, three species, type species C. cestri (Dietel & Henn.) Syd., biotrophic on Asteraceae, Solanaceae, terrestrial, Central and South America, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Zuluaga et al. 2011 (Colombian Andean region, Uredinales).

Chrysomphalina Clémençon 1982, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species C. chrysophylla (Fr.) Clémençon, saprotrophic, white rot, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Lodge et al. 2014 (phylogeny, monograph, Hygrophoraceae), sequence data available, see Matheny and Bougher 2006 (phylogeny), Lodge et al. 2014 (phylogeny, monograph, Hygrophoraceae).

Chrysomyxa Unger 1840 (= Barclayella Dietel 1890, = Coleosporium subgen. Melampsoropsis J. Schröt., in Cohn 1879, = Melampsoropsis (J. Schröt.) Sacc. 1888, = Melampsoropsis (J. Schröt.) Arthur 1906, = Stilbechrysomyxa M.M. Chen 1984, ? = Hiratsukaia Hara 1948), Coleosporiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, 38 species, type species C. abietis (Wallr.) Unger, biotrophic on Aquifoliaceae, Ericaceae, Pinaceae (alternate host), terrestrial, worldwide, cause witches’ brooms and needle and cone diseases mainly on Picea, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Kaitera et al. 2010 (phylogeny, Finland), Feau et al. 2011 (phylogeny, DNA barcoding), new spp. see Cao et al. 2016 (China).

Chrysopsora Lagerh. 1891 [1892], Pucciniaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species C. gynoxidis Lagerh. 1891 [1892] (current name: Psora testacea Hoffm.), biotrophic on Asteraceae (Gynoxys), terrestrial, Ecuador, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Chrysozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015, Chrysozymaceae, incertae sedis, Microbotryomycetes, sexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. griseoflava (Nakase & M. Suzuki) Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, yeast, on plant, Asia (China, Japan), sequence data available, see Wang et al. 2015e (taxonomy).

Cibaomyces Zhu L. Yang, Y.J. Hao & J. Qin 2014, Physalacriaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. glutinis Zhu L. Yang, Y.J. Hao & J. Qin, East Asia, Europe, sequence data available, see Hao et al. 2014 (monograph), Moreau et al. 2015b (Europe).

Cilicia Fr. 1825, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. aeruginosa Fr., Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cinereomyces Jülich 1982, Gelatoporiaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. lindbladii (Berk.) Jülich, basidiomas resupinate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Miettinen and Rajchenberg 2012 (phylogeny), Miettinen 2012 (new combination, morphology), Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales).

Cinereomycetella Zmitr. 2018, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, monotypic, one species, type species C. overholtsii (Pilát) Zmitr., resupinate basidioma, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, see Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy).

Cintractia Cornu 1883, Anthracoideaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, 13 species, type species C. axicola (Berk.) Cornu, plant parasites (floral axis, ovaries) on Cyperaceae (not Carex spp.), widespread in tropics and subtropics, cultures available, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Piepenbring et al. 1999, Begerow et al. 2014, Wang et al. 2015c (phylogeny).

Cintractiella Boedijn 1937, Cintractiellaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, two species, type species C. lamii Boedijn, plant parasites (galls, witches’ brooms) on Cyperaceae (genera Hypolytrum, Diplasia), South America, Indonesia, cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Cionothrix Arthur 1907, Pucciniosiraceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, five species, type species C. praelonga (G. Winter) Arthur, biotrophic on Asteraceae, terrestrial, tropical Central and South America, Cuba, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data unavailable, see Berndt 2017 (new spp., morphology, emendation).

Circulocolumella S. Ito & S. Imai 1957, Hysterangiaceae, Hysterangiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. hahashimensis (S. Ito & S. Imai) S. Ito & S. Imai, Bonin island, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Citripora Miettinen 2016, Steccherinaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. bannaensis Miettinen, basidioma resupinate to piletate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread (Uganda, China), sequence data unavailable, see Miettinen and Ryvarden 2016 (taxonomy, China), Justo et al. 2017 (taxonomy, Polyporales), Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy).

Clarkeinda Kuntze 1891, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species C. pedilia (Berk. & Broome) Kuntze, South Asia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Vellinga et al. 2011 (phylogeny), Li et al. 2016b (morphology, phylogeny).

Classicula R. Bauer, Begerow, Oberw. & Marvanová 2003, Classiculaceae, Classiculales, Classiculomycetes, recommended for protection over Naiadella Marvanová & Bandoni 1987 see Aime et al. 2018a, asexual morph described as Naiadella fluitans, two species, type species C. fluitans R. Bauer, Begerow, Oberw. & Marvanová, (self)mycoparasitic, in aquatic habitats associated with leaf litter, submerged plants, worldwide, see Aime et al. 2018b (nomenclature), cultues and sequence data available, see Aime et al. 2006 (phylogeny), Bauer et al. 2006 (phylogeny), Aime et al. 2014 (phylogeny), new spp. see Qiao et al. 2018 (China).

Clathrogaster Petri 1900, Hysterangiaceae, Hysterangiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. vulvarius Petri, Borneo, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Clathrus P. Micheli ex L. 1753, Phallaceae, Phallales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 20 species, type species C. ruber P. Micheli ex Pers., terrestrial, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Giachini et al. 2010 (phylogeny), Trierveiler-Pereira et al. 2014a (phylogeny), new spp. see Fazolino et al. 2010 (Brazil), Lécuru et al. 2013 (Caribbean), Pietras et al. 2016 (Poland).

Claustula K.M. Curtis 1926, Claustulaceae, Phallales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. fischeri K.M. Curtis, terrestrial, New Zealand, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Hosaka et al. 2006 (phylogeny).

Clavaria Vaill. ex L. 1753, Clavariaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 32 species, type species C. fragilis Holmsk., worldwide, saprobic, mycorrhizal, some species edible (C. vermicularis Sw.), see Dai et al. 2010b (edible mushrooms, China), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Kautmanová et al. 2012b (Europe, phylogeny), Birkebak et al. 2013, 2016 (Clavariaceae, phylogeny, new genus), Olariaga et al. 2015b (phylogeny), new spp., see Furtado et al. 2016 (Brazil, new records).

Clavariachaete Corner 1950, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. rubiginosa (Berk. & M.A. Curtis ex Cooke) Corner, South America (tropical, Brazil and Venezuela), basidioma coralloid (like-Ramaria), sequence data unavailable, see Parmasto et al. 2010 (morphology), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Clavariadelphus Donk 1933, Clavariadelphaceae, Gomphales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 20 species, type species C. pistillaris (L.) Donk, widespread (temperate), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Durall et al. 2006, new spp. see Hanif et al. 2014 (Himalaya, Pakistan).

Clavicorona Doty 1947, Clavariaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, ten species, type species C. taxophila (Thom) Doty, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Birkebak et al. 2013 (phylogeny).

Clavogaster Henn. 1896, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. novozelandicus Henn., New Zealand, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Clavomphalia E. Horak 1987, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. yunnanensis E. Horak, China, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Clavulicium Boidin 1957, incertae sedis, Cantharelllales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. macounii (Burd.) Parmasto (= C. pilatii (Boidin) Boidin, see Martelli 2016), widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Sjökvist et al. 2014 (phylogenetic affinities), erroneously attributed spp. see Singh et al. 2012 (India).

Clavulina J. Schröt. 1888, Hydnaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 75 species, type species C. cristata (Holmsk.) J. Schröt., some species edible (C. cinerea (Bull.) J. Schröt.), see Dai et al. 2010b (edible mushrooms, China), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Smith et al. 2011 (ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity), new spp. see Henkel et al. 2011 (Guiana Shield), Uehling et al. 2012a, b (Guiana Shield), Felipe 2012 (Brazil), He et al. 2016 (southwestern China), Tibpromma et al. 2017 (notes).

Clavulinopsis Overeem 1923, Clavariaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 34 species, type species C. sulcata Overeem, worldwide, terrestrial, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Olariaga and Salcedo 2013 (new combination), sequence data available, see Birkebak et al. 2013, 2016 (Clavariaceae, phylogeny, new genus), new spp. see Hyde et al. 2016 (Brazil).

Cleistocybe Ammirati, A.D. Parker & Matheny 2007, Pseudoclitocybaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species C. vernalis Ammirati, A.D. Parker & Matheny, basidioma clitocyboid, western North America, sequence data available, see Ammirati et al. 2007 (monograph), new spp. see Wu et al. 2018b (China).

Cleptomyces Arthur 1918, Pucciniaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species C. lagerheimianus (Dietel) Arthur 1918, biotrophic on Verbenaceae, terrestrial, South America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Climacocystis Kotl. & Pouzar 1958, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. borealis (Fr.) Kotl. & Pouzar, basidioma pileate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Song et al. 2014a (new sp., phylogeny, China), Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales), Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy).

Climacodon P. Karst. 1881, Meruliaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species C. septentrionalis (Fr.) P. Karst., basidioma pileate, hymenophore hydnoid, wood-rotting, white rot, some species tree pathogen, see Koski-Kotiranta and Niemelä 1987 (distribution, North Europe, C. septentrionalis), widespread, some species edible, see Dai et al. 2010a, b (edible mushrooms, China, C. septentrionalis), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Jia et al. 2015 (C. septentrionalis, antioxidant activity, compounds), sequence data available, see Yuan and Cao 2016 (hydnaceous fungi, China), Moreno et al. 2017b (phylogeny, type study), Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales).

Clinoconidium Pat. 1898, Cryptobasidiaceae, Exobasidiales, Exobasidiomycetes, six species, type species C. farinosum Pat. ex Sacc., plant parasites (leaves, fruits) on Lauraceae, Central and South America, East Asia, Canary Islands, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2002, 2014 (taxonomy), Wang et al. 2015c (taxonomy, phylogeny), Jiang and Kirschner 2016 (taxonomy, phylogeny), Kakishima et al. 2017b, c (morphology, new name).

Clintamra Cordas & Durán 1977, Clintamraceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, one species, type species C. nolinae (G.P. Clinton) Cordas & Durán, plant parasite (leaves, flowers) on Nolina microcarpa (Asparagaceae), Mexico, USA, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Clitocella Kluting, T.J. Baroni & Bergemann 2014, Entolomataceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species C. popinalis (Fr.) Kluting, T.J. Baroni & Bergemann, on soil or rotten wood, worldwide, sequence data available, see Kluting 2013 (taxonomy), Vizzini et al. 2016d (new combination, phylogeny), dos Santos Silva-Filho et al. 2018 (new sp., new combination, Brazil).

Clitocybe (Fr.) Staude 1857, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 300 species, type species C. nebularis (Batsch) P. Kumm., worldwide, some species edible (C. robusta Peck), see Hall et al. 2003 (edible mushrooms), Dai et al. 2010b (edible mushrooms, China), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Walther et al. 2005 (conidiogenesis study), Osmundson et al. 2013 (DNA barcode), Alvarado et al. 2015 (phylogeny), new spp. see Seok et al. 2009 (Korea, doubtful generic assignment), Cooper 2014b (New Zealand), Musumeci and Contu 2014a (France), Specht 2014 (Germany), Specht et al. 2014 (Germany), Musumeci and Contu 2015 (France), Lüderitz et al. 2016 (Germany).

Clitocybula (Singer) Singer ex Métrod 1952, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 25 species, type species C. lacerata (Scop.) Métrod, worldwide, lignicolous, wood-rotting, see Barrasa et al. 2006 (brown-rot, Spain), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Malysheva et al. 2011, Antonín et al. 2019 (new combination, phylogeny), new spp. see Latha et al. 2015b (India, phylogeny), Dutta et al. 2018 (India, phylogeny).

Clitolyophyllum E. Sesli, Vizzini & Contu 2016, Lyophyllaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. akcaabatense E. Sesli, Vizzini & Contu, Turkey, on the bark of Picea orientalis, sequence data available, see Sesli et al. 2016 (taxonomy).

Clitopaxillus G. Moreno, Vizzini, Consiglio & P. Alvarado 2018, Pseudoclitocybaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. alexandri (Gillet) G. Moreno, Vizzini, Consiglio & P. Alvarado, sequence data available, see Alvarado et al. 2018b (genus accepted, phylogeny).

Clitopilopsis Maire 1937, Entolomataceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two speceis, type species C. hirneola (Fr.) Kühner, known only in the northern hemisphere, saprobes, sequence data available, see Kluting et al. 2014 (phylogeny, new combination).

Clitopilus (Fr. ex Rabenh.) P. Kumm. 1871, Entolomataceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 140 species, type species C. prunulus (Scop.) P. Kumm., saprophytic, worldwide, some species edible (C. prunulus (Scop.) P. Kumm.), see Hall et al. 2003 (edible mushrooms), Horak 2008 (New Zealand, monograph), Dai et al. 2010b (Chinese edible mushrooms), Noordeloos and Gates 2012b (Tasmania, Australia, morphology, monograph), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Co-David et al. 2009 (new combination, phylogeny), Cooper 2014b (phylogeny), Kluting et al. 2014 (phylogeny), Morgado et al. 2016a (phylogeny, new sp.), new spp. see Roux et al. 2010 (France), Vizzini et al. 2011e (Switzerland), Crous et al. 2012 (Australia), Blanco-Dios 2013a (Spain), Deng et al. 2013a, b (China), Jatuwong et al. 2017 (Thailand), Wang et al. 2017a (China), Raj and Manimohan 2018 (India, taxonomy).

Coccidiodictyon Oberw. 1989, Septobasidiaceae, Septobasidiales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species C. inconspicuum Oberw., Spain, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Coccobotrys Boud. & Pat. 1900, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, sexual morph Leucoagaricus Locq. ex Singer 1948, two species, type species C. xylophilus (Fr.) Boud. & Pat., Europe, Chile, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Colacogloea Oberw. & Bandoni 1991, Colacogloeaceaea, incertae sedis, Microbotryomycetes, sexual and asexual morphs known, 13 species, type species C. peniophorae Oberw. & Bandoni, yeast, gelatinous basidiocarps, mycoparasite, worldwide, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), cultures and sequence data available, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Wang et al. 2015e (emendation, re-classification), Yurkov et al. 2016 (new spp.).

Colacosiphon R. Kirschner, R. Bauer & Oberw. 2001, Cryptomycocolacaceae, Cryptomycocolacales, Cryptomycocolacomycetes, presumably anamorphic (the authors indicated that the interpretation of the sporogenous cells is ambiguous), one species, type species C. filiformis R. Kirschner, R. Bauer & Oberw., mycoparasitic on ascomycetes, in barkbeetles in coniferous wood, Germany, see Kirschner et al. 2001 (morphology), sequence data available, see Aime et al. 2006 (phylogeny), Bauer et al. 2006 (phylogeny), Aime et al. 2014 (phylogeny).

Coleopuccinia Pat. 1889 (= Coleoma Clem. 1909), incertae sedis, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species C. sinensis Pat., biotrophic on Rosaceae, terrestrial, China, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Cao et al. 2018 (not the synonym of Gymnosporangium).

Coleopucciniella Hara ex Hirats. 1937 (= Coleopucciniella Hara 1936), Pucciniaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, two species, type species C. simplex (Dietel) Hara ex Hirats., biotrophic on Rosaceae, terrestrial, China, Japan, see Cummins and Hiratsuka 2003 (synonym of Gymnosporangium), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Coleosporium Lév. 1847 (= Erannium Bonord. 1860, = Stichopsora Dietel 1899 [1900], = Synomyces Arthur 1924), Coleosporiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, c. 125 species, lectotype species C. campanulae (F. Strauss) Tul., biotrophic on numerous hosts including Asteraceae, Campanulaceae, Orobanchaceae, Ranunculaceae, Pinaceae (alternate hosts), terrestrial, Asia, Central America, North America South America, Europe, New Zealand, see Baiswar et al. 2008 (C. plumeriae on Plumeria alba, India), Holcomb and Aime 2010 (C. plumeriae on Plumeria spp., Louisiana, Malaysia), Wang et al. 2011 (rust disease, China, Vietnam), Su et al. 2012 (disease outbreak), Helfer 2013 (description of C. tussilaginis formae speciales, Europe), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Chappell 2010 (Coevolution, Ipomoea-Coleosporium), Dixon et al. 2010 (phylogeny, rust fungi on sugarcane), Chappell and Rausher 2011 (genetics, C. ipomoeae), see Back et al. 2014 (C. asterum on Solidago virgaurea var. gigantea, Ulleung-do), Beenken et al. 2017 (phylogeny), new spp. see You et al. 2010 (China).

Collybia (Fr.) Staude 1857, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. tuberosa (Bull.) P. Kumm., Australia, most of the species transferred to Gymnopus and Rhodocollybia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Hughes et al. 2001 (phylogeny), Walther et al. 2005 (conidiogenesis Agaricales), Antonín and Noordeloos 2010 (Europe), Dentinger et al. 2011 (DNA barcode).

Colospora Miettinen & Spirin 2015, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. andalasii Miettinen & Spirin, basidioma corticioid, resupinate, hymenophore spiny, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, sequence data available, see Ariyawansa et al. 2015 (taxonomy, phylogeny, Indonesia).

Coltricia Gray 1821, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 40 species, type species C. perennis (L.) Murrill, basidioma stipitate, hymenophore poroid, ectomycorrhizal, soil and wood-rotting, see Tedersoo et al. 2007 (ectomycorrhizas of Coltricia, Seychelles), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), widespread, sequence data available, new spp. see Baltazar et al. 2010 (Brazil), Dai 2010b, 2012b (China), Baltazar and Silveira 2012 (India), Dai and Li 2012 (type study, South East Asia), Decock 2013 (São Tomé), Zhou and Tedersoo 2013 (Australia), Bian et al. 2016a (China), Bian and Dai 2017 (China).

Coltriciella Murrill 1904, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 13 species, type species C. dependens (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Murrill, basidioma resupinate to stipitate, soil and wood-rotting, ectomycorrhizal, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, new spp. see Dai et al. 2011, 2014a (China), Valenzuela et al. 2011 (Mexico), Dai 2012 (China), Bian and Dai 2017 (China).

Columnodontia Jülich 1979, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. resupinata Jülich, basidioma resupinate, hymenophore hydnoid, wood-rotting, Southeast Asia, Australasia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Colus Cavalier & Séchier 1835, Phallaceae, Phallales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species C. hirudinosus Cavalier & Séchier, terrestrial, saprobic, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Harrower et al. 2011 (phylogeny).

Conchomyces Overeem 1927, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. verrucisporus Overeem, Indonesia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny).

Confertextum Priyanka & Dhingra 2014, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. macrosporum Priyanka & Dhingra, Australia, sequence data unavailable, see Dhingra 2014 (taxonomy).

Conferticium Hallenb. 1980, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species C. insidiosum (Bourdot & Galzin) Hallenb., worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Vu et al. 2019 (DNA barcodes).

Conidiosporomyces Vánky 1992, Tilletiaceae, Tilletiales, Exobasidiomycetes, three species, type species C. ayresii (Berk.) Vánky & R. Bauer, plant parasites (ovaries) on genera Megathyrsus, Panicum and Setaria (Poaceae), widespread in tropics and subtropics, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2014, Wang et al. 2015c, Jiang and Kirschner 2016.

Coniferiporia L.W. Zhou & Y.C. Dai 2016, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. qilianensis (L.W. Zhou & Y.C. Dai) L.W. Zhou & Y.C. Dai, wood-rotting, forest pathogen, sequence data available, see Zhou et al. 2016d (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Coniodictyum Har. & Pat., 1909, Cryptobasidiaceae, Exobasidiales, Exobasidiomycetes, one species, plant parasite (leaves, branches, fruits) on Zyzyphus mucronatum (Rhamnaceae), Southern Africa, cultures available, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2002, Maier et al. 2006, Begerow et al. 2014, Wang et al. 2015c (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Coniolepiota Vellinga 2011, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. spongodes (Berk. & Broome) Vellinga, agaricoid, south east Asia, terrestrial, saprotrophic, sequence data available, see Vellinga et al. 2011 (genus introduced), Hosen and Yang 2013 (Bangladesh, China).

Coniophora DC. 1815, Coniophoraceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 20 species, type species C. membranacea DC., saprobic, widespread, some species pathogenic (brown-rot fungus C. puteana (Schumach.) P. Karst.), see Irbe et al. 2011 (pathogen), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Skrede et al. 2012 (cryptic species, genome), Rhoden et al. 2013 (ecology).

Coniophoropsis Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1986, Coniophoraceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. obscura Hjortstam & Ryvarden, Argentina, Vietnam, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Zhao et al. 2018b (new spp., Vietnam, phylogeny).

Connopus R.H. Petersen 2010, Omphalotaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. acervatus K.W. Hughes, Mather & R.H. Petersen, on wood, Europe, North America, basidioma collybioid or mycenoid, sequence data available, see Hughes et al. 2010 (taxonomy).

Conocybe Fayod 1889, Bolbitiaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 221 species, type species C. tenera (Schaeff.) Fayod, saprotrophic, dung fungi, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Amandeep et al. 2015a (India), sequence data available, see Hallen et al. 2003 (phylogeny, toxicity), Hausknecht et al. 2009 (monograph, morphology, Europe), Tóth et al. 2013 (phylogeny), Wang and Tzean 2015 (China, phylogeny), new spp. see Gubitz 2008 (Germany), Hausknecht et al. 2009 (temperate Asia), Tkalcec et al. 2009 (Croatia), Hausknecht and Krisai-Greilhuber 2010 (Austria), Hausknecht et al. 2011 (Norway), Watling et al. 2011 (Turkey), Malysheva 2012, 2013, 2017a, b (Russia), Liu and Bau 2018 (China).

Conohypha Jülich 1975, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. albocremea (Höhn. & Litsch.) Jülich, basidioma resupinate, wood-rotting, Europe, USA, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Contumyces Redhead, Moncalvo, Vilgalys & Lutzoni 2002, Rickenellaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. rosellus (M.M. Moser) Redhead, Moncalvo, Vilgalys & Lutzoni, Europe, sequence data available, see Lutzoni et al. 2002 (phylogeny), Antonín and Noordeloos 2004 (Europe).

Coprinellus P. Karst. 1879, Psathyrellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph Hormographiella Guarro & Gené, 70 species, type species C. deliquescens (Bull.) P. Karst., saprobic, worldwide, ink caps, some species cause white rot (C. disseminatus (Pers.) J.E. Lange), can be pathogenic for human (Hormographiella aspergillata Guarro, Gené & De Vroey), or mycorrhizal (Yagame et al. 2013, phylogeny, symbiotic ability), see Uljé 2005 (morphology, monograph, Coprinus s. l.), Singh et al. 2009 (biochemical), Schafer 2010 (key to sections), Nagy et al. 2010b (phylogeny, evolution, Psathyrellaceae), Nagy et al. 2011 (phylogeny, evolution, Psathyrellaceae), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Nagy et al. 2012a, b (phylogeny, morphology, evolution, new spp.), Örstadius et al. 2015 (phylogeny, Psathyrellaceae, new sp.), new spp. see Házi et al. 2010 (Sweden), Gomes and Wartchow 2014, 2018 (Brazil), Huang and Bau 2018 (China), Hussain et al. 2018b (Pakistan).

Coprinopsis P. Karst. 1881, Psathyrellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph Rhacophyllus Berk. & Broome 1871 (see Redhead et al. 2000), c. 150 species, type species C. friesii (Quél.) P. Karst., sapbrobic, worldwide, ink caps, see Uljé 2005 (morphology, monograph, Coprinus s. l.), Schafer 2010 (key to sections), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Nagy et al. 2010b, 2011 (phylogeny, evolution, Psathyrellaceae), Stajich et al. 2010 (genome), Örstadius et al. 2015 (phylogeny, Psathyrellaceae, new sp.), new spp. see Fukiharu et al. 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015 (New Zealand, China, Japan), Raut et al. 2011 (Canada), Nagy et al. 2013 (Hungary, phylogeny), Desjardin and Perry 2016 (Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe), Crous et al. 2017a (Spain), Gierczyk et al. 2017 (Poland), Tibpromma et al. 2017 (Croatia), Crous et al. 2018b (Croatia), Hyde et al. 2019 (Libya).

Coprinus Pers. 1797, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 17 species, type species C. comatus (O.F. Müll.) Pers., saprobic, worldwide, ink caps, some species edible (C. comatus (O.F. Müll.) Pers.), see Hall et al. 2003 (edible mushrooms), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Ko et al. 2001 (phylogeny), Garnica et al. 2007 (agarics, phylogeny, basidiospore ultrastructure), new spp. see Crous et al. 2016a (Spain, phylogeny), Phookamsak et al. 2019 (Saudi Arabia, phylogeny).

Cora Fr. 1825, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 189 species, type species C. pavonia (Sw.) Fr. see Lücking et al. 2013 (nomenclatural discussion), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), lichen-forming, Neotropic, Asia, see Lücking et al. 2017 (new species, phylogeny, sequence data, worldwide).

Coralloderma D.A. Reid 1965, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. acroleucum (Pat.) D.A. Reid, wood-rotting, Asia, Australia, sequence data unavailable, see Welden 2010 (new combination, morphology, Neotropics), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Corallofungus Kobayasi 1983, Hydnaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. hatakeyamanus Kobayasi, Japan, in need of modern interpretation, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Corella Vain. 1890, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. brasiliensis Vainio, lichen-forming, Neotropic, see Lücking et al. 2013 (key for species), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Lücking et al. 2017 (phylogeny).

Corbulopsora Cummins 1940, Pucciniaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, three species, type species C. clemensiae Cummins, biotrophic on Asteraceae, terrestrial, India, New Guinea, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Corditubera Henn. 1897, incertae sedis, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species C. staudtii Henn., Africa (tropical), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Smith and Schmull 2011 (tropical Asia, tropical truffles, review).

Cordochaete Sanyal, Samita, Dhingra & Avneet P. Singh 2013, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. cystidiata S.K. Sanyal, Samita, Dhingra & Avneet P. Singh, corticioid basidioma, wood-rotting, India, sequence data unavailable, see Sanyal et al. 2013 (India, morphology).

Coriolopsis Murrill 1905, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 19 species, type species C. occidentalis (Klotzsch) Murrill, worldwide, sequence data available, see Nogueira-Melo et al. 2012 (Brazil), Hattori and Sotome 2013 (new combinations), Cui et al. 2019 (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Corneriella Sánchez-García 2014, Tricholomataceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. bambusarum (Desjardin & Hemmes) Sánchez-García, Hawaii, Malaysia, India, sequence data available, see Sánchez-García et al. 2014 (monograph, phylogeny), new spp. see Raj et al. 2015 (India).

Corneroboletus N.K. Zeng & Zhu L. Yang 2012, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. indecorus (Massee) N.K. Zeng & Zhu L. Yang, stipitate-pileate, southeastern Asian, sequence data available, see Zeng et al. 2012 (monograph), Included in Hemileccinum by Wu et al. 2016f.

Corneromyces Ginns 1976, incertae sedis, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. kinabalui Ginns, Sabah, saprobes, terrestrial, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Corneroporus T. Hatt. 2001, Bankeraceae, Thelephorales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. subcitrinus (Corner) T. Hatt., Asia, on soil, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Coronicium J. Erikss. & Ryvarden 1975, Pterulaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species C. gemmiferum (Bourdot & Galzin) J. Erikss. & Ryvarden, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson et al. 2004 (phylogeny, corticioid homobasidiomycetes).

Corticirama Pilát 1957, Corticiaceae, Corticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. petrakii Pilát, saprobes, clavarioid, Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Corticium Pers. 1794, Corticiaceae, Corticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 25 species, type species C. roseum Pers., wood-rotting, widespread, C. silviae is lichenicolous on Thamnolia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Diederich et al. 2018b (lichenicolous), sequence data available, see Vu et al. 2019 (DNA barcodes).

Corticomyces A.I. Romero & S.E. López 1989, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, sexual morph Agaricomyces, one species, type species C. xenasmatoides A.I. Romero & S.E. López, Argentina, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cortinarius (Pers.) Gray 1821, Cortinariaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 2250 species, type species C. violaceus (L.) Gray, seven subgenera: Cortinarius (Pers.) Gray, Dermocybe (Fr.) Trog, Leprocybe MM Moser., Myxacium (Fr.) Trog, Phlegmacium (Fr.) Trog, Sericeocybe Rob. Henry, Telamonia (Fr.) Wünsche, ectomycorrhizal, terrestrial, worldwide, some species poisonous (C. gentilis (Fr.) Fr., C. orellanus Fr. and C. speciosissimus Kühner & Romagn), see Michelot and Tebbett 1990, Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Ortega et al. 2008 (section: Calochroi, Europe), Garnica et al. 2009 (section: Calochroi, phylogeny), Niskanen et al. 2009, 2011 (section: Brunnei, section: Armillati, Europe), Suárez-Santiago et al. 2009 (section: Hydrocybe, Europe), Garnica et al. 2011 (section: Calochroi, phylogeny), Harrower et al. 2011 (Canada), Niskanen et al. 2013a (section: Bovini), Liimatainen et al. 2014 (subgenus: Phlegmacium), Stensrud et al. 2014 (North European), Cripps et al. 2015 (subgenus Phlegmacium, western North America), Harrower et al. 2015 (section: Cortinarius, phylogeny), new spp. see Gasparini and Soop 2008 (Oceania), Niskanen et al. 2012, 2013a, b (Europe, North America), Bojantchev 2013 (USA), Stefani et al. 2014 (subgenus: Dermocybe, Australia), Fernández-Brime et al. 2014 (subgenus: Phlegmacium, Europe), Brandrud et al. 2015 (Norway), Liimatainen et al. 2015 (section: Disjungendi, cryptic species), Dima et al. 2016 (northern Europe).

Costatisporus T.W. Henkel & M.E. Sm. 2015, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. cyanescens T.W. Henkel & M.E. Sm., sequestrate, Guyana, sequence data available, see Smith et al. 2015 (taxonomy).

Cotylidia P. Karst. 1881, Rickenellaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, ten species, type species C. undulata (Fr.) P. Karst., basidioma stipitate, confluent, hymenophore smooth, soil and wood-rotting, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Sjökvist et al. 2012 (phylogeny).

Crassisporium Matheny, P.-A. Moreau & Vizzini 2014, Crassisporiaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. funariophilum (M.M. Moser) Matheny, P.-A. Moreau & Vizzini, worldwide, sequence data available, see Matheny et al. 2015 (taxonomy), Vizzini et al. 2019 (phylogeny and taxonomy).

Craterellus Pers. 1825, Hydnaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 80 species, type species C. cornucopioides (L.) Pers., no infrageneric subdivision proposed, see Hembrom et al. 2017a, ectomycorrhizal, terrestrial, worldwide, commercially important edible species, see Boa 2004, Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Dahlman et al. 2000 (genus delimitation), Wilson et al. 2012a, Henkel et al. 2014b (Guyana), new spp. see Kumari et al. 2012, Olariaga et al. 2009 (typification Pseudocraterellus), Buyck et al. 2010b (USA, new recombinations), Henkel et al. 2014b (Guyana), Sá et al. 2014 (Brazil), Das et al. 2017c (India), Hembrom et al. 2017a (India, synonymy Pterygellus).

Crepidotus (Fr.) Staude 1857, Crepidotaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 200 species, type species C. mollis (Schaeff.) Staude, worldwide, basidioma pileate, hymenophore lamellate, saprotrophic, mostly wood-rotting, only some species on soil, one species biotrophic on fruitbodies of Craterellus lutescens (Fr.) Fr., see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Petersen et al. 2010 (phylogeny), new spp. see Bandala et al. 2008a, b (Mexico, Spain), Consiglio et al. 2008 (monograph, Europe, new sp.), Hausknecht and Krisai-Greilhuber 2009 (Austria, monograph, morphology), Capelari 2011 (Brazil), Kasuya and Kobayashi 2011 (Japan, type studies, morphology), Yang and Bau 2014 (China), Desjardin and Perry 2016 (São Tomé and Príncipe, Africa), Ge et al. 2017 (China), Guzmán-Dávalos et al. 2017 (India, Thailand, phylogeny, morphology), Horak 2018 (monograph, New Zealand, new sp.), Kumar et al. 2018a, 2018b (India, phylogeny).

Cribbea A.H. Sm. & D.A. Reid 1962, Physalacriaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species C. gloriosa (D.A. Reid) A.H. Sm. & D.A. Reid, worldwide, basidiomas sequestrate, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Lebel and Catcheside 2009 (phylogeny, Australia).

Crinipellis Pat. 1889, Marasmiaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 65 species, type species C. stipitaria (Fr.) Pat., saprophytic and parasitic, worldwide, see Takahashi 2011 (Japan), Antonín 2012 (tropical Africa, monograph), Bandala et al. 2012b (Mexico), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Kerekes and Desjardin 2009 (monograph, Southeast Asia), Antonín and Noordeloos 2010 (Europe), Antonín et al. 2014b (Korea, phylogeny), new spp. see Antonín and De Kesel 2012 (Benin), Antonín et al. 2015a (Italy), Xia et al. 2015 (China), Crous et al. 2016b (India).

Cristinia Parmasto 1968, Stephanosporaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, ten species, type species C. helvetica (Pers.) Parmasto, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Binder et al. 2010 (phylogeny, Agaricomycetidae), Lebel et al. 2015 (biodiversity of Stephanospora).

Crocinoboletus N.K. Zeng, Zhu L. Yang & G. Wu 2014, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. rufoaureus (Massee) N.K. Zeng, Zhu L. Yang & G. Wu, stipitate-pileate, Japan, subtropical and tropical China, Singapore, Malaysia, possibly Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Australia, see Zeng et al. 2014 (morphology study), sequence data available, see Wu et al. 2014b (phylongeny).

Cronartium Fr. 1815, Cronartiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, 34 species, type species C. asclepiadeum (Willd.) Fr., biotrophic on Asclepiadaceae, Pinanceae (alternate host), causal agent of fusiform rust disease in pines, see Zhang et al. 2010c (blister rust, China), Kaitera et al. 2012 (alternate host ranges), terrestrial, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Anderson et al. 2010 (Genome size, C. quercuum f. sp. fusiforme), Samils et al. 2011 (new genetic markers, Cronartium flaccidum, Peridermium pini), Liu and Hambleton 2013 (transcriptome analysis, Pinus monticola, host resistance, C. ribicola).

Crossopsora Syd. & P. Syd. 1919 [1918], Phakopsoraceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, 16 species, type species C. ziziphi (Syd., P. Syd. & E.J. Butler) Syd. & P. Syd., biotrophic on Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Asteraceae, Bixaceae, Fabaceae, Lamiaceae, Moraceae, Piperaceae, Rhamnaceae, Solanaceae, terrestrial, circumglobal in tropics, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Crucibulum Tul. & C. Tul. 1844, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species C. vulgare Tul. & C. Tul., worldwide, bird’s nests fungi, saprotrophic, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see da Vu et al. 2019 (DNA barcodes).

Cruciger R. Kirschner & Oberw. 1999, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. lignatilis R. Kirschner & Oberw., Germany, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Crucispora E. Horak 1971, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, C. naucorioides E. Horak, New Zealand, Asia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cruentomycena R.H. Petersen, Kovalenko & O.V. Morozova 2008, Mycenaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. viscidocruenta (Cleland) R.H. Petersen & Kovalenko, Austrialia, Europe, America, on fallen twigs and associated leaf fragments, basidioma mycenoid, sequence data available, see Petersen et al. 2008 (monograph), new spp. see Takahashi et al. 2016 (Japan).

Crustoderma Parmasto 1968, Sparassidaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 16 species, type species C. dryinum (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Parmasto, basidioma resupinate, hymenophore smooth, wood-rotting, causal agent of brown rot [C. dryinum (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Parmasto], widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Ortiz-Santana et al. 2013 (phylogeny, antrodia clade), Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales).

Crustodontia Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2005, Meruliaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. chrysocreas (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Hjortstam & Ryvarden, basidioma resupinate, hymenophore smooth, tuberculate or odontioid, wood-rotting, widespread, sequence data available, see Binder et al. 2013 (phylogeny, Polyporales), Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales).

Crustomyces Jülich 1978, Cystostereaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. subabruptus (Bourdot & Galzin) Jülich, basidioma resupinate, wood-rotting, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Rosenthal et al. 2017 (ecology, corticioid fungi in North American pinaceous forests).

Cryptococcus Vuill. 1901 (=Filobasidiella Kwon-Chung 1976), Cryptococcaceae, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, sexual and asexual morphs known, tewlve species, type species C. neoformans (San Felice) Vuill., yeast, pathogenic to mammals, pathogen in humans, widespread, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), Hagen et al. 2017 (nomenclature review), cultures and sequence data available, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), Hagen et al. 2015 (taxonomy), Liu et al. 2015b (emendation, taxonomy and phylogeny), Passer et al. 2019 (new species, genomic analyses).

Cryptomarasmius T.S. Jenkinson & Desjardin 2014 (= Marasmius sect. Hygrometrici Kühner fide Jenkinson et al. 2014), Physalacriaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 15 species, type species Marasmius hygrometricus (V. Brig.) Sacc. (current name Cryptomarasmius corbariensis (Roum.) T.S. Jenkinson & Desjardin), worldwide, sequence data available, see Antonín and Noordeloos 2010 (Europe, as Marasmius sect. Hygrometrici), Jenkinson et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Cryptomphalina R. Heim 1966, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. sulcata R. Heim, wood-rotting, Thailand, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cryptomycocolax Oberw. & R. Bauer 1990, Cryptomycocolacaceae, Cryptomycocolacales, Cryptomycocolacomycetes, yeast stage observed from budding meiospores, one species, type species, C. abnormis Oberw. & R. Bauer, mycoparasitic on ascomycetes, Costa Rica, sequence data available, see Bauer et al. 2006 (phylogeny), Aime et al. 2014 (phylogeny).

Cryptoporus (Peck) Shear 1902, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. volvatus (Peck) Shear, basidioma piletae, hymenophore poroid with volva-like structure, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread (Asia and North America), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Hibbett and Binder 2002 (phylogeny).

Cryptotrichosporon Okoli & Boekhout 2007, Tetragoniomycetaceae, Trichosporonales, Tremellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, five species, type species C. anacardii Okoli & Boekhout, yeast, worldwide, cultures and sequence data available, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), Liu et al. 2015a (taxonomy and phylogeny), Pontes et al. 2017, Kaewwichian et al. 2018 (new spp.).

Cumminsiella Arthur 1933, Pucciniaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, eight species, type species C. sanguinea (Peck) Arthur, biotrophic on Berberidaceae (Berberis, Mahonia), terrestrial, North and South America (C. mirabilissima introduced to other areas), Mahoni rust [C. mirabilissima (Peck) Nannf.], see Ruske and Dörfelt 2010 (history of the Mahonia rust), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Van Der Merwe et al. 2008 (phylogeny, Puccinia/Uromyces rust).

Cumminsina Petr. 1955, Raveneliaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species C. clavispora Petr., biotrophic on Tiliaceae (Grewia), terrestrial, Angola, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cunninghammyces Stalpers 1985, Cyphellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. umbonatus (G. Cunn.) Stalpers, New Zealand, Réunion, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cuphophyllus (Donk) Bon 1985, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 25 species, type species C. pratensis (Fr.) Bon, four sections: section Fornicati, section Adonidum, section Cuphophyllus, section Virginei, Waxcaps, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Dentinger et al. 2011 (DNA barcode), Osmundson et al. 2013 (DNA barcode), Lodge et al. 2014 (phylogeny, monograph, Hygrophoraceae), new spp. see Crous et al. 2017b (Ecuador, South America).

Cupreoboletus Simonini, Gelardi & Vizzini 2015, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. poikilochromus (Pöder, Cetto & Zuccherelli) Simonini, Gelardi & Vizzini, in warm regions bordering the Mediterranean basin, associated with members of Fagaceae (Quercus), sequence data available, see Gelardi et al. 2015a (taxonomy).

Curvibasidium Samp. & Golubev 2004, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Microbotryomycetes, sexual and asexual morphs unknown, three species, type species C. cygneicollum J.P. Samp., yeast, worldwide, cultures and sequence data available, see Sampaio et al. 2004 (description), Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), Wang et al. 2015e (taxonomy and phylogeny), new spp. see Bourret et al. 2012 (on wine grapes, Washington state).

Cutaneotrichosporon X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015, Trichosporonaceae, Trichosporonales, Tremellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, 15 species, type species C. cutaneum (Beurm., Gougerot & Vaucher bis) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, yeast, on wood, human skin, worldwide, cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny), Takashima et al. 2018 (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Cyanoboletus Gelardi, Vizzini & Simonini 2014, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species C. pulverulentus (Opat.) Gelardi, Vizzini & Simonini, stipitate-pileate, ectomycorrhizal, Europe, Asia, North America, some species edible (C. pulverulentus edible), see Bessette et al. 2017, sequence data available, see Wu et al. 2016e (phylogeny, new combination and new spp., Asia), new spp. see Li et al. 2016b (Asia).

Cyanodontia Hjortstam 1987, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. spathulata Hjortstam, resupinate basidioma, hydnoid hymenophore, wood-rotting, East Africa (Tanzania), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cyanosporus McGinty 1909, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. caesius (Schrad.) McGinty, wood-rotting, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Cystidiopostia B.K. Cui, L.L. Shen & Y.C. Dai 2019, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species C. hibernica (Berk. & Broome) B.K. Cui, L.L. Shen & Y.C. Dai, Europe, China, wood-rotting, sequence data available, see Shen et al. 2019 (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Cyanotrama Ghobad-Nejhad & Y.C. Dai 2010, incertae sedis, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. rimosa Ghobad-Nejhad & Y.C. Dai, growth on conifers, especially Juniperus, sequence data available, new spp. see Ghobad-Nejhad and Dai 2010 (Asia).

Cyathus Haller 1768, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 59 species, type species C. striatus (Huds.) Willd., worldwide, saprotrophic, terrestrial, wood-rotting, bird’s nest fungi, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Zhao et al. 2007 (phylogeny), new spp. see Trierveiler-Pereira et al. 2009 (Brazil), da Cruz and Baseia 2014 (Brazil), Poinar 2014 (fossil), Das et al. 2015b (India), Martin et al. 2015 (Cape Verde Archipelago), Crous et al. 2016b (Spain), Hyde et al. 2016 (Thailand), Sharma 2016 (India), da Silva et al. 2016 (phylogeny), Crous et al. 2017a, b (Brazil), Góis et al. 2018 (Costa Rica).

Cyclocybe Velen. 1939, Tubariaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, ten species, type species C. erebia (Fr.) Vizzini & Matheny, worldwide, sequence data available, see Vizzini et al. 2014a (new combination).

Cylindrobasidium Jülich 1974, Physalacriaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species C. evolvens (Fr.) Jülich, worldwide, wood decaying, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence available, see Floudas et al. 2015 (genome), new spp. see Dhingra 2014 (Himalaya).

Cylindrosporus L.W. Zhou 2015, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. flavidus L.W. Zhou, basidioma pilete-sessile, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, white rot, sequence data available, see Zhou 2015b (gen. et comb. nov., segregated from Onnia).

Cymatella Pat. 1899, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species C. minima Pat., Antilles, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cymatellopsis Parmasto 1985, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. ilmiana Parmasto, East Africa, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cymatoderma Jungh. 1840, Panaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eleven species, type species C. elegans Jungh., basidioma stipitate, hymenophore venous, wood-rotting, widespread (pantropical), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Sjökvist et al. 2012 (phylogeny, stipitate stereoid fungi), Miettinen et al. 2012 (phylogeny, polypores), genus in need of revision.

Cynema Maas Geest. & E. Horak 1995, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. alutacea Maas Geest. & E. Horak, Papua New Guinea, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cyphella Fr. 1822, Cyphellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. digitalis (Alb. & Schwein.) Fr., worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Binder et al. 2005 (phylogeny).

Cyphellocalathus Agerer 1981, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. cecropiae (Singer) Agerer, Bolivia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cyphellostereum D.A. Reid 1965, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, nine species, type species C. pusiolum (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) D.A. Reid [current name: Cotylidia pusiola (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) A.L. Welden], lichenized, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Dal-Forno 2015 (basidiolichen), new spp. see Ryvarden 2010 (America), Yánez et al. 2012 (Galapagos), Lücking et al. 2013, Lücking and Timdal 2016 (new combination, tropical Africa, Indian Ocean), Dal Forno et al. 2017 (Galapagos).

Cyphobasidium Millanes, Diederich & Wedin 2016, incertae sedis, Erythrobasidiales, Cystobasidiomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. hypogymniicola (Diederich & Ahti) Millanes, Diederich & Wedin, lichenicolous (growing on Hypogymnia and Usnea), gall-inducing, sequence data available, see Millanes et al. 2016 (new genus, Cystobasidiomycetes).

Cyptotrama Singer 1960, Physalacriaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 16 species, type species C. macrobasidia Singer, four sections, sect. Cyptotrama, sect. Depauperata, sect. Xerulina and sect. Aporpotrama, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Qin and Yang 2016 (monograph, Asia), new spp. see Moreau et al. 2015b (Spain).

Cyrenella Goch. 1981, incertae sedis, Erythrobasidiales, Cystobasidiomycetes, sexual morph unknown, dikaryotic with teliospores, one species, type species C. elegans Goch., aquatic, on submerged fungus, yeast, USA, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures and sequence data available, see Wang et al. 2015d, e (phylogenetic classification of yeasts, Pucciniomycotina).

Cystidiodontia Hjortstam 1983, Cystostereaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. artocreas (Berk. & M.A. Curtis ex Cooke) Hjortstam, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data availale, see Larsson 2007b (phylogeny, corticioid fungi).

Cystoagaricus Singer 1947, Psathyrellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species C. strobilomyces (Murrill) Singer, subtropical America, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Örstadius et al. 2015 (phylogeny, new combination).

Cystobasidiopsis R. Bauer, B. Metzler, Begerow & Oberw. 2009, Chionosphaeraceae, Agaricostilbales, Agaricostilbomycetes, sexual and asexual morphs known, three species, type species C. nirenbergiae R. Bauer, B. Metzler, Begerow & Oberw., plant material, soil, worldwide, cultures and sequence data available, see Bauer et al. 2009 (integrative taxonomy), Wang et al. 2015d, e (emended, phylogeny).

Cystobasidium (Lagerh.) Neuhoff 1924, Cystobasidiaceae, Cystobasidiales, Cystobasidiomycetes, sexual and asexual morphs known, c. 20 species, type species C. lasioboli (Lagerh.) Neuhoff [current name: C. fimetarium (Schumach.) P. Roberts], yeast, lichenicolous, worldwide, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures and sequence data available, see Sampaio and Oberwinkler 2011 (taxonomy), new spp. see Wang et al. 2015d, e (taxonomy and phylogeny), Yurkov et al. 2015 (emendation, taxonomy, phylogeny, new spp.), Tsuji et al. 2017 (East Ongul Island, East Antarctica), Chang et al. 2018 (China), Turchetti et al. 2018 (Arctic region), Fotedar et al. 2019b (Arabian Gulf).

Cystoderma Fayod 1889, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 36 species, type species C. amianthinum (Scop.) Fayod, worldwide, saprotrophic, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Saar et al. 2009 (phylogeny), Saar 2012 (monograph), new spp. see Blanco-Dios 2014a (Spain).

Cystodermella Harmaja 2002, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 16 species, type species C. granulosa (Batsch) Harmaja, worldwide, saprotrophic, basidioma collybioid, sequence data available, see Saar et al. 2009, 2012, 2016 (phylogeny, taxonomy, type study).

Cystofilobasidium Oberw. & Bandoni 1983, Cystofilobasidiaceae, Cystofilobasidiales, Tremellomycetes, sexual and asexual morphs known, eight species, type species C. bisporidii (Fell, I.L. Hunter & Tallman) Oberw. & Bandoni, yeast, widespread, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny), Pontes et al. 2016 (new spp., Mediterranean forest).

Cystogloea P. Roberts 2006, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Basidiomycota, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. oelandica P. Roberts, Sweden, basidioma auricularioid, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Cystogomphus Singer 1942, Gomphidiaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. humblotii Singer, France (introduced), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cystolepiota Singer 1952(= Pulverolepiota Bon 1993), Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. twelve species, type species C. constricta Singer, three sections: sect. Cystolepiota Singer, sect. Pulverolepiota (M. Bon) Vellinga, sect. Pseudoamyloideae Singer and Clémençon, worldwide, saprotrophic, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Garnica et al. 2007 (agarics, phylogeny, basidiospore ultrastructure), Osmundson et al. 2013 (DNA barcode), new spp. see Kumar and Manimohan 2009b (India), Paraíso et al. 2016 (Europe), Xu et al. 2016b (China).

Cystomyces Syd. 1926, Raveneliaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species C. costaricensis Syd., biotrophic on Fabaceae, terrestrial, Costa Rica, sequence data unavailable, see Cannon 2009 (description), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Cystopsora E.J. Butler 1910, Pucciniaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, sexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. oleae E.J. Butler [current name: Zaghouania oleae (E.J. Butler) Cummins], India, Indonesia, biotrophic on Antidesma, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see McTaggart et al. 2016a (evolution, host jumps, rust fungi diversity, Pucciniales).

Cystostereum Pouzar 1959, Cystostereaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species C. murrayi (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Pouzar, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson 2007b (phylogeny, corticioid fungi).

Cytidia Quél. 1888, Vuilleminiaceae, Corticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species C. salicina (Fr.) Burt, wood-rotting, widespread (North Temperate), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Ghobad-Nejhad et al. 2010 (phylogeny).

Cytidiella Pouzar 1954, Irpicaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species C. albomellea (Bondartsev) Parmasto, resupinate, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, sequence data available, see Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny), Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy).

Cyttarophyllopsis R. Heim 1968, Bolbitiaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species C. cordispora R. Heim, India, basidioma gasteroid, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Dacrymyces Nees 1816, Dacrymycetaceae, Dacrymycetales, Dacrymycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 50 species, type species D. stillatus Nees, wood-rotting, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Shirouzu et al. 2007, new spp. see Shirouzu et al. 2009, 2013b (Japan, New Zealand).

Dacryobolus Fr. 1849, Dacryobolaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unkonwn, seven species, type species D. sudans (Alb. & Schwein.) Fr., basidioma membranaceous to coriaceous, hymenophore smooth, odontioid or tuberculate, wood-rotting, brown rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data avaiable, see Binder et al. 2005 (phylogeny), Larsson 2007a (phylogeny, corticioid fungi), Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales), new spp. see Yuan et al. 2016a (phylogeny, China).

Dacryonaema Nannf. 1947, Dacrymycetaceae, Dacrymycetales, Dacrymycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. rufum (Fr.) Nannf., wood-decaying, Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Dacryopinax G.W. Martin 1948, Dacrymycetaceae, Dacrymycetales, Dacrymycetes, asexual morph unknown, 24 species, type species D. elegans (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) G.W. Martin, wood-decaying, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Floudas et al. 2012 (genome), new spp. see Shirouzu et.al. 2009 (Japan), McLaughlin et al. 2016 (Costa Rica).

Dacryoscyphus R. Kirschner & Zhu L. Yang 2005, Dacrymycetaceae, Dacrymycetales, Dacrymycetes, one species, type species D. chrysochilus R. Kirschner & Zhu L. Yang, wood-decaying, China, sequence data available, see Kirschner and Yang 2005 (taxonomy).

Dactylosporina (Clémençon) Dörfelt 1985, Physalacriaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species D. steffenii (Rick) Dörfelt, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Qin et al. 2014a (phylogeny), new spp. see Ushijima et al. 2015 (Japan).

Daedalea Pers. 1801, Fomitopsidaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, twelve species, type species D. quercina (L.) Pers., basidioma pileate, hymenophore poroid to daedaleoid, wood-rotting, brown rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Binder et al. 2013 (phylogeny, Polyporales), Nagy et al. 2015 (genome, D. quercina), new spp. see Lindner et al. 2011 (phylogeny, Belize), Drechsler-Santos et al. 2012a (morphology, Brazil), Li and Cui 2013a (phylogeny, China), Han et al. 2015, 2016a (phylogeny, North and Central America, China).

Daedaleopsis J. Schröt. 1888, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species D. confragosa (Bolton) J. Schröt., basidioma pileate, hymenophore poroid to lamellate, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread (Northern Hemisphere), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Zmitrovich and Malysheva 2013 (new combination, phylogeny), Koukol et al. 2014 (phylogeny), Li et al. 2016c (new sp., phylogeny, tropical China).

Dasturella Mundk. & Khesw. 1943, Phakopsoraceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, three species, type species D. divina (Syd.) Mundk. & Khesw. [current name: Kweilingia divina (Syd.) Buriticá], biotrophic on Poaceae, Rubiaceae (alternate host), Sapindaceae, terrestrial, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Mishra et al. 2015 (species on bamboo, India), sequence data available, see Wingßeld et al. 2004 (phylogeny).

Dasyspora Berk. & M.A. Curtis 1854 [1853] (= Sartvellia Berk. 1857, nom. illeg.), Uropyxidaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, 13 species, type species D. foveolata Berk. & M.A. Curtis [current name: D. gregaria (Kunze) Henn.], asexual morph aecidium-like, biotrophic on Annonaceae, terrestrial, Central America, northern South America, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Beenken et al. 2012 (monograph, new spp.), Beenken and Wood 2015 (description, key, morphology, phylogeny).

Datronia Donk 1966, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, nine species, type species D. mollis (Sommerf.) Donk, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Li et al. 2014b (phylogeny), new spp. see Ryvarden 2014 (morphology, tropical America), Kaur et al. 2015b (morphology, India), new combinations see Hattori and Sotome 2013 (morphology, type study, Malaysia), Ryvarden 2015d (morphology, Neotropics).

Datroniella B.K. Cui, Hai J. Li & Y.C. Dai 2014, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species D. scutellata (Schwein.) B.K. Cui, Hai J. Li & Y.C. Dai, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, sequence data available, see Li et al. 2014b (taxonomy, new combination, phylogeny, China), de Lira et al. 2016 (new sp., phylogeny, Brazil).

Decapitatus Redhead & Seifert 2000, Mycenaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, sexual morph Mycena (Pers.) Roussel 1806, one species, type species D. flavidus (Cooke) Redhead & Seifert, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Deconica (W.G. Sm.) P. Karst. 1879, Strophariaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 44 species, type species D. montana (Pers. : Fr.) P.D. Orton, worldwide, sequence data available, see Noordeloos 2009 (new combinations), Noordeloos 2011 (Europe, monograph), Guzmán et al. 2012 (Thailand, new combination), Ramírez-Cruz et al. 2012, 2013a, b (new combinations, type studies, new combinations, phylogeny), da Silva et al. 2013b, 2014, 2016 (Brazil, new combination, taxonomy, culthure studies), Matheny et al. 2015 (phylogeny).

Deflexula Corner 1950, Pterulaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. eleven species, type species D. fascicularis (Bres. & Pat.) Corner, worldwide, sequence data available, see Munkacsi et al. 2004 (coevolution, coral mushrooms), Dentinger et al. 2009 (ant-fungus mutualism).

Deigloria Agerer 1980, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species D. pulchella Agerer, neotropics, cupulate basidiomas, on fern or stems of herbs, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Delentaria Corner 1970, Gomphaceae, Gomphales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. decurva Corner, Brazil, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Delicatula Fayod 1889, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. three species, type species D. integrella (Pers.) Fayod, temperate, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Antonín 2003 (revision of species described by J. Velenovský; 42 species), Antonín and Noordeloos 2004 (Europe), sequence data available, see Saar et al. 2009 (phylogeny), Kim et al. 2015 (Korea).

Dendrocollybia R.H. Petersen & Redhead 2001, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph Tilachlidiopsis Keissl. 1924, one species, type species D. racemosa (Pers.) R.H. Petersen & Redhead, Australia, mycosaprobic, sequence data available, see Hughes et al. 2001, Machnicki et al. 2006 (growth on Russula crassotunicata Singer), Antonín and Noordeloos 2010 (Europe).

Dendrocorticium M.J. Larsen & Gilb. 1974, Punctulariaceae, Corticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, nine species, type species D. polygonioides (P. Karst.) M.J. Larsen & Gilb., wood-rotting, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Ghobad-Nejhad et al. 2010, Ghobad-Nejhad and Duhem 2014 (phylogeny).

Dendrogloeon Spirin & Miettinen 2015, incertae sedis, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. helenae Spirin, Ryvarden & Miettinen, sequence data available, see Spirin et al. 2015a (St. Helena).

Dendrominia Ghobad-Nejhad & Duhem 2013, Dendrominiaceae, Corticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species D. maculata (H.S. Jacks. & P.A. Lemke) Ghobad-Nejhad & Duhem, wood-rotting, North America and Europe, sequence data available, new spp. see Ghobad-Nejhad and Duhem 2014 (France), Nakasone (North American), Ariyawansa et al. 2015 (phylogeny).

Dendrophlebia Dhingra & Priyanka 2011, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unkonwn, one species, type species D. crassispora Dhingra & Priyanka, corticioid basidioma, wood-rotting, India, sequence data unavailable, see Dhingra and Priyanka 2011 (new genus, new sp., morphology).

Dendrophora (Parmasto) Chamuris 1987, Peniophoraceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species D. versiformis (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Chamuris, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Hestmark et al. 2011 (evolutionary radiation).

Dendrosporomyces Nawawi, J. Webster & R.A. Davey 1977, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, one species, type species D. prolifer Nawawi, J. Webster & R.A. Davey, Malaysia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Dendrothele Höhn. & Litsch. 1907, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 58 species, type species D. papillosa Höhn. & Litsch., wood-rotting, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, new spp. see Hjortstam et al. 2009 (Australia), Nakasone 2009 (North America), Pouzar and Kotlaba 2010 (Czech), Gorjón et al. 2011a (Argentina), Nakasone and Burdsall 2011 (New Zealand), Rodrigues and Guerrero 2013 (Brazil).

Dennisiomyces Singer 1955, Tricholomataceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species D. glabrescentipes Singer, South America, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Lodge et al. 2014 (phylogeny, monograph, Hygrophoraceae), Sánchez-García et al. 2014 (phylogeny).

Dentipellicula Y.C. Dai & L.W. Zhou 2013, Hericiaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species D. taiwaniana (Sheng H. Wu) Y.C. Dai & L.W. Zhou, South Africa, China, sequence data available, see Zhou and Dai 2013a (wood-rotting hydnoid species in Russulales), new spp. see Chen et al. 2015b (China).

Dentipellis Donk 1962, Hericiaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species D. fragilis (Pers.) Donk, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Zhou and Dai 2013a (wood-inhabiting hydnoid species in Russulales), new spp. see Shen and Wang 2017 (China).

Dentipellopsis Y.C. Dai & L.W. Zhou 2013, incertae sedis, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. dacrydicola Y.C. Dai & L.W. Zhou, sequence data available, see Zhou and Dai 2013a (wood-inhabiting hydnoid species in Russulales).

Dentiporus Audet 2017, Fomitopsidaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. albidoides (A. David & Dequatre) Audet, wood-rotting, sequence data available, see Audet 2017a (new genus).

Dentipratulum Domański 1965, Auriscalpiaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species D. bialoviesense Domański, Europe, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson and Larsson 2003 (phylogeny, russuloid basidiomycetes), new spp. see Karasiński and Piątek 2017 (morphology).

Dentocorticium (Parmasto) M.J. Larsen & Gilb. 1974, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species D. ussuricum (Parmasto) M.J. Larsen & Gilb., varied hymenophore surface (odontoid, tuberculate, spinose, poroid, daedaleoid), wood-rotting, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny), Floudas and Hibbett 2015 (phylogeny, Phanerochaete), Liu et al. 2018a (new combinations, phylogeny, type study).

Dermatosorus Sawada ex L. Ling 1949, Anthracoideaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, six species, type species D. eleocharidis Sawada ex L. Ling, plant parasites (ovaries) on Cyperaceae, Africa, South America, East Asia, South Asia, Australia, cultures unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Wang et al. 2015c (phylogeny).

Dermoloma J.E. Lange ex Herink 1958, Tricholomataceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 25 species, type species D. cuneifolium (Fr.) Singer, worldwide, saprotophic, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Kropp 2008 (phylogeny, Belize), Sánchez-García and Matheny 2017 (evolution, phylogeny), new spp. see Contu et al. 2008 (Italy, monograph, morphology), Raj et al. 2014b (India).

Derxomyces F.Y. Bai & Q.M. Wang 2008, Bulleribasidiaceae, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, 24 species, type species D. mrakii (Hamam. & Nakase) F.Y. Bai & Q.M. Wang, yeast, worldwide, cultures and sequence data available, see Wang and Bai 2008, Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Desarmillaria (Herink) R. A. Koch & Aime 2017, Physalacriaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unkown, two species, type species D. tabescens (Scop.) R.A. Koch & Aime, saprotrophic to parasitic, known only from the northern hemisphere, sequence data available, see Koch et al. 2017 (evolution, taxonomy, phylogeny).

Descolea Singer 1952 (= Descomyces Bougher & Castellano 1993; = Timgrovea G. Cunn.), Bolbitiaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 15 species, type species D. antarctica Singer, worldwide, ectomycorrhizal, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Matheny and Bougher 2006 (phylogeny), Garnica et al. 2007 (agarics, phylogeny, basidiospore ultrastructure), Tóth et al. 2013 (phylogeny, Bolbitiaceae), Kuhar et al. 2017 (phylogeny, sequestrate taxa), new spp. see Khan et al. 2017 (Pakistan).

Desmella Syd. & P. Syd. (1919) [1918], incertae sedis, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, four species, type species D. aneimiae Syd. & P. Syd., biotrophic on Nephrolepidaceae, Polypodiaceae, Schizaeaceae, terrestrial, Australia, Brazil, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see McTaggart et al. 2014 (first record of fern rust in Australia, phylogeny).

Desmellopsis J.M. Yen 1969, incertae sedis, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species D. aframomicola J.M. Yen, biotrophic on Zingiberaceae (Aframomum), terrestrial, Africa (Gabon), see Cummins and Hiratsuka 2003 (treated as a synonym of Puccinia), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Desmosorus Ritschel, Oberw. & Berndt 2005, incertae sedis, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species D. oncidii Ritschel, Oberw. & Berndt, biotrophic on Orchidaceae, terrestrial, Central and South America, Europe (introduced), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Destuntzia Fogel & Trappe 1985, Gomphaceae, Gomphales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species D. rubra (Harkn.) Fogel & Trappe, N. America, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available.

Deviodontia (Parmasto) Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2009, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. pilaecystidiata (S. Lundell) Hjortstam & Ryvarden, wood-rotting, sequence data unavailable, see Hjortstam et al. 2009 (taxonomy).

Dextrinocystidium Sheng H. Wu 1996, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species D. sacratum (G. Cunn.) Sheng H. Wu, New Zealand, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Dextrinocystis Gilb. & M. Blackw. 1988, Hydnodontaceae, Trechisporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species D. capitata (D.P. Rogers & Boquiren) Gilb. & M. Blackw., wood-decaying, Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Dextrinodontia Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1980, Hydnodontaceae, Trechisporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. molliuscula Hjortstam & Ryvarden, wood-decaying, Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Dextrinoporus H.S. Yuan 2018, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. aquaticus H.S. Yuan, tyromycetoid basidioma, wood-rotting, white rot, see Yuan and Qin 2018 (taxonomy).

Diabole Arthur 1922, Raveneliaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species D. cubensis (Arthur & J.R. Johnst.) Arthur, biotrophic on Fabaceae, terrestrial, Central America (Cuba, Brazil, El Salvador, Mexico), used as biological control agent [D. cubensis (Arthur & J.R. Johnst.) Arthur], see Burrows et al. 2012 (classical biological control agent, Australia), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data unavailable.

Diabolidium Berndt 1995, Raveneliaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species D. calliandrae Berndt, biotrophic on Fabaceae (Calliandra), terrestrial, South America (Venezuela), sequence data unavailable, see Cummins and Hiratsuka 2003 (treated as a synonym of Allotelium), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Diacanthodes Singer 1945, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph Bornetina L. Mangin & Viala 1903, three species, type species D. philippinensis (Pat.) Singer [current name: D. novoguineensis (Henn.) O. Fidalgo], poroid hymenophore, terrestrial, widespread (pantropical), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Diaphanopellis P.E. Crane 2005, Coleosporiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, two species, type species D. forrestii P.E. Crane, biotrophic on Ericaceae (Rhododendron), terrestrial, China, India, Nepal, sequence data available, see Cao et al. 2017b (new spp., phylogeny).

Dicellomyces L.S. Olive 1945, Brachybasidiaceae, Exobasidiales, Exobasidiomycetes, four species, type species D. gloeosporus L.S. Olive, plant parasites (leaves) on Cyperaceae and Poaceae, India, Namibia, cultures unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2002, Wang et al. 2015c (phylogeny).

Dichantharellus Corner 1966, incertae sedis, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species D. malayanus Corner, Malaysia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Dicheirinia Arthur 1907, Raveneliaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, 14 species, type species D. binata (Berk.) Arthur, biotrophic on Fabaceae, terrestrial, Central and South America, Canary Islands, Madeira, Mauritius, New Caledonia, see de Carvalho and Hennen 2008, Beenken and Berndt 2010 (new species, new combination), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Dichochaete Parmasto 2001, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species D. setosa (Sw.) Parmasto, wood-rotting, widespread, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Dichomitus D.A. Reid 1965, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 13 species, type species D. squalens (P. Karst.) D.A. Reid, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy), sequence data available, see Li and Cui 2013b (phylogeny), Floudas et al. 2012 (genome, D. squalens), new spp. see Ainsworth and Ryvarden 2008 (morphology, Europe), Læssøe and Ryvarden 2010a (morphology, Ecuador), Gomes-Silva et al. 2012b (morphology, Brazil), Ryvarden 2012d (morphology, Costa Rica), Li and Cui 2013c (morphology, China), Yuan 2013b (morphology, China, monograph).

Dichopleuropus D.A. Reid 1965, incertae sedis, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. spathulatus D.A. Reid, Malaysia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Dichostereum Pilát 1926, Peniophoraceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph, eleven species, type species D. durum (Bourdot & Galzin) Pilát, worldwide, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Dictyocephalos Underw. ex V.S. White 1901, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. attenuatus (Peck) Long & Plunkett, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Martin et al. 2000 (phylogeny).

Dictyonema C. Agardh ex Kunth 1822, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 28 species, type species D. excentricum C. Agardh [current name D. thelephora (Spreng.) Zahlbr.], worldwide, lichenized, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Lawrey et al. 2009 (phylogeny), Dal-Forno et al. 2013 (phylogeny), Lücking et al. 2013, 2016 (key, classification), new spp. see Schmull et al. 2014 (Ecuadorian Amazon region).

Dictyotremella Kobayasi 1971, incertae sedis, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. novoguineensis Kobayasi, wood-decaying, Oceania, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data unavailable

Didymopsora Dietel 1899, Pucciniosiraceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, six species, type species D. solani-argentei (Henn.) Dietel, biotrophic on Asteraceae, Melastomataceae, Solanaceae, Tiliaceae, terrestrial, South America, Africa, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Didymopsorella Thirum. 1950 (= Gymnopuccinia K. Ramakr. 1951), Uropyxidaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, two species, type species D. toddaliae (Petch) Thirum., biotrophic on Rutaceae (Toddalia), terrestrial, Africa, India, Sri Lanka, China, Japan, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Dietelia Henn. 1897 (= Endophylloides Whetzel & Olive 1917; = Jacksonia J.C. Lindq. 1970; = Jacksoniella J.C. Lindq. 1972; = Jacksoniella Kamat & Sathe 1972; = Thirumalachariella Sathe 1975 [1974]), Pucciniosiraceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, 13 species, type species D. verruciformis (Henn.) Henn., biotrophic on Asteraceae, Balsaminaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceae, terrestrial, south and central America, Africa (South Africa, Uganda), see Cummins and Hiratsuka 2003 (D. codiaei introduced to Europe), see Berndt and Wood 2012 (new combination), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Aime 2006 (phylogeny), Van der Merwe et al. 2007 (phylogeny).

Digitatispora Doguet 1962, Niaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species D. marina Doguet, marine fungi, Europe, North America, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Rämä et al. 2014 (marine fungi, Norway, morphology).

Dimennazyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015, Naemateliaceae, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. cisti-albidi (Á. Fonseca, J. Inácio & Spenc.-Mart.) A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, yeast, plant material, Europe, cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Diorchidiella J.C. Lindq. 1957, Raveneliaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, two species, type species D. australis (Speg.) J.C. Lindq., biotrophic on Fabaceae (Mimosa), terrestrial, South America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Diorchidium Kalchbr. 1882 (= Diphragmium Boedijn (1960) [1959]), Raveneliaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, 20 species, type species D. woodii Kalchbr. & Cooke, biotrophic on Annonaceae, Fabaceae, Poaceae, Rubiaceae, terrestrial, Africa, South America, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, China, Japan, Indonesia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Beenken and Wood 2015 (phylogeny, new genera on Annonaceae, Pucciniales).

Dioszegia Zsolt 1957, Bulleribasidiaceae, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, 18 species, type species D. hungarica Zsolt, yeast, widespread, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny), Yurkov et al. 2016 (phylogeny), Trochine et al. 2017 (new spp.).

Diplocystis Berk. & M.A. Curtis 1868, Diplocystidiaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species D. wrightii Berk. & M.A. Curtis, West Indies, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Phosri et al. 2014 (Thailand, phylogeny).

Diplomitoporus Domański 1970, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 25 species, type species D. flavescens (Bres.) Domański, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Miettinen and Larsson 2011 (phylogeny), Zmitrovich and Malysheva 2013 (phylogeny), new spp. see Hjortstam and Ryvarden 2009a (morphology, Seychelles), Ryvarden and Iturriaga 2011 (morphology, Venezuela), Baltazar et al. 2014a (morphology, Brazil), Ryvarden 2018b (morphology, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Zimbabwe), new combinations see Ryvarden 2012c, 2015c (morphology, type study, Tanzania).

Dipyxis Cummins & J.W. Baxter 1967, Uropyxidaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, two species, type species D. mexicana Cummins & J.W. Baxter, biotrophic on Bignoniaceae, terrestrial, Central and South America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Dirkmeia F.Y. Bai, Q.M. Wang, Begerow & Boekhout 2015, Ustilaginaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, one species, type species D. churashimaensis (T. Morita, Y. Ogura, M. Takash., N. Hirose, Fukuoka, Imura, Y. Kondo & Kitamoto) F.Y. Bai, Q.M. Wang, Begerow & Boekhout, known only from saprobic yeast morph, plant material, Japan, cultures available, sequence data available, see Wang et al. 2015c (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Disciseda Czern. 1845, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 15 species, type species D. collabescens Czern., worldwide, basidioma gasteroid, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), see da Silva and Baseia 2014 (morphology, Brazil), sequence data available, see Larsson and Jeppson 2008 (phylogeny, north Europe), Bates et al. 2009 (phylogeny, key).

Disporotrichum Stalpers 1984, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, one species, type species D. dimorphosporum (Arx) Stalpers, Netherlands, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Ditangium P. Karst. 1867, Sebacinaceae, Sebacinales, Agaricomycetes, sexual morph unknown, three species, type species D. insigne P. Karst., North and South America, Russia, Europe, saprobic, on rotten wood, sequence data available, see Malysheva et al. 2019 (taxonomy, phylogeny, genus accepted against Craterocolla).

Ditiola Fr. 1822, Dacrymycetaceae, Dacrymycetales, Dacrymycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. ten species, type species D. radicata (Alb. & Schwein.) Fr., wood-rotting, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Shirouzu et al. 2013a (phylogeny, Dacrymycetes).

Doassansia Cornu 1883, Doassansiaceae, Doassansiales, Exobasidiomycetes, twelve species, plant parasites (leaves, stems, petioles) of dicots and monocots, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Wang et al. 2015c (phylogeny).

Doassansiopsis (Setch.) Dietel 1897, Doassansiopsidaceae, Urocystidales, Ustilaginomycetes, 14 species, plant parasites (leaves, ovaries, petioles, stems) on Alismataceae, Limnocharitaceae, Menianthaceae, Nymphaceae, Potamogetonaceae, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2014, Wang et al. 2015c (phylogeny).

Doassinga Vánky, R. Bauer & Begerow 1998, Doassansiaceae, Doassansiales, Exobasidiomycetes, one species, type species D. callitrichis (Liro) Vánky, R. Bauer & Begerow, plant parasitic on Callitriche spp. (Callitrichaceae), Europe, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Donkia Pilát 1937, Phanerochaetaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. pulcherrima (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Pilát, hydnoid hymenophore, wood-rotting, widespread, sequence data available, see Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales), Moreno et al. 2017b (phylogeny, type study), Papp et al. 2017a (phylogeny, Central Europe), Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy).

Donkioporia Kotl. & Pouzar 1973, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species D. expansa (Desm.) Kotl. & Pouzar, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread (North America and Europe), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy), sequence data available, see Vlasák et al. 2010 (new combination, phylogeny, Central Europe), Garcia-Sandoval et al. 2011 (phylogeny).

Donkioporiella L.W. Zhou 2016, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. mellea L.W. Zhou, wood-rotting, China, sequence data available, see Qin et al. 2016 (taxonomy, China).

Drepanoconis J. Schröt. & Henn. 1896, Cryptobasidiaceae, Exobasidiales, Exobasidiomycetes, three species, type species D. brasiliensis J. Schröt. & Henn., species plant parasitic (leaves, fruits) on Lauraceae, Central and South America, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2002, 2014, Wang et al. 2015c (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Ductifera Lloyd 1917, incertae sedis, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. eleven species, type species D. millei Lloyd, widespread, sequence data available, see Weiß and Oberwinkler 2001 (phylogeny, Auriculariales).

Duportella Pat. 1915, Peniophoraceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 13 species, type species D. velutina Pat., worldwide, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Spirin and Kout 2015 (new spp. North East Asia, morphology).

Durianella Desjardin, A.W. Wilson & Manfr. Binder 2008, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species D. echinulata (Corner & Hawker) Desjardin, A.W. Wilson & Manfr. Binder, gastroid, known only from Malaysia, sequence data available, see Desjardin et al. 2008b (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Earliella Murrill 1905, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. scabrosa (Pers.) Gilb. & Ryvarden, basidioma effused-reflexed to resupinate, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread (tropical), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), medicinal use, see Zmitrovich 2018b (mini-review), sequence data available, see Justo and Hibbett 2011 (phylogeny).

Eballistra R. Bauer, Begerow, A. Nagler & Oberw. 2001, Eballistraceae, Georgefischeriales, Exobasidiomycetes, four species, type species E. oryzae (Syd. & P. Syd.) R. Bauer, Begerow, A. Nagler & Oberw., plant parasites (leaves, stems) on Poaceae, widespread in Southern Hemisphere, cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Bauer et al. 2001b, Begerow et al. 2014, Wang et al. 2015c (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Echinochaete D.A. Reid 1963, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species E. megalopora (Bres.) D.A. Reid [current name: E. brachypora (Mont.) Ryvarden], basidioma laterally stipitate, with short stipite, hymenophore poroid, element setoids with lateral spines, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread (tropical), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Sotome et al. 2009 (new sp., phylogeny, Asia, Japan).

Echinoderma (Locq. ex Bon) Bon 1991, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph not known, c. 15 species, type species E. asperum (Pers.) Bon, worldwide, sequence data available, see Vu et al. 2019 (DNA barcodes), in need of revision.

Echinodontiellum S.H. He & Nakasone 2017, Echinodontiaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. japonicum (Imazeki) S.H. He & Nakasone, wood-rotting, causing a white rot on living Quercus in Japan and China, sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2017e (taxonomy).

Echinodontium Ellis & Everh. 1900, Echinodontiaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species E. tinctorium (Ellis & Everh.) Ellis & Everh., America, Japan, Europe, basidioma ungulate to effuse-refflexed, hymenophore dentate to daedaleoid or poroid, white rot, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2017e (phylogeny).

Echinophallus Henn. 1898, Phallaceae, Phallales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. lauterbachii (Henn.) Henn., terrestrial, East Indies, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Echinoporia Ryvarden 1980, Schizoporaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, anamorph Echinodia, three species, type species E. hydnophora (Berk. & Broome) Ryvarden, wood-rotting, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data unavailable, see Motato-Vasquez et al. 2015 (new records, geographic distribution), new spp. see Coelho 2008 (Brazil).

Edythea H.S. Jacks. 1931, incertae sedis, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, five species, type species E. quitensis (Lagerh.) H.S. Jacks. & Holw., biotrophic on Arecaceae, Berberidaceae, terrestrial, South America, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Ordoñez and Barnes 2017 (E. quitensis, Ecuador).

Effuseotrichosporon A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015, Trichosporonaceae, Trichosporonales, Tremellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. vanderwaltii (Motaung, Albertyn, Kock, C.F. Lee, S.O. Suh, M. Blackw. & C.H. Pohl) A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, yeast, soil, South Africa, cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Efibula Sheng H. Wu 1990, Irpicaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 18 species, type species E. tropica Sheng H. Wu, resupinate corticioid basidioma, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, sequence data available, see Floudas and Hibbett 2015 (new spp., phylogeny, Phanerochaete s. l, USA).

Efibulella Zmitr. 2018, Phanerochaetaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. deflectens (P. Karst.) Zmitr., grandinioid basidioma, wood-rotting, white rot, see Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy).

Efibulobasidium K. Wells 1975, Sebacinaceae, Sebacinales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph known, one species, type species E. albescens (Sacc. & Malbr.) K. Wells, worldwide, saprobic, sequence data available, see Oberwinkler et al. 2014 (taxonomy, phylogeny, Sebacinales), Kirschner et al. 2017 (Chaetospermum camelliae with Efibulobasidium teleomorph from Panama).

Eichleriella Bres. 1903, Auriculariaceae, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 14 species, type species E. incarnata Bres., widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Malysheva and Spirin 2017 (phylogeny, new spp.).

Elaphocephala Pouzar 1983, Atheliaceae, Atheliales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. iocularis Pouzar, Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Elaphroporia Z.Q. Wu & C.L. Zhao 2018, Steccherinaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. ailaoshanensis Z.Q. Wu & C.L. Zhao, China, sequence data unavailable, see Wu et al. 2018d (genus accepted, China).

Elateraecium Thirum., F. Kern & B.V. Patil 1966 (= Hiratsukamyces Thirum., F. Kern & B.V. Patil 1975 fide Art. 59.1), incertae sedis, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, sexual morph previously known in Hiratsukamyces Thirum., F. Kern & B.V. Patil 1975, three species, type species E. salaciicola Thirum., F. Kern & B.V. Patil, India, south Africa, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Ellula Nag Raj 1980, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, one species, type species E. guaduae (Viégas) Nag Raj, Brazil, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Elmerina Bres. 1912, Auriculariaceae, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species E. cladophora (Berk.) Bres., widespread (esp. tropical), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Brazee et al. 2012b (phylogeny, ecology), Sotome et al. 2014 (Asian species, poroid Auriculariales, phylogeny), new spp. see Zhou and Dai 2013b (China, phylogeny), Wu et al. 2015a (central China).

Emmia Zmitr., Spirin & Malysheva 2006, Irpicaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species E. latemarginata (Durieu & Mont.) Zmitr., Spirin & Malysheva, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot (E. latemarginata (Durieu & Mont.) Zmitr., Spirin & Malysheva), see El-Gharabawy et al. 2016 (wood decay, Polyporales), widespread, sequence data available, see Zmitrovich and Malysheva 2014 (phylogeny), Miettinen et al. 2016b (phylogeny, Phanerochaetaceae), Wu et al. 2017a (new combination, China), Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy).

Endoclathrus B. Liu, Yin H. Liu & Z.J. Gu 2000, Phallaceae, Phallales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. panzhihuaensis B. Liu, Yin H. Liu & Z.J. Gu, terrestrial, China, sequence data unavailable.

Endocronartium Y. Hirats. 1969, Cronartiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, two species, type species E. harknessii (J.P. Moore) Y. Hirats., biotrophic on Pinaceae (Pinus), terrestrial, North America, Japan, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Jitjak and Sanoamuang 2017 (phylogeny).

Endogonopsis R. Heim 1966, Diplocystidiaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. sacramentarium R. Heim, Asia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Endolepiotula Singer 1963, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. ruizlealii Singer, Argentina, basidioma gasteroid, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Endopandanicola Tibpromma & K.D. Hyde 2018, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph known, one species, type species E. thailandica Tibpromma & K.D. Hyde, Thailand, sequence data available, see Tibpromma et al. 2018 (taxonomy).

Endoperplexa P. Roberts 1993, incertae sedis, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species E. dartmorica P. Roberts, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, new spp. see Roberts 2008a, b (British Virgin Islands, Belize).

Endophallus M. Zang & R.H. Petersen 1989, Phallaceae, Phallales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. yunnanensis M. Zang & R.H. Petersen, terrestrial, China, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Endophyllum Lév. 1826 [1825], Pucciniaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, 43 species, type species E. persoonii Lév, biotrophic on various families including Asteraceae, Convolvulaceae, Crassulaceae, Euphorbiceae, Malvaceae, terrestrial, circumglobal especially in tropics, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Crous 2005 (South Africa), new spp. see Berndt and Wood 2012 (new combination).

Endoraecium Hodges & D.E. Gardner 1984, Raveneliaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, 22 species, type species E. acaciae Hodges & D.E. Gardner, biotrophic on Acacia (Fabaceae), terrestrial, Australia, South-East Asia (China), Hawaii, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, new spp. see Berndt 2011 (new combination), McTaggart et al. 2015 (key to Australian species, molecular phylogeny).

Entocybe T.J. Baroni, V. Hofst. & Largent 2011, Entolomataceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, ten species, type species E. trachyospora (Largent) Largent, T.J. Baroni & V. Hofstetter, worldwide, sequence data available, see Baroni et al. 2011 (phylogeny), new spp. see Baroni and Lamoureux 2013 (Canada), Bergemann et al. 2013 (new combination).

Entoloma Fr. ex P. Kumm. 1871, Entolomataceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 1800 species, type species E. sinuatum (Bull.) P. Kumm., worldwide, mostly saprotrophic, minority of species mycorrhizal or weakly parasitic see Tedersoo et al. 2010, some species edible (E. lividoalbum (Kühner & Romagn.) Kubička), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Horak 2008 (New Zealand, monograph), Noordeloos 2008 (North America, type studies, morphology), Noordeloos and Gates 2012a (Tasmania, Australia, morphology, monograph), Maity et al. 2014, 2015 (compounds), Dovana et al. 2016 (E. ochreoprunuloides, Italy), Mešić et al. 2016 (new names, new combinations), sequence data available, see Co-David et al. 2009 (phylogeny), Baroni and Matheny 2011 (phylogeny), Baroni et al. 2011 (phylogeny), Kinoshita et al. 2012 (sequestrate species, phylogeny), He et al. 2013a, 2013b (China, phylogeny, type study), Morgado et al. 2013 (phylogeny), Vila et al. 2013 (phylogeny, morphology), Morozova et al. 2014a (phylogeny), Kokkonen 2015 (phylogeny), Kondo et al. 2017 (E. rhodopolium-related species, Japan, PCR-RFLP), new spp. see Largent et al. 2008 (Guyana, South America), Noordeloos and Polemis 2008 (Greece), Contu et al. 2009 (Italy), Eyssartier and Noordeloos 2009 (France), Gates et al. 2009 (Tasmania), Horak and Cheype 2009 (French Guiana, South America), Li and Li 2009 (China), Li et al. 2009a (China), Noordeloos and Hausknecht 2009 (Austria), Vila and Caballero 2009 (Spain), Aime et al. 2010 (Australia, as Calliderma, Paraeccilia and Trichopilus), Blanco-Dios 2010 (Spain), Eyssartier et al. 2010 (New Caledonia), Henkel et al. 2010b (Guyana, South America, as Alboleptonia), Jordal and Noordeloos 2010 (Norway), Noordeloos and Morozova 2010 (Russia), Noordeloos et al. 2010, 2017 (Netherlands, Norway), Van Waveren and Llistosella 2010 (Spain), Eyssartier et al. 2011b (New Caledonia), He et al. 2011b (China), Largent et al. 2011a, b, 2013a, b, 2015, 2016 (Australia, as Claudopus, as Pouzarella, as Leptonia, as Inocephalus), Senthilarasu et al. 2010a (India), Takahashi 2011 (Japan, as Clitopilus), Wölfel and Hampe 2011 (Germany), Blanco-Dios 2012 (Spain), Caballero et al. 2012 (Spain), He et al. 2012 (China), Morozova et al. 2012 (Vietnam), Pradeep et al. 2012b (India), Raj and Manimohan 2012, 2017 (India), Wölfel et al. 2012 (Germany), Blanco-Dios 2013a (Spain), Coimbra et al. 2013a (Brazil), Illice and Todeschini 2013 (Italy), Qi et al. 2013 (China), Ribes and Vila 2013 (Spain), Vila et al. 2013 (Spain), Wang and Bau 2013 (China), Battistin et al. 2014 (China), Eyssartier and Buyck 2014 (Madagascar), Henkel et al. 2014a (Guyana, South America, as Nolanea), Morozova et al. 2014a (Russia), Raj et al. 2014b (India), Weholt et al. 2014 (Norway), Ariyawansa et al. 2015 (Italy), Catcheside et al. 2015 (Australia), Crous et al. 2015a, 2016b, 2017b, 2018a (Vietnam, China, Russia, Ecuador), Deng et al. 2015b (China), He et al. 2015a, b, c (China), Karstedt and Capelari 2015 (Brazil), Raj and Manimohan 2016 (India), Blanco-Dios 2016 (Spain), Largent and Bergemann 2016 (USA, as Pouzarella), Lüderitz et al. 2016 (Germany), Montañez et al. 2016 (Mexico), Noordeloos and Hausknecht 2016 (Seychelles, La Réunion, Mauritius), Pradeep et al. 2016a (India), Vidal et al. 2016 (Spain), Blanco-Dios 2017 (Spain, new names and combinations), Ediriweera et al. 2017 (China), He et al. 2017c (China), Karstedt and Capelari 2017 (Brazil), Tibpromma et al. 2017 (India), Ainsworth et al. 2018 (UK), Morozova et al. 2018 (Russia, Vietnam).

Entomocorticium H.S. Whitney, Bandoni & Oberw. 1987, Peniophoraceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. dendroctoni H.S. Whitney, Canada, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Sakayaroj et al. 2010 (phylogeny, Thailand).

Entyloma de Bary 1874, Entylomataceae, Entylomatales, Exobasidiomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 163 species, type species E. microsporum J. Schröt., plant parasites on dicots, widespread, saprobic yeast states, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures available, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2002, Begerow et al. 2014, Boekhout et al. 2006, Wang et al. 2015c (phylogeny).

Entylomaster Vánky & R.G. Shivas 2006, Doassansiaceae, Doassansiales, Exobasidiomycetes, two species, type species E. typhonii Vánky & R.G. Shivas, plant parasites on Araceae, Europe, Australia, cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Eocronartium G.F. Atk. 1902, Eocronartiaceae, Platygloeales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species E. typhuloides G.F. Atk. [current name: E. muscicola (Pers.) Fitzp.], biotrophic on Musci, Europe, North America, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, cultures available, see Henk and Vilgalys 2007 (insect symbiosis origin, phylogeny).

Eonema Redhead, Lücking & Lawrey 2009, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. pyriforme (M.P. Christ.) Redhead, Lücking & Lawrey, sequence data available, see Lawrey et al. 2009 (phylogeny, taxonomy).

Epicnaphus Singer 1960, Physalacriaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species E. phalaropus Singer, saprophytic, South America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Episphaeria Donk 1962, Crepidotaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. fraxinicola (Berk. & Broome) Donk, Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Epithele (Pat.) Pat. 1900, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 17 species, type species E. typhae (Pers.) Pat., resupinate basidioma, odontioid hymenophore (formed by sterile hyphal pegs), wood-rotting, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales), Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy), new spp. see Wang et al. 2010a (morphology, China, Vietnam), Nakasone 2013 (new combination, morphology, Belize, Reunion, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela).

Epithelopsis Jülich 1976, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species E. fulva (G. Cunn.) Jülich, resupinate basidioma, odontioid hymenophore (formed by sterile hyphal pegs), wood-rotting, widespread (Australia, India, New Zealand), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Erastia Niemelä & Kinnunen 2005, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. salmonicolor (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Niemelä & Kinnunen, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, widespread (Asia, Europe, USA and Cuba), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008, Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy).

Eriocaulago Vánky 2005, Ustilaginaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, two species, type species E. eriocauli (Massee) Vánky, species parasite (ovaries) on plant Eriocaulaceae, Angola, India, Madagascar, Thailand, USA, cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Eriocortex Vánky & R.G. Shivas 2013, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Ustilaginomycetes, aexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. eriocauli R.G. Shivas, Vánky, M.D. Barrett & M. Lutz, Australia, plant parasites (ovaries) on Eriocaulaceae, Australia, cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Vánky et al. 2013, Nasr et al. 2014a (taxonomy).

Eriocybe Vellinga 2011, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. chionea Vellinga, agaricoid, saprotrophic, Thailand, sequence data available, see Vellinga et al. 2011 (genus introduced).

Eriomoeszia Vánky 2005, Ustilaginaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, one species, type species E. eriocauli (G.P. Clinton) Vánky, plant parasite (ovaries) on Eriocaulon spp. (Eriocaulaceae), India, USA, cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2014, Nasr et al. 2014a (taxonomy).

Eriosporium Vánky 2005, Ustilaginaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, two species, plant parasites (ovaries) on Eriocaulaceae, Angola, cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Erratomyces M. Piepenbr. & R. Bauer 1997, Erratomycetaceae, Tilletiales, Exobasidiomycetes, five species, type species E. patelii (Pavgi & Thirum.) M. Piepenbr. & R. Bauer, plant parasites (leaves) on Fabaceae, Africa, South America, North America, India, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures available, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2014, Wang et al. 2015c (phylogeny).

Ertzia B.P. Hodk. & Lücking 2014, Lepidostromataceae, Lepidostromatales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. akagerae (Eb. Fisch., Ertz, Killmann & Sérus.) B.P. Hodk. & Lücking, tropical Africa, lichenized, sequence data available, see Hodkinson et al. 2014 (monograph), Liu et al. 2017a (phylogeny).

Erythricium J. Erikss. & Hjortstam 1970 (= Marchandiobasidium Diederich & Schultheis 2003), Corticiaceae, Corticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph known (bulbils, Marchandiobasidium Diederich & Schultheis fide Hawksworth and Henrici 2015), six species, type species E. laetum (P. Karst.) J. Erikss. & Hjortstam, wood-rotting and lichenicolous, widespread, see Diederich et al. 2003 (taxonomy of asexual morph), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, new spp. see Ghobad-Nejhad and Hallenberg 2011 (Iran), Hawksworth and Henrici 2015 (new combination).

Erythrobasidium Hamam., Sugiy. & Komag. 1988, Erythrobasidiaceae, Erythrobasidiales, Cystobasidiomycetes, sexual and asexual morphs known, three species, E. hasegawianum Hamam., Sugiy. & Komag., yeast, plant material, worldwide, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), cultures and sequence data available, see Wang et al. 2015d, e (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Erythromyces Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1990, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. crocicreas (Berk. & Broome) Hjortstam & Ryvarden, wood-rotting, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Yuan and Wan 2012 (phylogeny).

Erythrophylloporus Ming Zhang & T.H. Li 2018, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species E. cinnabarinus Ming Zhang & T.H. Li, China, terrestrial, stipitate-pileate, presumably ectomycorrhizal, sequence data available, see Zhang and Li 2018 (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Esalque J.F. Hennen, Figueiredo & A.A. Carvalho 2000, Raveneliaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species E. holwayi (H.S. Jacks.) J.F. Hennen, Figueiredo & A.A. Carvalho, biotrophic on Caesalpinia (Fabaceae), terrestrial, Brazil, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Exidia Fr. 1822, Auriculariaceae, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 26 species, type species E. glandulosa (Bull.) Fr., widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Sotome et al. 2014 (Asian species, poroid Auriculariales, phylogeny), new spp. see Roberts 2009 (British Isles).

Exidiopsis (Bref.) Möller 1895, Auriculariaceae, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 30 species, type species E. effusa Bref., widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Sotome et al. 2014 (Asian species, poroid Auriculariales, phylogeny), Malysheva and Spirin 2017 (phylogeny).

Exobasidium Woronin 1867, Exobasidiaceae, Exobasidiales, Exobasidiomycetes, type species E. vaccinii (Fuckel) Woronin, 51 species, plant parasites (leaves, stems) on Ericales, widespread in Europe, South America, East Asia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures available, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2002, 2014, Wang et al. 2015c (phylogeny).

Exoteliospora R. Bauer, Oberw. & Vánky 1999, Melanotaeniaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, one species, type species E. osmundae (Peck) R. Bauer, Oberw. & Vánky, plant parasite (leaves) on Osmunda (Osmundaceae), North America, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Faerberia Pouzar 1981, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species F. carbonaria (Alb. & Schwein.) Pouzar, cantharelloid basidioma, terrestrial (post-fire), Europe, North America, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Thorn et al. 2000 (phylogeny, Pleurotaceae).

Farysia Racib. 1909, Anthracoideaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, (= Elateromyces Bubák, Arch. Prírodov. Výzk. 1912; = Farysizyma A. Fonseca 2008), 23 species, type species F. javanica Racib., plant parasites (flowers) on genera Carex and Uncinia (Cyperaceae), Africa, East Asia, South Asia, Australia, saprobic yeast states on plants, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures available, sequence data available, see Inácio et al. 2008, Begerow et al. 2014, Wang et al. 2015c (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Farysporium Vánky 1999, Anthracoideaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species F. endotrichum (Berk.) Vánky, plant parasite (flowers) on Gahnia spp. (Cyperaceae), Australasia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Favillea Fr. 1849, Sclerodermataceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species F. argillacea Fr., Australia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Favolaschia (Pat.) Pat. 1892, Mycenaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 54 species, type species F. gaillardii (Pat.) Pat., tropics and subtropics, see Vizzini et al. 2009 (species distribution), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Chepkirui et al. 2016 (compounds), sequence data available, see Gillen et al. 2013 (Ecuador, Panama, key), Capelari et al. 2014 (Brazil, phylogeny), new spp. see Takahashi 2011 (Japan), Magnago et al. 2013a (Brazil), Pérez-Ramírez et al. 2014 (Mexico).

Favolus P. Beauv. 1805, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 20 species, type species F. daedaleus (Link) Fr. [current name: F. brasiliensis (Fr.) Fr.], poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread (mainly in tropics), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy), some species edible (F. brasiliensis), see Sanuma et al. 2016 (edible mushrooms, Brazil), sequence data available, see Sotome et al. 2013 (phylogeny, emendation of genus, key), Dai et al. 2014b (phylogeny, China), Zhou et al. 2016b (phylogeny, China), Papp and Dima 2017 (phylogeny, Central Europe), new spp. see Tibpromma et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Korea), Zhou and Cui 2017 (phylogeny, China).

Fayodia Kühner 1930, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. ten species, type species F. bisphaerigera (J.E. Lange) Singer, North temperate, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Antonín 2004 (type studies), Antonín and Noordeloos 2004 (European taxa), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny), Garnica et al. 2007 (agarics, phylogeny, basidiospore ultrastructure).

Fellomyces Y. Yamada & Banno 1984, Cuniculitremaceae, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, four species, type species F. polyborus (D.B. Scott & Van der Walt) Y. Yamada & I. Banno, yeast, widespread, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Fellozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015, Chrysozymaceae, incertae sedis, Microbotryomycetes, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species F. inositophila (Nakase & M. Suzuki) Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, yeast, plant material, Japan, cultures and sequence data available, see Wang et al. 2015e (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Femsjonia Fr. 1849, Dacrymycetaceae, Dacrymycetales, Dacrymycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species F. luteoalba Fr. [current name: Ditiola peziziformis (Lév.) D.A. Reid], wood-rotting, sequence data available, new spp. see Shirouzu et al. 2017 (Japan), Tibpromma et al. 2017 (China).

Fereydounia S. Nasr, M.R. Soudi, H.D.T. Nguyen, M. Lutz & Piątek 2014, Fereydouniaceae, Urocystidales, Ustilaginomycetes, one species, known only from saprobic states, plant material, cultures available, sequence data available, see Nasr et al. 2014a (description), Wang et al. 2015c (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Fevansia Trappe & Castellano 2000, Rhizopogonaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species F. aurantiaca Trappe & Castellano, ectomycorrhizal, North America, sequence data available.

Fibricium J. Erikss. 1958, incertae sedis, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species F. greschikii (Bres.) J. Erikss., wood-rotting, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Wu et al. 2007 (phylogeny).

Fibrodontia Parmasto 1968, Schizoporaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species F. gossypina Parmasto, wood-rotting, sequence data available, new sp. and new comb. see Yurchenko and Wu 2014c (China), Baltazar et al. 2016 (taxonomy).

Fibroporia Parmasto 1968, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. ten species, type species F. vaillantii (DC.) Parmasto, basidioma resupinate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, brown rot, widespread, sequence data available, see Chen et al. 2017d (new spp., phylogeny, China), new spp. see Bernicchia et al. 2012 (new combination, phylogeny, Antrodia s. l, Czech Republic), Chen et al. 2015e (phylogeny, China).

Fibulobasidium Bandoni 1979, Sirobasidiaceae, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, sexual and asexual morphs known, three species, type species F. inconspicuum Bandoni, yeast, insect, worldwide, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Fibulochlamys A.I. Romero & Cabral 1989, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, two species, type species F. ferruginosa A.I. Romero & Cabral, Argentina, Chile, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Madrid et al. 2010 (new sp.).

Fibulocoela Nag Raj 1978, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, one species, type species F. indica Nag Raj, India, Cuba, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Fibulosebacea K. Wells & Raitv. 1987, Auriculariaceae, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species F. strigosa (Bourdot & Galzin) K. Wells & Raitv., Europe, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Fibulotaeniella Marvanová & Bärl. 1988, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, hyphomycetous, one species, type species F. canadensis Marvanová & Bärl., Canada, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Filobasidium L.S. Olive 1968, Filobasidiaceae, Filobasidiales, Tremellomycetes, sexual and asexual morphs known, nine species, type species F. floriforme L.S. Olive, yeast, worldwide, see Kurtzman et al. 2011 (taxonomy), cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (emendation, taxonomy and phylogeny).

Fissolimbus E. Horak 1979, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species F. fallaciosus E. Horak, Papua New Guinea, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Fistulina Bull. 1791, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph Confistulina Stalpers, nine species, type species F. hepatica (Schaeff.) With., worldwide, basidioma pileate-stipitate, hymenophore tubular, with separate tubes, wood decaying, brown rot, beefsteak fungus, some species edible (F. hepatica (Schaeff.) With.), see Hall et al. 2003 (edible mushrooms), Dai et al. 2010b (Chinese edible mushrooms), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Bodensteiner et al. 2004 (phylogeny, cyphelloid homobasidiomycetes), Matheny et al. 2006 (phylogeny), Garnica et al. 2007 (agarics, phylogeny, basidiospore ultrastructure), Floudas et al. 2015 (genome), new spp, see Song et al. 2015 (China).

Fistulinella Henn. 1901, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 25 species, type species F. staudtii Henn., stipitate-pileate, presumably ectomycorrhizal, pantropical and South temperate zone of Australia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, new spp. see Fulgenzi et al. 2010 (Guyana), Magnago et al. 2017a (Brazil), new combinations see Horak et al. 2011, genus in need of revision.

Flabellimycena Redhead 1984, Mycenaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species F. flava (Singer) Redhead, South America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Flabellophora G. Cunn. 1965, Steccherinaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 18 species, type species F. superposita (Berk.) G. Cunn., poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, widespread (pantropical), sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Flagelloscypha Donk 1951, Niaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 25 species, type species F. minutissima (Burt) Donk, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Bodensteiner et al. 2004 (phylogeny, cyphelloid homobasidiomycetes).

Flamingomyces R. Bauer, M. Lutz, Piątek, Vánky & Oberw. 2007, Urocystidaceae, Urocystidales, Ustilaginomycetes, one species, type species F. ruppiae (Feldmann) R. Bauer, M. Lutz, Piątek, Vánky & Oberw., plant parasite (leaves, rhizome) on Ruppia maritima (Ruppiaceae), Europe, cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Flaminia Sacc. & P. Syd. 1902, incertae sedis, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species F. amylospora (Rehm) Sacc. & P. Syd., on Xanthoxylon, Brazil, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Flammeopellis Y.C. Dai, B.K. Cui & C.L. Zhao 2014, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species F. bambusicola Y.C. Dai, B.K. Cui & C.L. Zhao, China, poroid hymenophore, bambusicolous, white rot, sequence data available, see Zhao et al. 2014b (taxonomy, phylogeny, China).

Flammula (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871, Hymenogastraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. ten species, type species F. flavida (Fr.) P. Kumm., see Redhead 2013b (nomenclature), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny), Matheny et al. 2006 (phylogeny)

Flammulaster Earle 1909, Tubariaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 20 species, type species F. carpophilus (Fr.) Earle ex Vellinga, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny), Gulden et al. 2005 (phylogeny), Matheny 2005 (phylogeny), Garnica et al. 2007 (agarics, phylogeny, basidiospore ultrastructure), Matheny et al. 2015 (phylogeny, clustering into Tubariaceae), Horak 2018 (monograph, New Zealand).

Flammulina P. Karst. 1891, Physalacriaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 14 species, type species F. velutipes (Curtis) Singer, worldwide, some species edible, enokitake (F. velutipes (Curtis) Singer), see Hall et al. 2003 (edible mushrooms), Smiderle et al. 2008 (nutritional values), Yang et al. 2012a (compounds), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Matheny and Bougher 2006 (phylogeny), new spp. see Ge et al. 2008b, 2015a (China, phylogeny).

Flavidoporia Audet 2017, Fomitopsidaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species F. pulvinascens (Pilát) Audet, wood-rotting, see Audet 2017d (taxonomy), sequence data available, see Ortiz-Santana et al. 2013 (antrodia clade of Polyporales, phylogeny), Spirin et al. 2016b (phylogeny, Antrodia s. s.).

Flaviporus Murrill 1905, Steccherinaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 14 species, type species F. brownii (Humb.) Donk, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, widespread (tropical), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Miettinen et al. 2012 (phylogeny), see Wu et al. 2017a (new combination, phylogeny).

Flavodon Ryvarden 1973, Irpicaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species F. flavus (Klotzsch) Ryvarden, varied hymenophore (poroid, hydnoid to irpicoid), wood-rotting, white rot, mycosymbiont of ambrosia beetles, see Kasson et al. 2016 (symbiosys, F. ambrosius D.R. Simmons, You Li, C.C. Bateman & J. Hulcr), sequence data available, see Miettinen et al. 2012 (phylogeny), see Simmons et al. 2016 (new sp., phylogeny, USA), Wu et al. 2017a (new combination, phylogeny).

Floccularia Pouzar 1957, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species F. luteovirens (Alb. & Schwein.) Pouzar, worldwide, some species edible (F. luteovirens (Alb. & Schwein.) Pouzar), see Dai et al. 2010b (Chinese edible mushrooms), Li et al. 2010b (nutritional components), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny).

Floromyces Vánky, M. Lutz & R. Bauer 2008, Floromycetaceae, Urocystidales, Ustilaginomycetes, one species, type species F. anemarrhenae (C.H. Chow & Chi C. Chang) Vánky, M. Lutz & R. Bauer, plant parasite (flowers) on Anemarrhena asphodeloides (Asparagaceae), China, cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2014, Nasr et al. 2014a (taxonomy).

Fomes (Fr.) Fr. 1849, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species F. fomentarius (L.) Fr., perennial basidioma, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), medicinal use, see Grienke et al. 2014, Gáper et al. 2016 (review, F. fomentarius), ethnomycological use, see Papp et al. 2017a (Transylvania, Europe, F. fomentarius), sequence data available, see Judova et al. 2012 (phylogeny, Europe), McCormick et al. 2013 (phylogeny, culture study, USA).

Fomitella Murrill 1905, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species F. supina (Sw.) Murrill, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread (tropical, subtropical), sequence data available, see Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales), see Hattori and Sotome 2013 (new combination, morphology, type study, Malaysia).

Fomitiporella Murrill 1907, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 13 species, type species Poria umbrinella Bres., basidioma resupinate, hymenophore poroid, wood-decaying, white rot, widespread, sequence data available, new spp. see Zhou 2014c (genus accepted), Ji et al. 2017c, 2018 (species diversity, phylogeny, China).

Fomitiporia Murrill 1907, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 46 species, type species F. langloisii Murrill, basidioma resupinate to pileate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, F. ellipsoidea has the largest fruiting body among the fungi, see Dai and Cui 2011, possibly medicinal use, see Liu et al. 2017b (antioxidant, HIV protease inhibiting and HIV integrase inhibiting activities), inclusion of some pathogenic wood-decaying species (F. capensis M. Fisch., M. Cloete, L. Mostert & F. Halleen, F. hartigii (Allesch. & Schnabl) Fiasson & Niemelä), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Cloete et al. 2014 (associated with esca on grapevine in South Africa), sequence data available, new spp. see Amalfi et al. 2010 (Africa), Vlasák and Kout 2011 (USA, new combinations, Pileate Fomitiporia species), Amalfi et al. 2012 (Southern USA and Northern Mexico), Raymundo et al. 2012 (México), Zhou and Xue 2012 (China), Amalfi and Decock 2013, 2014 (South America), Cloete et al. 2014 (South Africa), de Campos Santana 2014 (Brazil), Chen and Cui 2017 (China), Liu et al. 2018b (China).

Fomitopsis P. Karst. 1881, Fomitopsidaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 40 species, type species F. pinicola (Sw.) P. Karst., poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, brown rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), some species medicinal use, see Grienke et al. 2014, Pleszczyńska et al. 2017 (review, F. betulina, F. pinicola), sequence data available, see Han et al. 2016a (phylogeny, morphology), Floudas et al. 2012 (genome, F. pinicola), Hong et al. 2017 (genome, F. palustris (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Gilb. & Ryvarden), new spp. Zhou and Wei 2012 (phylogeny, China), Li et al. 2013b (phylogeny, China), Han et al. 2014 (phylogeny, China), Tibpromma et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Brazil), new combination, see Hattori and Sotome 2013 (morphology, type study, Indonesia).

Fonsecazyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015, Bulleraceae, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, three species, type species F. mujuensis (K.S. Shin & Y.H. Park) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, yeast, worldwide, cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Foraminispora Robledo, Costa-Rezende & Drechsler-Santos 2017, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species F. rugosa (Berk.) Costa-Rezende, Drechsler-Santos & Robledo, poroid hymenophore, terrestrial or wood-rotting, tropical (South America), sequence data available, see Costa-Rezende et al. 2017 (taxonomy, Amauroderma s. l., new combination, phylogeny).

Fragifomes B.K. Cui, M.L. Han & Y.C. Dai 2016, Fomitopsidaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species F. niveomarginatus (L.W. Zhou & Y.L. Wei) B.K. Cui, M.L. Han & Y.C. Dai, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, brown rot, China, sequence data available, see Zhou and Wei 2012 (Fomitopsis niveomarginata, phylogeny, China), Han et al. 2016a (new genus, new combination, phylogeny, morphology).

Fragiliporia Y.C. Dai, B.K. Cui & C.L. Zhao 2015, Fragiliporiaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species F. fragilis Y.C. Dai, B.K. Cui & C.L. Zhao, resupinate basidioma, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, China, sequence data available, see Zhao et al. 2015a (new family, new genus, new sp., phylogeny, China).

Frantisekia Spirin & Zmitr. 2007, Steccherinaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species F. fissiliformis (Pilát) Spirin & Zmitr., poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread (Northern Hemisphere), see Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy), sequence data available, see Miettinen et al. 2012 (phylogeny, F. mentschulensis), new sp. see Yuan 2014 (phylogeny, Antrodiella, China).

Franzpetrakia Thirum. & Pavgi 1957, Ustilaginaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, three species, type species F. microstegii Thirum. & Pavgi, plant parasite (flowers) on Poaceae, East Asia, South Asia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Fulvifomes Murrill 1914, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 33 species, type species F. robiniae (Murrill) Murrill, basidioma pileate to ungulate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, sequence data available, see Salvador-Montoya et al. 2018 (delimitation of F. robiniae, new sp.), new spp. see Baltazar and Gibertoni 2010 (new combinations), Dai 2010b (China), Zhou and Zhang 2012 (Cambodia), Zhou 2014b (China), Hattori et al. 2014 (Thailand), Zhou 2015b (Thailand), Ji et al. 2017b (America).

Fulvisporium Vánky 1997, Ustilentylomataceae, Microbotryales, Microbotryomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species F. restifaciens (D.E. Shaw) Vánky, on Poaceae, Australia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available.

Funalia Pat. 1900, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. ten species, type species F. mons-veneris (Jungh.) Pat., poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, industrial use, see Daâssi et al. 2014 (biodegradation, F. gallica (Fr.) Bondartsev & Singer), Zmitrovich et al. 2018c (F. trogii (Berk.) Bondartsev & Singer, mini-review), sequence data available, see, Li et al. 2016c (new sp., phylogeny, China), new combinations, see Dai and Yuan 2010 (type study, morphology, China), Zmitrovich and Malysheva 2013 (phylogeny, morphology).

Furtadoa Costa-Rezende, Robledo & Drechsler-Santos 2017, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species F. biseptata Costa-Rezende, Drechsler-Santos & Reck, poroid hymenophore, terrestrial or wood-rotting, growing on the ground or on decayed angiosperm wood, white rot, tropical (South America), sequence data available, see Costa-Rezende et al. 2017 (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Fuscoporia Murrill 1907, Hymenochaetaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 62 species, type species F. ferruginosa (Schrad.) Murrill, basidioma resupinate to pileate, hymenophore poroid, wood-rotting, white rot, see Pires et al. 2015 (Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest), sequence data available, see Baltazar and Gibertoni 2010 (new combination), Raymundo et al. 2012, 2013a, b (morphology, new species, new combinations taxonomy, Sonoran desert, Mexico).

Fuscopostia B.K. Cui, L.L. Shen & Y.C. Dai 2019, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species F. fragilis (Fr.) B.K. Cui, L.L. Shen & Y.C. Dai, worldwide, wood-rotting, sequence data available, see Shen et al. 2019 (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Galerella Earle 1909, Bolbitiaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eight species, type species G. plicatella (Peck) Singer, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Tóth et al. 2013 (phylogeny), new spp. see Tkalčec et al. 2011 (tropical Africa, morphology), Bandala and Montoya 2015 (Mexico, morphology).

Galerina Earle 1909, Hymenogastraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 250 species, type species G. vittiformis (Fr.) Singer, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Osmundson et al. 2013 (DNA barcode), Jang et al. 2015b (phylogeny), Riley et al. 2014 (genome), new spp. see Latha et al. 2015a (India).

Galeropsis Velen. 1930, Bolbitiaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, nine species, type species G. desertorum Velen. & Dvořák, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Tóth et al. 2013 (phylogeny, Bolbitiaceae).

Gallacea Lloyd 1905, Gallaceaceae, Hysterangiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species G. scleroderma (Cooke) Lloyd, Australia, New Zealand, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Giachini et al. 2010 (phylogeny).

Gallowaya Arthur 1906, Coleosporiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, three species, type species G. pini Arthur (current name: G. pinicola Arthur), pycniospores and teliiospores microcyclic, North America, Siberia, G. crowellii on Pinus, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Galzinia Bourdot 1922, Corticiaceae, Corticiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, nine species, type species G. pedicellata Bourdot, wood-rotting, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data from type not available, but from G. incrustans available, see Hibbett and Binder 2002 (evolution), Sjökvist et al. 2012 (evolution).

Gambleola Massee 1898, Pucciniosiraceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. cornuta Massee, on Berberis, India, Nepal, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Gamundia Raithelh. 1979, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. seven species, type species G. pseudoclusilis (Joss. & Konrad) Raithelh., Europe, South America, see Antonín and Noordeloos 2004 (European taxa), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny), Musumeci et al. 2010 (new sp., France).

Ganoderma P. Karst. 1881, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 180 species, type species G. lucidum (Curtis) P. Karst., basidioma pileate, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), some species pathogen of horticultural plants or pulpwood plantations, see Wasser et al. 2006 (G. lucidum-complex), Mercière et al. 2015 (oil palm, basal stem rot disease, G. boninense Pat.), Page et al. 2018 (fungal mating systems, G. philippii, G. mastoporum and G. australe, Indonesia), Papp 2019 (review, taxonomy, global diversity), cosmopolitan, several species medicinal use, see Baby et al. 2015 (review, metabolites, biological activities), Lindequist et al. 2015 (review, G. pfeifferi, Europe), Richter et al. 2015 (review, chemotaxonomy), Hapuarachchi et al. 2017 (review, medicinal properties, clinical evidence), Papp et al. 2017b (review, G. lucidum complex, nomenclature, phylogeny), sequence data available, see Chen et al. 2012b (genome, G. lingzhi Sheng H. Wu, Y. Cao & Y.C. Dai, as G. lucidum, see Papp et al. 2017b), Zhou et al. 2015 (phylogeny, G. lucidum complex, northern hemisphere), Kües et al. 2015 (review, genomics, Ganoderma spp.), Jargalmaa et al. 2017 (Korean Ganoderma and database sequence validation), new spp. see Torres-Torres et al. 2008 (morphology, Mexico), Douanla-Meli and Langer 2009c (phylogeny, Cameroon), Welti and Courtecuisse 2010 (morphology, Martinique), Kinge and Mih 2011 (phylogeny, Cameroon), Cao et al. 2012 (phylogeny, China), Cao and Yuan 2013 (phylogeny, China), Crous et al. 2014b, 2015b, 2016a, 2017a, b (phylogeny, South Africa, Ecuador, Ghana, India), Coetzee et al. 2015 (phylogeny, South Africa), Li et al. 2015c (phylogeny, China), Xing et al. 2016, 2018 (phylogeny, South Africa, China), Hapuarachchi et al. 2018a, b, 2019 (phylogeny, China, Laos), Tchoumi et al. 2018 (phylogeny, South Africa), new combination, see Papp 2016 (nomenclature, East Asia).

Gasterella Zeller & L.B. Walker 1935, Gasterellaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. luteophila Zeller & L.B. Walker, USA, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Gasterellopsis Routien 1940, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. silvicola Routien, USA, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Gasteroagaricoides D.A. Reid 1986, Psathyrellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. ralstoniae D.A. Reid, Australia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Gastroboletus Lohwag 1926, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 14 species, type species G. boedijnii Lohwag, sequestrate, ectomycorrhizal, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Dentinger et al. 2010 (section Boletus, phylogeny), new spp. see Wang et al. 2014b (morphology, China).

Gastroleccinum Thiers 1989, Boletaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. scabrosum (Mazzer & A.H. Sm.) Thiers, sequestrate, North America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Gastropila Homrich & J.E. Wright 1973, Lycoperdaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, four species, type species G. fragilis (Lév.) Homrich & J.E. Wright, worldwide, sequence data unavailable, see Cortez et al. 2012 (Brazil, key), Rebriev and Assyov 2012 (Europe, Asia), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Gastrosporium Mattir. 1903, Gastrosporiaceae, Phallales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species G. simplex Mattir., ectomycorrhizal, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Tomaszewska et al. 2015 (ecology), sequence data available, see Trierveiler-Pereira et al. 2014a (phylogeny).

Gautieria Vittad. 1831, Gomphaceae, Gomphales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 37 species, type species G. morchelliformis Vittad., terrestrial and ectomycorrhizal, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, new spp. see Bau and Liu 2013 (China).

Geasteroides Long 1917, Geastraceae, Geastrales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. texensis Long, USA, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Geastrum Pers. 1794, Geastraceae, Geastrales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 130 species, type species G. pectinatum Pers., widespread, earthstars, terrestrial, 14 sections, sect. Campestria J.C.Zamora, sect. Corollina J.C.Zamora, sect. Elegantia J.C.Zamora, sect. Exareolata De Toni, sect. Fimbriata De Toni, sect. Fornicata De Toni, sect. Geastrum Pers., sect. Hariotia J.C.Zamora, sect. Hieronymia J.C.Zamora, sect. Myceliostroma (Henn.) P.Ponce de León, sect. Papillata De Toni, sect. Pseudolimbata J.C.Zamora, sect. Schmidelia J.C.Zamora, sect. Trichaster (Czern.) P. Ponce de León, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Zamora et al. 2014b (systematics, Geastrum), some species medicinal use (G. fimbriatum Fr.), see Dai and Yang 2008 (medicinal mushrooms, China), sequence data available, see Zamora et al. 2014b, 2015 (section Schmidelia, Geastrum), new spp. see Hemmes and Desjardin 2011 (Hawaii), da Silva et al. 2013a (Brazil), Kuhar et al. 2013 (Argentina), Sousa et al. 2015 (Brazil), Zamora et al. 2015 (Australia), Crous et al. 2016b, 2017b, 2018b.

Geesterania Westphalen, Tomšovský & Rajchenb. 2018, Meruliaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species G. carneola (Bres.) Westphalen & Rajchenb, resupinate porioid basidioma, wood-rotting, white rot, see Westphalen et al. 2018 (taxonomy).

Gelacantha V. Malysheva & Spirin 2019, incertae sedis, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. pura V. Malysheva & Spirin, Europe (Russian Caucasus), saprobic, on fallen log of Abies, sequence data available, see Spirin et al. 2019b (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Gelatoporia Niemelä 1985, Gelatoporiaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species G. subvermispora (Pilát) Niemelä, resupinate basidioma, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread (north temperate), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Miettinen and Rajchenberg 2012 (phylogeny), Fernandez-Fueyo et al. 2012 (genome, as Ceriporiopsis subvermispora).

Gelidatrema A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015, Phaeotremellaceae, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. spencermartinsiae (C. García, Brizzio, Boekhout, Theelen, Libkind & van Broock) A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, yeast, Europe, cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Geliporus Yuan Yuan, Jia J. Chen & S.H. He 2017, Phanerochaetaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. exilisporus (Y.C. Dai & Niemelä) Yuan Yuan, Jia J. Chen & S.H. He, wood-rotting, white rot, sequence data available, see Yuan et al. 2017b (Phanerochaetaceae, taxonomy, China).

Gelopellis Zeller 1939, Claustulaceae, Phallales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species G. macrospora Zeller, South America, Japan, Sustralia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data avaialble, see Hosaka et al. 2006 (phylogeny, gomphoid-phalloid fungi).

Geminago Vánky & R. Bauer 1996, Geminaginaceae, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginomycetes, one species, type species G. nonveilleri (Zambett. & Foko) Vánky & R. Bauer, plant parasite (flowers) on Triplochiton scleroxylon (Malvaceae), Africa, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures unavailable, sequence data unavailable, see Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Geminibasidium H.D.T. Nguyen, N.L. Nick. & Seifert 2013, Geminibasidiaceae, Geminibasidiales, Wallemiomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species, G. donsium H.D.T. Nguyen, N.L. Nickerson & Seifert, Canada, sequence data available, see Nguyen et al. 2013a (taxonomy).

Genolevuria X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015, Bulleraceae, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, four species, type species G. amylolytica (Á. Fonseca, J. Inácio & Spenc.-Mart.) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, worldwide, yeast, cultures and sequence data available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Georgefischeria Thirum. & Naras. 1963, Georgefischeriaceae, Georgefischeriales, Exobasidiomycetes, four species, type species G. riveae Thirum. & Naras., plant parasites (leaves, stems) on Convolvulaceae, India, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), cultures unavailable, sequence data available, see Bauer et al. 2001b, Begerow et al. 2014 (taxonomy).

Geotrichopsis Tzean & Estey 1991, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, one species, type species G. mycoparasitica Tzean & Estey, Canada, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Gerhardtia Bon 1994, Lyophyllaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. seven species, type species G. incarnatobrunnea (Ew. Gerhardt) Bon, sequence data available, see Mešić and Tkalčec 2009 (morphology, type study), Vizzini et al. 2015a (new emendation), Matheny et al. 2017a (new combination), new spp. see Cooper 2014b (New Zealand), Li et al. 2017b (China).

Gerronema Singer 1951, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 58 species, type species G. melanomphax Singer, lignicolous, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Moncalvo et al. 2002 (phylogeny), Antonín et al. 2008 (Korea), new spp. see Cooper 2014b (New Zealand), Latha et al. 2018b (India).

Gerwasia Racib. 1909, Phragmidiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, (= Mainsia H.S. Jacks. 1931), 19 species, type species G. rubi Racib., asexual morphs Campanulospora Salazar-Yepes, Pardo-Card. & Buriticá, Morispora Salazar-Yepes, Pardo-Card. & Buriticá, Scutelliformis Salazar-Yepes, Pardo-Card. & Buriticá, biotrophic on Rosaceae (Rubus, Rosa) terrestrial, Central and South America, Asia, Europe, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see McTaggart et al. 2016a (Evolution, phylogeny).

Giacomia Vizzini & Contu 2012, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. mirabilis (Bres.) Vizzini & Contu, worldwide, sequence data available, see Vizzini et al. 2012b (new genus).

Gilbertsonia Parmasto 2001, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. angulopora (M.J. Larsen & Lombard) Parmasto, resupinate basidioma, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, brown rot, USA, sequence data available, see Ortiz-Santana et al. 2013 (phylogeny, antrodia clade).

Ginnsia Sheng H. Wu & Hallenb. 2010, incertae sedis, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. viticola (Schwein.) Sheng H.Wu & Hallenb., wood-rotting, widespread, sequence data available, see Wu et al. 2010a (new combination, Phanerochaete).

Giulia Tassi 1904, Corticiaceae, Corticiales, Agaricomycetes, sexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. tenuis (Sacc.) Tassi ex Sacc. & D. Sacc., Asia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Rungjindamai et al. 2008 (phylogeny).

Gjaerumia R. Bauer, M. Lutz & Oberw. 2005, Gjaerumiaceae, Georgefischeriales, Exobasidiomycetes, three species, type species G. ossifragi (Rostr.) R. Bauer, M. Lutz & Oberw., plant parasite (leaves) on Asparagaceae, Melanthiaceae, Xanthorrhoeaceae, Denmark, Italy, Kazakhstan, saprobic yeast states, cultures available, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2014, Wang et al. 2015c (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Glabrocyphella W.B. Cooke 1961, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, twelve species, type species G. palmarum (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) W.B. Cooke, saprophytic, worldwide, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Glaciozyma Turchetti, Connell, Thomas-Hall & Boekhout 2011, Camptobasidiaceae, Kriegeriales, Microbotryomycetes, sexual and asexual morphs known, four species, type species G. antarctica (Fell, Statzell, I.L. Hunter & Phaff) Turchetti, Connell, Thomas-Hall & Boekhout, yeast, psychrophilic, worldwide, cultures and sequence data available, see Turchetti et al. 2011 (genus introduced, taxonomy), Wang et al. 2015e (taxonomy and phylogeny).

Gliophorus Herink 1958, Hygrophoraceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 17 species, type species G. psittacinus (Schaeff.) Herink, worldwide, waxcap mushrooms, sequence data available, see Lodge et al. 2014 (phylogeny, monograph, Hygrophoraceae), new spp. see Ainsworth et al. 2013 (Britain).

Globifomes Murrill 1904, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. graveolens (Schwein.) Murrill, basidioma consist of overlapping stipe-less caps, poroid hymenophore, wood-inhabiting, white rot, North America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Globosomyces Jülich 1980, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. aggregatus Jülich, basidioma aggregate, Borneo, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Globuliciopsis Hjortstam & Ryvarden 2004, incertae sedis, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species G. fuegiana Hjortstam & Ryvarden, basidioma resupinate, corticioid, wood-rotting, Central and South America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Globulicium Hjortstam 1973, Rickenellaceae, Hymenochaetales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. hiemale (Laurila) Hjortstam, Europe, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson et al. 2006 (phylogeny), Larsson 2007b (phylogeny).

Globulisebacina Oberw., Garnica & K. Riess 2014, Sebacinaceae, Sebacinales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species G. rolleyi (L.S. Olive) Oberw., Garnica & K. Riess, sequence data available, see Oberwinkler et al. 2014 (phylogeny), new spp. see Kirschner et al. 2017 (China).

Gloeoasterostroma Rick 1938, incertae sedis, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. sordidum Rick, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Gloeocantharellus Singer 1945, Gomphaceae, Gomphales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, twelve species, type species G. purpurascens (Hesler) Singer, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, new spp. see Deng and Li 2008 (China, morphology), Linhares et al. 2016 (Brazil), Wartchow et al. 2017 (Brazil, morphology), new combinations see Giachini and Castellano 2011 (taxonomic classification for species in Gomphus s. l.).

Gloeocorticium Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1986, Cyphellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. cinerascens Hjortstam & Ryvarden, Argentina, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Gloeocystidiellum Donk 1931, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eight species, type species G. porosum (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Donk, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Gorjón and Hallenberg 2013 (taxonomy), new spp. see Telleria et al. 2012b (Spain).

Gloeocystidiopsis Jülich 1982, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. flammea (Boidin) Jülich, resupinate, sequence data available, see Larsson and Larsson 2003 (phylogeny, taxonomy).

Gloeodontia Boidin 1966, incertae sedis, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, eight species, type species G. discolor (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Boidin, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Zhou and Dai 2013a (taxonomy, phylogeny, hydnoid Russulales), new spp. see Telleria et al. 2008b (Spain).

Gloeohypochnicium (Parmasto) Hjortstam 1987, incertae sedis, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species G. analogum (Bourdot & Galzin) Hjortstam, worldwide, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Fukami et al. 2010 (biodiversity).

Gloeomucro R.H. Petersen 1980, Hydnaceae, Cantharellales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, ten species, type species G. nodosus (Linder) R.H. Petersen, widespread, genus in need of modern interpretation, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Gloeomyces Sheng H. Wu 1996, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species G. graminicola Sheng H. Wu, China, Japan, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Gloeopeniophorella Rick 1934, Russulaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, six species, type species G. rubroflava Rick, sequence data available, see Larsson and Larsson 2003 (phylogeny, russuloid basidiomycetes).

Gloeophyllum P. Karst. 1882, Gloeophyllaceae, Gloeophyllales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 13 species, type species G. sepiarium (Wulfen) P. Karst., basidioma resupinate to pilete, hymenophore poroid to lamellate, wood-rotting, brown rot, widespread, sequence data available, see Garcia-Sandoval et al. 2011 (phylogeny), Floudas et al. 2012 (phylogeny).

Gloeoporellus Zmitr. 2018, Incrustoporiaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, monotypic, one species, type species G. merulinus (Berk.) Zmitr., resupinate porioid basidioma, wood-rotting, white rot, see Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy).

Gloeoporus Mont. 1842, Irpicaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, 13 species, type species G. conchoides Mont. [current name: G. thelephoroides (Hook.) G. Cunn.], poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy), sequence data available, new spp. see Mata and Ryvarden 2010 (morphology, Costa Rica), Yuan et al. 2016b (phylogeny, tropical China), Jung et al. 2018 (phylogeny, Uganda, Korea).

Gloeosoma Bres. 1920, Stereaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. vitellinum (Lév.) Bres., cupulate, sequence data available, see Wu et al. 2001 (phylogeny).

Gloeostereum S. Ito & S. Imai 1933, Cyphellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. incarnatum S. Ito & S. Imai, Japan, Korea, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Jang et al. 2015a (Korea), Jang et al. 2016 (Korea).

Gloeosynnema Seifert & G. Okada 1988, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, two species, type species G. ochroleucum (Penz. & Sacc.) Seifert & G. Okada, Indonesia, Japan, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Gloiocephala Massee 1892, Physalacriaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 40 species, type species G. epiphylla Massee, worldwide, saprotrophic, see Antonín and Noordeloos 2010 (Europe, monograph), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Binder et al. 2006 (phylogeny), new spp. see Tkalčec and Mešić 2008 (Croatia), Adamčík et al. 2015 (China).

Gloiodon P. Karst. 1879, Bondarzewiaceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species G. strigosus (Sw.) P. Karst., Europe, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson and Larsson 2003 (phylogeny, russuloid basidiomycetes).

Gloiothele Bres. 1920, Peniophoraceae, Russulales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. twelve species, type species G. lamellosa (Henn.) Bres., see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Larsson and Larsson 2003 (phylogeny, russuloid basidiomycetes).

Gloioxanthomyces Lodge, Vizzini, Ercole & Boertm. 2013, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species G. vitellinus (Fr.) Lodge, Vizzini, Ercole & Boertm., North America, Newfoundland, Europe, sequence data available, see Lodge et al. 2014 (phylogeny, taxonomy).

Glomerogloea Doweld 2013, Platygloeaceae, Platygloeales, Pucciniomycetes, one species, type species G. empetri (D.M. Hend.) Doweld, sequence data unavailable.

Glomerulomyces A.I. Romero & S.E. López 1989, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, one species, type species G. fibulosus A.I. Romero & S.E. López, Argentina, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Glomopsis D.M. Hend. 1961, Platygloeaceae, Platygloeales, Pucciniomycetes, two species, type species G. corni (Peck) D.M. Hend., USA, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Glutinoagger Sivan. & Watling 1980, incertae sedis, incertae sedis, Agaricomycetes, one species, type species G. fibulatus Sivan. & Watling, Seychelles, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Glyptoderma R. Heim & Perr.-Bertr. 1971, Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. coelatum (Pat. ex R. Heim) R. Heim & Perr.-Bertr., tropical America, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Goffeauzyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015, Filobasidiaceae, Filobasidiales, Tremellomycetes, sexual morph unknown, six species, type species G. gastrica (Reiersöl & di Menna) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, yeast, acid environments, soils, psychrophilic, widespread, cultures and sequence data available, cultures are available, see Liu et al. 2015b (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Golubevia Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, Begerow & Boekhout 2015, Golubeviaceae, Golubeviales, Exobasidiomycetes, one species, type species G. pallescens (Gokhale) Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, Begerow & Boekhout, known only from saprobic states, cultures available, sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2000, Wang et al. 2015c (taxonomy, phylogeny).

Gomphidius Fr. 1836, Gomphidiaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, ten species, type species G. glutinosus (Schaeff.) Fr., widespread, some species edible (G. glutinosus (Schaeff.) Fr.), see Dai et al. 2010b (edible mushrooms, China), some medicinal use (G. rutilus (Schaeff.) S. Lundell), see Gao et al. 2013b (medicinal study), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Li et al. 2009b (phylogeny), Yu 2015 (ecology), Větrovský et al. 2016 (phylogeny), Pérez-Izquierdo et al. 2017 (phylogeny), new spp. see Qi et al. 2017 (Northeast China).

Gomphogaster O.K. Mill. 1973, Gomphidiaceae, Boletales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. leucosarx (A.H. Sm. & Singer) O.K. Mill., USA, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted).

Gomphus Pers. 1797, Gomphaceae, Gomphales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species G. clavatus (Pers.) Gray, widespread, few species are mycorrhizal, see Giachini and Castellano 2011 (taxonomic classification for species in Gomphus s. l.), some species edible (G. clavatus (Pers.) Gray), see Dai et al. 2010b (edible mushrooms, China), Makropoulou et al. 2012 (antioxidant and cytotoxic activity), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, new spp. see Villegas et al. 2010 (Mexico), Petersen et al. 2014b (North America).

Goplana Racib. 1900, Chaconiaceae, Pucciniales, Pucciniomycetes, 13 species, type species G. micheliae Racib., biotrophic on Asteraceae, Dioscoreaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Grossulariaceae, Lauraceae, Magnoliaceae, Meliosmaceae, Rubiaceae, Vitaceae, terrestrial, worldwide, see Hernández and Cline 2010 (replaced Goplana dioscoreae Cummins, nom. illeg. with Goplana dioscoreae-alatae), Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data unavailable.

Gramincola Velen. 1947, incertae sedis, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. gracilis Velen., sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Grammatus H.S. Yuan & Decock 2018, incertae sedis, Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species G. labyrinthinus H.S. Yuan & Decock, wood-inhabiting, southern, tropical China, basidiomas resupinate, subporoid hymenophore, sequence data available, see Yuan et al. 2018 (phylogeny, taxonomy, China).

Grammothele Berk. & M.A. Curtis 1868, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, c. 20 species, type species G. lineata Berk. & M.A. Curtis, resupinate basidioma, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, some species known as endophytes, widespread (tropical), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy), medicinal use, see Das et al. 2017a (compound, paclitaxel, G. lineata), sequence data available, see Zhou and Dai 2012a (phylogeny), Das et al. 2017a (draft genome, G. lineata), new spp. see Zhou and Dai 2012a (phylogeny, China), Karasiński 2015 (morphology, Bolivia), Ryvarden 2015a (morphology, Brazil, USA, Venezuela), Wu et al. 2016d (phylogeny, China), new combination, see Li and Cui 2013b (phylogeny).

Grammothelopsis Jülich 1982, Polyporaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, seven species, type species G. macrospora (Ryvarden) Jülich, poroid hymenophore, wood-rotting, widespread (Africa, South America, China), see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy), sequence data avaiable, see Li and Cui 2013b (phylogeny, Megasporoporia), new spp. see Dai et al. 2011 (China), Zhao and Cui 2012 (China, morphology).

Granulobasidium Jülich 1979, Cyphellaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. vellereum (Ellis & Cragin) Jülich, North America, wood-decaying, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Nord et al. 2013, 2014 (compounds), sequence data available, see Larsson 2007b (phylogeny).

Graphiola Poit. 1824, Graphiolaceae, Exobasidiales, Exobasidiomycetes, twelve species, type species G. phoenicis (Moug. ex Fr.) Poit., plant parasites (leaves) on Arecaceae, widespread in tropics and subtropics, cultures available, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Begerow et al. 2002, 2014, Wang et al. 2015c (phylogeny), new spp. see Nasr et al. 2019.

Grifola Gray 1821, Grifolaceae, Polyporales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, five species, type species G. frondosa (Dicks.) Gray, compound basidioma, poroid hymenophore, terrestrial or wood-rotting, white rot, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), Zmitrovich 2018a (taxonomy), some species edible, see Montoya et al. 2012b (cultivation, G. frondosa), some species medicinal use (G. frondosa, G. gargal Singer, G. sordulenta (Mont.) Singer), see Zhuang and Wasser 2004 (G. frondosa, review), Postemsky and Curvetto 2016 (Grifola spp., Argentina), sequence data available, see Binder et al. 2013 (phylogeny, Polyporales), Justo et al. 2017 (phylogeny, Polyporales).

Griseoporia Ginns 1984, Gloeophyllaceae, Gloeophyllales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species G. carbonaria (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Ginns, sequence data available, new spp. see He et al. 2014 (phylogeny, taxonomy, genus accepted).

Guepinia Fr. 1825, incertae sedis Auriculariales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. helvelloides (DC.) Fr., terricolous, probably saprotrophic, sequence data available, Mattock 2006 (United Kingdom).

Guepiniopsis Pat. 1883, Dacrymycetaceae, Dacrymycetales, Dacrymycetes, asexual morph unknown, eight species, type species G. tortus Pat., wood-decaying, widespread, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Weiß and Oberwinkler 2001, new spp. see Delivorias et al. 2012 (Greece).

Gummiglobus Trappe, Castellano & Amar. 1996, Mesophelliaceae, Hysterangiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, two species, type species G. joyceae Trappe, Castellano & Amar, Australia, see Kirk et al. 2013 (genus accepted), sequence data available, see Hosaka et al. 2006 (phylogeny, gomphoid-phalloid fungi).

Gummivena Trappe & Bougher 2002, Mesophelliaceae, Hysterangiales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, one species, type species G. potorooi Trappe & Bougher, Australia, sequence data unavailable, see Kirk et al. 2008.

Guyanagarika Sánchez-García, T.W. Henkel & Aime 2016, Biannulariaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, asexual morph unknown, three species, type species G. aurantia Sánchez-García, T.W. Henkel & Aime, associate with species of the ectomycorrhizal (ECM) tree genus Dicymbe (Fabaceae subfam. Caesalpinioideae), Pakaraima Mountains of Guyana in the central Guiana Shield, sequence data available, see Sánchez-García et al. 2016 (monograph, new genus).

Guyanagaster T.W. Henkel, M.E.