Fungal Diversity

, Volume 88, Issue 1, pp 167–263 | Cite as

Outline of Ascomycota: 2017

  • Nalin N. Wijayawardene
  • Kevin D. Hyde
  • H. Thorsten Lumbsch
  • Jian Kui Liu
  • Sajeewa S. N. Maharachchikumbura
  • Anusha H. Ekanayaka
  • Qing Tian
  • Rungtiwa Phookamsak


Taxonomic placement of genera have been changing rapidly as taxonomists widely use DNA sequence data in phylogenetic and evolutionary studies. It is essential to update existing databases/outlines based on recent studies, since these sources are widely used as a foundation for other research. In this outline, we merge both asexual and sexual genera into one outline. The phylum Ascomycota comprises of three subphyla viz. Pezizomycotina (including 13 classes, 124 orders and 507 families), Saccharomycotina (including one class, one order and 13 families) and Taphrinomycotina (five classes, five orders and six families). Approximately, 6600 genera have been listed under different taxonomic ranks including auxiliary (intermediate) taxonomic ranks.


Asexual genera Classification Sexual genera Systematic Taxonomic ranks 



We would like to thank Alan J.L. Phillips, Dinushani A. Daranagama, Dhnushka Wanasinghe, Indunil C. Senanayake, Paul M. Kirk, Saranyaphat Boonmee and Singang Hongsanan for their comments and suggestions. Kevin D. Hyde would like to thank the Thailand Research Funds entitled Biodiversity, phylogeny and role of fungal endophytes on above parts of Rhizophora apiculata and Nypa fruticans (Grant No.: RSA5980068), The future of specialist fungi in a changing climate: baseline data for generalist and specialist fungi associated with ants, Rhododendron species and Dracaena species (Grant No.: DBG6080013), Impact of climate change on fungal diversity and biogeography in the Greater Mekong Subregion (Grant No.: RDG6130001) and Mae Fah Luang University for a grant “Diseases of mangrove trees and maintenance of good forestry practice” (Grant No.: 60201000201), Taxonomy diversity, Phylogeny and Evolution of fungi in Capnodiales (Grant No.: 666713), and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Project Number 2013T2S0030, for the award of Visiting Professorship for Senior International Scientists at Kunming Institute of Botany. Rungtiwa Phookamsak thanks to the CAS President’s International Fellowship for Postdoctoral Researchers (Project No. 2017PB0072), the Research Fund from China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. Y71B283261) and Chiang Mai University for financial support.


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Copyright information

© School of Science 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nalin N. Wijayawardene
    • 1
  • Kevin D. Hyde
    • 1
    • 5
  • H. Thorsten Lumbsch
    • 2
  • Jian Kui Liu
    • 1
    • 3
  • Sajeewa S. N. Maharachchikumbura
    • 4
  • Anusha H. Ekanayaka
    • 5
  • Qing Tian
    • 5
  • Rungtiwa Phookamsak
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of BotanyChinese Academy of ScienceKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Science & EducationThe Field MuseumChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Guizhou Institute of BiotechnologyGuizhou Academy of Agricultural SciencesGuiyangPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Department of Crop Sciences, College of Agricultural and Marine SciencesSultan Qaboos UniversityAlkhoudOman
  5. 5.Center of Excellence in Fungal ResearchMae Fah Luang UniversityChiang RaiThailand

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