Fungal Diversity

, Volume 86, Issue 1, pp 1–594 | Cite as

Notes for genera: Ascomycota

  • Nalin N. Wijayawardene
  • Kevin D. Hyde
  • Kunhiraman C. Rajeshkumar
  • David L. Hawksworth
  • Hugo Madrid
  • Paul M. Kirk
  • Uwe Braun
  • Rajshree V. Singh
  • Pedro W. Crous
  • Martin Kukwa
  • Robert Lücking
  • Cletus P. Kurtzman
  • Andrey Yurkov
  • Danny Haelewaters
  • André Aptroot
  • H. Thorsten Lumbsch
  • Einar Timdal
  • Damien Ertz
  • Javier Etayo
  • Alan J. L. Phillips
  • Johannes Z. Groenewald
  • Moslem Papizadeh
  • Laura Selbmann
  • Monika C. Dayarathne
  • Gothamie Weerakoon
  • E. B. Gareth Jones
  • Satinee Suetrong
  • Qing Tian
  • Rafael F. Castañeda-Ruiz
  • Ali H. Bahkali
  • Ka-Lai Pang
  • Kazuaki Tanaka
  • Dong Qin Dai
  • Jariya Sakayaroj
  • Martina Hujslová
  • Lorenzo Lombard
  • Belle D. Shenoy
  • Ave Suija
  • Sajeewa S. N. Maharachchikumbura
  • Kasun M. Thambugala
  • Dhanushka N. Wanasinghe
  • Bharati O. Sharma
  • Subhash Gaikwad
  • Gargee Pandit
  • Laura Zucconi
  • Silvano Onofri
  • Eleonora Egidi
  • Huzefa A. Raja
  • Rampai Kodsueb
  • Marcela E. S. Cáceres
  • Sergio Pérez-Ortega
  • Patrícia O. Fiuza
  • Josiane Santana Monteiro
  • Larissa N. Vasilyeva
  • Roger G. Shivas
  • Maria Prieto
  • Mats Wedin
  • Ibai Olariaga
  • Adebola Azeez Lateef
  • Yamini Agrawal
  • Seyed Abolhassan Shahzadeh Fazeli
  • Mohammad Ali Amoozegar
  • Guo Zhu Zhao
  • Walter P. Pfliegler
  • Gunjan Sharma
  • Magdalena Oset
  • Mohamed A. Abdel-Wahab
  • Susumu Takamatsu
  • Konstanze Bensch
  • Nimali Indeewari de Silva
  • André De Kesel
  • Anuruddha Karunarathna
  • Saranyaphat Boonmee
  • Donald H. Pfister
  • Yong-Zhong Lu
  • Zong-Long Luo
  • Nattawut Boonyuen
  • Dinushani A. Daranagama
  • Indunil C. Senanayake
  • Subashini C. Jayasiri
  • Milan C. Samarakoon
  • Xiang-Yu Zeng
  • Mingkwan Doilom
  • Luis Quijada
  • Sillma Rampadarath
  • Gabriela Heredia
  • Asha J. Dissanayake
  • Ruvishika S. Jayawardana
  • Rekhani H. Perera
  • Li Zhou Tang
  • Chayanard Phukhamsakda
  • Margarita Hernández-Restrepo
  • Xiaoya Ma
  • Saowaluck Tibpromma
  • Luis F. P. Gusmao
  • Darshani Weerahewa
  • Samantha C. Karunarathna
Original Research


Knowledge of the relationships and thus the classification of fungi, has developed rapidly with increasingly widespread use of molecular techniques, over the past 10–15 years, and continues to accelerate. Several genera have been found to be polyphyletic, and their generic concepts have subsequently been emended. New names have thus been introduced for species which are phylogenetically distinct from the type species of particular genera. The ending of the separate naming of morphs of the same species in 2011, has also caused changes in fungal generic names. In order to facilitate access to all important changes, it was desirable to compile these in a single document. The present article provides a list of generic names of Ascomycota (approximately 6500 accepted names published to the end of 2016), including those which are lichen-forming. Notes and summaries of the changes since the last edition of ‘Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi’ in 2008 are provided. The notes include the number of accepted species, classification, type species (with location of the type material), culture availability, life-styles, distribution, and selected publications that have appeared since 2008. This work is intended to provide the foundation for updating the ascomycete component of the “Without prejudice list of generic names of Fungi” published in 2013, which will be developed into a list of protected generic names. This will be subjected to the XIXth International Botanical Congress in Shenzhen in July 2017 agreeing to a modification in the rules relating to protected lists, and scrutiny by procedures determined by the Nomenclature Committee for Fungi (NCF). The previously invalidly published generic names Barriopsis, Collophora (as Collophorina), Cryomyces, Dematiopleospora, Heterospora (as Heterosporicola), Lithophila, Palmomyces (as Palmaria) and Saxomyces are validated, as are two previously invalid family names, Bartaliniaceae and Wiesneriomycetaceae. Four species of Lalaria, which were invalidly published are transferred to Taphrina and validated as new combinations. Catenomycopsis Tibell & Constant. is reduced under Chaenothecopsis Vain., while Dichomera Cooke is reduced under Botryosphaeria Ces. & De Not. (Art. 59).


Article 59 Classification One name Pleomorphic fungi Taxonomy 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



Nalin Wijayawardene would like to thank Lechat Christian, Yuanpin Xiao, Danushka Sandaruwan, Paul Mungai, Huang Zhang, Ishani Goonasekara, Chada Norphanphoun, Ishara Manawasingha, Rajesh Jeewon, Thilini Chethana and Hasini Ekanayaka for their assistances and suggestions. We would like to thank Mark Stadler for his help to check names in Xylariales. Nalin Wijayawardene and Pedro Crous thank Ulrike Damm for her comments and suggestions for validating several names. K.D. Hyde thanks The Chinese Academy of Sciences, for the award of Visiting Professorship for Senior International Scientists at Kunming Institute of Botany. K.D. Hyde and Monika C. Dayarathne would like to thank the Thailand Research Fund (TRF) grant no RSA5980068 entitled Biodiversity, phylogeny and role of fungal endophytes on above parts of Rhizophora apiculata and Nypa fruticans, National Research Council of Thailand (NRCT) entitled Diseases of mangrove trees and maintenance of good forestry practice (Grant number: 60201000201) and Mae Fah Luang University grant “Biodiversity, phylogeny and role of fungal endophytes of Pandanaceae” (Grant number: 592010200112). Hugo Madrid was funded by Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT), Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT), Chile, project no. 11140562.” Rafael F. Castañeda-Ruiz is grateful to the Organización Superior de Dirección Empresarial, Grupo Agrícola, (OSDE) from the Cuban Ministry of Agriculture and “Programa de Salud Animal y Vegetal”, project P131LH003033. Dong Qin Dai would like to thank the Key Laboratory of Yunnan Province Universities of the Diversity and Ecological Adaptive Evolution for Animals and plants on Yun-Gui Plateau for the support. Ka-Lai Pang thanks Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan for financial support (105-2621-B-019 -002-). Guo Zhu Zhao was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31570019). Mingkwan Doilom acknowledges the Royal Golden Jubilee Ph.D. Program (PHD./0072/2553 in 4.S.M.F./53/A.2. K. Tanaka would like to thank the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS; 26291084 and 16K07474). Walter P. Pfliegler was supported through the ÚNKP--16--4--IV New National Excellence Program of the Hungarian Ministry of Human Capacities. Samantha C. Karunarathna thanks Yunnan Provincial Department of Human Resources and Social Security funded postdoctoral project (number 179122) for supporting his postdoctoral research study. The authors extend their appreciation to the International Scientific Partnership Program ISPP at King Saud University for funding this research work through ISPP#0089. KC Rajeshkumar thanks SERB, DST, Government of India for providing financial support under the project YSS/2015/001590 and Dr. K. M. Paknikar, Director, ARI for providing the facility. Mats Wedin thanks the Swedish Research Council, grants VR 621-2012-3990 and VR 2016-03589. Alan JL Phillips acknowledges the support from Biosystems and Integrative Sciences Institute (BioISI, FCT/UID/ Multi/04046/2013). L. Selbmann, L. Zucconi and S. Onofri thank the Italian National Program for Antarctic Researches (PNRA) for the financial support. The Italian National Antarctic Museum (MNA) is acknowledged for supporting the Mycological Section and the Culture Collection of Fungi from Extreme Environments (CCFEE).


  1. Abbas A, Mamut R, Abudoula A, Ababakri G (2014) A newly recorded lichen genus Xylographa (Fr.) Fr. from China. Plant Divers Resour 36:578–580Google Scholar
  2. Abdel-Aziz FA (2016a) The genus Lolia from freshwater habitats in Egypt with one new species. Phytotaxa 267:279–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Abdel-Aziz FA (2016b) Two new cheirosporous asexual taxa (Dictyosporiaceae, Pleosporales, Dothideomycetes) from freshwater habitats in Egypt. Mycosphere 7:448–457Google Scholar
  4. Abdel-Aziz FA, Abdel-Wahab MA (2010) Lolia aquatica gen. et sp. nov. (Lindgomycetaceae, Pleosporales), a new coelomycete from freshwater habitats in Egypt. Mycotaxon 114:33–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Abd-Elsalam KA, Tibpromma S, Wanasinghe DN, Camporesi E et al (2016) Equiseticola gen. nov. (Phaeosphaeriaceae), from Equisetum sp. in Italy. Phytotaxa 284:169–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Abdel-Wahab MA (2011a) Lignicolous marine fungi from Yokosuka, Japan. Bot Mar 54:209–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Abdel-Wahab MA (2011b) Marine fungi from Sarushima Island, Japan, with a phylogenetic evaluation of the genus Naufragella. Mycotaxon 115:443–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Abdel-Wahab MA, Nagahama T (2011) Gesasha (Halosphaeriaceae, Ascomycota), a new genus from the Gesashi mangroves in Japan. Nova Hedw 92:497–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Abdel-Wahab MA, Bahkali AH (2012) Taxonomy of filamentous anamorphic marine fungi: morphology and molecular evidence. In: Pang KL (ed) Marine fungi and fungal-like organisms labyrinthulomycetes and oomycetes. De Gruyter series: marine and freshwater botany. Walter De Gruyter GMBH, Germany, pp 59–82Google Scholar
  10. Abdel-Wahab MA, Nagahama T, Abdel-Aziz FA (2009) Two new Corollospora species and one anamorph based on morphological and molecular data. Mycoscience 50:147–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Abdel-Wahab MA, Pang KL, Nagahama T, Abdel-Aziz FA, Jones EBG (2010) Phylogenetic evaluation of anamorphic species of Cirrenalia and Cumulospora with the description of eight new genera and four new species. Mycol Prog 9:537–558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Abdel-Wahab MA, Hodhod MS, Bahkali AHA, Jones EBG (2014) Marine fungi of Saudi Arabia. Bot Mar 27:323–335Google Scholar
  13. Abdel-Wahab MA, Bahkali AH, Jones EBG, Elgorban AM et al (2016) Two new species of Kallichroma (Bionectriaceae, Hypocreales) from Saudi Arabian mangroves. Phytotaxa 260:66–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Abdel-Wahab MA, Dayarathne MC, Suetrong S, Guo SY et al (2017) New saprobic marine fungi and a new combination. Bot Mar. doi: 10.1515/bot-2016-0118 Google Scholar
  15. Abdollahzadeh J, Goltapeh EM, Javadi A, Shams-Bakhsh M et al (2009) Barriopsis iraniana and Phaeobotryon cupressi: two new species of the Botryosphaeriaceae from trees in Iran. Persoonia 23:1–8PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Abdollahzadeh J, Javadi A, Goltapeh EM, Zare R, Phillips AJ (2010) Phylogeny and morphology of four new species of Lasiodiplodia from Iran. Persoonia 25:1–10PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Abdollahzadeh J, Zare R, Phillips AJ (2013) Phylogeny and taxonomy of Botryosphaeria and Neofusicoccum species in Iran, with description of Botryosphaeria scharifii sp. nov. Mycologia 105:210–220PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Abdollahzadeh J, Javadi A, Zare R, Phillips AJ (2014) A phylogenetic study of Dothiorella and Spencermartinsia species associated with woody plants in Iran, New Zealand, Portugal and Spain. Persoonia 32:1–12PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Abdullah SK, Asensio L, Monfort E, Gomez-Vidal S et al (2015) Occurrence in elx, se spain of inflorescence rot disease of date palms caused by Mauginiella scaettae. J Phytopathol 153:417–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Abe N, Hamada N (2011) Molecular characterization and surfactant utilization of Scolecobasidium isolates from detergent-rich indoor environments. Biocontrol Sci 16:139–147PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Acharya K, Dutta AK, Pradhan P (2011) Bipolaris sorokiniana (Sacc.) Shoem.: the most destructive wheat fungal pathogen in the warmer areas. Australian. J Crop Sci 5:1064Google Scholar
  22. Adamčík S, Cai L, Chakraborty D, Chen XH et al (2015) Fungal biodiversity profiles 1–10. Cryptogam Mycol 36:121–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Adeleke R, Dames JF (2014) Kalaharituber pfeilii and associated bacterial interactions. South Afr J Bot 90:68–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Aggarwal R, Das S, Jahani M, Singh D (2008) Histopathology of spot blotch disease of wheat caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana (Teleomorph: Cochliobolus sativus). Acta Phytopathol et Entomol Hung 43:23–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Aggarwal R, Singh VB, Gurjar MS, Gupta S, Srinivas P (2009) Intraspecific variations in Indian isolates of Bipolaris sorokiniana infecting wheat based on morphological, pathogenic and molecular characters. Indian Phytopathol 62:449–460Google Scholar
  26. Aggarwal R, Singh VB, Shukla R, Gurjar MS et al (2010) URP-based DNA fingerprinting of Bipolaris sorokiniana isolates causing spot blotch of wheat. J Phytopathol 158:210–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Aggarwal R, Gupta S, Banerjee S, Singh VB (2011a) Development of a SCAR marker for detection of Bipolaris sorokiniana causing spot blotch of wheat. Can J Microbiol 57:934–942PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Aggarwal R, Purwar S, Kharbikar L, Gupta S (2011b) Induction of a wheat β-1, 3-glucanase gene during the defense response to Bipolaris sorokiniana. Acta Phytopathol et Entomol Hung 46:39–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Agnello G, Catinon M, Ayrault S, Asta J et al (2010) A comparative study of atmospheric deposits and lichen populations in a protected alpine area in the Grenoble region (France). Int J Environ Health 4(2–3):235–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Agnihothrudu V (1962) Notes on fungi from North East India X. Chaetospermum camelliae sp. nov. on tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze). Mycopathologia et Mycologia Applicata 16:113–116PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ahmadpour A, Donyadoost-Chelan M, Heidarian Z, Javan-Nikkhah M (2011) New species of Bipolaris and Curvularia on grass species in Iran. Rostaniha 12:39–49Google Scholar
  32. Ahmadpour A, Heidarian Z, Donyadoost-Chelan M, Javan-Nikkhah M, Tsukiboshi T (2012) A new species of Bipolaris from Iran. Mycotaxon 120:301–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ahmed S, Imdad SS, Jamil A (2012) Comparative study for the kinetics of extracellular xylanases from Trichoderma harzianum and Chaetomium thermophilum. Electron J Biotechnol 15:3. doi: 10.2225/vol15-issue3-fulltext-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ahmed SA, de Sande WWJV, Stevens DA, Fahal A et al (2014a) Revision of agents of black-grain eumycetoma in the order Pleosporales. Persoonia 33:141–154PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ahmed SA, Stevens DA, van de Sande WWJ, Meis JF, de Hoog GS (2014b) Roussoella percutanea, a novel opportunistic pathogen causing subcutaneous mycoses. Med Mycol 52:689–698PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ahmed SA, Desbois N, Quist D, Miossec C et al (2015) Phaeohyphomycosis caused by a novel species: Pseudochaetosphaeronema martinelli. J Clin Microbiol 53:2927–2934PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ahmed SA, Khan Z, Wang XW, Moussa TA et al (2016) Chaetomium-like fungi causing opportunistic infections in humans: a possible role for extremotolerance. Fungal Divers 76:11–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ahti T, Stenroos S (2013) Cladonia. In: Ahti T, Stenroos S, Moberg R (eds) Nordic Lichen Flora, vol 5. Nordic Lichen Society, Uppsala, pp 8–87Google Scholar
  39. Ahti TE, Kondratyuk SY, Kärnefelt I, Thell A (2015) Nomenclatural corrections and notes on some taxa in the Teloschistaceae (lichenized ascomycetes). Gr Scr 27(1–2):37–41Google Scholar
  40. Ahti T, Mayrhofer H, Schultz M, Tehler A et al (2016) First supplement to the lichen checklist of South Africa: original research. Bothalia-Afr Biodivers Conserv 46:1–8Google Scholar
  41. Akata I, Kaya A (2013) Two earth-tongue genera new for Turkey. Mycotaxon 125:87–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Akhtar KP, Sarwar N, Saleem K, Ali S (2013) Gibbago trianthemae causes Trianthema portulacastrum (horse purslane) blight in Pakistan. Australas Plant Dis Notes 8(1):109–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Al Izquierdo-San, Sierra S, Rodriguez-Gutierrez I, Castro-Santiuste S et al (2013) A new species of Scutellinia from Mexico. Mycotaxon 125:258Google Scholar
  44. Alamouti SM, Tsui CK, Breuil C (2009) Multigene phylogeny of filamentous ambrosia fungi associated with ambrosia and bark beetles. Mycol Res 113:822–835CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Aleksić M, Stepanović M, Duduk B, Rekanović E (2011) Septocyta ruborum: occurence and possibility of disease control in Serbia. In: X international Rubus and Ribes symposium, vol 946, pp 277–281Google Scholar
  46. Alexandrova AV, Braun U, Mel’nik VA (2013) Pyricularia contorta sp. nov.—a new species from Vietnam. Schlechtendalia 25:73–76Google Scholar
  47. Ali H, Ahmad W, Haq T (2009) Decolorization and degradation of malachite green by Aspergillus flavus and Alternaria solani. Afr J Biotechnol 8Google Scholar
  48. Alias AS, Jones EBG (2009) Marine fungi from mangrove of Malaysia: IOES monograph series no. 8. Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Malaya, Malaysia.Google Scholar
  49. Alias AS, Zainuddin N, Jones EBG (2010) Biodiversity of marine fungi in Malaysian mangroves. Bot Mar 53:545–554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Al-Laith AA (2010) Antioxidant components and antioxidant/antiradical activities of desert truffle (Tirmania nivea) from various Middle Eastern origins. J Food Compos Anal 23:15–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Allegrucci N, Eliades L, Cabello M, Arambarri A (2011) New species Koorchaloma and Ciliochorella from xeric forests in Argentina. Mycotaxon 115:175–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Allen JL, Lendemer JC (2013) Uncovering chemical variability: molecular data reveal the identity of a sterile crustose lichen from the Yukon and affirm an expanded circumscription for Buellia griseovirens. N Am Fungi 8:1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Allen JL, Lendemer JC (2015) Japewiella dollypartoniana, a New Widespread Lichen in the Appalachian Mountains of Eastern North America. Castanea 80:59–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Allender MC, Raudabaugh DB, Gleason FH, Miller AN (2015) The natural history, ecology, and epidemiology of Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola and its potential impact on free-ranging snake populations. Fungal Ecol 17:187–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Almaguer M, Rojas TI, Dobal V, Batista A, Aira MJ (2013) Effect of temperature on growth and germination of conidia in Curvularia and Bipolaris species isolated from the air. Aerobiologia 29:13–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Almeida DAC, Gusmão LFP (2014) Ypsilomyces, a new thallic genus of conidial fungi from the semi-arid Caatinga biome of Brazil. Mycotaxon 129:181–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Almeida DAC, Cruz ACR, Marques MFO, Gusmão LFP (2013) Conidial fungi from the semi-arid Caatinga biome of Brazil. New and interesting Zanclospora species. Mycosphere 4:684–692CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Almeida DA, Gusmão LF, Miller AN (2014a) Brazilian Semi-Arid Ascomycetes I: New and interesting records of hysteriaceous ascomycetes. Mycosphere 5:379–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Almeida DAC, Gusmao LFP, Miller AN (2014b) A new genus and three new species of hysteriaceous ascomycetes from the semiarid region of Brazil. Phytotaxa 176:298–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Almeida DAC, Miller AN, Gusmão LFP (2014c) New species and combinations of conidial fungi from the semi-arid Caatinga biome of Brazil. Nova Hedw 98:431–447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Almeida DA, Santa Izabel TD, Gusmão LF, Castañeda-Ruíz RF (2015) A new species of Diplococcium from the Brazilian semi-arid region. Mycotaxon 130:495–498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Almeida DAC, Gusmão LFP, Miller AN (2016) Taxonomy and molecular phylogeny of Diatrypaceae (Ascomycota, Xylariales) species from the Brazilian semi-arid region, including four new species. Mycol Prog 15:1–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Almeida DAC, Gusmão LFP, Miller AN (2017) A new species of Bertiella (Melanommataceae) from Brazil and a key to accepted species. Mycosphere 8:392–8396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Al-Nasrawi HG, Hughes AR (2012) Fungal diversity associated with salt marsh plants Spartina alterniflora and Juncus roemerianus in Florida. Jordan J Biol Sci 5:247–254Google Scholar
  65. Alsheikh-Hussain A, Altenaiji E, Yousef LF (2014) Fungal cellulases from mangroves forests- a short review. J Biochem Technol 5:765–774Google Scholar
  66. Alstrup V, Kocourkova J, Kukwa M, Motiejunaite J et al (2009) The lichens and lichenicolous fungi of south Greenland. Folia Cryptogam Estonica 46:1–24Google Scholar
  67. Aluoch AM, Obonyo MA, Okun DO, Akinyi A et al (2015) Morphological diversity of Ascobolus and Pilobolus fungi from wild herbivore dung in Nairobi National Park, Kenya. J Microbiol Res 5:134–141Google Scholar
  68. Alvarado P, Moreno G, Manjón JL, Gelpi C et al (2011a) First molecular data on Delastria rosea, Fischerula macrospora and Hydnocystis piligera. Boletín de la Sociedad Micológica de Madrid 35:75–81Google Scholar
  69. Alvarado P, Moreno G, Manjón JL, Sanz MA (2011b) Eremiomyces magnisporus (Pezizales), a new species from central Spain. Mycotaxon 118:103–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Alvarado P, Cabero J, Moreno G, Bratek Z et al (2014) Species diversity of Genea (Ascomycota, Pezizales) in Europe. 6:41–51Google Scholar
  71. Alvarado P, Cabero J, Moreno G, Bratek Z et al (2016) Phylogenetic overview of the genus Genea (Pezizales, Ascomycota) with an emphasis on European taxa. Mycologia 108(2):441–456PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Álvarez G, Fernández M, Diez JJ (2015) Ophiostomatoid fungi associated with declined Pinus pinaster stands in Spain. For Syst 24:6Google Scholar
  73. Alvarez LV, Groenewald JZ, Crous PW (2016) Revising the Schizoparmaceae: Coniella and its synonyms Pilidiella and Schizoparme. Stud Mycol 85:1–34PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Alves JL, Barreto RW, Pereira OL, Soares DJ (2010) Additions to the mycobiota of the invasive weed Miconia calvescens (Melastomataceae). Mycologia 102:69–82PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Alves JL, Woudenberg JHC, Duarte LL, Crous PW, Barreto RW (2013) Reappraisal of the genus Alternariaster (Dothideomycetes). Persoonia 31:77–85PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Alves A, Linaldeddu BT, Deidda A, Scanu B, Phillips AJL (2014) The complex of Diplodia species associated with Fraxinus and some other woody hosts in Italy and Portugal. Fungal Divers 67:143–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Aly AH, Edrada-Ebel R, Indriani ID, Wray V et al (2008) Cytotoxic metabolites from the fungal endophyte Alternaria sp. and their subsequent detection in its host plant Polygonum senegalense. J Nat Prod 71:972–980PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Amaradasa BS, Amundsen K (2014) First report of Curvularia inaequalis and Bipolaris spicifera causing leaf blight of buffalograss in Nebraska. Am Phytopathol Soc 98:279Google Scholar
  79. Ammarellou A, Smith ME, Tajick MA, Trappe JM (2011) The phylogenetic placement of Picoa, with a first report on Picoa lefebvrei (Pat.) Maire (= Phaeangium lefebvrei) from Iran. Int J Environ Res 5:509–514Google Scholar
  80. Amnuaykanjanasin A, Phonghanpot S, Sengpanich N, Cheevadhanarak S et al (2009) Insect-specific polyketide synthases (PKSs), potential PKS-nonribosomal peptide synthetase hybrids, and novel PKS clades in tropical fungi. Appl Environ Microbiol 75:3721–3732PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. An KD, Degawa Y, Fujihara E, Mikawa T et al (2012) Molecular phylogenetic analyses based on the nuclear rRNA genes and the intron–exon structures of the nuSSU rRNA gene in Dictyocatenulata alba (anamorphic Ascomycota). Fungal Biol 116:1134–1145PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Anand T, Bhaskaran R, Raguchander T, Samiyappan R et al (2009) Defence responses of chilli fruits to Colletotrichum capsici and Alternaria alternata. Biol Plant 53:553–559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Anar M, Aslan A, Agar G, Ozgencli I (2016) Antigenotoxic and antioxidant activity of lichens Anaptychia ciliaris, Bryoria fuscescens, Parmotrema chinensa and Xanthoria candelaria: An in vitro study. Med Aromat Plants, 5(233). ISSN: 2167-0412Google Scholar
  84. Anderson F, Neily TH (2012) New and noteworthy macrolichen records for Nova Scotia. Evansia 29:1–3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Andersen B, Dongo A, Pryor BM (2008) Secondary metabolite profiling of Alternaria dauci, A. porri, A. solani, and A. tomatophila. Mycol Res 112:241–250PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Andersen B, Sørensen JL, Nielsen KF, van den Ende BG, de Hoog S (2009) A polyphasic approach to the taxonomy of the Alternaria infectoria species–group. Fung Gen Biol 46:642–656CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Andjic V, Whyte G, Hardy G, Burgess T (2010) New Teratosphaeria species occurring on eucalypts in Australia. Fungal Divers 43:27–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Andjic V, Maxwell A, Hardy GE, Burgess TI (2016) New cryptic species of Teratosphaeria on Eucalyptus in Australia. IMA Fungus 7:253–263PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Ando Y, Masuya H, Motohashi K, Linnakoski R, Yamaoka Y (2016) Phylogenetic relationship of Japanese isolates belonging to the Grosmannia piceiperda complex (Ophiostomatales). Mycoscience 57:123–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Andreev M (2010) Halecania santessonii, a new lichenicolous lichen from Russia. Lichenologist 42:249–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Andrew M, Peever TL, Pryor BM (2009) An expanded multilocus phylogeny does not resolve morphological species within the small-spored Alternaria species complex. Mycologia 101:95–109PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Andrew M, Barua R, Short SM, Kohn LM (2012) Evidence for a common toolbox based on necrotrophy in a fungal lineage spanning necrotrophs, biotrophs, endophytes, host generalists and specialists. PLoS ONE 7:e29943PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Antoniazzi N, Deschamps C, Bach EE (2008) Effect of xanthan gum and allicin as elicitors against Bipolaris sorokiniana on barley in field experiments. J Plant Dis Prot 115:104–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Aoki N, Moriyama H, Kodama M, Arie T et al (2009) A novel mycovirus associated with four double-stranded RNAs affects host fungal growth in Alternaria alternata. Virus Res 140:179–187PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Aptroot A (2008) Lichens of St Helena and Ascension Island. Bot J Linn Soc 158:147–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Aptroot A (2012) A world key to the species of Anthracothecium and Pyrenula. Lichenologist 44:5–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Aptroot A (2014) Two new genera of Arthoniales from New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands, with the description of eight further species. Bryologist 117:282–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Aptroot A (2016) Preliminary checklist of the lichens of Madagascar, with two new thelotremoid Graphidaceae and 131 new records. Willdenowia 46:349–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Aptroot A, Aslan A (2011) Lecanora wrightiana and Rhizocarpon inimicum, rare lichens new to Turkey and the Middle East. Mycotaxon 117:145–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Aptroot A, Aslan A (2012) Candelariella, Ochrolechia, Physcia, and Xanthoria species new to Turkey. Mycotaxon 119:149–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Aptroot A, Cáceres MES (2013) Pyrenocarpous lichens (except Trypetheliaceae) in Rondônia. Lichenologist 45:763–785CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Aptroot A, Cáceres MES (2014) A refined species concept in the tropical lichen genus Polymeridium (Trypetheliaceae) doubles the number of known species, with a worldwide key to the species. Nova Hedw 98:1–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Aptroot A, Cáceres MES (2014) A key to the corticolous microfoliose, foliose and related crustose lichens from Rondônia, Brazil, with the description of four new species. Lichenologist 46:783–799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Aptroot A, Iqbal SH (2012) Annotated checklist of the lichens of Pakistan, with reports of new records. Herzogia 25:211–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Aptroot A, John V (2015) An historical lichen collection from New Caledonia. Herzogia 28:307–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Aptroot A, Lücking R (2016) A revisionary synopsis of the Trypetheliaceae. (Ascomycota: Trypetheliales). Lichenologist 48:763–982CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Aptroot A, Moon KH (2014) 114 new reports of microlichens from korea, including the description of five new species, show that the microlichen flora is predominantly Eurasian. Herzogia 27:347–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Aptroot A, Moon KH (2015) New lichen records from Korea, with the description of the lichenicolous Halecania parasitica. Herzogia 28:193–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Aptroot A, Nepi C (2017) (2492) Proposal to conserve the name Marcelaria against Buscalionia (Trypetheliaceae, lichenized Ascomycota. Taxon 66:200–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Aptroot A, Schumm F (2011) Fruticose Roccellaceae: An anatomical-microscopical atlas and guide with a worldwide key and further notes on some crustose Roccellaceae or similar lichens. BoD–Books on Demand. GmbH, Norderstedt 374 ppGoogle Scholar
  111. Aptroot A, Schumm F (2012a) A new terricolous Trapelia and a new Trapeliopsis (Trapeliaceae, Baeomycetales) from Macaronesia. Lichenologist 44:449–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Aptroot A, Schumm F (2012b) The genus Melanophloea, an example of convergent evolution towards polyspory. Lichenologist 44:501–509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Aptroot A, Sipman HJ (2011) Sporodochiolichen, a new genus of tropical hyphomycetous lichens. Lichenologist 43:357–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Aptroot A, Yazici K (2012) A new Placopyrenium (Verrucariaceae) from Turkey. Lichenologist 44:739–741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Aptroot A, Sparrius LB, LaGreca S, Bungartz F (2008) Angiactis, a new crustose lichen genus in the family Roccellaceae with species from Bermuda, the Galapagos islands, and Australia. Bryologist 111:510–516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Aptroot A, Seaward MR, Sparrius LB (2010) Biodiversity and ecology of lichens. Bibliotheca Licbneologica 99:1–439Google Scholar
  117. Aptroot A, Ertz D, Lima EL, de Jesus KA et al (2013a) Two new species of Roccellaceae (Ascomycota: Arthoniales) from Brazil, with the description of the new genus Sergipea. Lichenologist 45:627–634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Aptroot A, Nelsen MP, Parnmen S (2013b) Marcelaria, a new genus for the Laurera purpurina group in the Trypetheliaceae (Ascomycota: Dothideomycetes). Glalia 5:1–14Google Scholar
  119. Aptroot A, Sipman HJM, Cáceres MES (2013c) Twenty-one new species of Pyrenula from South America, with notes on overmature ascospores. Lichenologist 45:169–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Aptroot A, Andrade DS, Mendonça C, de Lima EL, Cáceres MES (2014a) Ten new species of corticolous pyrenocarpous lichens from NE Brazil. Phytotaxa 197:197–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Aptroot A, de Oliveira MC, Ferraro LI, Cáceres MES (2014b) A world key to species of the genera Topelia and Thelopsis (Stictidaceae), with the description of three new species from Brazil and Argentina. Lichenologist 46:801–807CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Aptroot A, Ferraro LI, Cáceres MES (2014c) New pyrenocarpous lichens from NE Argentina. Lichenologist 46:95–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Aptroot A, Jungbluth P, Cáceres MES (2014d) A world key to the species of Pyxine with lichexanthone, with a new species from Brazil. Lichenologist 46:669–672CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Aptroot A, Parnmen S, Lücking R, Baloch E et al (2014e) Molecular phylogeny resolves a taxonomic misunderstanding and places Geisleria close to Absconditella s. str. (Ostropales: Stictidaceae). Lichenologist 46:115–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Aptroot A, Ertz D, Silva JR, Grube M, Cáceres MES (2015a) The phylogenic position of Coniarthonia, with a key to the species and new information about the polyphyly of Cryptothecia and Stirtonia and the transfer of Cryptothecia miniata to Myriostigma (Arthoniaceae, lichenized ascomycetes). Phytotaxa 218:128–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Aptroot A, Parnmen S, Lücking R, Baloch E et al (2015b) Molecular phylogeny resolves taxonomic misunderstanding and places Geisleria close to Absconditella s. str. (Ostropales: Stictidaceae). Lichenologist 46:115–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Aptroot A, Sobreira P, Silva Da, Cáceres MES (2015c) A remarkable new Ramonia (Gyalectaceae) from Brazil, with a key to the species. Lichenologist 47:21–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Aptroot A, Yazici K, Košuthová A (2015d) Three Placynthiaceae reported new to Asia from limestone in Turkey, with the description of the apothecia of Placynthium posterulum. Herzogia 28:288–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Araújo JP, Evans HC, Geiser DM, Mackay WP, Hughes DP (2015) Unravelling the diversity behind the Ophiocordyceps unilateralis (Ophiocordycipitaceae) complex: three new species of zombie-ant fungi from the Brazilian Amazon. Phytotaxa 220:224–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Arauzo S, Iglesias P (2014) La familia Geoglossaceae en la península Ibérica y la Macaronesia. Errotari 11:166–259Google Scholar
  131. Arcadia L, Knudsen K (2012) The name Myriospora is available for the Acarospora smaragdula group. Opusc Phil 11:19–25Google Scholar
  132. Archer AW (2009) Graphidaceae. Fl. Australia 57:84–194Google Scholar
  133. Arias MS, Suárez J, Cazapal-Monteiro CF, Francisco I et al (2013) Trematodes enhance the development of the nematode-trapping fungus Arthrobotrys (Duddingtonia) flagrans. Fungal Biol 117:540–544PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Arias RM, Heredia G, Castañeda-Ruiz RF (2016) Two new species of Bactrodesmium and Dictyoaquaphila from Mexico. Mycotaxon 131:291–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Ariyawansa HA, Jones EBG, Suetrong S, Alias AS et al (2013a) Halojulellaceae a new family of the order Pleosporales. Phytotaxa 130:14–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Ariyawansa HA, Kang JC, Alias SA, Chukeatirote E et al (2013b) Towards a natural classification of Dothideomycetes: The genera Dermatodothella, Dothideopsella, Grandigallia, Hysteropeltella and Gloeodiscus (Dothideomycetes incertae sedis). Phytotaxa 147:35–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Ariyawansa HA, Maharachchikumbura SSN, Karunarathne SC, Chukeatirote E et al (2013c) Deniquelata barringtoniae gen. et sp. nov., associated with leaf spots of Barringtonia asiatica. Phytotaxa 105:11–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Ariyawansa HA, Camporesi E, Thambugala KM, Mapook A et al (2014a) Confusion surrounding Didymosphaeria phylogenetic and morphological evidence suggest Didymosphaeriaceae is not a distinct family. Phytotaxa 176:102–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Ariyawansa HA, Hawksworth DL, Hyde KD, Jones EBG et al (2014b) Epitypification and neotypification: guidelines with appropriate and inappropriate examples. Fungal Divers 69:57–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Ariyawansa HA, Kang JC, Alias SA, Chukeatirote E, Hyde KD (2014c) Pyrenophora. Mycosphere 5:351–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Ariyawansa HA, Phookamsak R, Tibpromma S, Kang JC, Hyde KD (2014d) A molecular and morphological reassessment of Diademaceae. Sci World J:1–11Google Scholar
  142. Ariyawansa HA, Tanaka K, Thambugala KM, Phookamsak R et al (2014e) A molecular phylogenetic reappraisal of the Didymosphaeriaceae (Montagnulaceae). Fungal Divers 68:69–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Ariyawansa HA, Thambugala KM, Kang JC, Alias SA et al (2014f) Towards a natural classification of Dothideomycetes 2: The genera Cucurbidothis, Heterosphaeriopsis, Hyalosphaera, Navicella and Pleiostomellina (Dothideomycetes incertae sedis). Phytotaxa 176:7–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Ariyawansa HA, Hyde KD, Jayasiri SC, Buyck B et al (2015a) Fungal diversity notes 111–252 taxonomic and phylogenetic contributions to fungal taxa. Fungal Divers 75:27–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Ariyawansa HA, Phukhamsakda C, Thambugala KM, Bulgakov TS et al (2015b) Revision and phylogeny of Leptosphaeriaceae. Fungal Divers 74:19–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Ariyawansa HA, Thambugala KM, Manamgoda DS, Jayawardena R et al (2015c) Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Pleosporaceae. Fungal Divers 71:85–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Ariyawansa HA, Hyde KD, Liu JK, Wu SP et al (2016a) Additions to Karst Fungi 1: Botryosphaeria minutispermatia sp. nov., from Guizhou Province, China. Phytotaxa 275:35–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Ariyawansa HA, Hyde KD, Tanaka K, Maharachchikumbura SSN et al (2016b) Additions to Karst Fungi 3: Prosthemium sinense sp nov., from Guizhou Province, China. Phytotaxa 284:281–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Ariyawansa HA, Hyde KD, Thambugala KM, Maharachchikumbura SSN et al (2016c) Additions to Karst Fungi 2: Alpestrisphaeria jonesii from Guizhou Province, China. Phytotaxa 277:255–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Armentano RA, Cooke KL, Wickes BL (2013) Disseminated mycotic infection caused by Westerdykella species in a German Shepherd Dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 242:381–387PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Árnason H (2014) Isolation and structure determination of a heteroglycan from whiteworm lichen (Thamnolia subuliformis). PhD Thesis, University of IcelandGoogle Scholar
  152. Arslan B, Öztürk Ş, Oran S (2011) Lecanora, Phaeophyscia and Rinodina species new to Turkey. Mycotaxon 116:49–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Arunpanichlert J, Rukachaisirikul V, Tadpetch K, Phongpaichit S et al (2012) A dimeric chromanone and a phthalide: Metabolites from the seagrass-derived fungus Bipolaris sp. PSU-ES64. Phytochem Lett 5:604–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Arup U, Søchting U, Frödén P (2013) A new taxonomy of the family Teloschistaceae. Nordic J Bot 31:16–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Arzanlou M, Bakhshi M (2011) Microcyclospora rumicis, a new species on Rumex crispus from Iran. Mycotaxon 118:181–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Arzanlou M, Ghasemi S, Baradaran Bagheri M (2016a) Collophora hispanica, a new pathogen and potential threat to the almond industry in Iran. J Phytopathol 164:833–839CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Arzanlou M, Samadi R, Frisvad JC, Houbraken J, Ghosta Y (2016b) Two novel Aspergillus species from hypersaline soils of the National Park of Lake Urmia. Iran. Mycol Prog 15:1081–1092CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Asad S, Iftikhar S, Munir A, Ahmad I (2009) Characterization of Bipolaris sorokiniana isolated from different agro-ecological zones of wheat production in Pakistan. Pak J Bot 41:301–308Google Scholar
  159. Asam S, Lichtenegger M, Liu Y, Rychlik M (2012) Content of the Alternaria mycotoxin tenuazonic acid in food commodities determined by a stable isotope dilution assay. Mycotoxin Res 28:9–15PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Asgari B, Zare R (2010) Two new species of Preussia from Iran. Nova Hedw 90:533–548CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Asgari B, Zare R (2011) A contribution to the taxonomy of the genus Coniocessia (Xylariales). Mycol Prog 10:189–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Asgari B, Zare R, Zamanizadeh HR, Rezaee S (2014) Aspergillus osmophilus sp. nov. and a new teleomorph for A. proliferans. Mycoscience 55:53–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Ashraf T, Hanif M, Khalid AN (2012) Peziza michelii and its ectomycorrhizae with Alnus nitida (Betulaceae) from Pakistan. Mycotaxon 120:181–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Aslan A (2013) New Lecanora, Lecidea, Melaspilea, Placynthium, and Verrucaria records for Turkey and Asia. Mycotaxon 123:321–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. Atienza V, Pérez-Ortega S, Etayo J (2009) Two new conidial lichenicolous fungi from Spain indicate the distinction of Lichenodiplis and Minutoexcipula. Lichenologist 41:223–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. Augustin JO, Elliot SL, Nascimento RJ, Mizubuti ESG, Barreto RW, Evans HC (2012) Novelties in the taxonomy and ecology of mycoparasites associated with nests of Acromyrmex leaf-cutting ants. PLoS ONE 8:1–17Google Scholar
  167. Avenot H, Morgan DP, Michailides TJ (2008) Resistance to pyraclostrobin, boscalid and multiple resistance to Pristine® (pyraclostrobin+ boscalid) fungicide in Alternaria alternata causing Alternaria late blight of pistachios in California. Plant Pathol 57:135–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Avenot H, Sellam A, Michailides T (2009) Characterization of mutations in the membrane-anchored subunits AaSDHC and AaSDHD of succinate dehydrogenase from Alternaria alternata isolates conferring field resistance to the fungicide boscalid. Plant Pathol 58:1134–1143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Aveskamp MM, Verkley GJM, de Gruyter J, Murace MA et al (2009) DNA phylogeny reveals polyphyly of Phoma section Peyronellaea and multiple taxonomic novelties. Mycologia 101:359–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. Aveskamp MM, De Gruyter J, Woudenberg JH, Verkley GJ, Crous PW (2010) Highlights of the Didymellaceae: a polyphasic approach to characterise Phoma and related pleosporalean genera. Stud Mycol 65:1–60PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Awaluddin HH, Nor NAM, Nor HM, Sharuddin SS et al (2015) Biodiversity of marine lignicolous fungi from mangroves of Sulu Sea. Malay J Med Sci 34:43–57Google Scholar
  172. Aylward J, Dreyer LL, Steenkamp ET, Wingfield MJ, Roets F (2014) Development of polymorphic microsatellite markers for the genetic characterisation of Knoxdaviesia proteae (Ascomycota: Microascales) using ISSR-PCR and pyrosequencing. Mycol Prog 13:439–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Aylward J, Dreyer LL, Steenkamp ET, Wingfield MJ, Roets F (2015) Knoxdaviesia proteae is not the only Knoxdaviesia-symbiont of Protea repens. IMA Fungus 6:471–476PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. Azcarate MP, Patriarca A, Terminiello L, Pinto VF (2008) Alternaria toxins in wheat during the 2004 to 2005 Argentinean harvest. J Food Prot 71:1262–1265PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. Azeem M, Terenius O, Rajarao GK, Nagahama K et al (2015) Chemodiversity and biodiversity of fungi associated with the pine weevil Hylobius abietis. Fungal Biol 119:738–746PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. Aziz FH, Qadir SB (2016) Common and new records of Lichens from Iraqi Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Bull Iraq Nat Hist Mus 14:51–68Google Scholar
  177. Back CG, Kim YH, Jo WS, Chung H, Jung HY (2010) Cobweb disease on Agaricus bisporus caused by Cladobotryum mycophilum in Korea. J Gen Plant Pathol 76:232–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. Badali H, Gueidan C, Najafzadeh MJ, Bonifaz A et al (2008) Biodiversity of the genus Cladophialophora. Stud Mycol 61:175–191PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Badali H, Carvalho VO, Vicente V, Attili-Angelis D et al (2009) Cladophialophora saturnica sp. nov., a new opportunistic species of Chaetothyriales revealed using molecular data. Med Mycol 47:55–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. Badali H, Prenafeta-Boldú FX, Guarro J, Klaassen CH et al (2011) Cladophialophora psammophila, a novel species of Chaetothyriales with a potential use in the bioremediation of volatile aromatic hydrocarbons. Fungal Biol 115:1019–1029PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. Bagyanarayana G, Rao NK, Kunwar IK (2009) Manoharachariella, a new dematiaceous hyphomycetous genus from India. Mycotaxon 109:301–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. Bai QR, Han S, Xie YY, Dong R, Gao J, Li Y (2012) First report of daylily leaf streak caused by Kabatiella microsticta in China. Plant Dis 10:1579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. Bajpai R, Upreti DK (2012) Accumulation and toxic effect of arsenic and other heavy metals in a contaminated area of West Bengal, India, in the lichen Pyxine cocoes (Sw.) Nyl. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 83:63–70PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Bajpai R, Upreti DK, Dwivedi SK, Nayaka S (2009) Lichen as quantitative biomonitors of atmospheric heavy metals deposition in Central India. J Atmos Chem 63:235–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Bajpai R, Shukla V, Singh N, Rana TS, Upreti DK (2015) Physiological and genetic effects of chromium (+VI) on toxitolerant lichen species, Pyxine cocoes. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:3727–3738CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. Bakhshi M, Arzanlou M, Babai-Ahari A (2012) Comprehensive check list of Cercosporoid fungi from Iran. Plant Pathol Quar 2:44–55Google Scholar
  187. Bakhshi M, Arzanlou M, Babai-Ahari A, Groenewald JZ et al (2014) Multi-gene analysis of Pseudocercospora spp. from Iran. Phytotaxa 184(5):245–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. Bakhshi M, Arzanlou M, Babai-Ahari A, Groenewald JG, Crous PW (2015a) Is morphology in Cercospora a reliable reflection of generic affinity? Phytotaxa 213:22–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. Bakhshi M, Arzanlou M, Babai-Ahari A, Groenewald JZ et al (2015b) Application of the consolidated species concept to Cercospora spp. from Iran. Persoonia 34:65PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. Baloch E, Gilenstam G, Wedin M (2009) Phylogeny and classification of Cryptodiscus, with taxonomic synopsis of the Swedish species. Fungal Divers 38:51–68Google Scholar
  191. Baloch E, Lücking R, Lumbsch HT, Wedin M (2010) Major clades and phylogenetic relationships between lichenized and non-lichenized lineages in Ostropales (Ascomycota: Lecanoromycetes). Taxon 59:1483–1494Google Scholar
  192. Baloch E, Gilenstam G, Wedin M (2013) The relationships of Odontotrema (Odontotremataceae) and the resurrected Sphaeropezia (Stictidaceae)—new combinations and three new Sphaeropezia species. Mycologia 105:384–397PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. Ban S, Sakane T, Nakagiri A (2015) Three new species of Ophiocordyceps and overview of anamorph types in the genus and the family Ophiocordyceptaceae. Mycol Prog 14:1017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. Bansal H, Srivastava S, Chaurasia A, Jabalia NA (2014) Comparative Study of Antifreeze Proteins from Antarctomyces psychrotrophicus and Typhula ishikariensis using computational tools and servers. VIVECHAN Int J Res 5:21–28Google Scholar
  195. Baral HO (2015) Nomenclatural novelties. Index Fungorum, No. 255, pp 1–3Google Scholar
  196. Baral HO, Kutorga E (2010) Helicogonium fusisporum sp. nov., an intrahymenial parasite in Orbilia eucalypti. Mycotaxon 113:331–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. Baral HO, Marson G (2012) Deltopyxis triangulispora gen. et sp. nov., a polysporus Tromeropsis-like discomycete of unclear relationships. Andrias 19:176Google Scholar
  198. Baral HO, Haelewaters D (2015) Rommelaarsia flavovirens gen. et sp. nov. (Helotiales), a new discomycete on Equisetum with a peculiar asexual state. 7:321–330Google Scholar
  199. Baral HO, Rämä T (2015) Morphological update on Calycina marina (Pezizellaceae, Helotiales, Leotiomycetes), a new combination for Laetinaevia marina. Bot Mar 58:523–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. Baral HO, De Sloover JR, Huhtinen S, Laukka T, Stenroos S (2009) An emendation of the genus Hyaloscypha to include Fuscoscypha (Hyaloscyphaceae, Helotiales, Ascomycotina). Karstenia 49:1–17Google Scholar
  201. Baral HO, Garcia G, Bogale M, O’Hara MJ, Untereiner WA (2012) Colipila, a new genus in the Helotiales. Mycol Prog 11:201–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. Baral HO, Galán R, Platas G, Tena R (2013a) Phaeohelotium undulatum comb. nov. and Phaeoh. succineoguttulatum sp. nov., two segregates of the Discinella terrestris aggregate found under Eucalyptus in Spain: taxonomy, molecular biology, ecology and distribution. Mycosystema 32:386–428Google Scholar
  203. Baral HO, Marson G, Bogale M, Untereiner WA (2013b) Xerombrophila crystallifera, a new genus and species in the Helotiales. Mycol Prog 12:475–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. Baral HO, Queloz VK, Hosoya TS (2014) Hymenoscyphus fraxineus, the correct scientific name for the fungus causing ash dieback in Europe. IMA Fungus 5:79–80PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. Baral HO, Weber E, Gams W, Stadler M et al (2015) Recommendations about Genera to be protected or suppressed in the Orbiliaceae (Orbiliomycetes). Mycol Prog. doi: 10.1007/s11557-017-1300-6 Google Scholar
  206. Barbeito I, Brücker RL, Rixen C, Bebi P (2013) Snow fungi—induced mortality of Pinus cembra at the alpine treeline: evidence from plantations. Arct Antarct Alp Res 45:455–470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. Barber PA, Crous PW, Groenewald JZ, Pascoe IG, Keane P (2011) Reassessing Vermisporium (Amphisphaeriaceae), a genus of foliar pathogens of Eucalypts. Persoonia 27:90–118PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. Barbosa FR, Gusmão LFP (2011) Conidial fungi from semi-arid Caatinga Biome of Brazil. Rare freshwater hyphomycetes and other new records. Mycosphere 2:475–485Google Scholar
  209. Barbosa FR, Gusmão LF, Raja HA, Shearer CA (2013a) New species and new records of freshwater ascomycetes from Brazil and Costa Rica. Mycologia 105:335–343PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. Barbosa FR, Raja HA, Shearer CA, Gusmão LFP (2013b) Some freshwater fungi from the Brazilian semi-arid region, including two new species of hyphomycetes. Cryptog Mycol 34:243–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. Barbosa MA, Costa PM, Malosso E, Castañeda-Ruiz RF (2016) Codinaea leomaiae sp. nov. from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Mycotaxon 131:423–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. Barcenas Peña A, Lücking R, Miranda-González R, Herrera-Campos MA (2014) Three new species of Graphis (Ascomycota: Ostropales: Graphidaceae) from Mexico, with updates to taxonomic key entries for 41 species described between 2009 and 2013. Lichenologist 46:69–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. Barnes I, Van der Nest A, Mullett MS, Crous PW et al (2016) Neotypification of Dothistroma septosporum and epitypification of D. pini, causal agents of Dothistroma needle blight of pine. For Pathol 46:388–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. Barreto RW, Johnston PR, Crous PW, Evans HC (2012) A new species of the lenticel fungal genus Claviradulomyces (Ostropales) from the Brazilian Atlantic forest tree Xylopia sericea (Annonaceae). IMA Fungus 3:135–141PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. Barseghyan GS, Solomon P (2011) The genus Peziza Dill. ex Fr. (Pezizales, Ascomycota) in Israel. Ascomycete org 2(4):39–50Google Scholar
  216. Bartkowiak ME, Bennett JP (2016) Floristic study of lichens in Portage County, Wisconsin. Evansia. doi: 10.1639/0747-9859-32.4.176 Google Scholar
  217. Bartosik M, Żakowska Z, Cedzińska K, Rożniakowski K (2010) Biodeterioration of optical glass induced by lubricants used in optical instruments technology. Polskie Towarzystwo Mikrobiologów Pol Soc Microbiol 59:295–300Google Scholar
  218. Bartra J, Belmonte J, Torres-Rodriguez JM, Cistero-Bahima A (2008) Sensitization to Alternaria in patients with respiratory allergy. Front Biosci 14:3372–3379Google Scholar
  219. Barua BS, Suzuki A, Pham HN, Inatomi S (2012) Adaptation of ammonia fungi to urea enrichment environment. J Agric Technol 8:173–189Google Scholar
  220. Baschien C, Tsui CKM, Gulis V, Szewzyk U, Marvanová L (2013) The molecular phylogeny of aquatic hyphomycetes with affinity to the Leotiomycetes. Fungal Biol 117:660–672PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  221. Bashir G, Hussain W, Rizvi A (2009) Bipolaris hawaiiensis keratomycosis and endophthalmitis. Mycopathologia 167:51–53PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. Bashya LM, Chand R, Kushwaha C, Sen D et al (2010) Association of melanin content with conidiogenesis in Bipolaris sorokiniana of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). World J Microbiol Biotechnol 26:309–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. Bashya LB, Chand R, Prasad L, Joshi A (2011) Partial resistance components for the management of spot blotch pathogen Bipolaris sorokiniana of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Acta Phytopathol et Entomol Hung 46:49–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. Bastida F, Jehmlich N, Ondoño S, von Bergen M et al (2014) Characterization of the microbial community in biological soil crusts dominated by Fulgensia desertorum (Tomin) Poelt and Squamarina cartilaginea (With.) P. James and in the underlying soil. Soil Biol Biochem 76:70–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. Bates ST, Bungartz F, Lücking R, Herrera-Campos MA, Zambrano A (2011) Biomonitoring, ecology and systematics of lichens. Acta Bot Hung 53:442–443Google Scholar
  226. Baturo-Ciesniewska A (2011) Genetic variability and pathogenicity among polish isolates of Bipolaris sorokiniana from spring barley. J Plant Pathol 93:291–302Google Scholar
  227. Bautista-Rosales PU, Calderon-Santoyo M, Servín-Villegas R, Ochoa-Álvarez NA, Ragazzo-Sánchez JA (2013) Action mechanisms of the yeast Meyerozyma caribbica for the control of the phytopathogen Colletotrichum gloeosporioides in mangoes. Biol Control 65:293–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. Beaulieu WT, Panaccione DG, Ryan KL, Kaonongbua W, Clay K (2015) Phylogenetic and chemotypic diversity of Periglandula species in eight new morning glory hosts (Convolvulaceae). Mycologia 107:667–678PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  229. Beck A, Mayr C (2012) Nitrogen and carbon isotope variability in the green-algal lichen Xanthoria parietina and their implications on mycobiont–photobiont interactions. Ecol Evol 2:3132–3144PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. Beese WJ, Sandford J, Symon M, Major S (2015) Distribution and abundance of Pseudocyphellaria rainierensis (old-growth specklebelly lichen) on Vancouver Island and a portion of the Central Mainland Coast of British Columbia. Evansia 32:136–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. Begoude ADB, Gryzenhout M, Wingfield MJ, Roux J (2010) Aurifilum, a new fungal genus in the Cryphonectriaceae from Terminalia species in Cameroon. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 98:263–278PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. Begum A, HariKrishna S (2010) Monitoring Air pollution using lichens species in South Bangalore, Karnataka. Int J ChemTech Res 2:255–260Google Scholar
  233. Bell A (2010) Echinosphaeria cincinnati, a new species from Rimutaka Forest park near Wellington New Zealanda. Austral Mycol 29:24–26Google Scholar
  234. Bell A, Mahoney DP (2008) Echinosphaeria medusa, a new species from New Zealand, with notes on related species. Austral Mycol 27:141–148Google Scholar
  235. Bell A, Mahoney DP (2016) Field studies in the Lasiosphaeriaceae and Helminthosphaeriaceae sensu lato. CBS Biodivers Ser 15:3–124Google Scholar
  236. Benatti MN (2011a) A simple clearing technique to aid in the recognition of cilia and rhizinae structure in the Parmeliaceae. Opusc Phil 9:21–25Google Scholar
  237. Benatti MN (2013) A review of the genus Bulbothrix Hale: the isidiate, sorediate, and pustulate species with medullary salazinic acid. Mycosphere 4:1–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. Benatti MN (2014) An update on the genus Parmelinella Elix & Hale (Parmeliaceae, lichenized ascomycetes). Mycosphere 5:770–789Google Scholar
  239. Bendiksby M, Timdal E (2013) Molecular phylogenetics and taxonomy of Hypocenomyces sensu lato (Ascomycota: Lecanoromycetes): extreme polyphyly and morphological/ecological convergence. Taxon 62:940–956CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. Bencsik O, Papp T, Berta M, Zana A et al (2014) Ophiobolin A from Bipolaris oryzae perturbs motility and membrane integrities of porcine sperm and induces cell death on mammalian somatic cell lines. Toxins 6:2857–2871PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  241. Bendiksby M, Haugan R, Spribille T, Timdal E (2015) Molecular phylogenetics and taxonomy of the Calvitimela aglaea complex (Tephromelataceae, Lecanorales). Mycologia 107:1172–1183PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. Bendiksby M, Mazzoni S, Jørgensen MH, Halvorsen R, Holien H (2014) Combining genetic analyses of archived specimens with distribution modelling to explain the anomalous distribution of the rare lichen Staurolemma omphalarioides: long-distance dispersal or vicariance? J Biogeogr 41:2020–2031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  243. Benesperi R, Lastrucci L, Nascimbene J (2013) Human disturbance threats the red-listed macrolichen Seirophora villosa (Ach.) Frödén in coastal Juniperus habitats: Evidence from Western Peninsular Italy. Environ Manag 52:939–945CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  244. Benkert D (2010) Seltene und kritische Pezizales-Funde (Ascomycota) aus der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zeitschrift für Mykologie 76:27–58Google Scholar
  245. Bennett JP (2013) The lichens and allied fungi of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Bryologist 116:218–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  246. Bensch K, Braun U, Groenewald JZ, Crous PW (2012) The genus Cladosporium. Stud Mycol 72:1–401PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  247. Bensch K, Groenewald JZ, Braun U, Dijksterhuis J et al (2015) Common but different: the expanding realm of Cladosporium. Stud Mycol 82:23–74PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  248. Benucci GM, Raggi L, Albertini E, Grebenc T et al (2011) Ectomycorrhizal communities in a productive Tuber aestivum Vittad. orchard: composition, host influence and species replacement. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 76:170–184PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  249. Benucci GMN, Lefevre C, Bonit G (2016) Characterizing root-associated fungal communities and soils of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) stands that naturally produce Oregon white truffles (Tuber oregonense and Tuber gibbosum). Mycorrhiza 26:367–376PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  250. Ben-Ze’ev IS, Assouline I, Levy E, Elkind G (2011) First report of Bipolaris cactivora causing fruit blotch and stem rot of dragon fruit (Pitaya) in Israel. Phytoparasitica 39:195–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  251. Berger F, LaGreca S (2014) Contributions to the lichen flora of bermuda-part 1. Evansia 31:41–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  252. Berger F, Braun U, Heuchert B (2015) Gonatophragmium lichenophilum sp. nov.–a new lichenicolous hyphomycete from Austria. Mycobiota 5:7–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  253. Berka RM, Grigoriev IV, Otillar R, Salamov A et al (2011) Comparative genomic analysis of the thermophilic biomass-degrading fungi Myceliophthora thermophila and Thielavia terrestris. Nat Biotechnol 10:922–927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  254. Berkeley MJ (1876) Notices of North American fungi. Grevillea 4:105–106Google Scholar
  255. Bernardi M, Barragán A, Rossi W (2014) New records of Laboulbeniales (Fungi: Ascomycota) from Ecuador and other countries. Webbia 69:281–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  256. Besitulo A, Moslem MA, Hyde KD (2010) Occurrence and distribution of fungi in a mangrove forest on Siargao Island, Philippines. Bot Mar 53:535–543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  257. Bevan J, Alexander R, Lazaro-Suau R (2012) Transplant experiments to examine the habitat exclusivity of lichen dominated soil crust communities in the El Cautivo badlands, SE Spain. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts 14:11040Google Scholar
  258. Bezerra JD, Oliveira RJ, Paiva LM, Silva GA et al (2017a) Bezerromycetales and Wiesneriomycetales ord. nov. (class Dothideomycetes), with two novel genera to accommodate endophytic fungi from Brazilian cactus. Mycol Prog 4:297–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  259. Bezerra JDP, Sandoval-Denis M, Paiva LM, Silva GA et al (2017b) New endophytic Toxicocladosporium species from cacti in Brazil, and description of Neocladosporium gen. nov. IMA Fungus 8:77–97PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  260. Bhattarai HD, Kim T, Oh H, Yim JH (2013) A new pseudodepsidone from the Antarctic lichen Stereocaulon alpinum and its antioxidant, antibacterial activity. J Antibiot 66:559PubMedGoogle Scholar
  261. Bhise MR, Patil CR, Salunkhe CB (2014) Three new black mildew fungi from Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra, India. Int J Life Sci 2:304–310Google Scholar
  262. Biazrov LG (2012) Stable nitrogen isotopes (d15N) in thalli of arid vagrant lichen Xanthoparmelia camtschadalis across an altitudinal gradient of the Khangai Plateau of Mongolia. Contemp Probl Ecol 5:200–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  263. Bills GF, Menéndez VG, Platas G (2012) Kabatiella bupleuri sp. nov. (Dothideales), a pleomorphic epiphyte and endophyte of the Mediterranean plant Bupleurum gibraltarium (Apiaceae). Mycologia 104:962–973PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  264. Bilovitz PO (2014) The importance of old deciduous trees and wooden fences for lichen diversity–an example from the Teichalm area (Eastern Alps). Herzogia 27:199PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  265. Bilovitz PO, Mayrhofer H (2014) Lichenized and lichenicolous fungi from the valley ‘Ochsental’ (Eastern Alps, Vorarlberg, Austria). Fritschiana: Veroffentlichungen aus dem Herbarium des Instituts fur Botanik der Karl-Franzens-Universitat Graz (GZU) 78:47Google Scholar
  266. Bilovitz PO, Stešević D, Mayrhofer H (2010) Epiphytic lichens and lichenicolous fungi from the northern part of Montenegro. Herzogia 23:249PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  267. Björk CR (2010) Additions to the Lichen Flora of Washington State, United States.I. Evansia 27:18–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  268. Boehm EWA, Mugambi G, Miller AN, Huhndorf S et al (2009a) A molecular phylogenetic reappraisal of the Hysteriaceae, Mytilinidiaceae and Gloniaceae (Pleosporomycetidae, Dothideomycetes) with keys to world species. Stud Mycol 64:49–83PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  269. Boehm EWA, Schoch CL, Spatafora JW (2009b) On the evoluation of the Hysteriaceae and Mytilinidiaceae (Pleosporomycetidae, Dothideomyceetes, Ascomycota) using fore nuclear genes. Mycol Res 113:461–479PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  270. Boehm EWA, Marson G, Mathiassen GH, Schoch CL (2015) An overview of the genus Glyphium and its phylogenetic placement in Patellariales. Mycologia 107:607–618PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  271. Bogdanović G, Trajković S, Micić T (2016) Flora lichen western mountains Vranje place. J Process Manag New Technol 4:69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  272. Boitano S, Flynn AN, Sherwood CL, Schulz SM, Hoffman J, Gruzinova I, Daines MO (2011) Alternaria alternata serine proteases induce lung inflammation and airway epithelial cell activation via PAR2. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 300:L605–L614PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  273. Boluda CG, Hawksworth DL, Divakar PK, Crespo A, Rico VJ (2016) Microchemical and molecular investigations reveal Pseudephebe species as cryptic with an environmentally modified morphology. Lichenologist 48:527–543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  274. Bomble FW (2012) Candelaria pacifica and Xanthomendoza borealis in the region of Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia–new to Germany. Veröff. Bochumer Bot Ver 4:1–8Google Scholar
  275. Bonito GM, Gryganskyi AP, Trappe JM, Vilgalys R (2010a) A global meta-analysis of Tuber ITS rDNA sequences: species diversity, host associations and long-distance dispersal. Mol Ecol 19:4994–5008PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  276. Bonito G, Trappe JM, Rawlinson P, Vilgalys R (2010b) Improved resolution of major clades within Tuber and taxonomy of species within the Tuber gibbosum complex. Mycologia 102:1042–1057PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  277. Bonito G, Smith ME, Nowak M, Healy RA et al (2013) Historical biogeography and diversification of truffles in the Tuberaceae and their newly identified southern hemisphere sister lineage. PLoS ONE 8:e52765PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  278. Boom PVD, Ertz D (2012) Lichens and lichenicolous fungi from El Hierro (Canary Islands), a survey, including five new species. Cryptog Mycol 33:59–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  279. Boonmee S, Zhang Y, Chomnunti P, Chukeatirote E et al (2011) Revision of lignicolous Tubeufiaceae based on morphological reexamination and phylogenetic analysis. Fungal Divers 51:63–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  280. Boonmee S, Ko Ko TW, Chukeatirote E, Hyde KD et al (2012) Two new Kirschsteiniothelia species with Dendryphiopsis anamorphs cluster in Kirschsteiniotheliaceae fam. nov. Mycologia 104:698–714PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  281. Boonmee S, Bhat JD, Maharachchikumbura SS, Hyde KD (2014a) Clavatispora thailandica gen. et sp. nov., a novel taxon of Venturiales (Dothideomycetes) from Thailand. Phytotaxa 176:92–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  282. Boonmee S, Rossman AY, Liu JK, Li WJ et al (2014b) Tubeufiales, ord. nov., integrating sexual and asexual generic names. Fungal Divers 68:239–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  283. Boonmee S, D’souza MJ, Luo Z, Pinruan U et al (2016a) Dictyosporiaceae fam. nov. Fungal Divers 80:457–482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  284. Boonmee S, Ekanayaka AH, Hyde KD, Hüseyin E et al (2016b) Phylogenetic placement of Neorhamphoria garethjonesii gen. et sp. nov (Tubeufiales, genus, incertae sedis). Mycosphere 7:1447–1457Google Scholar
  285. Boonyuen N, Chuaseeharonnachai C, Suetrong S, Veera VS et al (2011) Savoryellales (Hypocreomycetidae, Sordariomycetes): a novel lineage of aquatic ascomycetes inferred from multiple-gene phylogenies of the genera Ascotaiwania, Ascothailandia, and Savoryella. Mycologia 103:1351–1371PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  286. Boonyuen N, Sri-Indrasutdhi V, Suetrong S, Sivichai S, Jones EBG (2012) Annulatascus aquatorba sp. nov., a lignicolous freshwater ascomycete from Sirindhorn Peat Swamp Forest, Narathiwat, Thailand. Mycologia 104:746–757PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  287. Boonyuen N, Chuaseeharonnachai C, Suetrong S, Sujinda S et al (2016) Parafuscosporella garethii sp. nov. (Fuscosporellales) from a community northern forest, in Thailand. Mycosphere 7:1265–1272Google Scholar
  288. Bordallo JJ, Rodriguez AN, Honrubia MA, Morte AS (2012) Terfezia canariensis sp. nov. una nueva especie de trufa encontrada en las Islas Canarias. Cantarela 56:1–8Google Scholar
  289. Bordallo JJ, Rodríguez A, Muñoz-Mohedano JM, Suz LM et al (2013) Five new Terfezia species from the Iberian Peninsula. Mycotaxon 124:189–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  290. Bordallo JJ, Rodríguez A, Kounas V, Camello F et al (2015) Two new Terfezia species from Southern Europe. Phytotaxa 230:239–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  291. Borse BD, Borse KN, Pawar NS, Tuwar AR (2013) Marine fungi from India-XII. A revised checklist. Ind J Geo-Marine Sci 42:110–119Google Scholar
  292. Borse BD, Jagdale PE, Patil SY (2014) Freshwater higher fungi from Pune district (MS, India) I: the mitosporic genus Xylomyces. BIOINFOLET-A Quart J Life Sci 11(3a):730–734Google Scholar
  293. Bose T, Reynolds DR, Berbee ML (2014) Common, unsightly and until now undescribed: Fumiglobus pieridicola sp. nov., a sooty mold infesting Pieris japonica from western North America. Mycologia 106:746–756PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  294. Boutabia L, Telailia S, de Belair G (2015) Corticolous lichen flora on Quercus suber L. in the wetlands of El Kala national park (North-Eastern Algeria). Adv Environ Biol 9:360–373Google Scholar
  295. Boyce RD, Deziel PJ, Otley CC, Wilhelm MP et al (2010) Phaeohyphomycosis due to Alternaria species in transplant recipients. Transpl Infect Dis 12:242–250PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  296. Brackel WV (2008) Zwackhiomyces echinulatus sp. nov. and other lichenicolous fungi from Sicily, Italy. Herzogia 21:181–198Google Scholar
  297. Brackel WV (2010a) Dacampia cyrtellae, a new name for Dacampia lecaniae Brackel. Herzogia 23:315–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  298. Brackel WV (2010b) Some lichenicolous fungi and lichens from Iceland, including Lichenopeltella uncialicola sp. nov. Herzogia 23:93–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  299. Brackel WV (2011a) Lichenicolous fungi and lichens from Puglia and Basilicata (southern Italy). Herzogia 24:65–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  300. Brackel WV (2011b) Lichenopeltella rangiferinae sp. nov. and some other lichenicolous fungi from Iceland. Acta Bot Islandica 15:51–60Google Scholar
  301. Brackel WV (2013) Miscellaneous records of lichenicolous fungi from the Italian Alps. Herzogia 26:141–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  302. Brackel WV (2014) Kommentierter Katalog der flechtenbewohnenden Pilze Bayerns. Biblioth Lichenol 109:1–476Google Scholar
  303. Brackel WV, Berger F (2010) Gall-inducing species of Polycoccum (Ascomycota) on the lichen genus Placopsis. Herzogia 23:195–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  304. Brackel WV, Zimmermann DG (2012) A new species of Nectriopsis on Cladonia from Nordrhein-Westfalen (Germany). Herzogia 25:231–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  305. Bradwell T (2010) Studies on the growth of Rhizocarpon geographicum in NW Scotland, and some implications for lichenometry. Geogr Annal Series A Phys Geogr 92:41–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  306. Braga FR, Carvalho RO, Araujo JM, Silva AR et al (2009) Predatory activity of the fungi Duddingtonia flagrans, Monacrosporium thaumasium, Monacrosporium sinense and Arthrobotrys robusta on Angiostrongylus vasorum first-stage larvae. J Helminthol 83:303–308PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  307. Braga FR, Silva AR, Carvalho RO, Araújo JV et al (2010) In vitro predatory activity of the fungi Duddingtonia flagrans, Monacrosporium thaumasium, Monacrosporium sinense and Arthrobotrys robusta on Ancylostoma ceylanicum third-stage larvae. Vet Microbiol 146:183–186PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  308. Braga FR, Carvalho RO, Silva AR, Araújo JV et al (2014) Predatory capability of the nematophagous fungus Arthrobotrys robusta preserved in silica gel on infecting larvae of Haemonchus contortus. Trop Anim Health Prod 46:571–574PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  309. Braganca H, Rigling D, Diogo E, Capelo J et al (2011) Cryphonectria naterciae: a new species in the Cryphonectria-Endothia complex and diagnostic molecular markers based on microsatellite-primed PCR. Fungal Biol 115:852–861PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  310. Brahamanage RS, Lu YZ, Bhat DJ, Wanasinghe DN (2017) Phylogenetic investigations on freshwater fungi in Tubeufiaceae (Tubeufiales) reveals the new genus Dictyospora and new species Chlamydotubeufia aquatica and Helicosporium flavum. Mycosphere 8:917–933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  311. Braun U (1995) A monograph of Cercosporella, Ramularia and allied genera (phytopathogenic hyphomycetes), vol 1. IHW-Verlag, Eching, p 333Google Scholar
  312. Braun U (1998) A monograph of Cercosporella, Ramularia and allied genera (phytopathogenic hyphomycetes), vol 2. IHW-Verlag, Eching, p 493Google Scholar
  313. Braun U (2009) New species, combinations and records of hyphomycetes. Schlechtendalia 19:63–71Google Scholar
  314. Braun U (2013a) 2210–2232) Proposals to conserve the teleomorph-typified name Blumeria against the anamorph-typified name Oidium and twenty-two teleomorph-typified powdery mildew species names against competing anamorph-typified names (Ascomycota: Erysiphaceae. Taxon 62:1262–1331Google Scholar
  315. Braun U (2013b) A monograph of Cercosporella, Ramularia and allied genera (phytopathogenic hyphomycetes). Additions to host range and distribution. Schlechtendalia 1:41–43Google Scholar
  316. Braun U (2016) Rhynchosporium graminicola revisited and reinstated. Schlechtendalia 30:39–40Google Scholar
  317. Braun U, Cook RTA (2012) Taxonomic Manual of the Erysiphales (Powdery Mildews). CBS Biodivers Series 11:1–707Google Scholar
  318. Braun U, Crous P (2016) (2415) Proposal to conserve the name Cercospora (Ascomycota: Mycosphaerellaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 65:185–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  319. Braun U, Heuchert B (2010) Sporidesmiella lichenophila sp. nov. a new lichenicolous hyphomycete. Herzogia 23:69–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  320. Braun U, Urtiaga R (2013) New species and new records of cercosporoid hyphomycetes from Cuba and Venezuela (Part 2). Mycosphere 4:176–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  321. Braun U, Crous PW, Schubert K (2008) Taxonomic revision of the genus Cladosporium s. lat.8. Reintroduction of Graphiopsis (= Dichocladosporium) with further reassessments of cladosporioid hyphomycetes. Mycotaxon 103:207–216Google Scholar
  322. Braun U, Heuchert B, Diederich P (2009) Two new and another interesting lichenicolous hyphomycete. Herzogia 22:165–171Google Scholar
  323. Braun U, Crous PW, Groenewald JZ, Scheuer C (2011) Pseudovirgaria, a fungicolous hyphomycete genus. IMA Fungus 2:65–69PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  324. Braun U, Nakashima C, Crous PW (2013) Cercosporoid fungi (Mycosphaerellaceae) 1. Species on other fungi, Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. IMA Fungus 4:265–345PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  325. Braun U, Bien S, Hantsch L, Heuchert B (2014a) Tubakia chinensis sp. nov. and a key to the species of the genus Tubakia. Schlechtendalia 28:23–28Google Scholar
  326. Braun U, Crous PW, Nakashima C (2014b) cercosporoid fungi (Mycosphaerellaceae) 2. Species on monocots (Acoraceae to Xyridaceae, excluding Poaceae). IMA Fungus 5:203–390PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  327. Braun U, Crous PW, Nakashima C (2015) cercosporoid fungi (Mycosphaerellaceae) 4. Species on dicots (Acanthaceae to Amaranthaceae). IMA Fungus 6:373–469PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  328. Breuss O (2009) A synopsis of the lichen genus Placopyrenium (Verrucariaceae), with descriptions of new taxa and a key to all species. Biblioth Lichenol 99:93–112Google Scholar
  329. Breuss O (2011) Notable records of pyrenocarpous lichens (Verrucariaceae) from Spain. Herzogia 24:375–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  330. Breuss O (2016) Involucropyrenium romeanum is the correct name for I. squamulosum (lichenised Ascomycota, Verrucariaceae). Herzogia 29:196–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  331. Brock PM, Döring H, Bidartondo MI (2009) How to know the unknown fungi: the role of a herbarium. New Phytol 181:719–724PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  332. Brodo IM (2010) The lichens and lichenicolous fungi of Haida Gwaii (Queen Charlotte Islands), British Columbia, Canada. 5. A new species of Lecanora from shoreline rocks. Botany 88:352–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  333. Brodo IM, Lendemer JC (2015) A revision of the saxicolous, esorediate species of Ainoa and Trapelia (Baeomycetaceae and Trapeliaceae, lichenized Ascomycota) in North America, with the description of two new species. Bryologist 118:385–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  334. Brodo IM, Culberson WL, Culberson CF (2008) Haematomma (Lecanoraceae) in North and Central America, including the West Indies. Bryologist 111:363–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  335. Bronson AW, Klymiuk AA, Stockey RA, Tomescu AM (2013) A perithecial sordariomycete (Ascomycota, Diaporthales) from the lower cretaceous of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. Int J Plant Sci 174(3):278–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  336. Brown EM, McTaggart LR, Zhang SX, Low DE et al (2013) Phylogenetic analysis reveals a cryptic species Blastomyces gilchristii, sp. nov. within the human pathogenic species Blastomyces dermatitidis. PLoS ONE 8:e59237PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  337. Bruckart WL, Eskandari FM, Berner DK (2014) Characterization and evaluation of Ramularia crupinae, a candidate for biological control, and of its host, two varieties of Crupina vulgaris in the United States. Biol Control 71:40–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  338. Bruzone MC, Fehrer J, Fontenla SB, Vohník M (2016) First record of Rhizoscyphus ericae in Southern Hemisphere’s Ericaceae. Mycorrhiza 25:1–7Google Scholar
  339. Buaruang K, Scharnagl K, Divakar PK, Leavitt SD et al (2015) Molecular data support Pseudoparmelia as a distinct lineage related to Relicina and Relicinopsis (Ascomycota, Lecanorales). Lichenologist 47:43–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  340. Buçukoglu TZ, Albayrak S, Halici MG, Tay T (2013) Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of extracts and lichen acids obtained from some Umbilicaria species from Central Anatolia, Turkey. J Food Process Preserv 37:1103–1110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  341. Büdel B (2011) Lichens of the Namib Desert-A guide to their identification. Herzogia 24:167–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  342. Bungartz FR, Grube J, Elix JA, Heininger C, Mayrhofer H (2011) A taxonomic revision of the Buellia subalbula-group in the Southern Hemisphere using fluorescence microscopy. Biblioth Lichenol 106:21–39Google Scholar
  343. Bungartz F, Dután-Patiño VL, Elix JA (2013a) The lichen genera Cryptothecia, Herpothallon and Helminthocarpon (Arthoniales) in the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. Lichenologist 45:739–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  344. Bungartz F, Hillmann G, Kalb K, Elix JA (2013b) Leprose and leproid lichens of the Galapagos, with a particular focus on Lepraria (Stereocaulaceae) and Septotrapelia (Pilocarpaceae). Phytotaxa 150:1–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  345. Bungartz F, Elix JA, Kalb K, Giralt M (2016) New and overlooked species from the Galapagos Islands: the generic concept of Diploicia reassessed. Lichenologist 48:489–515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  346. Burgos MRG, Katimbang MLB, Paz MD, Beligan GA et al (2013) Genotypic variability and aggressiveness of Bipolaris oryzae in the Philippines. Eur J Plant Pathol 137:415–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  347. Burneviča N, Jansons Ā, Zaļuma A, Kļaviņa D et al (2016) Fungi inhabiting bark stripping wounds made by large game on stems of Picea abies (L.) Karst. in Latvia. Baltic For 22:2–7Google Scholar
  348. Butin H, Holdenrieder O, Sieber TN (2013) The complete life cycle of Petrakia echinata. Mycol Prog 12:427–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  349. Buyck B, Hosaka K, Masi S, Hofstetter V (2016) Molecular analyses of first collections of Elaphomyces Nees (Elaphomycetaceae, Eurotiales, Ascomycota) from Africa and Madagascar indicate that the current concept of Elaphomyces is polyphyletic. Cryptog Mycol 37:3–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  350. Cabral A, Groenewald JZ, Rego C, Oliveira H, Crous PW (2012) Cylindrocarpon root rot: multi-gene analysis reveals novel species within the Ilyonectria radicicola species complex. Mycol Prog 11:655–688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  351. Cáceres MES, Aptroot A (2016) First inventory of lichens from the Brazilian Amazon in Amapá State. Bryologist 119:250–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  352. Cáceres MES, da Silva Plata ER, Lücking R (2012a) Malmographina, a new genus for Graphina malmei (Ascomycota: Ostropales: Graphidaceae). Lichenologist 44:115–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  353. Cáceres MES, Santos Viera T, Santos De Jesus L, Lücking R (2012b) New and interesting lichens from the Caxiuanã National Forest in the Brazilian Amazon. Lichenologist 44:807–812CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  354. Cáceres MES, Aptroot A, Parnmen S, Lücking R (2014) Remarkable diversity of the lichen family Graphidaceae in the Amazon rain forest of Rondônia, Brazil. Phytotaxa 189:87–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  355. Cai L, Guo XY, Hyde KD (2008) Morphological and molecular characterisation of a new anamorphic genus Cheirosporium, from freshwater in China. Persoonia 20:53–58PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  356. Cai L, Hu DM, Liu F, Hyde KD, Jones EBG (2014) The molecular phylogeny of freshwater Sordariomycetes and discomycetes. Freshwater Fungi and Fungal-like Organisms. De Gruyter, Berlin, pp 47–72Google Scholar
  357. Calaça FJS, Delpont M, Xavier-Santos S (2015) Delitschia gigaspora var. pescanii: a new variety of coprophilous fungus from Brazil. Mycosphere 6:122–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  358. Calado ML, Carvalho L, Pang KL, Barata M (2015) Diversity and ecological characterization of sporulating higher filamentous marine fungi associated with Spartina maritima (Curtis) Fernald in two Portuguese salt marshes. Microb Ecol 70:612–633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  359. Campbell J, Ferrer A, Raja HA, Sivichai S et al (2007) Phylogenetic relationships among taxa in the Jahnulales inferred from 18S and 28S nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences. Botany 85:873–882Google Scholar
  360. Campbell J, Inderbitzin P, Kohlmeyer J, Volkmann-Kohlmeyer B (2009a) Koralionastetales, a new order of marine Ascomycota in the Sordariomycetes. Mycol Res 113:373–380PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  361. Campbell J, Marvanová L, Gulis V (2009b) Evolutionary relationships between aquatic anamorphs and teleomorphs: Tricladium and Varicosporium. Mycol Res 113:1322–1334PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  362. Candan M, Schultz M (2015) New and additional records of cyanolichens from Turkey. Herzogia 28:359–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  363. Cannon PF, Damm U, Johnston PR, Weir BS (2012) Colletotrichum–current status and future directions. Stud Mycol 73:181–213PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  364. Cansaran-Duman D, Halici MG (2012) Squamarina lentigera türlerinde usnik asit konsantrasyonunun antimikrobiyal aktivitesi. Turk Hijyen ve Deneysel Biyoloji DergisiGoogle Scholar
  365. Cantillo-Pérez T, Gusmão LF, Castañeda-Ruiz RF (2016) Tretolylea, a new genus from the Brazilian semiarid region. Mycotaxon 130:977–981CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  366. Cao S, Wei X, Zhou Q, Wei J (2013) Phyllobaeis crustacea sp. nov. from China. Mycotaxon 126:31–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  367. Cao S, Zhang F, Liu C, Hao Z et al (2015) Distribution patterns of haplotypes for symbionts from Umbilicaria esculenta and U. muehlenbergii reflect the importance of reproductive strategy in shaping population genetic structure. BMC Microbiol 15:212PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  368. Capdet M, Romero AI (2010) Fungi from palms in Argentina. 1. Mycotaxon 112:339–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  369. Carbone M (2013) A type study of Pseudoplectania stygia (Pezizales). Ascomycete 5:33–38Google Scholar
  370. Carbone M, Van Vooren N (2011) Otidea fuckelii, una nuova specie pubblicata per chiarire le differenti interpretazioni di Otidea leporina. Rivista di Micol 52:313–330Google Scholar
  371. Carbone M, Agnello C, Alvarado P (2013) Phylogenetic studies in the family Sarcosomataceae (Ascomycota, Pezizales). Ascomycete org 5:1–2Google Scholar
  372. Carbone M, Agnello C, Alvarado P, Krom I (2014) Donadinia sibirica (Ascomycota, Pezizales) a new species from Russia. Mycol Montenegrina 17:53–64Google Scholar
  373. Carissimi M, Giraudo MS, Germani JC, Van Der Sand ST (2010) Antifungal activity of Bacillus sp. E164 against Bipolaris sorokiniana. Biociências (On-line) 17Google Scholar
  374. Carlucci A, Raimondo M, Santos J, Phillips AJL (2012) Plectosphaerella species associated with root and collar rots of horticultural crops in southern Italy. Persoonia 28:34–48PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  375. Carmarán CC, Pildain MB, Vassiljeva LN (2009) The family Diatrypaceae (Ascomycota) in Argentina: new species and new records. Nova Hedw 88:521–530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  376. Carmarán CC, Berretta M, Martínez S, Barrera V et al (2015) Species diversity of Cladorrhinum in Argentina and description of a new species, Cladorrhinum australe. Mycol Prog 14:94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  377. Carmo LT, Monteiro JS, Gusmão LF, Sotão HM et al (2014) Anabahusakala, a new genus from the Brazilian Amazon rainforest. Mycotaxon 127:11–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  378. Carneiro de Almeida DA, Miller AN, Pascholati Gusmão LF (2014) New species and combinations of conidial fungi from the semi-arid Caatinga biome of Brazil. Nova Hedw 98:431–447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  379. Carris LM, Peever T, McCotter SW (2016) Mitosporic stages of Disciotis, Gyromitra and Morchella in the inland Pacific Northwest USA. Mycologia 107:729–744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  380. Carter HE, Cools HJ, West JS, Shaw MW, Fraaije BA (2013) Detection and molecular characterisation of Pyrenopeziza brassicae isolates resistant to methyl benzimidazole carbamates. Pest Manag Sci 69:1040–1048PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  381. Carvalho RO, Braga FR, Araújo JV (2011) Viability and nematophagous activity of the freeze-dried fungus Arthrobotrys robusta against Ancylostoma spp. infective larvae in dogs. Vet Parasitol 176:236–239PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  382. Casaregola S, Jacques N, Louis-Mondesir C, Coton M, Coton E (2013) Citeromyces nyonsensis sp. nov., a novel yeast species isolated from black olive brine. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 63:3086–3090PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  383. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Guerrero B, Adamo GM, Morillo O et al (2009a) A new species of Selenosporella and two microfungi recorded from a cloud forest in Mérida, Venezuela. Mycotaxon 109:63–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  384. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Gusmão LFP, de Moraes Júnior VO et al (2009b) Two setose anamorphic fungi: Ampullicephala gen. nov. and Venustosynnema grandiae. Mycotaxon 109:275–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  385. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Iturriaga T, Minter DW, Heredia G et al (2009c) Two new anamorphic fungi and some microfungi recorded from ‘El Ávila’, Venezuela. Mycotaxon 107:225–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  386. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Heredia G, Arias RM, Stadler M et al (2010a) Anaselenosporella sylvatica gen. & sp. nov. and Pseudoacrodictys aquatica sp. nov., two new anamorphic fungi from Mexico. Mycotaxon 112:65–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  387. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Heredia G, Arias RM, Becerra C et al (2010b) Elotespora, an enigmatic anamorphic fungus from Tabasco, Mexico. Mycotaxon 111:197–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  388. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Morillo O, Tovar B, Hernández Z et al (2010c) Endogenospora, a new genus of anamorphic fungi from Venezuela. Mycotaxon 112:75–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  389. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Silvera-Simón C, Gené J, Guarro J et al (2010d) A new species of Corynesporopsis from Portugal. Mycotaxon 114:407–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  390. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Heredia G, Arias RM, McKenzie EHC et al (2011) A new species and re-disposed taxa in Repetophragma. Mycosphere 2:273–289Google Scholar
  391. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Heredia G, Arias RM, Stadler M et al (2012a) Two new fungi from Mexico: Anaseptoidium gen. nov. and Cylindrosympodium sosae sp. nov. Mycotaxon 119:141–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  392. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Hernández-Restrepo M, Gené J, Guarro J et al (2012b) Two new microfungi from Portugal: Magnohelicospora iberica gen. & sp. nov. and Phaeodactylium stadleri sp. nov. Mycotaxon 121:171–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  393. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Granados MM, Mardones M, Staler M et al (2013a) A microfungus from Costa Rica: Ticosynnema gen. nov. Mycotaxon 122:255–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  394. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Hernández-Restrepo M, Gené J, Granados M, Guarro J (2013b) Two new species of Repetophragma from the Iberian Peninsula. Mycotaxon 125:209–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  395. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Hernández-Restrepo M, Gené J, Guarro J et al (2013c) Two new microfungi from Portugal: Magnohelicospora iberica gen. & sp. nov. and Phaeodactylium stadleri sp. nov. Mycotaxon 121:171–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  396. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Leão-Ferreira SM, Gusmão LF (2015) Distophragmia, a new genus of microfungi to accommodate Endophragmiella rigidiuscula. Mycotaxon 130:499–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  397. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Heredia G, Gusmão LFP, Li DW (2016a) Fungal diversity of Central and South America. In biology of microfungi. Springer, New York, pp 197–217Google Scholar
  398. Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Ma YR, Xia JW, Zhang XG (2016b) Two new species of Pseudoacrodictys from Hainan, China. Nova Hedw 102:69–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  399. Castellano MA, Trappe JM, Vernes K (2011) Australian species of Elaphomyces (Elaphomycetaceae, Eurotiales, Ascomycota). Aust Syst Bot 24:32–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  400. Castellano MA, Beever RE, Trappe JM (2012a) Sequestrate fungi of New Zealand: Elaphomyces (Ascomycota, Eurotiales, Elaphomycetaceae). NZ J Bot 50:423–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  401. Castellano MA, Guevara Guerrero G, García Jiménez J, Trappe JM (2012b) Elaphomyces appalachiensis and E. verruculosus sp. nov. (Ascomycota, Eurotiales, Elaphomycetaceae) from Eastern North America. Rev Mex Micol 35:17–22Google Scholar
  402. Castellano MA, Dentinger BTM, Séné O, Elliott TF et al (2016) New species of Elaphomyces (Elaphomycetaceae, Eurotiales, Ascomycota) from tropical rainforests of Cameroon and Guyana. IMA Fungus 7:59–73PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  403. Castillo JD, Lawrence KS, Kloepper JW, Van Santen E (2010) Evaluation of Drechslerella dactyloides, Drechslerella brochopaga, and Paecilomyces lilacinus for biocontrol of Rotylenchulus reniformis. Nematropica 40:71–86Google Scholar
  404. Castroagudín VL, Moreira SI, Pereira DAS, Moreira SS et al (2016) Pyricularia graminis-tritici, a new Pyricularia species causing wheat blast. Persoonia 37:199–216PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  405. Catal M, Jordan SA, Butterworth SC, Schilder AM (2007) Detection of Eutypa lata and Eutypella vitis in grapevine by nested multiplex polymerase chain reaction. Phytopathology 97:737–747PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  406. Catania MD, Romero A (2012) Crassoascus monocaudatus and Iodosphaeria podocarpi, two new species on Podocarpus parlatorei from” Las Yungas”, Argentina. Mycosphere 3:37–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  407. Catania MD, Romero AI, Huhndorf SM, Miller AN (2011) A new species and new records of Cercophora from Argentina. Mycologia 103:1372–1383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  408. Cavalcante JG (2012) Fatores associados à estrutura da comunidade de liquens corticícolas crostosos em duas áreas de caatinga no estado de alagoas. PhD thesis, Universidade Federal de SergipeGoogle Scholar
  409. Centeno DC, Hell AF, Braga MR, del Campo EM, Casano LM (2016) Contrasting strategies used by lichen microalgae to cope with desiccation-rehydration stress revealed by metabolite profiling and cell wall analysis. Environ Microbiol 18:1546–1560PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  410. Cestaro L, Tønsberg T, Muggia L (2016) Phylogenetic data and chemical traits characterize a new species in the lichen genus Tephromela. Herzogia 29:383–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  411. Chacón S, Dörge D, Weisenborn J, Piepenbring M (2013) A new species and a new record of Diatrypaceae from Panama. Mycologia 105:681–688PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  412. Chacón S, Tapia F, Esqueda M (2014) New records of Dothideomycetes from Mexico. Mycotaxon 128:145–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  413. Chakraborty S, Basak B, Dutta S, Bhunia B, Dey A (2013) Decolorization and biodegradation of congo red dye by a novel white rot fungus Alternaria alternata CMERI F6. Bioresour Technol 147:662–666PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  414. Chamizo S, Rodríguez-Caballero E, Roncero B, Román JR, Cantón Y (2016) April. Factors controlling spatial distribution patterns of biocrusts in a heterogeneous and topographically complex semiarid area. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts 18:7937Google Scholar
  415. Chand R, Sen D, Prasad KD, Singh AK et al (2008) Screening for disease resistance in barley cultivars against Bipolaris sorokiniana using callus culture method. Indian J Exp Biol 46:249PubMedGoogle Scholar
  416. Chand R, Kumar M, Kushwaha C, Shah K, Joshi AK (2014) Role of melanin in release of extracellular enzymes and selection of aggressive isolates of Bipolaris sorokiniana in barley. Curr Microbiol 69:202–211PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  417. Chang JH, Wang YZ (2009) The genera Sporormia and Preussia (Sporormiaceae, Pleosporales) in Taiwan. Nova Hedw 88:245–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  418. Chang JH, Kao HW, Wang YZ (2010) Molecular phylogeny of Cercophora, Podospora, Schizothecium (Lasiosphaeriaceae, Pyrenomycetes). Taiwania 55:110–116Google Scholar
  419. Chang YC, Lu CK, Chiang YR, Wang GJ et al (2014) Diterpene glycosides and polyketides from Xylotumulus gibbisporus. J Nat Prod 77:751–757PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  420. Chaverri P, Gazis RO (2010) Perisporiopsis lateritia, a new species on decaying leaves of Hevea spp. from the Amazon basin in Peru. Mycotaxon 113:163–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  421. Chaverri P, Gazis RO (2011) Linking ex planta fungi with their endophytic stages: Perisporiopsis, a common leaf litter and soil fungus, is a frequent endophyte of Hevea spp. and other plants. Fung Ecol 4:94–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  422. Chaverri P, Liu M, Hodge KT (2008) A monograph of the entomopathogenic genera Hypocrella, Moelleriella, and Samuelsiagen. nov. (Ascomycota, Hypocreales, Clavicipitaceae), and their aschersonia-like anamorphs in the Neotropics. Stud Mycol 60:1–66PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  423. Chaverri P, Salgado C, Hirooka Y, Rossman AY, Samuels GJ (2011) Delimitation of Neonectria and Cylindrocarpon (Nectriaceae, Hypocreales, Ascomycota) and related genera with Cylindrocarpon-like anamorphs. Stud Mycol 68:57–78PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  424. Checa J, Arenal F, Blanco N, Rogers JD (2008) Coniolariella hispanica sp. nov. and other additions to Coniolariella. Mycol Res 112:795–801PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  425. Checa J, Blanco MN, Moreno G (2013) Contributions to the family Thyridiaceae. New data on Sphaeria mutabilis. Mycotaxon 125:149–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  426. Cheewangkoon R, Groenewald JZ, Summerell BA, Hyde KD et al (2009) Myrtaceae, a cache of fungal biodiversity. Persoonia 23:55–85PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  427. Cheewangkoon R, Groenewald JZ, Verkley HJM, Hyde KD et al (2010) Re-evaluation of Cryptosporiopsis eucalypti and Cryptosporiopsis-like species occurring on Eucalyptus leaves. Fungal Divers 44:89–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  428. Cheewangkoon R, Groenewald JZ, Hyde KD, To-anun C, Crous PW (2012) Chocolate Spot disease of Eucalyptus. Mycol Prog 11:61–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  429. Chen J, Meng ZX, Chen XM, Lv YL et al (2009) Leohumicola, a genus new to China. Mycotaxon 108:337–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  430. Chen S, Gryzenhout M, Roux J, Xie Y et al (2011) Novel species of Celoporthe from Eucalyptus and Syzygium trees in China and Indonesia. Mycologia 103:1384–1410PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  431. Chen JL, Lin YR, Hou CL, Wang SJ (2012) Species of Rhytismataceae on Camellia spp. from the Chinese mainland. Mycotaxon 118:219–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  432. Chen S, Van Wyk M, Roux J, Wingfield MJ et al (2013a) Taxonomy and pathogenicity of Ceratocystis species on Eucalyptus trees in South China, including C. chinaeucensis sp. nov. Fungal Divers 58:267–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  433. Chen SF, Wingfield MJ, Roux J (2013b) Diversimorbus metrosiderotis gen. et sp. nov. and three new species of Holocryphia (Cryphonectriaceae) associated with cankers on native Metrosideros angustifoliatrees in South Africa. Fungal Biol 117:289–310PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  434. Chen YL, Gao Y, Zhang KQ, Zou CG (2013c) Autophagy is required for trap formation in the nematode-trapping fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora. Environ Microbiol Rep 5:511–517PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  435. Chen L, Yue Q, Zhang X, Xiang M et al (2013d) Genomics-driven discovery of the pneumocandin biosynthetic gene cluster in the fungus Glarea lozoyensis. BMC Genom 14:339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  436. Chen SF, Wingfield MJ, Roets F, Roux J (2013e) A serious canker disease caused by Immersiporthe knoxdaviesiana gen. et sp. nov. (Cryphonectriaceae) on native Rapanea melanophloeos in South Africa. Plant Pathol 62:667–678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  437. Chen H, Jiang XJ, Yu Z, Duns GJ et al (2014) A novel mitovirus isolated from Buergenerula spartinae. Virilogica Sinica 29:257–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  438. Chen KH, Miadlikowska J, Molnár K, Arnold AE et al (2015a) Phylogenetic analyses of eurotiomycetous endophytes reveal their close affinities to Chaetothyriales, Eurotiales, and a new order–Phaeomoniellales. Mol Phyl Evol 85:117–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  439. Chen Q, Jiang JR, Zhang GZ, Cai L, Crous PW (2015b) Resolving the Phoma enigma. Stud Mycol 82:137–217PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  440. Chen AJ, Sun BD, Houbraken J, Frisvad JC et al (2016a) New Talaromyces species from indoor environments in China. Stud Mycol 84:119–144PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  441. Chen C, Verkley GJ, Sun G, Groenewald JZ, Crous PW (2016b) Redefining common endophytes and plant pathogens in Neofabraea, Pezicula, and related genera. Fungal Biol 120:1291–1322PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  442. Chen Y, Ran SF, Dai DQ, Wang Y et al (2016c) Mycosphere essays 2. Myrothecium. Mycosphere 7:64–80Google Scholar
  443. Chen YY, Maharachchikumbura SSN, Liu JK, Hyde KD et al (2017a) Fungi from Asian Karst formations I. Pestalotiopsis photinicola sp. nov., causing leaf spots of Photinia serrulata. Mycosphere 8:103–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  444. Chen WH, Zeng GP, Luo Y, Liang ZQ, Han YF (2017b) Morphological traits and molecular analysis for Geomyces fujianensis sp. nov. from China. Mycosphere 8:38–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  445. Chen WH, Han YF, Liang JD, Liang ZQ, Jin DC (2017c) Metarhizium dendrolimatilis, a novel Metarhizium species parasitic on Dendrolimus sp. larvae. Mycosphere 8:37Google Scholar
  446. Cheng XL, Li W, Zhang TY (2014) A new species of Phaeoisaria from intertidal marine sediment collected in Weihai, China. Mycotaxon 127:17–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  447. Cheng XL, Li W, Cai L (2015) Molecular phylogeny of Ascotricha, including two new marine algae-associated species. Mycologia 27:14–210Google Scholar
  448. Cheplick GP, Faeth S (2009) Ecology and evolution of the grass-endophyte symbiosis. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  449. Chethana T, Liu M, Ariyawansa HA, Konta S et al (2015) Splanchnonema-like species in Pleosporales: introducing Pseudosplanchnonema gen. nov. in Massarinaceae. Phytotaxa 231:133–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  450. Chhikara S, Chaudhury D, Dhankher OP, Jaiwal PK (2012) Combined expression of a barley class II chitinase and type I ribosome inactivating protein in transgenic Brassica juncea provides protection against Alternaria brassicae. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 108:83–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  451. Chigoziri E, Ekefan EJ (2013) Seed-borne fungi of Chilli pepper (Capsicum frutescens) from pepper producing areas of Benue state, Nigeria. Agric Biol J Am 4:370–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  452. Chilvers MI, Rogers JD, Dugan FM, Stewart JE et al (2009) Didymella pisi sp. nov., the teleomorph of Ascochyta pisi. Mycol Res 113:391–400PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  453. Chlebicki A (2009a) Fungi on higher plants of the upper limit of the alpine zone: new species from Tian Shan. Mycotaxon 110:443–450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  454. Chlebicki A (2009b) Some endophytes of Juncus trifidus from Tatra Mts. in Poland. Acta Mycologica 44:11–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  455. Chlebicka M, Konvalinkova T (2010) Pirottaea lychnidis comb. nov. from the Bohemian Switzerland National Park, Czech Republic. Czech Mycol 62:19–32Google Scholar
  456. Cho Y, Kim KH, La Rota M, Scott D et al (2009) Identification of novel virulence factors associated with signal transduction pathways in Alternaria brassicicola. Mol Microbiol 72:1316–1333PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  457. Cho Y, Srivastava A, Ohm RA, Lawrence CB et al (2012) Transcription factor Amr1 induces melanin biosynthesis and suppresses virulence in Alternaria brassicicola. PLoS Pathog 8:1002974CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  458. Cho SE, Park JH, Choi JK, Shin HD (2015) First report of zonate leaf spot of Glycine max caused by Cristulariella moricola in Korea. J Phytopathol 163:1019–1022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  459. Choi JS, Graser Y, Walther G, Peano A et al (2012) Microsporum mirabile and its teleomorph Arthroderma mirabile, a new dermatophyte species in the M. cookei clade. Med Mycol 50:161–169PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  460. Choi J, Park SY, Kim BR, Roh JH et al (2013a) Comparative analysis of pathogenicity and phylogenetic relationship in Magnaporthe grisea species complex. PloS ONE 8:57196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  461. Choi YJ, Shin HD, Han JG, Pfister DH (2013b) Scutellinia (Pezizales) in Korea, with a new species and eight new records. Nova Hedw 97:457–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  462. Choi IY, Kim BS, Park JH, Cho SE, Shin HD (2014) First report of black stem caused by Botryosporium longibrachiatum on statice in Korea. Plant Dis 98:1431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  463. Chokpaiboon S, Choodej S, Boonyuen N, Teerawatananond T, Pudhom K (2016) Highly oxygenated chromones from mangrove-derived endophytic fungus rhytidhysteron rufulum. Phytochemistry 122:172–177PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  464. Chomnunti P, Schoch CL, Aguirre-Hudson B, Ko Ko TW et al (2011) Capnodiaceae. Fungal Divers 51:103–134PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  465. Chomnunti P, Bhat DJ, Jones EB, Chukeatirote E et al (2012a) Trichomeriaceae, a new sooty mould family of Chaetothyriales. Fungal Divers 56:63–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  466. Chomnunti P, Ko TW, Chukeatirote E, Hyde KD, Cai L et al (2012b) Phylogeny of Chaetothyriaceae in northern Thailand including three new species. Mycologia 104:382–395PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  467. Chomnunti P, Hongsanan S, Hudson BA, Tian Q et al (2014) The sooty moulds. Fungal Divers 66:1–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  468. Chowdhary A, Randhawa HS, Singh V, Khan ZU et al (2011) Bipolaris hawaiiensis as etiologic agent of allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis: first case in a paediatric patient. Med Mycol 49:760–765PubMedGoogle Scholar
  469. Chruszcz M, Chapman MD, Osinski T, Solberg R et al (2012) Alternaria alternata allergen Alt a 1: a unique β-barrel protein dimer found exclusively in fungi. J Allergy Clin Immunol 130:241–247PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  470. Chu Y, Alias SA, Idid R, Guo SY, Pang KL (2015) A molecular reappraisal of Nimbospora (Halosphaeriaceae, Microascales) and a new genus Ebullia for N. octonae. Mycoscience 56:34–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  471. Chuaseeharonnachai C, Yamaguchi K, Sri-Indrasutdhia V, Somrithipol S et al (2013) Diversity of aero-aquatic hyphomycetes from six streams in Doi Inthanon and Khao Yai tropical forests, Thailand. Cryptog Mycol 34:183–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  472. Chuaseeharonnachai C, Somrithipol S, Boonyuen N (2014) A new species of Fusticeps from Thailand. Mycosphere 5:313–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  473. Chung KR (2011) Elsinoë fawcettii and Elsinoë australis: the fungal pathogens causing citrus scab. Mol Plant Pathol 12:123–135PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  474. Chungu D, Gryzenhout M, Muimba-Kankolongo A, Wingfield MJ, Roux J (2010) Taxonomy and pathogenicity of two novel Chrysoporthe species from Eucalyptus grandis and Syzygium guineense in Zambia. Mycol Prog 9:379–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  475. Clowez P (2012) Les morilles, une nouvelle approche mondiale du genre Morchella. Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France 126:199–376Google Scholar
  476. Çobanoğlu G (2011) Additional and new lichen records for the province of Giresun. Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 23:83–88Google Scholar
  477. Çobanoğlu G, Yavuz M, Costache I, Radu I (2010) Additional and new lichen records from Cozia National Park, Romania. Mycotaxon 114:193–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  478. Çobanoğlu G, Sesal C, Açıkgöz B, Karaltı İ (2016) Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of the lichens Physcia aipolia, Xanthoria parietina, Usnea florida, Usnea subfloridana and Melanohalea exasperata. Mod Phytomorphol 10:19–24Google Scholar
  479. Coda R, Rizzello CG, Di Cagno R, Trani A et al (2013) Antifungal activity of Meyerozyma guilliermondii: identification of active compounds synthesized during dough fermentation and their effect on long-term storage of wheat bread. Food Microbiol 33:243–251PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  480. Consolo VF, Cordo CA, Salerno GL (2008) DNA fingerprint and pathotype diversity of Pyricularia oryzae populations from Argentina. Australas Plant Pathol 37:357–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  481. Cook RTA, Inman AJ, Billings C (1997) Identification and classification of powdery mildew anamorphs using light and scanning electron microscopy and host range data. Mycol Res 101:975–1002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  482. Coppins BJ (2008) Ameliella, a new genus of lichen-forming fungi from north-west Europe and western Canada. Lichenologist 40:387–397Google Scholar
  483. Cornejo C, Scheidegger C (2015) Multi-gene phylogeny of the genus Lobaria: evidence of species-pair and allopatric cryptic speciation in East Asia. Am J Bot 102:2058–2073PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  484. Cort C (2012) A phylogenetic analysis of Heterocephalum: Using molecular tools to reassess the taxonomic placement of an unusual and infrequently collected fungus. Honors Theses. Paper 7Google Scholar
  485. Costa PM, Barbosa MA, Malosso E, Castañeda-Ruiz RF (2016) Anaverticicladus uncinatus gen. & sp. nov. from decaying leaves from Brazil. Mycotaxon 131:687–691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  486. Coste C, Dufrêne P (2009) Reasoned Inventory of the lichens and lchenicolous fungi of the Cascades of Mortain (department of Manche, 50). Société Tarnaise de Sciences Naturelles, pp 57–80Google Scholar
  487. Cota BB, Rosa LH, Caligiorne RB, Rabello ALT et al (2008) Altenusin, a biphenyl isolated from the endophytic fungus Alternaria sp., inhibits trypanothione reductase from Trypanosoma cruzi. FEMS Microbiol Lett 285:177–182PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  488. Crane C, Burgess TI (2013) Luteocirrhus shearii gen. sp. nov. (Diaporthales, Cryphonectriaceae) pathogenic to Proteaceaein the south Western Australian Floristic Region. IMA Fungus 4:111–122PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  489. Craven KD, Vélëz H, Cho Y, Lawrence CB, Mitchell TK (2008) Anastomosis is required for virulence of the fungal necrotroph Alternaria brassicicola. Eukaryot Cell 7:675–683PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  490. Crespo A, Ferencova Z, Pérez-Ortega S, Elix JA, Divakar PK (2010a) Austroparmelina, a new Australian lineage in parmelioid lichens (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota). Syst Biodivers 8:209–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  491. Crespo A, Kauff F, Divakar PK, del Prado R et al (2010b) Phylogenetic generic classification of parmelioid lichens (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) based on molecular, morphological and chemical evidence. Taxon 59:1735–1753Google Scholar
  492. Crespo A, Divakar PK, Hawksworth DL (2011) Generic concepts in parmelioid lichens, and the phylogenetic value of characters used in their circumscription. Lichenologist 43:511–535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  493. Crisan F, Ardelean I (2010) The analysis of ecological behaviour of the macrolichens from Rosia Montana (Romania). Studia Universitatis Vasile Goldis Seria Stiintele Vietii (Life Sciences Series) 20Google Scholar
  494. Crittenden PD, Scrimgeour CM, Minnullina G, Sutton MA et al (2015) Lichen response to ammonia deposition defines the footprint of a penguin rookery. Biogeochemistry 122:295–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  495. Crous PW, Verkley GJM (2009) Xenocylindrosporium. Fungal Planet 44Google Scholar
  496. Crous PW, Groenewald JZ (2010) Fungal planet 55. Xenopolyscytalum pinea gen. et sp. nov. Persoonia 25:130–131Google Scholar
  497. Crous PW, Groenewald JZ (2011) Why everlastings dont last. Persoonia 26:70–84PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  498. Crous PW, Groenewald JZ (2013) A phylogenetic re-evaluation of Arthrinium. IMA Fungus 4:133–154PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  499. Crous PW, Wood AR, Okada G, Groenewald JZ (2008) Foliicolous microfungi occurring on Encephalartos. Persoonia 21:135–146PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  500. Crous PW, Braun U, Wingfield MJ, Wood AR et al (2009a) Phylogeny and taxonomy of obscure genera of microfungi. Persoonia 22:139–161PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  501. Crous PW, Groenewald JZ, Lee SS (2009b) Fungal planet 41. Nawawia malaysiana. Persoonia 23:194–195Google Scholar
  502. Crous PW, Groenewald JZ, Summerell BA, Wingfield BD, Wingfield MJ (2009c) Co-occurring species of Teratosphaeria on Eucalyptus. Persoonia 22:38–48PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  503. Crous PW, Schoch CL, Hyde KD, Wood AR et al (2009d) Phylogenetic lineages in the Capnodiales. Stud Mycol 64:17–47PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  504. Crous PW, Summerell BA, Carnegie AJ, Wingfield MJ, Groenewald JZ (2009e) Novel species of Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae. Persoonia 23:119–146PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  505. Crous PW, Summerell BA, Carnegie AJ, Wingfield MJ et al (2009f) Unravelling Mycosphaerella: do you believe in genera? Persoonia 23:99–118PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  506. Crous PW, Barreto RW, Alfenas AC, Alfenas RF, Groenewald JZ (2010a) what is Johansonia? IMA Fungus 1:117–122PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  507. Crous PW, Groenewald JZ, Shin HD (2010b) Fungal planet 56. Strelitziana albiziae sp. nov. Persoonia 25:132–133Google Scholar
  508. Crous PW, Groenewald JZ, Shivas RG (2010c) Fungal planet 60. Pseudophloeospora eucalypti gen. et sp. nov. Persoonia 25:140–141Google Scholar
  509. Crous PW, Groenewald JZ, Shivas RG, Edwards J et al (2011a) Fungal Planet description sheets:69–91. Persoonia 26:108–156PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  510. Crous PW, Minnis AM, Pereira OL, Alfenas AC et al (2011b) What is Scirrhia? IMA Fungus 2:127–133PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  511. Crous PW, Summerell BA, Shivas RG, Romberg M et al (2011c) Fungal Planet description sheets: 92–106. Persoonia 27:130–162PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  512. Crous PW, Summerell BA, Swart L, Denman S et al (2011d) Fungal pathogens of Proteaceae. Persoonia 27:20–45PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  513. Crous PW, Tanaka K, Summerell BA, Groenewald JZ (2011e) Additions to the Mycosphaerella complex. IMA Fungus 2:49–64PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  514. Crous PW, Braun U, Hunter GC, Wingfield MJ et al (2012a) Phylogenetic lineages in Pseudocercospora. Stud Mycol 75:37–114PubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  515. Crous PW, Groenewald JZ, Lombard L, Wingfield MJ (2012b) Homortomyces gen. nov., a new dothidealean pycnidial fungus from the Cradle of Humankind. IMA Fungus 3:109–115PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  516. Crous PW, Shivas RG, Wingfield MJ, Summerell BA et al (2012c) Fungal Planet description sheets 128–153Google Scholar
  517. Crous PW, Summerell BA, Alfenas AC, Edwards J et al (2012d) Genera of diaporthalean coelomycetes associated with leaf spots of tree hosts. Persoonia 28:66–75PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  518. Crous PW, Summerell BA, Shivas RG, Burgess TI et al (2012e) Fungal planet description sheets: 107–127. Persoonia. 28:138–182PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  519. Crous PW, Summerell BA, Shivas RG, Carnegie AJ et al (2012f) A re-appraisal of Harknessia (Diaporthales), and the introduction of Harknessiaceae fam. nov. Persoonia 28:59–65Google Scholar
  520. Crous PW, Verkley GJM, Christensen M, Groenewald JZ (2012g) How important are conidial appendages ? Persoonia 28:126–137PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  521. Crous PW, Quaedvlieg W, Sarpkaya K, Can C, Erkılıç A (2013a) Septoria-like pathogens causing leaf and fruit spot of pistachio. IMA Fungus 4:187–199PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  522. Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Guarro J, Cheewangkoon R et al (2013b) Fungal Planet description sheets: 154–213. Persoonia 31:188–296PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  523. Crous PW, Giraldo A, Hawksworth DL, Robert V et al (2014a) The Genera of Fungi: fixing the application of type species of generic names. IMA Fungus 5:141–160PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  524. Crous PW, Quaedvlieg W, Hansen K, Hawksworth DL, Groenewald JZ (2014b) Phacidium and Ceuthospora (Phacidiaceae) are congeneric: taxonomic and nomenclatural implications. IMA Fungus 5:173–193PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  525. Crous PW, Shivas RG, Quaedvlieg W, van Der Bank M et al (2014c) Fungal planet description sheets: 214–280. Persoonia 32:184–306PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  526. Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Schumacher RK, Summerell BA et al (2014d) Fungal planet description sheets: 281–319. Persoonia 33:212–289PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  527. Crous PW, Carris LM, Giraldo A, Groenewald JZ et al (2015a) The Genera of Fungi: fixing the application of the type species of generic names – G 2: Allantophomopsis, Latorua, Macrodiplodiopsis, Macrohilum, Milospium, Protostegia, Pyricularia, Robillarda, Rotula, Septoriella, Torula, and Wojnowicia. IMA Fungus 6:163–198PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  528. Crous PW, Muller MM, Sánchez RM, Giordano L et al (2015b) Resolving Tiarosporella spp. allied to Botryosphaeriaceae and Phacidiaceae. Phytotaxa 202:73–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  529. Crous PW, Schumacher RK, Wingfield MJ, Lombard L et al (2015c) Fungal Systematics and Evolution: FUSE 1. Sydowia 67:81–118Google Scholar
  530. Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Guarro J, Hernandez-Restrepo M et al (2015d) Fungal Planet description sheets: 320–370. Persoonia 34:167–266PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  531. Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Le Roux JJ, Richardson DM et al (2015e) Fungal Planet description sheets: 371–399. Persoonia 35:264–327PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  532. Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Burgess TI, Hardy GS et al (2016a) Fungal planet description sheets: 469-557. Persoonia 37:218–403PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  533. Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Richardson DM, Leroux JJ et al (2016b) Fungal planet description sheets: 400–468. Persoonia 36:316–458PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  534. Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Burgess TI, Hardy GS et al (2017) Fungal planet description sheets: 558–624. Persoonia 38:240–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  535. Cruywagen EM, de Beer ZW, Roux J, Wingfield MJ (2010) Three new Graphium species from baobab trees in South Africa and Madagascar. Persoonia 25:61–71PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  536. Cruz ACR, dos Santos SIT, Leão-Ferreira SM, Gusmão LFP (2009) Conidial fungi from the semi-arid Caatinga biome of Brazil. New species and new records of Helicosporium. Mycotaxon 110:53–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  537. Cruz ACR, Gusmão LF, Castañeda-Ruiz RF, Stadler M, Minter DW (2012) Zelodactylaria, an interesting new genus from semi-arid northeast Brazil. Mycotaxon 119:241–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  538. Cui Y, Jia H, He D, Yu H et al (2013) Characterization of Edenia gomezpompae isolated from a patient with keratitis. Mycopathologia 176:75–81PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  539. Culleré L, Ferreira V, Chevret B, Venturini ME et al (2010) Characterisation of aroma active compounds in black truffles (Tuber melanosporum) and summer truffles (Tuber aestivum) by gas chromatography–olfactometry. Food Chem 122:300–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  540. Cunnington JH, Lawrie AC, Pascoe IG (2010) Genetic characterization of the Golovinomyces cichoracearum complex in Australia. Plant Pathol 59:158–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  541. Czarnota P (2009) Japewia tornoensis and further localities of J. subaurifera found in the Carpathians. Acta Mycologica 44:59–264Google Scholar
  542. Czarnota P, Guzow-Krzeminska B (2012) ITS rDNA data confirm a delimitation of Bacidina arnoldiana and B. sulphurella and support a description of a new species within the genus Bacidina. Lichenologist 44:743–755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  543. Czarnota P, Hernik E (2013) Mniaecia jungermanniae and Puttea margaritella (lichenized Ascomycota) found in Poland. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 82Google Scholar
  544. Czarnota P, Hernik E (2014) Some peltigericolous microlichens from southern Poland. Acta Botanica Croatica 73:159–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  545. Czarnota P, Kukwa M (2009) Contribution to the knowledge of some poorly known lichens in Poland. III. Trapelia corticola and the genus Vezdaea. Folia Cryptog Estonica 46:25–31Google Scholar
  546. D’Souza MA, Bhat DJ (2013) Occurrence of microfungi as litter colonizers and endophytes in varied plant species from the Western Ghats forests, Goa, India. Mycosphere 4:567–582Google Scholar
  547. da Cruz ACR, Gusmão LFP (2009) Conidial fungi from caatinga: Lignicolous species. Acta Bot Bras 23:1133–1144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  548. da Cunha KC, Sutton DA, Fothergill AW, Cano J et al (2012) Diversity of Bipolaris species in clinical samples in the United States and their antifungal susceptibility profiles. J Clin Microbiol 50:4061–4066PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  549. da Silva SS, Gusmão LF (2015) Some facultative-aquatic conidial fungi from the Caatinga biome II: new records for Brazil and Americas. Braz J Bot 38:323–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  550. da Silva SS, Gusmão LFP, Castañeda-Ruiz RF (2015) Cryptocoryneum parvulum, a new species on Araucaria angustigolia (Brazilian pine). Mycotaxon 130:465–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  551. da Silva M, Pinho DB, Pereira OL, Fernandes FM, Barreto RW (2016) Naming potentially endangered parasites: foliicolous mycobiota of Dimorphandra wilsonii, a highly threatened Brazilian tree species. PloS ONE 11:e0147895PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  552. Dai DQ, Bhat DJ, Liu J, Chukeatirote E et al (2012) Bambusicola, a new genus from bamboo with asexual and sexual morphs. Cryptog Mycol 33:363–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  553. Dai DQ, Bahkali AH, Bhat DJ, Xiao YP et al (2014a) Towards a natural classification of Dothideomycetes 3: The genera Muellerites, Trematosphaeriopsis, Vizellopsis and Yoshinagella (Dothideomycetes incertae sedis). Phytotaxa 176:18–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  554. Dai DQ, Bahkali AH, Li QR, Bhat DJ et al (2014b) Vamsapriya (Xylariaceae) re-described, with two new species and molecular sequence data. Cryptog Mycol 35:339–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  555. Dai DQ, Boonmee S, Tian Q, Xiao YP et al (2014c) Englerulaceae (Dothideomycetes). Phytotaxa 176:139–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  556. Dai DQ, Wijayawardene NN, Bhat DJ, Chukeatirote E et al (2014d) Pustulomyces gen. nov. accommodated in Diaporthaceae, Diaporthales, as revealed by morphology and molecular analyses. Cryptog Mycol 35:63–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  557. Dai DQ, Wijayawardene NN, Bhat DJ, Chukeatirote E et al (2014e) The phylogenetic placement of Eriosporella bambusicola sp. nov. in Capnodiales. Cryptog Mycol 35:41–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  558. Dai DQ, Bahkali AH, Ariyawansa HA, Li WJ et al (2015a) Neokalmusia didymospora (Didymosphaeriaceae), a new species from bamboo. Sydowia 68:17–25Google Scholar
  559. Dai DQ, Bahkali AH, Li WJ, Bhat DJ et al (2015b) Bambusicola loculata sp. nov. (Bambusicolaceae) from bamboo. Phytotaxa 213(2):122–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  560. Dai DQ, Jiang HB, Tang LZ, Bhat DJ (2016) Two new species of Arthrinium (Apiosporaceae, Xylariales) associated with bamboo from Yunnan, China. Mycosphere 7:1332–1345Google Scholar
  561. Dai DQ, Phookamsak R, Wijayawardene NN, Li WJ et al (2017) Bambusicolous fungi. Fungal Divers 82:1–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  562. Dailey R, Siemion R, Raisbeck M, Jesse C (2010) Analysis of salazinic, norstictic, and usnic acids in Xanthoparmelia chlorochroa by ultra-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. J AOAC Int 93:1137–1142PubMedGoogle Scholar
  563. Dallagnol LJ, Rodrigues FA, DaMatta FM, Mielli MV, Pereira SC (2011a) Deficiency in silicon uptake affects cytological, physiological, and biochemical events in the rice-Bipolaris oryzae interaction. Phytopathology 101:92–104PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  564. Dallagnol LJ, Rodrigues FA, Martins SC, Cavatte PC, DaMatta FM (2011b) Alterations on rice leaf physiology during infection by Bipolaris oryzae. Australas Plant Pathol 40:360–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  565. Dallagnol LJ, Rodrigues FA, Chaves ARM, Vale FXR, DaMatta FM (2013) Photosynthesis and sugar concentration are impaired by the defective active silicon uptake in rice plants infected with Bipolaris oryzae. Plant Pathol 62:120–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  566. Damm U, Mostert L, Crous PW, Fourie PH (2008a) Novel Phaeoacremonium species associated with necrotic wood of Prunus trees. Persoonia 20:87–102PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  567. Damm U, Crous PW, Fourie PH (2008b) A fissitunicate ascus mechanism in the Calosphaeriaceae, and novel species of Jattaea and Calosphaeria on Prunus wood. Persoonia 20:39–52PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  568. Damm U, Verkley GJM, Crous PW, Fourie PH et al (2008c) Paraconiothyrium species on stone fruit trees and other woody hosts, including P. variabile and P. africanum spp. nov. Persoonia 20:9–17PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  569. Damm U, Baroncelli R, Cai L, Kubo Y et al (2010a) Colletotrichum: species, ecology and interactions. IMA Fungus 1(2):161–165PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  570. Damm U, Fourie PH, Crous PW (2010b) Coniochaeta (Lecythophora), Collophora gen. nov. and Phaeomoniella species associated with wood necroses of Prunus trees. Persoonia 24:60–80PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  571. Damm U, Cannon PF, Woudenberg JH, Crous PW (2012a) The Colletotrichum acutatum species complex. Stud Mycol 73:37–113PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  572. Damm U, Cannon PF, Woudenberg JH, Johnston PR et al (2012b) The Colletotrichum boninense species complex. Stud Mycol 73:1–36PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  573. Damm U, Cannon PF, Liu F, Barreto RW et al (2013) The Colletotrichum orbiculare species complex: Important pathogens of field crops and weeds. Fungal Divers 61:29–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  574. Daranagama DA, Liu XZ, Chamyuang S, Stadler M, Hyde KD (2014) A multiple gene genealogy reveals phylogenetic placement of Rhopalostroma lekae. Phytotaxa 186:177–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  575. Daranagama DA, Camporesi E, Tian Q, Liu XZ et al (2015a) Anthostomella is polyphyletic comprising several genera in Xylariaceae. Fungal Divers 73:203–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  576. Daranagama DA, Liu XZ, Chamyuang S, Stadler M et al (2015b) Rhopalostroma brevistipitatum sp. nov. from Thailand with an extended generic description for Rhopalostroma. Phytotaxa 227:229–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  577. Daranagama DA, Jones EBG, Liu XZ, To-anun C et al (2016a) Mycosphere Essays 13 – Do xylariaceous macromycetes make up most of the Xylariomycetidae? Mycosphere 7:582–601Google Scholar
  578. Daranagama DA, Camporesi E, Liu XZ, Bhat DJ et al (2016b) Tristratiperidium microsporum gen. et sp. nov. (Xylariales) on dead leaves of Arundo plinii. Mycol Prog 15:8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  579. Daranagama DA, Camporesi E, Liu XZ, Chamyuang S et al (2016c) Lopadostoma fagi (Lopadostomataceae) on Fagus sylvatica from Italy. Stud Fungi 1:80–89Google Scholar
  580. Daranagama DA, Liu XZ, Chamyuang S, Stadler M et al (2016d) Towards a natural classification of Sordariomycetes: The genera Frondisphaeria, Immersisphaeria, Lasiobertia, Pulmosphaeria and Yuea (Sordariomycetes incertae sedis). Phytotaxa 258:153–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  581. Daranagama DA, Hyde KD, Sir EB, Thambugala KM et al. (2017) Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Graphostromataceae, Hypoxylaceae, Lopadostomataceae and Xylariaceae (in prep)Google Scholar
  582. Davey ML, Currah RS (2009) Atradidymella muscivora gen. et sp. nov. (Pleosporales) and its anamorph Phoma muscivora sp. nov.: a new pleomorphic pathogen of boreal bryophytes. Am J Bot 96:1281–1288PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  583. Davison EM, Davison PJN, Tan YP, Shivas RG (2009) Fungal Planet 31. Oedocephalum adhaerens. Persoonia 22:166–167Google Scholar
  584. Davydov EA, Printzen C (2012) Rare and noteworthy boreal lichens from the Altai Mountains (South Siberia, Russia). Bryologist 115:61–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  585. Davydov EA, Ohmura Y (2016) Lectotypification of the name Umbilicaria esculenta. Mycotaxon 131:407–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  586. Day MJ, Hall JC, Currah RS (2012) Phialide arrangement and character evolution in the helotialean anamorph genera Cadophora and Phialocephala. Mycologia 104:371–378PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  587. Dayarathne MC, Phookamsak R, Ariyawansa HA, Jones EBG et al (2015) Phylogenetic and morphological appraisal of Leptosphaeria italica sp. nov. (Leptosphaeriaceae, Pleosporales) from Italy. Mycosphere 6:634–642Google Scholar
  588. Dayarathne MC, Maharachchikumbura SSN, Phookamsak R, Fryar S et al (2016a) Morpho-molecular characterization and epitypification of Annulatascus velatisporus. Mycosphere 7:1389–1398Google Scholar
  589. Dayarathne MC, Phookamsak R, Hyde KD, Manawasinghe IS et al (2016b) Halodiatrype, a novel diatrypaceous genus from mangroves with H. salinicola and H. avicenniae spp. nov. Mycosphere 7:612–627Google Scholar
  590. de Azevedo CMPS, Gomes RR, Vicente VA, Santos DWCL et al (2015) Fonsecaea pugnacius, a novel agent of disseminated chromoblastomycosis. J Clin Microbiol 53:2674–2685PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  591. de Beer ZW, Seifert KA, Wingfield MJ (2013) Nomenclator for ophiostomatoid genera and species in the Ophiostomatales and Microascales. The Ophiostomatoid Fungi 12:245–322Google Scholar
  592. de Beer ZW, Duong TA, Barnes I, Wingfield BD, Wingfield MJ (2014) Redefining Ceratocystis and allied genera. Stud Mycol 79:187–219PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  593. de Beer ZW, Duong TA, Wingfield MJ (2016) The divorce of Sporothrix and Ophiostoma: solution to a problematic relationship. Stud Mycol 83:165–191PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  594. de Errasti A, de Beer ZW, Coetzee MPA, Roux J et al (2016) Three new species of Ophiostomatales from Nothofagus in Patagonia. Mycol Prog 15:17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  595. de García V, Brizzio S, Libkind D, Rosa CA, van Broock M (2010) Wickerhamomyces patagonicus sp. nov., an ascomycetous yeast species from Patagonia, Argentina. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 60:1693–1696PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  596. de Gruyter J, Aveskamp MM, Woudenberg JH, Verkley GJ et al (2009) Molecular phylogeny of Phoma and allied anamorph genera: towards a reclassification of the Phoma complex. Mycol Res 113:508–519PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  597. de Gruyter J, Woudenberg JH, Aveskamp MM, Verkley GJ et al (2010) Systematic reappraisal of species in Phoma section Paraphoma, Pyrenochaeta and Pleurophoma. Mycologia 102:1066–1081PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  598. de Gruyter J, Woudenberg JHC, Aveskamp MM, Verkley GJM et al (2012) Redisposition of Phoma-like anamorphs in Pleosporales. Stud Mycol 75:1–36PubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  599. de Hoog GS, Vicente VA, Najafzadeh MJ, Harrak MJ et al (2011) Waterborne Exophiala species causing disease in cold-blooded animals. Persoonia 27:46–72PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  600. de Hoog GS, van Diepeningen AD, Mahgoub E-S, van de Sande WWJ (2012) New species of Madurella, causative agents of black-grain mycetoma. J Clin Microbiol 50:988–994PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  601. de Hoog GS, Ahmed SA, Najafzadeh MJ, Sutton DA et al (2013) Phylogenetic findings suggest possible new habitat and routes of infection of human eumyctoma. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2229PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  602. de Hoog GS, Dukik K, Monod M, Packeu A et al. (2016a) Toward a novel multilocus phylogenetic taxonomy for the dermatophytes. Mycopathologia 1–27Google Scholar
  603. de Hoog GS, Redhead SA, Feng P, Jiang Y et al (2016b) (2465–2466) Proposals to conserve Blastomyces Gilchrist & W.R. Stokes against Blastomyces Costantin & Rolland and Ajellomycetaceae against Paracoccidioidaceae (Ascomycota: Onygenales. Taxon 65:1167–1169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  604. de Hoog GS, Dukik K, Monod M, Packeu A et al (2017) Toward a novel multilocus phylogenetic taxonomy for the dermatophytes. Mycopathologia 182(1–2):5–31PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  605. de Jong SN, Levesque CA, Verkley GJM, Abeln ECA et al (2015) Phylogenetic relationships among Neofabraea species causing tree cankers and bull’s-eye rot of apple based on DNA sequencing of ITS nuclear rDNA, mitochondrial rDNA, and the beta-tubulin gene. Mycol Res 105:658–669CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  606. de la Rosa JPM, Porcel MC, Warke PA (2013) Mapping stone surface temperature fluctuations: Implications for lichen distribution and biomodification on historic stone surfaces. J Cult Herit 14:346–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  607. de Lange PJ (2014) The flora of Egeria Rock, Northern Kermadec Island Group. Wellingt Bot Soc Bull 55:41–49Google Scholar
  608. de Lange PJ, Blanchon D (2014) The hunt for Ramalodium dumosum (Pannariaceae, lichenised ascomycetes)-an enigmatic lichen endemic to the southern Waitakere RangesGoogle Scholar
  609. de Lange PJ, Galloway DJ, Blanchon DJ, Knight A et al (2012) Conservation status of New Zealand lichens. NZ J Bot 50:303–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  610. de los Ríos A, Raggio J, Pérez-Ortega S, Vivas M et al (2011) Anatomical, morphological and ecophysiological strategies in Placopsis pycnotheca (lichenized fungi, Ascomycota) allowing rapid colonization of recently deglaciated soils. Flora-Morphol Distrib Funct Ecol Plants 206:857–864CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  611. de Melo Teixeira M, Theodoro RC, de Oliveira FF, Machado GC et al (2014) Paracoccidioides lutzii sp. nov. biological and clinical implications. Med Mycol 52:19–28Google Scholar
  612. de Melo MP, da Silva Matos K, Júnior JE et al (2016) Thielaviopsis musarum causes postharvest crown and fruit rot of banana in Northeastern Brazil. Trop Plant Pathol 41:258–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  613. de Moura Nascimento EJ, Van Der Sand ST (2008) Restriction analysis of the amplified ribosomal DNA spacers ITS1 and ITS2 of Bipolaris sorokiniana isolates. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 24:647–652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  614. de Paz AG, Cubas P, Divakar PK, Lumbsch HT, Crespo A (2011) Origin and Diversification of major clades in parmelioid lichens (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) during the Paleogene inferred by Bayesian analysis. PLoS ONE 6:e28161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  615. de Paz GA, Cubas P, Crespo A, Elix JA, Lumbsch HT (2012) Transoceanic dispersal and subsequent diversification on separate continents shaped diversity of the Xanthoparmelia pulla group (Ascomycota). Plos ONE 7:e39683PubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  616. de Silva H, Castlebury LA, Green S, Stone JK (2009) Characterisation and phylogenetic relationships of Anisogramma virgultorum and A. anomala in the Diaporthales (Ascomycota). Mycol Res 113:73–81PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  617. de Silva NI, Phookamsak R, Maharachchikumbura SSN, Thambugala KM et al (2017) Monochaetia ilexae sp. nov. (Pestalotiopsidaceae) from Yunnan Province in China. Phytotaxa 291:123–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  618. de Souza Armando EA, Chaves ZM, Dianese JC (2015) Phaeostilbelloides and Velloziomyces—new dematiaceous genera from the Brazilian Cerrado. Mycotaxon 130:757–767CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  619. Debona D, Rodrigues FÁ, Rios JA, Nascimento KJT (2012) Biochemical changes in the leaves of wheat plants infected by Pyricularia oryzae. Phytopathology 102:1121–1129PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  620. Declercq B (2009) Omtrent Lasiosphaeria s.l. Sterbeeckia 28:35–41Google Scholar
  621. Delgado G (2008) South Florida microfungi: a new species of Stanjehughesia (hyphomycetes) from Sabal palm. Mycotaxon 103:229–234Google Scholar
  622. Delgado G (2013) South Florida microfungi: a new species of Ellisembia (hyphomycetes) with new records from the USA. Mycotaxon 123:445–450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  623. Delgado G (2014) South Florida microfungi: Linkosia longirostrata, a new hyphomycete on paurotis palm. Mycotaxon 129:41–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  624. Delgado Baquerizo M, Gallardo A, Covelo F et al (2015) Differences in thallus chemistry are related to species-specific effects of biocrust forming lichens on soil nutrients and microbial communities. Funct Ecol 29:1087–1098CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  625. Dellavalle PD, Cabrera A, Alem D, Larrañaga P et al (2011) Antifungal activity of medicinal plant extracts against phytopathogenic fungus Alternaria spp. Chil J Agric Res 71:231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  626. Del-Prado R, Divakar PK, Crespo A (2011) Using genetic distances in addition to ITS molecular phylogeny to identify potential species in the Parmotrema reticulatum complex: a case study. Lichenologist 43:569–583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  627. Del-Prado R, Blanco O, Lumbsch HT, Divakar PK et al (2013) Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of the lichen-forming fungal genus Flavoparmelia (Ascomycota: Parmeliaceae). Taxon 62:928–939CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  628. Demiray AD, Yolcubal I, Akyol NH, Çobanoğlu G (2012) Biomonitoring of airborne metals using the lichen Xanthoria parietina in Kocaeli Province, Turkey. Ecol Ind 18:632–643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  629. Desoubeaux G, García D, Bailly E, Augereau O et al (2014) Subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis due to Phialemoniopsis ocularis successfully treated by voriconazole. Med Mycol Case Rep 5:4–8PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  630. Dethoup T, Manoch L (2009) Diversity of marine fungi in eastern Thailand. Kasetsart J Nat Sci 43:100–106Google Scholar
  631. Devi TP, Mathur N, Kamil D, Prabhakaran N (2012) Proliferosphaera, a new genus from India. Indian Phytopathol 65:395–398Google Scholar
  632. Dey P, Banerjee J, Maiti MK (2011) Comparative lipid profiling of two endophytic fungal isolates—Colletotrichum sp. and Alternaria sp. having potential utilities as biodiesel feedstock. Biores Technol 102:5815–5823CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  633. Dhargalkar S, Bhat DJ (2009) Echinosphaeria pteridis sp. nov. and its Vermiculariopsiella anamorph. Mycotaxon 108:115–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  634. Dharkar N, Subhedar A, Hande D, Shahezad MA (2010) Two new fungal species from Vidarbha, India. J Mycol Plant Pathol 40:235–237Google Scholar
  635. Díaz GA, Zoffoli JP, Lolas M, Blanco A et al (2015) Occurrence of Phacidiopycnis washingtonensis causing speck rot on stored pink lady apple fruit in Chile. Plant Dis 100:211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  636. Dib-Bellahouel S, Fortas Z (2011) Antibacterial activity of various fractions of ethyl acetate extract from the desert truffle, Tirmania pinoyi, preliminarily analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). Afr J Biotechnol 10:9694–9699CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  637. Diederich PA (2013) Redescription of Sporodochiolichen flavus (lichenized sporodochial Ascomycetes). Bull Soc Nat Luxemb 114:55Google Scholar
  638. Diederich P, Schultz M (2009) Zwackhiomyces namibiensis, a new lichenicolous ascomycete (Xanthopyreniaceae) on Psorotichia from Namibia. Herzogia 22:73–176Google Scholar
  639. Diederich P, Palice Z, Ertz D (2008) Cheiromycina ananas is a synonym of Dictyocatenulata alba, a widespread, lichenized, synnematous hyphomycete herewith reported as new for Europe. Sauteria 15:205–214Google Scholar
  640. Diederich P, Ertz D, Van den Broeck D, van den Boom P et al (2009) New or interesting lichens and lichenicolous fungi from Belgium, Luxembourg and northern France. XII. Bull Soc Nat Luxemb 110:75–92Google Scholar
  641. Diederich P, Braun U, Heuchert B, Ertz D (2010a) Four new lichen-associated Trimmatostroma species (hyphomycetes). Bull Soc Nat Luxemb 111:47–55Google Scholar
  642. Dietrich M, Buergi-Meyer K (2010) Interesting saxicolous lichens at Tossen near Schimbrigbad in the UNESCO Biosphere Entlebuch (Canton of Lucerne, Central Switzerland). Herzogia 23:75–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  643. Diederich P, Ertz D, Etayo J (2010b) An enlarged concept of Llimoniella (lichenicolous Helotiales), with a revised key to the species and notes on related genera. Lichenologist 42:253–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  644. Diederich P, Ertz D, Eichler M, Cezanne R et al (2012a) New or interesting lichens and lichenicolous fungi from Belgium, Luxembourg and northern France. XIV. Bull Soc Nat Luxemb 113:95–115Google Scholar
  645. Diederich P, Lawrey JD, Sikaroodi M, van den Boom P, Ertz D (2012b) Briancoppinsia, a new coelomycetous genus of Arthoniaceae (Arthoniales) for the lichenicolous Phoma cytospora, with a key to this and similar taxa. Fungal Divers 52:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  646. Diederich P, Ertz D, Lawrey JD, Sikaroodi M, Untereiner WA (2013) Molecular data place the hyphomycetous lichenicolous genus Sclerococcum close to Dactylospora (Eurotiomycetes) and S. parmeliae in Cladophialophora (Chaetothyriales). Fungal Divers 58:61–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  647. Diederich P, Ertz D, Eichler M, Cezanne R et al (2014) New or interesting lichens and lichenicolous fungi from Belgium, Luxembourg and northern France. XV. Bull Soc Nat Luxemb 115:157–165Google Scholar
  648. Diene O, Wang W, Narisawa K (2013) Pseudosigmoidea ibarakiensis sp. nov., a dark septate endophytic fungus from a cedar forest in Ibaraki, Japan. Microbes Environ 28:381–387PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  649. Dillman KL, Ahti T, Björk CR, Clerc P et al (2012) New records, range extensions and nomenclatural innovations for lichens and lichenicolous fungi from Alaska, USA. Herzogia 25(2):177–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  650. Din LB, Zakaria Z, Samsudin MW, Elix JA (2010) Chemical profile of compounds from lichens of Bukit Larut, Peninsular Malaysia. Sains Malays 39:901–908Google Scholar
  651. Ding T, Jiang T, Zhou J, Xu L, Gao ZM (2010) Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of endophytic fungi from Camptotheca acuminata (Nyssaceae). Genet Mol Res 9:2104–2112PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  652. Dissanayake AJ, Jayawardena RS, Boonmee S, Thambugala KM et al (2014) The status of Myriangiaceae (Dothideomycetes). Phytotaxa 176:219–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  653. Dissanayake AJ, Liu M, Zhang W, Chen Z et al (2015) Morphological and molecular characterisation of Diaporthe species associated with grapevine trunk disease in China. Fungal Biol 19:283–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  654. Dissanayake AJ, Camporesi E, Hyde KD, Phillips AJL et al (2016a) Dothiorella species associated with woody hosts in Italy. Mycosphere 7:51–63Google Scholar
  655. Dissanayake AJ, Phillips AJL, Li XH, Hyde KD (2016b) Botryosphaeriaceae: current status of genera and species. Mycosphere 7:1001–1073Google Scholar
  656. Dissanayake AJ, Camporesi E, Hyde KD, Zhang W et al (2017) Molecular phylogenetic analysis reveals seven new Diaporthe species from Italy. Mycosphere 8:853–877CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  657. Divakar PK, Lumbsch HT, Ferencova Z, Del Prado R, Crespo A (2010) Remototrachyna, a newly recognized tropical lineage of lichens in the Hypotrachyna clade (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota), originated in the Indian subcontinent. Am J Bot 97:579–590PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  658. Divakar PK, Del-Prado R, Lumbsch HT, Wedin M et al (2012) Diversification of the newly recognized lichen-forming fungal lineage Montanelia (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) and its relation to key geological and climatic events. Am J Bot 99:2014–2026PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  659. Divakar PK, Crespo A, Núnez-Zapata Flakus A et al (2013a) A molecular perspective on generic concepts in the Hypotrachyna clade (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota). Phytotaxa 132:21–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  660. Divakar PK, Kauff F, Crespo A, Leavitt SD, Lumbsch HT (2013b) Understanding phenotypical character evolution in parmelioid lichenized fungi (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota). PLoS ONE 8:e83115PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  661. Divakar PK, Crespo A, Wedin M, Leavitt SD et al (2015) Evolution of complex symbiotic relationships in a morphologically derived family of lichen-forming fungi. New Phytol 208:1217–1226PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  662. Divakar PK, Crespo A, Kraichak E, Leavitt SD et al (2017) Using a temporal phylogenetic method to harmonize family-and genus-level classification in the largest clade of lichen-forming fungi. Fungal Divers 84:101–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  663. Dixon AP, Faber-Langendoen D, Josse C, Morrison J, Loucks CJ (2014) Distribution mapping of world grassland types. J Biogeogr 41:2003–2019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  664. Döbbeler P (2010) New species and records of Bryocentria–a hypocrealean genus of bryophilous ascomycetes. Karstenia 50:11–23Google Scholar
  665. Döbbeler P (2011) Two new hepaticolous species of the genus Octosporella (Pezizales). Herzogia 24:357–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  666. Döbbeler P (2012) Gynonectria intraspora gen. et sp. nov. (Hypocreales), a perianthicolous phyllosphere fungus with a novel ascospore type. Mycol Prog 11:473–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  667. Doering J, Deduke C, Piercey-Normore MD (2016) Variation in lichen species assemblages and secondary metabolites surrounding Stereocaulon species in the boreal forest of Northwestern Manitoba. Evansia 33:70–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  668. Doherty TA, Khorram N, Chang JE, Kim HK et al (2012) STAT6 regulates natural helper cell proliferation during lung inflammation initiated by Alternaria. Am J Physiol 303:L577–L588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  669. Doilom M, Liu JK, Jaklitsch WM, Ariyawansa H et al (2013) An outline of the family Cucurbitariaceae. Sydowia 65:167–192Google Scholar
  670. Doilom M, Shuttleworth LA, Roux J, Chukeatirote E et al (2014) Barriopsis tectonae sp. nov. a new species of Botryosphaeriaceae from Tectona grandis (teak) in Thailand. Phytotaxa 176:81–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  671. Doilom M, Taylor JE, Bhat DJ, Chukeatirote E et al (2016) Checklist of fungi on teak. Mycosphere 7:656–678Google Scholar
  672. Doilom M, Dissanayake AJ, Wanasinghe AN, Boonmee S et al (2017) Microfungi on Tectona grandis (teak) in northern Thailand. Fungal Divers 82:107–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  673. Dong N, Liu X, Lu Y, Du L et al (2010) Overexpression of TaPIEP1, a pathogen-induced ERF gene of wheat, confers host-enhanced resistance to fungal pathogen Bipolaris sorokiniana. Funct Integr Genomics 10:215–226PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  674. Dong L, Park JS, Woo JJ (2015) A-34: contribution to the Lichen Flora of Vietnam, with ten new record species. Open image in new window 27:62Google Scholar
  675. Dornelo-Silva D, Pereira-Carvalho RC, Dianese JC (2008) New Stenella and Parastenella species from the Brazilian cerrado. Mycologia 99:753–764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  676. Dougoud R (2012) Aeruginoscyphus, un nouveau genre pour Peziza sericea (Helotiales, Hyaloscyphaceae). Ascomycete 4:1–4Google Scholar
  677. Dougoud R (2015) Rutstroemia alnobetulae sp. nov. (Helotiales, Rutstroemiaceae), une espèce nouvelle des aulnes verts. Ascomycete 7:336–340Google Scholar
  678. Dougoud R, Van Vooren N, Vega M (2015) Cupulina montana (Pezizales, Pyronemataceae), un nouveau genre et une nouvelle espèce des montagnes d’Europe. Ascomycete 7:39–44Google Scholar
  679. Doveri F (2008) Pagine di micologia. Associazone Micologica Bresadola Centro Studi Micologici 65–66:110Google Scholar
  680. Doveri F (2010) Une nouvelle variete de Tripterosporella sur crottin une occasion de recombiner le pyrenomycete cleistothecial Cercophora heterospora dans le genre Tripterosporella. Bull Mycol Bot Dauphiné-Savoie 50:49–55Google Scholar
  681. Doveri F (2011) Addition to “Fungi Fimicoli Italici”: An update on the occurrence of coprophilous Basidiomycetes and Ascomycetes in Italy with new records and descriptions. Mycosphere 2:331–427Google Scholar
  682. Doveri F (2012) Coprophilous discomycetes from the Tuscan archipelago (Italy). Description of two rare species and a new Trichobolus. Mycosphere 3:503–522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  683. Doweld G (2013) Nomenclatural novelties. Index Fungorum 31:1Google Scholar
  684. Doveri F (2014) An update on the genera Ascobolus and Saccobolus with keys and descriptions of three Coprophilous species, new to Italy. Mycosphere 5:86–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  685. Doveri F, Sarrocco S (2013) Sporormiella octomegaspora, a new hairy species with eight–celled ascospores from Spain. Mycotaxon 123:129–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  686. Doveri F, Pecchia S, Sarrocco S, Minnocci A, Vannacci G (2010) Rodentomyces, a new hypocrealean genus from Italy. Fungal Divers 42:57–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  687. Doveri F, Sarrocco S, Vannacci G (2013) Studies on three rare coprophilous plectomycetes from Italy. Mycotaxon 124:279–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  688. Doyon JB, Sutton DA, Theodore P, Dhillon G et al (2013) Rasamsonia argillacea pulmonary and aortic graft infection in an immune-competent patient. J Clin Microbiol 51:719–722PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  689. Dreaden TJ, Davis JM, De Beer ZW, Ploetz RC et al (2014a) Phylogeny of ambrosia beetle symbionts in the genus Raffaelea. Fungal Biol 118:970–978PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  690. Dreaden TJ, Davis JM, Harmon CL, Ploetz RC et al (2014b) Development of multilocus PCR assays for Raffaelea lauricola, causal agent of laurel wilt disease. Plant Dis 98:379–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  691. D’Souza MA, Bhat DJ (2012) A new species of Pleurophragmium from India. Mycotaxon 119:477–482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  692. Du YQ, Liu Y, Wang JH (2015) Polysaccharides from Umbilicaria esculenta cultivated in Huangshan Mountain and immunomodulatory activity. Int J Biol Macromol 72:1272–1276PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  693. Du Z, Fan XL, Hyde KD, Yang Q et al (2016) Phylogeny and morphology reveal two new species of Diaporthe from Betula spp. in China. Phytotaxa 269:90–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  694. Duarte S, Seena S, Barlocher F, Cassio F, Pascoal C (2012) Preliminary insights into the phylogeography of six aquatic hyphomycete species. PLoS ONE 7:E45289PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  695. Duarte S, Batista D, Bärlocher F, Cássio F, Pascoal C (2015) Some new DNA barcodes of aquatic hyphomycete species. Mycoscience 56:102–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  696. Dubey R, Moonnambeth AM (2013) Custingophora ratnagiriensis sp.nov.—a novel species of Custingophora from Konkan, Maharashtra, India. NEBIO Int J Environ Biodivers 4:31–32Google Scholar
  697. Dubey R, Neelima A (2014) Goosiomyces bambusicola—a new cheirosporous anamorphic species from Western Ghats, India. Curr Res Environ Appl Mycol 4:211–216Google Scholar
  698. Dubey R, Moonnambeth AM (2014a) Sheathnema indicum gen. et sp. nov. a new sooty mold fungus from northern Western Ghats, India. J Threat Taxa 6:6549–6555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  699. Dubey R, Moonnambeth AM (2014b) Vermiculariopsiella papaye sp. nov.—a new species of Vermiculasporiella from Western Ghats, India. Int J Sci Res 3:35–36Google Scholar
  700. Dubey R, Pandey AK (2011) Bispora aeglei sp. nov.—a new follicolous hyphomycete from India. J Mycopathol Res 49:357–359Google Scholar
  701. Dubey R, Pandey AK (2012) Pseudoacrodictys steviae—a new generic and species record for India. J Mycol Pl Pathol 42:251–253Google Scholar
  702. Dubey U, Upreti DK, Nayaka S (2010) A new species of Leiorreuma Eschw. from India. Lichenologist 42:711–713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  703. Dubey R, Pandey AK, Manoharachary C (2011a) Beltramono—a hitherto undescribed Hyphomycetes genus. J Mycopathol Res 49:321–324Google Scholar
  704. Dubey RK, Rai AN, Shrivastava S, Verma NK (2011b) Two new records of hyphomycetes from India. Indian Phytopathol 64:390–391Google Scholar
  705. Duong TA, de Beer ZW, Wingfield BD, Wingfield MJ (2012) Phylogeny and taxonomy of species in the Grosmannia serpens complex. Mycologia 104:715–732PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  706. Dupont J, Magnin S, Rousseau F, Zbinden M et al (2009) Molecular and ultrastructural characterization of two ascomycetes found on sunken wood off Vanuatu Islands in the deep Pacific Ocean. Mycol Res 112:1351–1364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  707. Durkin SR, Henderson T, Raju R, Ellis D (2008) Successful treatment of phaeohyphomycotic keratitis caused by Bipolaris australiensis. Clin Exp Ophthalmol 36:697–699PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  708. Dyer ZA, Wright RS, Rong IH, Jacobs A (2008) Back pain associated with endobronchial mucus impaction due to Bipolaris australiensis colonization representing atypical allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis. Med Mycol 46:589–594PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  709. Dymytrova LV, Breuss O, Kondratyuk SY (2011) Agonimia borysthenica, a new lichen species (Verrucariales) from Ukraine. Österr Z Pilzkd 20:25–28Google Scholar
  710. Dymytrova L, Nadyeina O, Naumovych A, Keller C, Scheidegger C (2013) Primeval beech forests of Ukrainian Carpathians are sanctuaries for rare and endangered epiphytic lichens. Herzogia 26:73–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  711. Ebead GA, Overy DP, Berrué F, Kerr RG (2012) Westerdykella reniformis sp. nov., producing the antibiotic metabolites melinacidin IV and chetracin B. IMA Fungus 3:189–201PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  712. Edathodu J, Al-Abdely HM, AlThawadi S, Wickes BL et al (2013) Invasive fungal infection due to Triadelphia pulvinata in a patient with acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Microbiol 51:3426–3429PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  713. Egan RS (2009) Recent literature on lichens-212. Bryologist 112:239–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  714. Eghrari AO, Gibas C, Watkins T, Vahedi S et al (2015) First human case of fungal keratitis caused by a putatively novel species of Lophotrichus. J Clin Microbiol 53:3063–3067PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  715. Eghtedari M (2015) Asyptomatic fungal cyst of conjunctiva caused by Bipolaris spicifera. Iran J Med Sci 31:56–58Google Scholar
  716. Egidi E, De Hoog GS, Isola D, Onofri S et al (2014) Phylogeny and taxonomy of meristematic rock-inhabiting black fungi in the Dothideomycetes based on multi-locus phylogenies. Fungal Divers 65:127–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  717. Eichler M, Cezanne R, Diederich P, Ertz D et al (2010) New or interesting lichens and lichenicolous fungi from Belgium, Luxembourg and northern France. XIII. Bull Soc Nat Luxemb 111:33–46Google Scholar
  718. Eisa M, Chand R, Joshi AK (2013) Biochemical and histochemical traits: a promising way to screen resistance against spot blotch (Bipolaris sorokiniana) of wheat. Eur J Plant Pathol 137:805–820CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  719. Ekanayaka AH, Daranagama DA, Ariyawansa HA, Jones EBG et al (2016a) Pezicula chiangraiensis sp. nov. from Thailand. Mycotaxon 131:739–748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  720. Ekanayaka AH, Dissanayake AJ, Jayasiri SC, To-anun C et al (2016b) Aplosporella thailandica; a novel species revealing the sexual–asexual connection in Aplosporellaceae (Botryosphaeriales). Mycosphere 7:440–447Google Scholar
  721. Ekanayaka AH, Hyde KD, Zhao Q (2016c) The genus Cookeina. Mycosphere 7:1399–1413Google Scholar
  722. Ekanayaka AH, Zhao Q, Jones EBG, Pu ED et al (2016d) Two novel Acervus species extend their distribution within Yunnan, China. Phytotaxa 283:74–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  723. Ekman S, Andersen HL, Wedin M (2008) The limitations of ancestral state reconstruction and the evolution of the ascus in the Lecanorales (lichenized Ascomycota). Syst Biol 57:141–156PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  724. Ekman S, Blaalid R (2011) The devil in the details: interactions between the branch-length prior and likelihood model affect node support and branch lengths in the phylogeny of the Psoraceae. Syst Biol 60:541–561PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  725. Ekman S, Svensson M (2014) Brianaria (Psoraceae), a new genus to accommodate the Micarea sylvicola group. Lichenologist 46:285–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  726. Ekman S, Wedin M, Lindblom L, Jørgensen PM (2014) Extended phylogeny and a revised generic classification of the Pannariaceae (Peltigerales, Ascomycota). Lichenologist 46:627–656CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  727. El Mhadri M, Benkirane R, Touhami AO, Douira A (2009) Citrullus lanatus, a new host of Bipolaris spicifera in Morocco. Phytopathol Mediterr 48:291–293Google Scholar
  728. Elix JA (2009) New saxicolous species and new records of Buellia sens. lat. and Rinodinella (Ascomycota, Physciaceae) in Australia. Austral Lichenol 65:10–19Google Scholar
  729. Elix JA (2012) Four new species and a new record of Tephromela (lichenized Ascomycota) from Australia. Australas Lichenol 71:3–11Google Scholar
  730. Elix JA (2013) New crustose lichen taxa (lichenized Ascomycota) from Australia. Australas Lichenol 73:45–54Google Scholar
  731. Elix JA, Kantvilas G (2009) Further new species of Xanthoparmelia (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) from Tasmania. Biblioth Lichenol 99:123–132Google Scholar
  732. Elix JA, Kantvilas G (2013) New taxa and new records of Amandinea (Physciaceae, Ascomycota) in Australia. Australas Lichenol 72:3–19Google Scholar
  733. Elix JA, Kantvilas G (2014) New species and new records of the lichen genus Baculifera (Physciaceae, Ascomycota) in Australia. Australas Lichenol 75:28–37Google Scholar
  734. Elix JA, Kantvilas G (2015) New taxa and new records of crustose lichens in the familiy Physciaceae (Ascomycota) in Australia. Australas Lichenol 76:16–23Google Scholar
  735. Elix JA, Kondratyuk SY (2008) Two new species of Letrouitia (Letrouitiaceae, Ascomycota) from Australia. Australas Lichenol 62:16–19Google Scholar
  736. Elix JA, Mayrhofer H (2016) Two new species of Buellia sens. lat. (Ascomycota, Physciaceae) from New Zealand with 1-septate ascospores. Australas Lichenol 79:10–15Google Scholar
  737. Elliott ML, Des Jardin EA (2014) Serenomyces associated with palms in southeastern USA: isolation, culture storage and genetic variation. Mycologia 106:698–707PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  738. Elliott TF, Bougher NL, O’Donnell K, Trappe JM (2014) Morchella australiana sp. nov., an apparent Australian endemic from New South Wales and Victoria. Mycologia 106:113–118PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  739. El-Said AH, Sohair TH, El-Hadi AG (2010) Studies on the mycoflora associated with sugarcane factory waste and pollution of River Nile in upper Egypt. J Yeast Fungal Res 1:188–196Google Scholar
  740. Elvebakk A (2012) Pannaria howeana and Pannaria streimannii, two related new lichen species endemic to Lord Howe Island, Australia. Lichenologist 44:457–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  741. Elvebakk A, Robertsen EH, Park CH, Hong SG (2010) Psorophorus and Xanthopsoroma, two new genera for yellow-green, corticolous and squamulose lichen species, previously in Psoroma. Lichenologist (Lond) 42:563–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  742. Elvebakk A, Hong SG, Park CH, Robertsen EH et al (2016) Gibbosporina, a new genus for foliose and tripartite, Palaeotropi. Pannariaceae species previously assigned to Psoroma. Lichenol 48(1):13–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  743. Endoh R, Suzuki M, Benno Y (2008) Ambrosiozyma kamigamensis sp. nov. and A. neoplatypodis sp. nov., two new ascomycetous yeasts from ambrosia beetle galleries. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 94:365–376PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  744. Enghoff H, Santamaría S (2015) Infectious intimacy and contaminated caves–three new species of ectoparasitic fungi (Ascomycota: Laboulbeniales) from blaniulid millipedes (Diplopoda: Julida) and inferences about their transmittal mechanisms. Org Divers Evol 15:249–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  745. Ertz D, Diederich P (2015) Dismantling Melaspileaceae: a first phylogenetic study of Buelliella, Hemigrapha, Karschia, Labrocarpon and Melaspilea. Fungal Divers 71:41–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  746. Ertz D, Tehler A (2011) The phylogeny of Arthoniales (Pezizomycotina) inferred from nucLSU and RPB2 sequences. Fungal Divers 49:47–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  747. Ertz D, Diederich P, Brand AM, van den Boom P, Sérusiaux E (2008) New or interesting lichens and lichenicolous fungi from Belgium, Luxembourg and northern France. XI. Bull Soc Nat Luxemb 109:35–51Google Scholar
  748. Ertz D, Miadlikowska J, Lutzoni F, Dessein S et al (2009) Towards a new classification of the Arthoniales (Ascomycota) based on a three-gene phylogeny focussing on the genus Opegrapha. Mycol Res 113:141–152PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  749. Ertz D, Killmann D, Razafindrahaja T, Sérusiaux E, Fischer E (2010) Two new species of Syncesia (Arthoniales, Roccellaceae) from Africa. Lichenologist 42:43–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  750. Ertz D, Bungartz F, Diederich P, Tibell L (2011) Molecular and morphological data place Blarneya in Tylophoron (Arthoniaceae). Lichenologist 43:345–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  751. Ertz D, Fischer E, Killmann D, Razafindrahaja T, Sérusiaux E (2013) Savoronala, a new genus of Malmideaceae (Lecanorales) from Madagascar with stipes producing sporodochia. Mycol Prog 12:645–656CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  752. Ertz D, Aptroot A, Van de Vijver B, Sliwa L et al (2014a) Lichens from the Utsteinen Nunatak (Sør Rondane Mountains, Antarctica), with the description of one new species and the establishment of permanent plots. Phytotaxa 191:99–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  753. Ertz D, Lawrey JD, Common RS, Diederich P (2014b) Molecular data resolve a new order of Arthoniomycetes sister to the primarily lichenized Arthoniales and composed of black yeasts, lichenicolous and rock-inhabiting species. Fungal Divers 66:113–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  754. Ertz D, Tehler A, Fischer E, Killmann D et al (2014c) Isalonactis, a new genus of Roccellaceae (Arthoniales), from southern Madagascar. Lichenologist 46:159–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  755. Ertz D, Diederich P, Lawrey JD, Berger F et al (2015a) Phylogenetic insights resolve Dacampiaceae (Pleosporales) as polyphyetic: Didymocyrtis (Pleosporales, Phaeosphaeriaceae) with Phoma-like anamorphs resurrected and segregated form Polycoccum (Trypetheliales, Polycoccaceae fam. nov.). Fungal Divers 74:53–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  756. Ertz D, Flakus A, Oset M, Sipman HJ, Kukwa M (2015b) A first assessment of lichenized Arthoniales in Bolivia with descriptions of two new species. Phytotaxa 217:1–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  757. Ertz D, Tehler A, Irestedt M, Frisch A et al (2015c) A large-scale phylogenetic revision of Roccellaceae (Arthoniales) reveales eight new genera. Fungal Divers 70:31–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  758. Ertz D, Fryday A, Schmitt I, Charrier M et al (2016a) Ochrolechia kerguelensis sp. nov. from the Southern Hemisphere and O. antarctica reinstated from the synonymy of O. parella. Phytotaxa 280:129–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  759. Ertz D, Heuchert B, Braun U, Freebury CE et al (2016b) Contribution to the phylogeny and taxonomy of the genus Taeniolella, with a focus on lichenicolous taxa. Fungal Biol 120:1416–1447PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  760. Escuredo O, Seijo MC, Fernández-González M, Iglesias I (2011) Effects of meteorological factors on the levels of Alternaria spores on a potato crop. Int J Biometeorol 55:243–252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  761. Esslinger TL, Dillman KL (2010) Physconia grumosa in North America. Bryologist 113:77–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  762. Esslinger TL, Morse CA, Leavitt SD (2012) A new North American species of Hyperphyscia (Physciaceae). Bryologist 115:31–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  763. Etayo J (2010a) Hongos liquenícolas de Perú. Homenaje a Rolf Santesson. Bull Soc Linn Provence 61:83–128Google Scholar
  764. Etayo J (2010b) Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea/Universidad del Pais Vasco Guineana 16:501Google Scholar
  765. Etayo J (2010c) Lichenicolous fungi from the western Pyrenees. V. Three new ascomycetes. Opuscula Phil 8:131–139Google Scholar
  766. Etayo J (2011) Lichenochora hyperphysciae, a new lichenicolous fungus found in Mexico and Spain. Biblthca Lichenol 106:54Google Scholar
  767. Etayo JA, Berger FR (2009) Carnegieispora rimeliae, a new genus of lichenicolous fungus from the Azores. Opuscula Phil 7:17–20Google Scholar
  768. Etayo J, Fr Berger (2013) Isthmoconidium bacidiicola, a new genus and species of lichenicolous hyphomycetes on Bacidia from Bermuda. Opuscula Phil 13:1–5Google Scholar
  769. Etayo J, Navarro-Rosines P (2008) A combination and three new species of Lichenochora (Phyllachorales, lichenicolous Ascomycota), and additional reports for the genus. Revta Catal Micol 30:27–44Google Scholar
  770. Etayo J, Sancho LG (2008) Hongos liquenícolas del sur de Sudamérica, especialmente de Isla Navarino (Chile). Biblioth Lichenol 98:1–302Google Scholar
  771. Etayo J, Sharuddin SS (2011) Verruculina and Licheno verruculina nom. nov. Herzogia 24:379–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  772. Etayo J, Triebel D (2010) New and interesting lichenicolous fungi at the Botanische Staatssammlung München. Lichenologist 42:231–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  773. Etayo J, Yazici K (2009) Microsphaeropsis caloplacae sp. nov. on Caloplaca persica in Turkey. Mycotaxon 107:297–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  774. Etayo JA, van den Boom PI (2013) A first checklist of lichenicolous fungi from the Dominican Republic, including the description of a new species of Xenonectriella. Opuscula Phil 12:142–150Google Scholar
  775. Etayo J, Flakus A, Kukwa M (2013a) Niesslia echinoides (Niessliaceae, Ascomycota), a new lichenicolous fungus on Erioderma from Bolivia. Lichenologist 45:21–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  776. Etayo J, Flakus A, Kukwa M, Rodriguez Flakus P (2013b) Lichenochora tertia (Phyllachorales): the third species of the genus growing on Xanthoria elegans. Mycotaxon 123:9–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  777. Etayo J, Flakus A, Suija A, Kukwa M (2015) Macroskyttea parmotrematis gen. et sp. nov. (Helotiales, Leotiomycetes, Ascomycota), a new lichenicolous fungus from Bolivia. Phytotaxa 224:247–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  778. Evans HC, Elliot S, Hughes DP (2011) Hidden diversity behind the zombie-ant fungus Ophiocordyceps unilateralis: four new species described from carpenter ants in Minas Gerais. Brazil. PLoS ONE 6:e17024PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  779. Evans HC, Johnston PR, Park D, Barreto RW, Soares DR (2010) Claviradulomyces, a new genus of Odontotremataceae from West African rainforest. Fungal Biol 114:41–48PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  780. Evidente A, Punzo B, Andolfi A, Berestetskiy A, Motta A (2009) Alternethanoxins A and B, polycyclic ethanones produced by Alternaria sonchi, potential mycoherbicides for Sonchus arvensis biocontrol. J Agric Food Chem 57:6656–6660PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  781. Fahala AH, Rahmana IA, El-Hassana AM, Abdel ME et al (2010) The safety and efficacy of itraconazole for the treatment of patients with eumycetoma due to Madurella mycetomatis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 105:127–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  782. Falbo MK, Soccol VT, Sandini IE, Vicente VA et al (2013) Isolation and characterization of the nematophagous fungus Arthrobotrys conoides. Parasitol Res 112:177–185PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  783. Fan L, Hou C, Cannon PF, Li Y (2012a) A new species of Melanospora on truffles from China. Mycologia 104:1433–1442PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  784. Fan L, Lin YR, Wang S, Hou CL (2012b) Two species of Lirula on Abies from Yunnan, southwest China. Mycol Prog 11:279–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  785. Fan L, Cao JZ, Hou CL (2013) Tuber subglobosum and T. wenchuanense–two new species with spino-reticulate ascospores. Mycotaxon 123:95–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  786. Fan XL, Liang YM, Ma R, Tian CM (2014) Morphological and phylogenetic studies of Cytospora (Valsaceae, Diaporthales) isolates from Chinese scholar tree, with description of a new species. Mycoscience 55:252–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  787. Fan XL, Hyde KD, Yang Q, Liang Y et al (2015a) Cytospora species associated with canker disease of three anti-desertification plants in northwestern China. Phytotaxa 197:227–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  788. Fan XL, Hyde KD, Udayanga D, Wu XY et al (2015b) Diaporthe rostrata, a novel ascomycete from Juglans mandshurica associated with walnut dieback. Mycol Prog 14:82–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  789. Fan XL, Du Z, Hyde KD, Liang YM et al (2016a) Cryptosporella platyphylla, a new species associated with Betula platyphylla in China. Phytotaxa 253:285–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  790. Fan XL, Du Z, Liang Y, Tian C (2016b) Melanconis (Melanconidaceae) associated with Betula spp. in China. Mycol Prog 15:40–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  791. Fangyan Z, Danyang Q, Changsheng L (2013) Studies on control effects of different density of 5 fungicides against Agaricodochium camellia. Guangdong For Sci Technol 2:005Google Scholar
  792. Farkas E (2010) Notes and schedae to Lichenes delicati exsiccati editae in memoriam Antonin Vezda (1920-2008), fasc. 1. Acta Bot Hung 52:331–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  793. Farkas E (2014) Bibliography of foliicolous lichenized fungi, 1952–2013. Acta Bot Hung 56:33–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  794. Farkas E (2015) Names of Bacidia s. l. in current use for foliicolous lichens-an annotated nomenclatural study. Acta Bot Hung 57:51–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  795. Farkas E, Flakus A (2015) Rare or Overlooked? Two Species of Lyromma (Lyrommataceae, Lichenized Ascomycota) are New for Africa. Herzogia 28:204–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  796. Farkas E, Flakus A (2016) Trichonectria calopadiicola sp. nov. (Hypocreales, Ascomycota): the second species of the family Bionectriaceae parasitic on foliicolous lichens discovered in Tanzania. Phytotaxa 278:281–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  797. Farkas E, Veres K, Czúcz B (2011) Statistical analysis of substrate investigations of terricolous Toninia species in Hungary. Acta Bot Hung 53:313–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  798. Fatima F, Bajpai P, Pathak N, Singh S et al (2015) Antimicrobial and immunomodulatory efficacy of extracellularly synthesized silver and gold nanoparticles by a novel phosphate solubilizing fungus Bipolaris tetramera. BMC Microbiol 15:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  799. Favero-Longo SE, Piervittori R (2012) Cultivation of isidia and transplantation of adult thalli of Xanthoparmelia tinctina in an abandoned asbestos mine. Lichenologist 44:840–844CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  800. Favero-Longo SE, Matteucci E, Morando M, Rolfo F et al (2015) Metals and secondary metabolites in saxicolous lichen communities on ultramafic and non-ultramafic rocks of the western Italian Alps. Aust J Bot 63:276–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  801. Fawzi EM, Khalil AA, Afifi AF (2009) Antifungal effect of some plant extracts on Alternaria alternata and Fusarium oxysporum. Afr J Biotechnol 8:2598–2603Google Scholar
  802. Fedorenko N, Stenroos S, Thell A, Kärnefelt I, Kondratyuk S (2009) A phylogenetic analysis of xanthorioid lichens (Teloschistaceae, Ascomycota) based on ITS and mtSSU sequences. Biblioth Lichenol 100:49–84Google Scholar
  803. Fedorenko NM, Stenroos S, Thell A, Kärnefelt I et al (2012) Molecular phylogeny of xanthorioid lichens (Teloschistaceae, Ascomycota), with notes on their morphology. Systematics, biodiversity and ecology of lichens. Biblioth Lichenol 108:45–64Google Scholar
  804. Fedosova AG, Kovalenko AE (2015) Studies on the Geoglossoid fungi of Russia: the genus Leucoglossum. Mycol Prog 14:26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  805. Felle HH, Herrmann A, Schäfer P, Hückelhoven R, Kogel KH (2008) Interactive signal transfer between host and pathogen during successful infection of barley leaves by Blumeria graminis and Bipolaris sorokiniana. J Plant Physiol 165:52–59PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  806. Feng PY, de Hoog GS, Najafzadeh MJ, Gerrits van den Ende AHG et al (2013) Cladophialophora abundans, a novel species of Chaetothyriales isolated from the natural environment. Mycol Prog 13:381–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  807. Feng PY, Lu Q, Najafzadeh MJ, van den Ende AG et al (2014) Cyphellophora and its relatives in Phialophora: biodiversity and possible role in human infection. Fungal Divers 65:17–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  808. Ferencova Z, Cubas P, Divakar PK, Molina MC, Crespo A (2014) Notoparmelia, a new genus of Parmeliaceae (Ascomycota) based on overlooked reproductive anatomical features, phylogeny and distribution pattern. Lichenologist 46:51–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  809. Fernandes MDRV, Pfenning LH, Costa-Neto CMD, Heinrich TA et al (2009) Biological activities of the fermentation extract of the endophytic fungus Alternaria alternata isolated from Coffea arabica L. Braz J Pharm Sci 45:677–685CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  810. Fernández-Brime S, Llimona X, Navarro-Rosinés P (2010) Lichenostigma rupicolae (Lichenotheliaceae), a new lichenicolous species growing on Pertusaria rupicola. Lichenologist 42:242–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  811. Fernandez-Brime S, Llimona X, Molnar K, Stenroos S et al (2011) Expansion of the Stictidaceae by the addition of the saxicolous lichen-forming genus Ingvariella. Mycologia 103:755–763. doi: 10.3852/10-287 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  812. Fermández-Brime S, Llimona X, Lutzoni F, Gaya E (2013) Phylogenetic study of Diploschistes (lichen-forming Ascomycota: Ostropales: Graphidaceae), based on morphological, chemical, and molecular data. Taxon 62:267–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  813. Ferrer A, Raja HA, Shearer CA (2008) Lucidascocarpa pulchella, a new ascomycete genus and species from freshwater habitats in the American tropics. Mycologia 100:642–646PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  814. Ferrer A, Miller AN, Shearer CA (2011) Minutisphaera and Natipusilla: two new genera of freshwater Dothideomycetes. Mycologia 103:411–423PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  815. Ferrer A, Miller AN, Sarmiento C, Shearer CA (2012) Three new genera representing novel lineages of Sordariomycetidae (Sordariomycetes, Ascomycota) from tropical freshwater habitats in Costa Rican. Mycologia 104:865–879PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  816. Feuerstein SH, Cunha-Dias IPR, Aptroot A, Eliasaro S, Cáceres MES (2014) Three new Diorygma (Graphidaceae) species from Brazil, with a revised world key. Lichenologist 46:753–761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  817. Filippova NV (2012) Discomycetes from plant, leave and sphagnum litter in ombrotrophic bog (West Siberia). Environ Dyn Global Climate Change 3:5Google Scholar
  818. Fiorentino J (2015) Clarification regarding old records of Roccella in the Maltese Islands. Mycosphere 6:673–680Google Scholar
  819. Fischer M, Schneider P, Kraus C, Molnar M et al (2017) Grapevine trunk disease in German viticulture: occurrence of lesser known fungi and first report of Phaeoacremonium viticola and P. fraxinopennsylvanicum. VITIS—J Grapevine Res 55:145–156Google Scholar
  820. Fiuza PO, Gusmão LFP (2013) Ingoldian fungi from the semi-arid Caatinga biome of Brazil. Mycosphere 4:1133–1150Google Scholar
  821. Fiuza PO, Gusmão LF, Cruz AC, Castañeda-Ruiz RF (2014) Conidial fungi from the semiarid Caatinga biome of Brazil: a new species of Pseudoacrodictys. Mycotaxon 127:33–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  822. Fiuza PO, Gusmão LFP, Castañeda-Ruiz RF (2015a) Conidial fungi from the semiarid Caatinga biome of Brazil: a new species of Selenosporella from submerged leaves. Mycotaxon 130:601–605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  823. Fiuza PO, Gusmão LFP, Castañeda-Ruiz RF (2015b) Synchaetomella aquatica sp. nov. from submerged leaves from Brazil. Mycotaxon 130:1135–1139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  824. Fiuza PO, Ottoni-Boldrini BMP, Monteiro JS, Catena NR et al (2015c) First records of Ingoldian fungi from the Brazilian Amazon. Braz J Bot 38:615–621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  825. Fiuza PO, Monteiro JS, Gusmão LFP, Castañeda-Ruiz RF (2016) Mirandina uncinata sp. nov. from submerged leaves from Brazil. Mycotaxon 131:141–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  826. Flakus A, Farkas E (2013) A contribution to the taxonomy of Lyromma (Lyrommataceae, lichenized Ascomycota) with a species key. Mycotaxon 124:127–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  827. Flakus A, Kukwa M (2011) Lepraria maderensis Kukwa & Flakus, a new lichen species containing gyrophoric and lecanoric acids. Nova Hedwig 92:95–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  828. Flakus AD, Kukwa MA (2012) New records of lichenicolous fungi from Bolivia. Opusc Phil 11:36–48Google Scholar
  829. Flakus A, Kukwa M (2014) The first squamulose Thelecarpon species (Thelocarpaceae, Ascomycota) discovered in the biological soil crusts in the Bolivian Andes. Phytotaxa 175:281–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  830. Flakus A, Lücking R (2008) New species and additional records of foliicolous lichenized fungi from Bolivia. Lichenologist 40:423–436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  831. Flakus PR, Printzen C (2014) Palicella, a new genus of lichenized fungi and its phylogenetic position within Lecanoraceae. Lichenol 46:535–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  832. Flakus A, Elix JA, Rodriguez P, Kukwa M (2011) New species and records of Lepraria (Stereocaulaceae, lichenized Ascomycota) from South America. Lichenologist 43:57–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  833. Flakus A, Rodriguez Saavedra P, Kukwa M (2012) A new species and new combinations and records of Hypotrachyna and Remototrachyna from Bolivia. Mycotaxon 119:157–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  834. Flakus A, Sipman HJ, Bach K, Flakus PR et al (2013) Contribution to the knowledge of the lichen biota of Bolivia. 5. Pol Bot J 58:697–733Google Scholar
  835. Flakus A, Etayo J, Kukwa M (2014) Melaspilea tucumana, a new gall-forming lichenicolous fungus from the tropical Andes in Bolivia. Lichenologist 46:657–662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  836. Flakus A, Sipman HJ, Rodriguez Flakus P, Jabłońska A et al (2015) Contribution to the knowledge of the lichen biota of Bolivia. 7. Pol Bot J 60:81–98Google Scholar
  837. Fleck SC, Burkhardt B, Pfeiffer E, Metzler M (2012) Alternaria toxins: altertoxin II is a much stronger mutagen and DNA strand breaking mycotoxin than alternariol and its methyl ether in cultured mammalian cells. Toxicol Lett 214:27–32PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  838. Flores-Rentería L, Lau MK, Lamit LJ, Gehring CA (2014) An elusive ectomycorrhizal fungus reveals itself: a new species of Geopora (Pyronemataceae) associated with Pinus edulis. Mycologia 106:553–563PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  839. Flors V, Ton J, Van Doorn R, Jakab G et al (2008) Interplay between JA, SA and ABA signalling during basal and induced resistance against Pseudomonas syringae and Alternaria brassicicola. Plant J 54:81–92PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  840. Fotouhifar KB, Hedjaroude GA, Leuchtmann A (2010) ITS rDNA phylogeny of Iranian strains of Cytospora and associated teleomorphs. Mycologia 102:1369–1382PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  841. Fournier J, Lechat C (2011) Eutypella phaeospora, a new species on Chenopodiaceae. Mycotaxon 118:441–446