Fungal Diversity

, Volume 83, Issue 1, pp 263–292 | Cite as

Cantharellus (Cantharellales, Basidiomycota) revisited in Europe through a multigene phylogeny

  • Ibai Olariaga
  • Gabriel Moreno
  • Jose Luis Manjón
  • Isabel Salcedo
  • Valérie Hofstetter
  • Diego Rodríguez
  • Bart Buyck
Article

Abstract

Resolving species delimitation issues of European Cantharellus is crucial to correctly name chanterelles around the globe. Thirty names referring to Cantharellus s. str. have been described in Europe, some of which are used in other continents. Based on combined analyses of ITS2, LSU, RPB2 and TEF-1, merely eight species are here recognized in Europe applying the genealogical concordance phylogenetic species recognition criteria, one of which, C. roseofagetorum, is described as new. Morphological characters used in species delimitation are mapped and their variability evaluated. The colour of the hymenophore in young specimens is found to be a rather constant morphological character of taxonomic use. European species of Cantharellus are morphologically distinguished by unique combinations of characters, such as the presence of a pink pileal coating, pileus and hymenophore colour when young, and in some cases, the mean spore length and ecology. Eighteen type specimens from Europe are sequenced. Based on revised species concepts sixteen novel taxonomic synonyms are here proposed for European chanterelles: C. alborufescens (= C. henrici, C. ilicis, C. lilacinopruinatus), C. amethysteus (= C. cibarius subsp. squamulosus, C. cibarius var. umbrinus, C. rufipes), C. cibarius (= C. cibarius var. atlanticus, C. parviluteus), C. ferruginascens (= C. cibarius var. flavipes), C. friesii (= C. ignescens), C. pallens (= C. cibarius var. albidus, C. cibarius var. bicolor, C. subpruinosus), and C. romagnesianus (= C. pseudominimus, C. lourizanianus, C. romagnesianus var. parvisporus). The type of Cantharellus, C. cibarius, is epitypified. Descriptions, colour illustrations and a key to all European species are provided.

Keywords

Cantharelloid clade Cantharellaceae Epitype Edible fungi Genealogical concordance Species delimitation 

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© School of Science 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Life Sciences (Botany)University of AlcaláMadridSpain
  2. 2.Department of Plant Biology and Ecology (Botany)University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU)BilbaoSpain
  3. 3.Department of Plant ProtectionAgroscope Changins-Wadenswil Research Station, ACWNyonSwitzerland
  4. 4.TbilisiGeorgia
  5. 5.Département Systématique et Évolution, CP 39, ISYEB, UMR 7205 CNRS MNHN UPMC EPHEMuséum National d’Histoire NaturelleParisFrance

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