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Fungal Diversity

, Volume 84, Issue 1, pp 139–207 | Cite as

Turbo-taxonomy to assemble a megadiverse lichen genus: seventy new species of Cora (Basidiomycota: Agaricales: Hygrophoraceae), honouring David Leslie Hawksworth’s seventieth birthday

  • Robert LückingEmail author
  • Manuela Dal Forno
  • Bibiana Moncada
  • Luis Fernando Coca
  • Leidy Yasmín Vargas-Mendoza
  • André Aptroot
  • Laura Juliana Arias
  • Betty Besal
  • Frank Bungartz
  • Diego Mauricio Cabrera-Amaya
  • Marcela E. S. Cáceres
  • José Luis Chaves
  • Sionara Eliasaro
  • Martha Cecilia Gutiérrez
  • Jesús E. Hernández Marin
  • María de los Ángeles Herrera-Campos
  • María E. Holgado-Rojas
  • Harald Jonitz
  • Martin Kukwa
  • Fabiane Lucheta
  • Santiago Madriñán
  • Marcelo Pinto Marcelli
  • Suzana Maria de Azevedo Martins
  • Joel A. Mercado-Díaz
  • Jorge Alberto Molina
  • Eduardo A. Morales
  • Peter R. Nelson
  • Freddy Nugra
  • Francisco Ortega
  • Telma Paredes
  • Ayda Lucía Patiño
  • Rouchi Nadine Peláez-Pulido
  • Rosa Emilia Pérez Pérez
  • Gary B. Perlmutter
  • Eimy Rivas-Plata
  • Javier Robayo
  • Camilo Rodríguez
  • Diego Fernando Simijaca
  • Edier Soto-Medina
  • Adriano Afonso Spielmann
  • Alejandra Suárez-Corredor
  • Jean-Marc Torres
  • Carlos Alberto Vargas
  • Alba Yánez-Ayabaca
  • Gothamie Weerakoon
  • Karina Wilk
  • Marcela Celis Pacheco
  • Mauricio Diazgranados
  • Grischa Brokamp
  • Thomas Borsch
  • Patrick M. Gillevet
  • Masoumeh Sikaroodi
  • James D. Lawrey
Article

Abstract

Following a large-scale phylogenetic study of the lichenized genus Cora (Basidiomycota: Agaricales: Hygrophoraceae), we formally describe 70 new species, honouring the seventieth birthday of David Leslie Hawksworth, one of the preeminent figures in mycology and lichenology in the past 50 years. Based on an updated phylogeny using the ITS fungal barcoding locus, we now recognize 189 taxa in a genus that until recently was considered to represent a single species; including this contribution, 92 of these are formally recognized, including five taxa based on historical names or collections that have not been sequenced. Species of Cora can be recognized by a combination of morphological (size, colour, lobe configuration, surface hairs, hymenophore size and shape), anatomical (thallus thickness, cortex structure, photobiont type, hyphal papillae), and ecogeographical features (substrate, habitat, distribution), and a keytable allowing the identification of all accepted taxa is provided. The new species are: Cora accipiter Moncada, Madriñán & Lücking spec. nov., C. applanata Moncada, Soto-Medina & Lücking spec. nov., C. arachnodavidea Moncada, Dal Forno & Lücking spec. nov., C. arborescens Dal Forno, Chaves & Lücking spec. nov., C. arcabucana Moncada, C. Rodríguez & Lücking spec. nov., C. aturucoa Lücking, Moncada & C. Vargas spec. nov., C. auriculeslia Moncada, Yánez-Ayabaca & Lücking spec. nov., C. barbifera Moncada, Patiño & Lücking spec. nov., C. boleslia Lücking, E. Morales & Dal Forno spec. nov., C. caliginosa Holgado, Rivas Plata & Perlmutter spec. nov., C. campestris Dal Forno, Eliasaro & Spielmann spec. nov., C. canari Nugra, Dal Forno & Lücking spec. nov., C. caraana Lücking, Martins & Lucheta spec. nov., C. casasolana Moncada, R.-E. Pérez & Lücking spec. nov., C. caucensis Moncada, M. Gut. & Lücking spec. nov., C. celestinoa Moncada, Cabrera-Amaya & Lücking spec. nov., C. comaltepeca Moncada, R.-E. Pérez & Herrera-Camp. spec. nov., C. corani Lücking, E. Morales & Dal Forno spec. nov., C. corelleslia Moncada, A. Suárez-Corredor & Lücking spec. nov., C. crispoleslia Moncada, J. Molina & Lücking spec. nov., C. cuzcoensis Holgado, Rivas Plata & Perlmutter spec. nov., C. dalehana Moncada, Madriñán & Lücking spec. nov., C. davibogotana Lücking, Moncada & Coca spec. nov., C. davicrinita Moncada, Madriñán & Lücking spec. nov., C. davidia Moncada, L. Vargas & Lücking spec. nov., C. dewisanti Moncada, A. Suárez-Corredor & Lücking spec. nov., C. dulcis Moncada, R.-E. Pérez & Lücking spec. nov., C. elephas Lücking, Moncada & L. Vargas spec. nov., C. fuscodavidiana Lücking, Moncada & L. Vargas spec. nov., C. garagoa Simijaca, Moncada & Lücking spec. nov., C. gigantea Lücking, Moncada & Coca spec. nov., C. gomeziana Dal Forno, Chaves & Lücking spec. nov., C. guajalitensis Lücking, Robayo & Dal Forno spec. nov., C. hafecesweorthensis Moncada, Lücking & R. Peláez spec. nov., C. haledana Dal Forno, Chaves & Lücking spec. nov., C. hawksworthiana Dal Forno, P. Nelson & Lücking spec. nov., C. hochesuordensis Lücking, E. Morales & Dal Forno spec. nov., C. hymenocarpa Lücking, Chaves & Lawrey spec. nov., C. imi Lücking, Chaves & Lawrey spec. nov., C. itabaiana Dal Forno, Aptroot & M. Cáceres spec. nov., C. leslactuca Lücking, Moncada & R. Peláez spec. nov., C. maxima Wilk, Dal Forno & Lücking spec. nov., C. minutula Lücking, Moncada & Yánez-Ayabaca spec. nov., C. palaeotropica Weerakoon, Aptroot & Lücking spec. nov., C. palustris Dal Forno, Chaves & Lücking spec. nov., C. parabovei Dal Forno, Kukwa & Lücking spec. nov., C. paraciferrii Lücking, Moncada & J.E. Hern. spec. nov., C. paraminor Dal Forno, Chaves & Lücking spec. nov., C. pastorum Moncada, Patiño & Lücking spec. nov., C. pichinchensis Paredes, Jonitz & Dal Forno spec. nov., C. pikynasa J.-M. Torres, Moncada & Lücking spec. nov., C. pseudobovei Wilk, Dal Forno & Lücking spec. nov., C. pseudocorani Lücking, E. Morales & Dal Forno spec. nov., C. putumayensis L.J. Arias, Moncada & Lücking spec. nov., C. quillacinga Moncada, F. Ortega & Lücking spec. nov., C. rothesiorum Moncada, Madriñán & Lücking spec. nov., C. rubrosanguinea Nugra, Moncada & Lücking spec. nov., C. santacruzensis Dal Forno, Bungartz & Yánez-Ayabaca, spec. nov., C. schizophylloides Moncada, C. Rodríguez & Lücking spec. nov., C. smaragdina Lücking, Rivas Plata & Chaves spec. nov., C. soredavidia Dal Forno, Marcelli & Lücking spec. nov., C. subdavicrinita Moncada, J. Molina & Lücking spec. nov., C. suturifera Nugra, Besal & Lücking spec. nov., C. terrestris Dal Forno, Chaves & Lücking spec. nov., C. terricoleslia Wilk, Dal Forno & Lücking spec. nov., C. udebeceana Moncada, R. Peláez & Lücking spec. nov., C. urceolata Moncada, Coca & Lücking spec. nov., C. verjonensis Lücking, Moncada & Dal Forno spec. nov., C. viliewoa Lücking, Chaves & Soto-Medina spec. nov., and C. yukiboa Mercado-Díaz, Moncada & Lücking spec. nov. Furthermore, the taxonomic status of the recently described or recognized species C. arachnoidea, C. aspera, C. ciferrii, and C. reticulifera, is revised.

Keywords

Bolivia Citizen science Chile Mexico Puerto Rico Sri Lanka 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was partially supported by three grants from the National Science Foundation: TICOLICHENThe Costa Rican Lichen Biodiversity Inventory (DEB 0206125 to The Field Museum; PI Robert Lücking), Neotropical Epiphytic MicrolichensAn Innovative Inventory of a Highly Diverse yet Little Known Group of Symbiotic Organisms (DEB 0715660 to The Field Museum; PI R. Lücking), and Phylogenetic Diversity of Mycobionts and Photobionts in the Cyanolichen Genus Dictyonema, with Emphasis on the Neotropics and the Galapagos Islands (DEB 0841405 to George Mason University; PI J. Lawrey; Co-PIs: R. Lücking, P. Gillevet). The Verein der Freunde des Botanischen Gartens und Botanischen Museums Berlin-Dahlem e.V. (https://www.bgbm.org/de/BGBM/freunde/index.html) supported molecular sequencing work for specimens collected as part of the Pilotprojekt Kooperation mit dem Botanischen Garten Bogotá (BMBF, see below). The Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Bogotá, is thanked for the support to the lichen herbarium and the curatorial work of the UDBC collections. The Jardín Botánico de Bogotá José Celestino Mutis organized field trips to Sumapaz, Peña Blanca, and Pasquilla (Bogotá), by agreement with the Botanical Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, partially financed through the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF; Pilotprojekt Kooperation mit dem Botanischen Garten Bogotá; Förderkennzeichen: 01DN13030). The Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, provided logistic support for field work in Chingaza. Félix Fernandez, owner of El Secreto Private Reserve in Garagoa, Colombia, is thanked for providing access to the area. The Galapagos Lichen Inventory acknowledges support by successive science directors of the Charles Darwin Foundation (Alan Tye, Mark Gardener, Rodolfo Martinez, Ulf Härdter, and Noëmi d’Ozouville), and executive director Arturo Izurieta. Frank Bungartz and collaborators are further indebted to the Directorate of the Galapagos National Park (particular Galo Quezada and Victor Carrión, granting specimen export permits). This publication is contribution no. 2145 of the Charles Darwin Foundation for the Galapagos Islands. The Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) is thanked for research grants and field trip fundings (Processos 311706/2012-6, 401186/2014-8, and CNPq-Sisbiota 563342/2010-2) to M. Cáceres and a PVE grant (Processo 314570/2014-4) to M. Cáceres and R. Lücking. Research by G. Weerakoon was funded by the National Geographic Society and Dilmah Conservation, and G. Weerakoon would like to thank Thorsten Lumbsch, Pat Wolseley, Omal Arachchige, Dushantha Wasala and Dulan Vidanapathirana for further support. Research by K. Wilk was funded by the W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, through a statutory fund. We are indebted to the Galápagos National Park, especially its technical director, Washington Tapia, for support and specimen export permits. Material from Costa Rica was also collected during two lichen courses of the Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS). Paul M. Kirk assisted with batch registration of the new species on Index Fungorum and Subashini C. Jayasiri with batch registration on Faces of Fungi.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOC 912 kb)
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Supplementary material 2 (FAS 76 kb)
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Supplementary material 3 (FAS 564 kb)
13225_2016_374_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (39 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (PDF 39 kb)

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Copyright information

© School of Science 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Lücking
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Manuela Dal Forno
    • 3
    • 4
  • Bibiana Moncada
    • 2
    • 5
  • Luis Fernando Coca
    • 6
  • Leidy Yasmín Vargas-Mendoza
    • 5
  • André Aptroot
    • 7
  • Laura Juliana Arias
    • 8
  • Betty Besal
    • 9
  • Frank Bungartz
    • 10
    • 11
  • Diego Mauricio Cabrera-Amaya
    • 12
  • Marcela E. S. Cáceres
    • 13
  • José Luis Chaves
    • 14
  • Sionara Eliasaro
    • 15
  • Martha Cecilia Gutiérrez
    • 16
  • Jesús E. Hernández Marin
    • 17
  • María de los Ángeles Herrera-Campos
    • 18
  • María E. Holgado-Rojas
    • 19
  • Harald Jonitz
    • 10
    • 20
  • Martin Kukwa
    • 21
  • Fabiane Lucheta
    • 22
  • Santiago Madriñán
    • 23
    • 24
  • Marcelo Pinto Marcelli
    • 25
  • Suzana Maria de Azevedo Martins
    • 26
  • Joel A. Mercado-Díaz
    • 2
    • 27
  • Jorge Alberto Molina
    • 23
  • Eduardo A. Morales
    • 28
  • Peter R. Nelson
    • 29
  • Freddy Nugra
    • 30
  • Francisco Ortega
    • 31
  • Telma Paredes
    • 32
  • Ayda Lucía Patiño
    • 27
  • Rouchi Nadine Peláez-Pulido
    • 33
  • Rosa Emilia Pérez Pérez
    • 34
  • Gary B. Perlmutter
    • 35
  • Eimy Rivas-Plata
    • 35
  • Javier Robayo
    • 36
  • Camilo Rodríguez
    • 5
  • Diego Fernando Simijaca
    • 37
  • Edier Soto-Medina
    • 38
  • Adriano Afonso Spielmann
    • 39
  • Alejandra Suárez-Corredor
    • 5
  • Jean-Marc Torres
    • 39
  • Carlos Alberto Vargas
    • 12
  • Alba Yánez-Ayabaca
    • 32
    • 40
  • Gothamie Weerakoon
    • 41
  • Karina Wilk
    • 42
  • Marcela Celis Pacheco
    • 12
  • Mauricio Diazgranados
    • 43
  • Grischa Brokamp
    • 1
  • Thomas Borsch
    • 1
  • Patrick M. Gillevet
    • 44
  • Masoumeh Sikaroodi
    • 44
  • James D. Lawrey
    • 44
  1. 1.Botanical Garden and Botanical Museum BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Science & EducationThe Field MuseumChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Department of Botany, Smithsonian InstitutionNational Museum of Natural HistoryWashingtonUSA
  4. 4.Department of Environmental Science and PolicyGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  5. 5.Licenciatura en BiologíaUniversidad Distrital Francisco José de CaldasBogotáColombia
  6. 6.Herbario Universidad de Caldas (FAUC)CaldasColombia
  7. 7.ABL HerbariumSoestThe Netherlands
  8. 8.BiologíaUniversidad del QuindíoArmeniaColombia
  9. 9.LexingtonUSA
  10. 10.Charles Darwin FoundationPuerto AyoraEcuador
  11. 11.BonnGermany
  12. 12.Jardín Botánico de Bogotá José Celestino MutisBogotáColombia
  13. 13.Departamento de BiociênciasUniversidade Federal de SergipeSergipeBrazil
  14. 14.Laboratorio de HongosInstituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio)Santo Domingo de HerediaCosta Rica
  15. 15.Departamento de BotânicaUniversidade Federal do ParanáCuritibaBrazil
  16. 16.Ingeniería AmbientalUniversidad Distrital Francisco José de CaldasBogotáColombia
  17. 17.Instituto Experimental Jardín Botánico Dr. Tobías Lasser, Centro de Investigación y DesarrolloUniversidad Central de VenezuelaCaracasVenezuela
  18. 18.Departamento de Botánica, Instituto de BiologíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoCiudad De MéxicoMexico
  19. 19.Facultad de Ciencias, Escuela Profesional de BiologíaUniversidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del CuscoCuscoPeru
  20. 20.QuitoEcuador
  21. 21.Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature ConservationUniversity of GdańskGdańskPoland
  22. 22.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Qualidade AmbientalUniversidade FeevaleNovo HamburgoBrazil
  23. 23.Laboratorio de Botánica y Sistemática, Departamento de Ciencias BiológicasUniversidad de los AndesBogotáColombia
  24. 24.Jardín Botánico de Cartagena “Guillermo Piñeres”TurbacoColombia
  25. 25.Instituto de BotânicaNúcleo de Pesquisa em MicologiaSão PauloBrazil
  26. 26.Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul, Museu de Ciências NaturaisPorto AlegreBrazil
  27. 27.Committee on Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  28. 28.Herbario Criptogámico, Universidad Católica Boliviana, Carrera de Ingeniería AmbientalCochabambaBolivia
  29. 29.Arts and Sciences DivisionUniversity of Maine, Fort KentFort KentUSA
  30. 30.Herbario Azuay (HA), Escuela de Biología, Ecología y GestiónUniversidad del AzuayCuencaEcuador
  31. 31.Departamento de BiologíaUniversidad de NariñoPastoColombia
  32. 32.Universidad Central del EcuadorQuitoEcuador
  33. 33.Licenciada en Biología, Laboratorio de BiologíaUniversidad Distrital Francisco José de CaldasBogotáColombia
  34. 34.Escuela de BiologíaBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de PueblaBogotáMexico
  35. 35.Herbarium, North Carolina Botanical GardenUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA
  36. 36.Coordinador del Bosque Protector Río GuajalitoQuitoEcuador
  37. 37.Maestría en Manejo, Uso y Conservación de bosques, FAMARENAUniversidad Distrital Francisco José de CaldasBogotáColombia
  38. 38.Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias NaturalesUniversidad del ValleCaliColombia
  39. 39.Laboratório de Botânica, Departamento de Biologia, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da SaúdeUniversidade Federal do Mato Grosso do SulCampo GrandeBrazil
  40. 40.Investigadora Asociada, Herbario Nacional del Ecuador, Instituto Nacional de BiodiversidadQuitoEcuador
  41. 41.Integrative Research CenterThe Field MuseumChicagoUSA
  42. 42.Laboratory of Lichenology, W. Szafer Institute of BotanyPolish Academy of SciencesKrakówPoland
  43. 43.Natural Capital and Plant Health DepartmentRoyal Botanic Gardens, KewArdinglyUK
  44. 44.Department of BiologyGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA

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